• Title, Summary, Keyword: Osteoporosis

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A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM) treatment for osteoporosis. (한방병원 내원 여성의 골다공증과 한방 치료에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Jung, Min-Yung;Park, Hae-Mo;Sohn, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.236-250
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and TKM treatment for osteoporosis of women who visited Sangji Oriental Medical Hospital. Methods : We studied the recognition and realities of TKM treatment for osteoporosis with questionnaire from 14th september, 2005 to 14th October, 2005 in Sang-ji Oriental medical clinic. A questionnaire was given to 184 women and 171 women answered. Results : 1) In 171 women, 169(98.8%) women have heard about osteoporosis, 1(0.6%) woman hasn't heard about it, and 1(0.6%) woman doesn't know. 2) In 171 women, 85(49.7%) women checked up for osteoporosis. 31(36.1%) women of them were diagonosed as osteoporosis, 50(58.1%) women of them were not diagonosed as osteoporosis, and 5(5.8%) women of them didn't know.3) In 31 women, 18 women is taking none medical care, 5 women calcium supplement, 4 women HRT, and 4 women both therapy. 4) In 171 women, 74(43.3%) women know about TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 96(56.1%) women don't know. 5) In 171 women, 140(81.9%) women have intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 17(9.9%) women don't have, and 14(8.2%) women don't know. Conclusion : The guide that treats osteoporosis with T]U is needed on purpose to make intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis to real demand. If the guide be informed to oriental doctors, It can expand the range of oriental gynecology.

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A Study on the Relationships between Osteoporosis Knowledge, Self-efficacy and Health Belief of Women in an Island (일개 도서지역 여성의 골다공증 지식, 자기효능감과 건강신념간의 관계 연구)

  • 신경림;강영미
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2002
  • This study was to examine the relationships between knowledge, health belief and self-efficacy of osteoporosis with the women residents in an island. Method: The subjects were 64 women who lived in an island located in Incheon metropolitan city. Data collection was performed by using questionnaire that included Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale and Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale by Kim, Horan & Gendler (1991). The Data were analyzed using SAS computer program that included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient. Result: 1) The mean of osteoporosis knowledge was 10.03 in the range of 0 to 24, shows the relatively lower score than mean score. The mean of osteoporosis health belief variables were susceptibility 18.95, seriousness 19.05, benefits of exercise 22.35, benefits of calcium 21.81, barriers to exercise 16.95, barriers to calcium 13.13, and health motivation 19.75 in every range of 6 to 30. The mean of osteoporosis self-efficacy was 37.95 in the range of 12 to 60, shows a relatively higher score than mean score. 2) There were statistically significant differences in the degree of osteoporosis knowledge according to age, education. But There was no significant difference in the degree of osteoporosis and self-efficacy according to general characteristics. There were statistically significant differences in the degree of susceptibility according to religion, family income. There were statistically significant differences in the degree of seriousness, health motivation according to family income. There was statistically significant difference in the degree of barriers to exercise according to education. 3) There were statistically significant positive correlations between osteoporosis knowledge and benefits to exercise, benefits of calcium intake. There was statistically no significant correlation between osteoporosis knowledge and osteoporosis self- efficacy. There was statistically a significant positive correlation between osteoporosis self-efficacy and barriers to exercise. There was statistically a significant negative correlation between osteoporosis self-efficacy and health motivation. Conclusion: According to the result, osteoporosis education program including exercise, calcium intake should be operated to increase benefits to exercise and calcium intake for osteoporosis prevention. In addition, the program of improving self-efficacy should be designed and operated to decrase the perception of barriers to exercise and to increase the perception of health motivation of women in island.

A Study on Risk Factors of Osteoporosis (골다공증 위험요인에 관한 연구)

  • Ju, Myung-Suk;Nam, Sang-Lyun
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors of osteoporosis. The data were collected from women who visited Physical Examination Center of a university hospital located in Taejon during the period of September 1997-August 1998. The sample was divided into two groups(the osteoporosis group of 44 cases and the control group of 66 cases). The results were summarized as follows ; 1. Sociodemographic characteristics(education and family income) and BMI showed no significant difference between the osteoporosis group and the control group. 2. There was no significant difference in coffee, unbalanced diet, diet method and meal habit between the osteoporosis group and the control group. 3. The osteoporosis group reported more incidence of operative menopause due to hysterectomy and oophorectomy, but this was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference in use of oral pill use, past disease and family history of fracture between the osteoporosis group and the control group, but the odds ratio(OR 3.11, 95% CI : 1.30-7.41) of present illness was statistically significant in the osteoporosis group. 4. There was no significant difference in the reproductive history including number of delivery and abortion and feeding method between the osteoporosis group and the control group. 5. The osteoporosis group showed significant results of lower menopausal age, shorter duration of menstruation and longer duration after menopause compared to the control group. 6. The osteoporosis group reported significantly lower level of physical activity in such variables as work activity and walking time. 7. A logistic analysis showed that shorter period of menstruation, lower level of physical activity, non-alcohol drinking group, and presence of disease were related to the possibility of occurring of osteoporosis.

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Relationships among Knowledge, Self-efficacy, and Health Behavior of Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention in Old Aged Women

  • Ahn, Sukhee;Oh, Jiwon
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted among older women to (1) identify their levels of knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behavior in dealing with osteoporosis and falls and (2) explore the relationships between the study variables based on a health-beliefs model. Methods: With a cross-sectional survey design, we recruited 94 older women of ages from 65 to 74 at a community setting via convenience sampling. The study participants completed two sets of structured questionnaires (on osteoporosis and fall prevention). Results: The general characteristics of the study participants demonstrated that the women were at high risk for osteoporosis and falls. Overall, the levels of knowledge about osteoporosis and falls, their self-efficacy, and their preventive behaviors were average or slightly above. The relationships between the study variables showed that self-efficacy and healthy behavior, such as doing osteoporosis exercise, eating an osteoporosis diet, and avoiding falls, were related (r=38, p<.001; r=.33, p<.05; r=.26, p<.05). In addition, there were statistically significant relationships between osteoporosis and fall prevention knowledge (r=.37~.46, p<.001), self-efficacy (r=.50~.53, p<.001), and preventive behaviors (r=.50, p<.001). Conclusion: The women's scores on osteoporosis and fall knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive behaviors suggest an urgent need for the implementation of educational programs for older women. A close relationship between self-efficacy and health behaviors implies a need for transformation of a traditional one-way lecture form.

Patterns of Bone Mineral Density of Adult Women and Its Causal Factors in Suwon, Korea (수원지역 성인 일부 여성의 골밀도 양상과 그 관련요인에 관한 연구)

  • You Moo-Hyun;Son Bu-Soon;Park Jong-An;Kim Jong-Oh;Yang Won-Ho
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to find the relationship between osteoporosis and various factors such as general personal background, physical activity, menstruation, daily life and dietary habit. The following are the results of this study: 1. In the relationship of osteoporosis status with general personal background, the risk of osteoporosis increased with age. Active women with higher education, high income and jobs tended to have less risk of osteoporosis. Women with earlier menarche had a tendency of having thicker bone mineral density. 2. As for disease related to bone mineral density, stomach disease, thyroid, bone damage, and bad teeth conditions were significant factors affecting bone mineral density. Women with those diseases and family history of osteoporosis were more likely to have osteoporosis. 3. In relation to food intake regular diet of dairy products, anchovy, or meat showed significantly less risk of osteoporosis. 4. In relation between dietary habits and bone mineral density, unbalanced diet had statistically less probability of osteoporosis. It is important for genetically disposed women to prevent osteoporosis in advance by considering acquired factors like life-style and medication.

The Effects of a Preventive Educational Program on the Osteoporosis Knowledge among the Middle-Aged Women in Korea

  • Yee Jung Ae;Lee Kyu Eun;Yom Young-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to assess whether the osteoporosis preventive educational program has changed the middle-aged women's knowledge on osteoporosis. A one group pretest-posttest design was used. A total of 27 women (at pretest) and 27 women (at posttest) who were volunteers participated. The intervention program content included lecture and exercise entitled The Prevention of Osteoporosis. This program design consisted of one 3-hour session per week and lasted over 4-week period. Osteoporosis Knowledge Questionnaire (OKQ) was used. The OKQ contains 20 true-false items to measure the knowledge levels about osteoporosis. The Kuder-Richardson test (KR 20), used as an estimate of internal consistency for knowledge, was .7783. Overwhelming majority of the participants (96.2%) were ranging in age from 40 to 60. About half of the participants were college graduates and the majority of them (77.8%) had no jobs. The educational program significantly increased osteoporosis knowledge in middle-aged women. Results of this study shows that educational program is effective in increasing knowledge of osteoporosis. Further study using the same program with different age group is needed to measure knowledge, behavior and attitude on osteoporosis.

Age-Related Male Osteoporosis, and Soy, Its Alternative Therapy - Review-

  • Soung, Do-Yu;Chung, Hae-Young;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Kun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.298-309
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    • 2005
  • As the population of the elderly grows, the prevalence of osteoporosis and its related fractures will increase in both men and women. The etiology, preventive and curative strategies of male osteoporosis are relatively unknown and understudied in comparison with those of female osteoporosis. Even currently approved therapies, e.g. bisphophonates, parathyroid hormone, and testosterone for male osteoporosis are in need of further investigation to test their safety and efficacy. Isoflavones which are found in soy have been shown to positively affect bone by stimulating bone formation while concurrently slowing down bone resorption. These observations mainly come from studies that have employed women or female animal models of osteoporosis. Therefore, there is a need to explore the role of soy and its isoflavones in preventing bone loss or rebuilding bone utilizing men or animal models of .male osteoporosis. From the review of existing literature it is too early to state the extent to which men with osteoporosis can benefit from consumption of soy or its isoflavones. In this review, the efficacy of soy and its isoflavones as alternative and/or adjunctive treatment for male osteoporosis will be discussed.

A Study of the Practical Knowledge Regarding Osteoporosis and Health Promoting Behavior Among University Students

  • Hwang, Hyun Sook
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.772-780
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the practical knowledge about osteoporosis and health promoting behavior possessed by male and female university students in their twenties. Next, the study seeks to analyze the difference in the degree of knowledge and practice of health promoting behavior depending on the students' area of study (health-related or non-health-related major) and previous education about osteoporosis. A survey was given to 300 male and female university students in Jeju Island from November 18 to December 6, 2013. Regarding knowledge about osteoporosis, the accuracy rate of health science major participants was 16.8 % higher than that of those of non-health science, and the accuracy rate of participants with previous education about osteoporosis was 12.9 % higher than those who had not. Health promoting behavior showed a higher degree of practice among students in health-related majors and those with previous applicable education. There were significant differences between the knowledge of osteoporosis and major and the presence and absence of prior education. Regarding the degree of health promoting behavior and major, the presence or absence of prior education showed significant differences. Among male and female students in their twenties, the recognition of knowledge about osteoporosis is very low. There is a need to develop various programs that focus on osteoporosis prevention rather than treatment, to improve the quality of education and training content according to the individual, and to lower the target age for osteoporosis education.

An Equation Model Development and Test based on Health Belief Model Regarding Osteoporosis Prevention Behaviors among Postmenopausal Women (건강신념 모형 기반 폐경 여성의 골다공증 예방행위 모형 개발 및 검정)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Ahn, Sukhee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was to develop and test a theoretical model based on the revised health belief model explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors among postmenopausal women under 65. Methods: This secondary data analysis included 342 postmenopausal women under 65 from original data sources of a total of 734 women. The measured instruments were scales for osteoporosis awareness, osteoporosis health belief scale (benefit, barrier, susceptibility, severity, and health motivation), self-efficacy, and osteoporosis prevention behaviors. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 55.2 years and the mean age of menopause was 51.10. The hypothetical model of osteoporosis prevention behaviors was relatively fit. Osteoporosis prevention behaviors were significantly explained up to 62% by expectation factors (relative benefit, self-efficacy, health motivation) and modifying factors(knowledge only). Expectation factors of health belief had a mediation effect between modifying factors and prevention behaviors. Conclusion: This study partially supported the revised health belief model for explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors. It provides a basis for developing an educational program focusing on expectation factors and knowledge with the aim of behavioral changes for osteoporosis prevention.

DIGITAL INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING IN OSTEOPOROSIS

  • Lee, Kyung-Sub;Kim, Yong-Suk
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2002
  • This study examined the relationship between bone mineral density and DITI in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. An analysis was performed on the thermographic findings of 20 patients without osteoporosis, 20 with osteopenia and 20 with osteoporosis at the Kangnam Korean Hospital, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea, from June 1998 to February 1999. The osteoporosis was measured by LUNAR PIXI and the body temperature was assessed by DITI. Thermogrphic measurements were performed on 4 areas(acupuncture point: CV12, CV4, BL23 and BL26). All data were coded for computer analysis and significances were tested by Duncan test. There was no significant difference in age among the three groups of patients. DITI revealed the significant hypothermia (p<0.001) on the osteoporosis patients compared with osteopenia and normal bone density patients. It is believed that DITI may be a favorable alternative to the diagnosis of osteoporosis.

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