• Title, Summary, Keyword: Overhead contact lines

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Development of a Measurement System for Contact Force Analysis of Trolley Line (전기철도 전차선 접촉력 측정 및 분석시스템 개발)

  • Kim, In-Chol;Choi, Kyu-Hyoung
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.82-87
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    • 2010
  • A measurement system of contact force between overhead contact line and pantograph of train is developed which measures the contact force by using four sets of full-bridge strain gauges instead of load cells and accelerometers. The sensors are installed on the pan head of pantograph and the measured data from the sensors are transmitted to a server system in the train by way of wireless Lan. This configuration of the measuring system makes it easy to install on the trains without any alteration of train system. The measurement system is applied to KTX on the Kyungbu high speed line, and the measured contact force data shows good agreement with those measured by load cell and accelerometers. The waveform of the contact force between overhead contact line and pantograph contains essential information about their conditions. The proposed measurement system can probe any defects on overhead contact lines with train running at high speed, which will be a powerful solution for the maintenance of long-distance overhead contact lines.

A Study on the Overhead Contact Lines Optimization According to the Increased Train Speed (전기철도 속도향상에 따른 전차선로 가선 시스템 최적화에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, In-Chul;Jeong, Rag-Gyo;Choi, Kyu-Hyoung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.3037-3045
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    • 2011
  • The optimization of the overhead contact lines according to the increased train speed is to design the low-sag-wire so that the pantograph can follow the vertical fluctuation of the catenary. Main factors for the overhead contact lines design include the span, dropper interval, movable bracket, vertical fluctuation of the catenary, tension, and wave propagation speed. In this paper, a model is proposed to improve the electric railway speed, and the speed improvement analysis technology is examined to ensure the stable and reliable electric railway. In addition, the effect between pantograph and catenary according to the speed improvement is quantitatively analyzed by using simulation.

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Design of Active Pantograph Controller (능동 판토그래프 제어기 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Ko Tae-Hwan;Um Ju-Hwan;Eum Ki-Young;Shin Seung-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.361-366
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    • 2005
  • The high investment is necessary for the new high speed lines. So the KRRI has been interested in the possibility of upgrading the existing line in order to speed up the train in the conventional lines. The pantograph in train is indispensable in order to supply the electrification equipments with power in safe. The pantograph and the overhead wire form a dynamic coupled system and they affect each other through the contact force. Unfortunately, as the operational speed of a train increases, the vibration of the pantograph and the overhead wire also increases. This may lead to a zero contact force between the pantograph head and the overhead wire, which can results in the loss of contact, arching and abrasion. If the arching and spark happen between the pantograph and the overhead catenary system, the EMI(electro magnetic interface) and noises may occur. After all, the quality of current collection is deteriorated. This paper describes the dynamic response between the pantograph and catenary system by the numerical simulations and presents the LQ-servo controller to reduce the contact force variation

Analysis for the dynamic responses of pantograph-overhead contact line coupled system by using a condition monitoring system (상태감시시스템을 이용한 팬터그래프-전차선로 동특성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Yong-Hyeon;Park, Young;Lee, Ki-Won;Kwon, Sam-Young;Park, Hyun-June
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.778-781
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this paper is to analyze the dynamic responses of pantograph-overhead contact line coupled system by using a condition monitoring system. The monitoring items are strain, vertical displacement and acceleration of a contact wire. Both strain and vertical displacement in the contact wire depends on uplift force and train velocity. Measurement of acceleration shows that the passage of the pantograph gives an impact force to a hard point on a contact wire.

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The analysis of the dynamic response between the pantograph and overhead wire (고속열차 주행을 위한 판토그래프와 가선시스템과의 동적응답 해석)

  • Shin Seung-Kwon;Song Yong-Soo;Mun Hyung-Scok;Eum Ki-Young;Kim Jae-Mun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1366-1371
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    • 2004
  • The development of the European railway high speed network brings new problems related to the interoperability across the railways of different countries. The pantograph and the overhead wire form a dynamic coupled system and they affect each other through the contact force. Unfortunately, as the operational speed of a train increases, the vibration of the pantograph and the overhead wire also increases. This may lead to a zero contact force between the pantograph head and the overhead wire, which can results in the loss of contact, arching and abrasion. If the arching and spark happen between the pantograph and the overhead catenary system, the EMI(electro magnetic interface) and noises may occur. After an, the quality of current collection is deteriorated. This paper describes the dynamic response between the pantograph and catenary system by the numerical simulations and predicts the possibility of operating the high speed train in the conventional lines.

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Analysis on Installation Condition According to Dynamic Characteristics for Overhead Catenary System (전차선로 동적특성에 따른 설치상태 분석)

  • Park, Young;Lee, Kiwon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.9
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    • pp.1605-1609
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    • 2016
  • The measurement of current collection performance between pantograph and contact wire of overhead catenary system is intended to prove the safety of operation and the quality of the current collection system. The results of interaction performance of current collection system are required for approving with commercial operation on railway lines. The methods of interaction performance of current collection system are defined on interactional standards such as IEC 62486 and EN 50317. In this paper, the interaction performance is evaluated by the percentage of arcing on Honam high-speed line and the results are used for adjustment of the overhead catenary line structure. The experimental results in Honam high-speed line confirm that the duration of an arc lasting longer 25 ms between pantograph and contact wire was depended on the conditions of overhead contact line after installation.

Implementation of Electrical Property Assessment System for Overhead Contact Lines (전차선로 전기적 특성 평가 시스템 구현)

  • Oh, Seok-Yong;Park, Young;Cho, Yong-Hyeon;Lee, Ki-Won;Song, Joon-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.497-503
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    • 2011
  • Currently in Korea, the simple catenary type overhead contact line system is being applied to both conventional lines and high speed lines of electric railway, and circulation current flowing into the catenary system frequently bring undesirable consequences. Namely, the connector wire has many problems according to a flow of excessive circulation current and arc current on catenary when an electric train runs at high speed. This paper presents the development and application of a real-time data acquisition system designed to measure the electrical characteristics of an overhead catenary system in electric railways. The developed system is capable of storing data of a 25 kV power source in a live wire state through a telemetry environment. The field test results show that the proposed technique and the developed system can be practically applied to measure characteristics of current of an overhead catenary system.

Active Control of a High-Speed Pantograph using LQ-Servo Controller

  • Shin, Seung-Kwon;Song, Young-Soo;Eum, Ki-Young;Koo, Dong-Hoe
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1173-1177
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    • 2004
  • The high investment is necessary for the new high speed lines. So the KRRI was interested in the possibility of upgrading the existing line in order to speed up the train in the conventional lines. The tilting train system has been developed because the reconstruction of railway for the cant compensation costs very high. The purpose of the tilting system is to compensate the centrifugal acceleration in order to reduce the lateral acceleration of the passenger at high speed on the curves.The pantograph of the tilting train is indispensable in order to supply the electrification equipments with power in safe. The dynamic interaction between the pantograph and the overhead catenary system causes the variation of the contact force and the contact force variation can cause contact losses, arcing and sparking. If the spark happens between the pantograph and the overhead catenary system, the EMI(electro magnetic interface) and noises may occur. After all, the quality of current collection is deteriorated. This paper deals with the active control of pantograph and presents the LQ-servo controller to reduce the contact force variation.

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An Analysis on Electrical Property Measurement of Catenary System in Railway (철도 전차선로 전기적 특성 검측 기술 분석)

  • Park, Young;Cho, Yong-Hyeon;Jung, Ho-Sung;Lee, Ki-Won;Gwon, Sam-Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.115-115
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    • 2010
  • This paper introduces a measurement system that measures behavior and electrical characteristics of overhead contact line irregular sections in real-time. For verification, we developed a prototype of the real-time overhead contact line irregular section behavior measurement system and a monitoring system for field tests. The current and temperature of contact wires and messenger wires were measured real-time by applying the system at KTX a commercial line. Therefore, acquiring data is possible with the developed system and this system that measures one of the fundamental and key factors, the catenary current, should be applicable to various areas such as detecting characteristics for designing overhead contact lines, enhancing speed, and enhancing energy.

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Simulation of the Dynamic Interactions between Catenary and Pantograph (전차선과 팬터그래프 사이의 동적 상호작용 시뮬레이션)

  • Kwon, Sam-Young;Kim, Gil-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.455-459
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    • 1995
  • Catenary/pantograph system consists of overhead lines which have non-uniform elasticity and pantographs which move at high speed and give force to the lines, therefore happen to be failed in contacts between both from time to time. In this study, as the first step to develop a dynamic simulation program, the general theory is discussed for catenary/pantograph system and appropriate modelling. And comparison is conducted with the references after making a program which referred to the contact force equation algorithm. On this algorithm, the unknown contact force is computed by the equations which was induced as combining catenary and pantograph motion equations expressed in finite difference form. Another simulation program based on the assumed contact forces algorithm was developed. In this algorithm, numerical integraion of both the overhead line and pantograph equations, which without combining, are effected for two assumed values of contact force. The correct contact force is then obtained from these two sets of results by linear interpolation to satisfy the contact condition. Through the comparative review on the outputs from this program, it is verified that this algorithm is reliable.

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