• Title/Summary/Keyword: Osteopathy

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The Study on Clinical Application of Osteopathy to Oriental Medicine (Osteopathy 의 한의학적 임상활용 방안에 관한 소고)

  • Hong, Seo-Young;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to get knowledge about osteopathy and to applicate the osteopathy to oriental medicine. Methods: We investigated several books and literatures on osteopathy related sites explored by internet to know the general theories and present conditions of osteopathy in Korea and other countries. Results & Conclusion : 1. The principles of osteopathy are as follows. First, the human being is a dynamic unit of function. Second, the body possesses self regulating mechanisms which are self healing in nature. Third, structure and function are reciprocally interrelated. Fourth, the body rational therapy is based upon knowledge and use of the above three principles. 2. Doctors of osteopathy evaluate the musculoskeletal system to identify structural problems and to support the body's natural tendency toward health and self healing. 3. We can applicate the osteopathy to oriental clinical medicine based on interpreting the principles of osteopathy.

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Analysis of Osteopathic Manipulation and Study on Relationship with Chuna Manual Therapy for Meridian Sinew System (정골의학적(Osteopathic) 수기요법 분석 및 경근추나와의 관련성 연구)

  • Kweon, Jeong-Ju;Lim, Hyung-Ho;Song, Yun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.171-188
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to analyze the actual investigation and classification of osteopathic manipulation by investigation of the various literature of the inside and outside of the country, and to present the application plan of osteopathy in chuna manual therapy for meridian sinew system. Methods : I referred to the domestic and foreign books about osteopathy and chiropractic. In order to investigate domestic dissertations, I searched 4 Korean medical databases and 4 Korean medical journals of osteopathy. Search terms used were osteopathy, osteopathic, fascia, proprioreceptor, mechanoreceptor, muscle spindle, golgi tendon organ, osteopathic manipulation technics. And I classified all the searched studies into principle and region and etc. In order to investigate foreign dissertations, I search 'NCBI pubmed'. Search terms used were osteopathy, osteopathic technique, osteopathic manipulative technique. Results : 1. Osteopathy do not regard the systems which compose the human body in individual territory, but regard whole. It is diagnosis, prevention and medicine which treats 2. Osteopathic manipulation techniques are classified into direct techniques, indirect techniques, and compound techniques. 3. Osteopathic manipulation techniques are classified into fascia, muscle, ligament-joint in applied region. 4. I could search clinical cases in domestic and foreign study. I found cases about myofascial release technique(MFR), postisometric relaxation(PIR), proprioceptive neuromuscular fascilitation(PNF), muscle energy technique(MET), joint mobilization in domestic studies, and strain-counterstrain technique(SCS), MET, AK in foreign studies. Conclusions : Osteopathic manipulation techniques can be used in diagnosis and treatment of meridian muscle theory, because osteopathy and the oriental medicine have many similarities in theoretical background. So osteopathic manipulation technique can be useful in oriental medicine treatment techniques.

Professional Project and the Evolution of Non-Dominant Medicines;The Case of Osteopathy and Chiropractic

  • Kwon, Oh-Min;Ahn, Sang-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2007
  • This article explores how non-dominant medical practitioners shape their own self-images and the identity of relevant medicine and in what ways fashioning of self-images and accompanying modalities of medical practice informs the social evolution of the medicines at specific times and over specific places, by means of the historical configuration of osteopathy and chiropractic in the UK and the US. Attention is directed onto motivations and pursuits for professional recognition and actual strategies and activities of non-dominant medicines and its practitioners by turning to historical instances such as osteopathy and chiropractic in the UK and the US, not least drawing focus on professional desires with regard to circumstances it faces within and without. Some non-dominant medicines as a way with which to acquire and protect the exclusive monopoly of its knowledge and practical skills, adopted various forms of professionalism project, as dominant biomedical groups pressed up non-dominant medicines by virtue of marginalizing tactics. Meanwhile, non-dominant medicines took somewhat distinctive professionalisation strategies from each other. Strategies they took were diversified depending on medical philosophy, healing modality, the degree of occupational solidarity embodied as forms of medical organisation, and especially vocational aspiration and prospect. Change of socio-medical culture and the state's policy seems to have wielded critical influenceon the determination of the ups and downs of non-dominant medicines. From the perspective of long-term time span, dominant biomedicine eventually did not have much influence on the ups and downs of marginalized medicines in so far as in the case of osteopathy and chiropractic in Englandand the U. S.

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MicroRNA-27a Inhibits Cell Migration and Invasion of Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes by Targeting Follistatin-Like Protein 1 in Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Shi, Dong-liang;Shi, Gui-rong;Xie, Jing;Du, Xu-zhao;Yang, Hao
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.611-618
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    • 2016
  • Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) with aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) are critical pathogenic regulators in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies have found that overexpression or silencing of miRNA can contribute to the development of miRNA-based therapeutics in arthritis models. In this study, we explored the effects of miR-27a on cell migration and invasion in cultured FLS from RA patients. We found that miR-27a was markedly downregulated in the serum, synovial tissue, and FLS of RA patients. Meanwhile, the expression of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) was upregulated, which suggests that FSTL1 plays a key role in RA development. The results of a Transwell assay showed that miR-27a inhibited FLS migration and invasion. However, miR-27a inhibition promoted the migration and invasion of FLS. In addition, the down-regulated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2, MMP9, and MMP13) and Rho family proteins (Rac1, Cdc42, and RhoA) was detected after treatment with miR-27a in RA-FLS by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and western blot analysis. Then, a luciferase reporter assay validated that miR-27a targeted the 3-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of FSTL1. Moreover, miR-27a caused a significant decrease of FSTL1. In addition, the expression of TLR4 and $NF{\kappa}B$ was inhibited by miR-27a but increased by FSTL1 overexpression. In conclusion, we found that miR-27a inhibited cell migration and invasion of RA-FLS by targeting FSTL1 and restraining the $TLR4/NF{\kappa}B$ pathway.

Dental Occlusion and Relationship to TMD and Systemic Symptoms (II) - Craniosacral Mechanism, Osteopathy - (교합이 악구강계 및 전신에 미치는 영향 (II) - 두개-천골요법과 정골요법을 중심으로 -)

  • Bae, Hanna Eun-Kyung;Choi, Byeong-Gap;Kim, Eun-Seok;Park, Eun-Jin
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2010
  • This is the following report of the previous summary report 'Dental occlusion and relationship to TMD and systemic symptoms(I).' Among 5 representative theories about dental occlusion, stomatognathic system, and related systemic symptoms, this article will introduce two of them. Which are (1) Craniosacral mechanism and (2)Osteopathy. Brief history, definition, basic concepts, and the limitation of each theory are reviewed.

Dental occlusion and its relationship with general health (교합과 전신 질환)

  • Park, Eun-Jin;Cho, Byeong-Gap;Bae, Hanna Eun-Kyong
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.514-521
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    • 2010
  • The relationship between dental occlusion to temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), systemic symptoms and health has been discussed and theoretical reasons have been the foundation for treatments performed by various areas of alternative treatments. It has been noted that there have been increase in the available methods and treatments for the general public regarding these areas of treatment modality. Korean Academy of Stomatognathic function and Occlusion have carried out literature review of five of those treatment theories available; they are Craniosacral mechanism, Osteopathy, Myodontics, Chirodontics, Dental distress syndrome and Quadrant theorem. Each of these modalities will be introduced and brief summary of their efficacy and efficiency will be discussed.

Shoulder Joint Range of Motion Change Research Frozen Shoulder Therapy KTO (Korea Traditional Osteopathy) (KTO(Korea Traditional Osteopathy)를 이용한 동결견 치료 시 견관절 가동범위 변화 연구)

  • Byun, Sangjoon;Kang, Cheolho;Choi, Guirack;Hong, Seong Gyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2013
  • This study is for patients who are diagnosed with Frozen Shoulder, Korean traditional osteopath (KTO) was applied. The reduction of pain in patients with significant pain relief who studied how to increase the range of motion of the shoulder joint in order to additionally confirm. Consists of a total of 14 subjects, divided into two groups of seven experimental groups and seven control groups was studied. KTO seven patients was performed a total of 10 times seven patients was not performed. Look at each item, if the range of motion of the shoulder joint, The group looked at the changes in the operation value when applying the KTO Flexion (7.33), Extension (10.00), Abduction (8.76), Adduction (9.05), external rotation (8.10), internal rotation (10.00) was changed. The group looked at the changes in the operation value when did not apply the KTO Flexion (7.33), Extension (10.00), Abduction (8.76), Adduction (9.05), external rotation (8.10), internal rotation (10.00) was changed. That you can bring an increase in range of motion of the shoulder Frozen Shoulder Korean traditional osteopathic treatment to patients.

Impact of KTO Method on the shoulder pain reduction (KTO(Korea Traditional Osteopathy)를 이용한 동결견 통증 완화 연구)

  • Kang, Cheol-Ho;Byun, Sang-Joon;Hong, Seong-Gyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.415-419
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    • 2012
  • Frozen shoulder was diagnosed with this study 14 patients were enrolled. Patients who volunteer to visit the configuration is more than six months and pain were studied in a chronic illness. Frozen shoulder to patients based on these results the effect of KTO treatment is a diet that is valid for a unified model and the exact effect can be enhanced, be combined with other treatments and therapies are deemed necessary. When applied to patients with Frozen shoulder KTO with an increased range of motion of the shoulder can result in a reduction of pain.

Management of Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disorder with Sevelamer Hcl Phosphate Binder in Korean Patients with Dialysis (Sevelamer 인결합제와 투석환자의 Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disorder 관리)

  • Shin, Seung Woo;Sin, Hye Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2016
  • Background: Sevelamer is associated with reduced complications of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) resulted from hyperphosphatemia, which may contribute mortality, in CKD patients with dialysis. So far clinical outcomes of sevelamer on mortality and risk of cardiovascular mortality related to CKD-MBD are debating. Purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sevelamer HCl on mortality of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), risk of cardiovascular mortality and, frequency of osteopathy in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with dialysis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 536 patients with ESRD, who were admitted for moderate to severe SHPT, for 36 months. 75 patients who met inclusion criteria were evaluated for the efficacy of sevelamer (mean serum iPTH = 487.5 pg/mL). Results: Sevelamer intervention was not associated with increased three-year survival time compared with non-sevelamers group [average survival month: 30.4 months in sevelamer group, 26.8 months in non-sevelamer group, p = 0.463]. Sevelamer intervention was not associated with significant mortality benefit and cardiovascular mortality benefit as compared to non-sevelamer group [sevelamer group: non-sevelamer group, all-cause mortality (iPTH > 600 pg/mL): 14.3% (1/34): 20% (1/41) p = 0.962, OR = 0.935, 95% CI, 0.058-14.98, heart disease mortality: 6.67% (2/30): 0% (0/32) p = 0.138]. Sevelamer was not associated with significantly lower cumulative incidence of osteopathy compared to non-sevelamer group (sevelamer group: non-sevelamer group, 5.9% (2/34):9.8% (4/41); p = 0.538; OR = 0.578; 95% CI, 0.099-3.367). Conclusion: Sevelamer was not associated with decreased all-cause mortality and risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to non-sevelamer group in ESRD patients with SHPT.

Dental Occlusion and Relationship to TMD and Systemic Symptoms (I) (교합이 악구강계 및 전신에 미치는 영향 (I))

  • Bae, Hanna Eun-Kyung;Choi, Byeong-Gap;Kim, Seong-Taek;Kim, Eun-Seok;Park, Eun-Jin
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2009
  • A growing interest in management and treatment for patients with temporomandibular disorder(TMD) by many health workers, including oriental medicine doctors, physical therapists as well as dentists, have been noted in South Korea. Some of these health workers claim correlation between dental occlusion, TMD, and systemic symptoms such as tinnitus, dizziness, neck pain, myalgia, low back pain, posture and many other systemic symptoms and many controversial treatments are being carried out on bases of theories and reasons with no strong scientific evidence. This article is a result of preliminary study by authors in gathering scientific data on few of these various treatment modalities for TMD using MEDLINE data, internet and tutorials given by those who are using these TMD treatment methods. The modalities that had been searched are as follows; (1) Craniosacral mechanism (2) Osteopathy (3) Myodontics (4) Chirodontics (5) Dental Distress Syndrome and Quadrant Theorem. An outline of those theories will be introduced, and the contents in detail for respective theory will be reported in the following articles.