• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Oxytetracycline

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병태동물(病態動物)에서 Oxytetracycline의 생물약제학적(生物藥劑學的) 연구(硏究) (A Biopharmaceutical Study on Oxytetracycline in Pathological Animals)

  • 이진환;최준식
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1979
  • The purpose of this paper was to investigate the bioavailability of oxytetracycline in pathological rats and rabbits pretreated with carbon tetrachloride and mercuric chloride. The results are as follows: The blood level of oxytetracycline administered orally was mostly decreased significantly in rabbits damaged kidney and liver, and in rabbits severely damaged kidney, the blood level of oxytetracycline was not significant at 4 to 6 hours. Urinary clearance of oxytetracycline in rabbits severely damaged kidney was inhibited at 5 to 6 hours but in rabbits damaged liver. Hepatic clearance of oxytetracycline was accelerated in rabbits damaged kidney but in rabbits damaged liver. AUC of oxytetracycline orally administered in rabbits damaged liver and kidney was largely decreased. The absorption of oxytetracycline was decreased in rats damaged liver and kidney as compared with that of normal rats. Especially, absorption of oxytetracycline in rats damaged liver was more decreased than that of rats damaged kidney. The absorption of oxytetracycline was inhibited by combinated administration of carbon tetrachloride and mercuric chloride.

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Genetic and Physiological Characterization of Oxytetracycline-Resistant Bacteria from Giant Prawn Farms

  • Heepngoen, Pimpak;Sajjaphan, Kannika;Ferguson, John A.;Sadowsky, Michael J.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.199-206
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    • 2008
  • Four hundred and thirteen oxytetracycline-resistant bacteria were recovered from six freshwater giant prawn farms with a history of oxytetracycline use. Most oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were Gram-negative bacteria. Six groups of oxytetracycline-resistant bacteria were classified using cluster analysis based on a comparison of levels of oxytetracycline resistance. Complex fingerprint patterns were obtained for 71 isolates studied. In general, the band patterns of isolates from different ponds were very similar, and the data indicated that the isolates were closely related. The exploration for cross-resistance found that most of the 71 oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were also resistant to tetracycline and chlortetracycline, but had a relatively low resistance to doxycycline. Many isolates showed higher chlortetracycline resistance than oxytetracycline resistance. Additionally, the oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were examined for the presence of tetracycline resistance (tet) genes. Fifty percent of the isolates carried one of the 14 known tet genes examined. The most common determinants were TetA and TetD. However, TetB, TetC, TetE, TetK, TetL, and TetM were also found with various frequencies.

하천에서의 Oxytetracycline 내성주에 관한 연구 (Study on Oxytetracycline Resistant Bacteria in the Surface Water Environment)

  • 김영진;김종오
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study aims to understand the concentration, diversity, and antibiotic characteristics of oxytetracycline resistant bacteria present in a surface water environment. Methods: Water sampling was performed in Cheongmi Stream in Gyeonggi-do, Korea in February and August 2014. Water samples collected from two sites were plated in triplicate on tryptic soy agar plates with 30 mg/L of oxytetracycline. Oxytetracycline resistant bacteria were selected from surface water in Cheongmi Stream and were subjected to 16S rDNA analysis for oxytetracycline resistant species determination. Identified resistant strains were tested for resistance to various antibiotics. Results: Results from this study indicate that the dominant resistant organisms in this aquatic environment are from family Acinetobacter and family Aeromonas. As to culturable heterotrophic bacteria, Oxytetracycline resistant bacteria were present 0.45-0.93% during winter and 0.08-0.38% during summer. Most oxytetracycline resistant bacteria exhibited resistance to more than ten of the antibiotics studied. The diversity of oxytetracycline resistant bacteria in winter was higher than in summer. Conclusion: Most of these resistant bacteria are Gram negative and are closely related to pathogenic species. These results suggest that increasing multi-antibiotic resistant bacteria in the surface water environment has a close relation to the reckless use of antibiotics in livestock.

Elimination of Aster Yellows Phytoplasma from Dendranthema grandiflorum by Application of Oxytetracycline as a Foliar Spray

  • Chung, Bong-Nam;Park, Gug-Seoun
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2002
  • Aster yellows phytoplasma-infected chrysanthemums showing stunt, rosette, and excessive branching were treated with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline at three-day interval for 1,2,3 and 4 months. Two months after the final treatment, new shoots from the recovered chrysanthemums showed the recurrence of the disease symptoms. However, cuttings from chrysanthemums treated with oxytetracycline did not express any photoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months. Also, chrysanthemums dipped in 100 mg/I oxytetracycline solution combined with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline for 4 weeks showed the same results. Using an electron microscope, ultrathin sections of leaf midribs of chrysanthemum cuttings treated with oxytetracycline for 4 months did not show phytoplasma bodies 10 months after treatment. Nucleic acids from chrysanthemums, which did not express phytoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months, did not amplify 16S rRNA gene of phytoplasma by polymerase chain reaction. These results may have implications in the propagation of phytoplasma-free healthy stocks for a wide range of plant species.

Effects of Oxytetracycline Treatments on the Infection Potential of Scuticociliates in Cultured Olive Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Kwon Se Ryun;Chung Joon Ki;Lee Hyung Ho;Kim Ki Hong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2002
  • The modulatory effects of oxytetracycline treatments at high concentrations on the infection potential of scuticociliates in cultured juvenile olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and density of the ciliates in culturing water were investigated. The groups bathed with 400 and 500 ppm of oxytetracycline showed significantly lower intensities of scuticociliates on the fish and considerably lower number of the ciliates in culturing water when compared with the control group. However, the intensity of scuticociliates on the fish in the group bathed with 300 ppm of oxytetracycline was not significantly different with that of the control group in spite of considerably lower number of scuticociliates in culturing water than in that of the control group. Although the intensities of scuticociliates on the fish intubated orally with 400 and 500 mg/kg of oxytetracycline were lower than that of the control group, there were no statistical significances. In contrast, the fish fed 300 mg/kg of oxytetracycline showed significantly lower intensity of scuticociliates when compared with other groups. The results of this study suggest that oxytetracycline treatments can modulate occurrence of scuticociliatosis in fish farms probably through change of bacterial density, damaging to scuticociliatosis and immuno-suppression of fish.

Application of ELISA for the Detection of Oxytetracycline Residue in Live Animals

  • Lee, H.J.;Lee, M.H.;Han, In K.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.1775-1778
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    • 2000
  • Oxytetracycline has been widely used in the cattle industry to control pneumonia, shipping fever, foot rot, bacterial enteritis, and uterine infections. Extensive use of antibiotics in veterinary clinics has resulted in residues in tissue and bacterial resistance to antibiotics. To prevent unwanted drug residues from entering the human food chain, extensive control measures have been established by both government authorities and industries. The demands for reliable, simple, sensitive, rapid and low-cost methods for residue analysis of foods are increasing. In this study, we established a rapid test for tissue residues of oxytetracycline in cattle. The recommended therapeutic dose of oxytetracycline (withdrawal time, 14 days) was administered to 10 cattle. Blood samples were collected from each cow before drug administration and during the withdrawal period. The concentration of oxytetracycline in plasma, determined by a semi-quantitative ELISA, was compared to that of the internal standard, 10 ppb. The absorbance ratio of internal standard to sample (B/Bs) was employed as an index to determine whether the residues in cattle tissues were negative or positive. That is, a B/Bs ratio less than 1 was considered as residue positive and that greater than 1 as negative. Based on this criterion, all plasma samples from cattle were negative to oxytetracycline at pre-treatment. Oxytetracycline could be detected in the plasma treated cattle until day 14 post-treatment. The present study showed that the semi-quantitative ELISA could be easily adapted in predicting tissue residues for oxytetracycline in live cattle.

토주실험에서 동물용 의약품의 이동 특성 (Mobility Characteristics of Veterinary Antibiotics in Soil Column)

  • 황선영;한만희;조재영
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구에서는 토양에 대한 동물용 의약품의 흡 탈착 특성과 토주 실험을 이용한 동물용 의약품의 이동 특성을 조사하였다. 토양 중에서 동물용 의약품 흡 탈착은 Freundlich 흡 탈착등온식에 부합하였다. 흡착상수($K_F$) 값은 oxytetracycline > amoxicillin > sulfathiazole 순으로 나타났다. 100일 동안의 토주실험을 진행한 결과, tetracycline 계열의 oxytetracycline은 토양 내 흡착력이 강해 지하로의 이동이 거의 이루어지지 않는 반면, sulfonamide 계열의 sulfamethoxazole은 토양 흡착은 거의 이루어지지 않고 대부분 중력수를 통한 지하로의 이동량이 매우 높게 나타났다. 이는 oxytetracycline은 토양 중 존재하는 2가 양이온 $Ca^{2+}$ 등과 강하게 흡착되어 토양내 잔류량이 높게 나타날 것이며, amoxicillin과 sulfathiazole은 환경중 유거수나 지하수로 용탈가능성이 높음을 보여주는 지표이다.

Influence of oxytetracycline on the fate of Nitrogen species in a recirculating aquaculture system

  • Medriano, Carl A.D.;Yoon, Hyojik;Chandran, Kartik;Khanal, Samir.K.;Lee, Jaewoo;Cho, Yunchul;Kim, Sungpyo
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2018
  • Common aquaculture practices include the use of certain pharmaceuticals such as antibiotics in avoiding diseases and promoting a healthier growth of the culture. The aim of this study is to monitor and assess the influence of different low oxytetracycline concentrations on the transformation of nitrogen compounds under aeration condition in a lab-scale recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Over $1mg\;L^{-1}$ dose of oxytetracycline to aquaculture had induced ammonia($NH_4-N$), nitrate($NO_3-N$), soluble COD accumulation in RAS. In addition, nitrous oxide ($N_2O$) emission from RAS was significantly reduced during the oxytetracycline dose periods. After ceasing the dose of oxytetracycline, ammonia oxidation and nitrous oxide re-emission were observed. This observation indicated that low concentrations of oxytetracycline could affect the nitrogen species in RAS. Also, the emission mechanisms of $N_2O$ may not be only dependent on nitrification process but also dependent on denitrification process in our RAS system.

Oxytetracycline과 Tetracycline의 약욕에 따른 양식어류 (넙치, 조피볼락, 참돔)의 조직내 잔류량의 변화 (Tissue Distribution after dipping administration of Oxytetracycline and Tetracycline in Olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli), and Red sea bream (Pagrus major))

  • 이후장;김석;하지영;강석중;정원철;정희식;허성혁;신용운;김경원;김대근
    • 한국어병학회지
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2006
  • Oxytetracycline과 tetracycline을 넙치, 조피볼락 그리고 참돔에 각각 약욕을 통하여 투여한 다음, 휴약기간 동안 근육조직 내 잔류와 분포를 조사하였다. 실험어는 해수 중에서 일정한 크기의 케이지에 일반 상업용 사료를 주어 사육하였고, 실험에 사용하기에 앞서 15일 동안 환경에 적응시켰다. 약제투여는, oxytetracycline 50 g을 물 1 톤에 투여하고 넙치, 조피볼락, 그리고 참돔을 각각 30분 동안 약욕하였고, tetracycline 18 g을 물 1톤에 투여하고 실험어들을 5시간 동안 약욕하였다. 혈액과 근육시료는 약제투약 전, 약제투약 후 1, 2, 3, 그리고 5일에 각각의 실험어를 대상으로 채취하였다. Oxytetracycline과 tetracycline의 잔류분석은 고형상추출을 한 후 고속액체크로마토그래피를 이용하여 분석하였다. Oxytetracycline의 회수율은 혈액에서는 71-77%이었고, 근육에서는 78-84%를 보였다. 또한, tetracycline의 회수율은 혈액에서 70-79%, 근육에서 73-78%를 보였다. 약욕 직후, 조피볼락의 근육 중 oxytetracycline과 tetracycline의 잔류농도가 넙치와 참돔의 근육 중 잔류농도에 비하여 통계적으로 유의성 있게 높았으며, 약욕 후 5일째에는, 모든 실험어의 근육 중 oxytetracycline과 tetracycline의 잔류농도가 고속액체크로마토그래피의 검출한계인 0.05 mg/kg 이하로 감소하였다. 이상의 결과로부터, oxytetracycline과 tetracycline의 약욕을 통한 투여는 넙치, 조피볼락 그리고 참돔의 근육 중에서 안전휴약기간 보다도 일찍 소실되는 것으로 관찰되었으며, 경구 또는 주사를 통한 투여보다도 체내 소실이 빨리 일어나는 것으로 추정된다.

Oxytetracycline-Mg Complex제제의 안정성에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Stability of Oxytetracycline-Mg Complex Preparation)

  • 김정우;김광남;김기원
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 1975
  • When the pH of the mixture containing oxytetracycline, $MgCl_26H_2O$ (2 : 1) and citric acid in aqueous solution is changed by adding monoethanolamine, some difference substances are produced. In the range of pH 8.5-9.3, the stable substance which exhibit U. V. max. absorption at 267.5-268 nm and 372.5 nm is produced. According to preparing method, the mixture of oxytetracycline. $MgCl_26H_2O$ (2 : 1) and citric acid in 75% propylene glycol aqueous solution are dissolved with monoethanolamine, and then, it is standed for a long time. An unknown substance is precipitated. It seems to be a compound containing $MgCl_26H_2O$, citric acid and monoethanolamine, but not oxytetracycline.

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