• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oxytetracycline

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A Biopharmaceutical Study on Oxytetracycline in Pathological Animals (병태동물(病態動物)에서 Oxytetracycline의 생물약제학적(生物藥劑學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jin-Hwan;Choi, Jun-Shik
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1979
  • The purpose of this paper was to investigate the bioavailability of oxytetracycline in pathological rats and rabbits pretreated with carbon tetrachloride and mercuric chloride. The results are as follows: The blood level of oxytetracycline administered orally was mostly decreased significantly in rabbits damaged kidney and liver, and in rabbits severely damaged kidney, the blood level of oxytetracycline was not significant at 4 to 6 hours. Urinary clearance of oxytetracycline in rabbits severely damaged kidney was inhibited at 5 to 6 hours but in rabbits damaged liver. Hepatic clearance of oxytetracycline was accelerated in rabbits damaged kidney but in rabbits damaged liver. AUC of oxytetracycline orally administered in rabbits damaged liver and kidney was largely decreased. The absorption of oxytetracycline was decreased in rats damaged liver and kidney as compared with that of normal rats. Especially, absorption of oxytetracycline in rats damaged liver was more decreased than that of rats damaged kidney. The absorption of oxytetracycline was inhibited by combinated administration of carbon tetrachloride and mercuric chloride.

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Genetic and Physiological Characterization of Oxytetracycline-Resistant Bacteria from Giant Prawn Farms

  • Heepngoen, Pimpak;Sajjaphan, Kannika;Ferguson, John A.;Sadowsky, Michael J.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.199-206
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    • 2008
  • Four hundred and thirteen oxytetracycline-resistant bacteria were recovered from six freshwater giant prawn farms with a history of oxytetracycline use. Most oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were Gram-negative bacteria. Six groups of oxytetracycline-resistant bacteria were classified using cluster analysis based on a comparison of levels of oxytetracycline resistance. Complex fingerprint patterns were obtained for 71 isolates studied. In general, the band patterns of isolates from different ponds were very similar, and the data indicated that the isolates were closely related. The exploration for cross-resistance found that most of the 71 oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were also resistant to tetracycline and chlortetracycline, but had a relatively low resistance to doxycycline. Many isolates showed higher chlortetracycline resistance than oxytetracycline resistance. Additionally, the oxytetracycline-resistant isolates were examined for the presence of tetracycline resistance (tet) genes. Fifty percent of the isolates carried one of the 14 known tet genes examined. The most common determinants were TetA and TetD. However, TetB, TetC, TetE, TetK, TetL, and TetM were also found with various frequencies.

Study on Oxytetracycline Resistant Bacteria in the Surface Water Environment (하천에서의 Oxytetracycline 내성주에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young Jin;Kim, Jong Oh
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study aims to understand the concentration, diversity, and antibiotic characteristics of oxytetracycline resistant bacteria present in a surface water environment. Methods: Water sampling was performed in Cheongmi Stream in Gyeonggi-do, Korea in February and August 2014. Water samples collected from two sites were plated in triplicate on tryptic soy agar plates with 30 mg/L of oxytetracycline. Oxytetracycline resistant bacteria were selected from surface water in Cheongmi Stream and were subjected to 16S rDNA analysis for oxytetracycline resistant species determination. Identified resistant strains were tested for resistance to various antibiotics. Results: Results from this study indicate that the dominant resistant organisms in this aquatic environment are from family Acinetobacter and family Aeromonas. As to culturable heterotrophic bacteria, Oxytetracycline resistant bacteria were present 0.45-0.93% during winter and 0.08-0.38% during summer. Most oxytetracycline resistant bacteria exhibited resistance to more than ten of the antibiotics studied. The diversity of oxytetracycline resistant bacteria in winter was higher than in summer. Conclusion: Most of these resistant bacteria are Gram negative and are closely related to pathogenic species. These results suggest that increasing multi-antibiotic resistant bacteria in the surface water environment has a close relation to the reckless use of antibiotics in livestock.

Elimination of Aster Yellows Phytoplasma from Dendranthema grandiflorum by Application of Oxytetracycline as a Foliar Spray

  • Chung, Bong-Nam;Park, Gug-Seoun
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2002
  • Aster yellows phytoplasma-infected chrysanthemums showing stunt, rosette, and excessive branching were treated with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline at three-day interval for 1,2,3 and 4 months. Two months after the final treatment, new shoots from the recovered chrysanthemums showed the recurrence of the disease symptoms. However, cuttings from chrysanthemums treated with oxytetracycline did not express any photoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months. Also, chrysanthemums dipped in 100 mg/I oxytetracycline solution combined with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline for 4 weeks showed the same results. Using an electron microscope, ultrathin sections of leaf midribs of chrysanthemum cuttings treated with oxytetracycline for 4 months did not show phytoplasma bodies 10 months after treatment. Nucleic acids from chrysanthemums, which did not express phytoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months, did not amplify 16S rRNA gene of phytoplasma by polymerase chain reaction. These results may have implications in the propagation of phytoplasma-free healthy stocks for a wide range of plant species.

Effects of Oxytetracycline Treatments on the Infection Potential of Scuticociliates in Cultured Olive Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Kwon Se Ryun;Chung Joon Ki;Lee Hyung Ho;Kim Ki Hong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2002
  • The modulatory effects of oxytetracycline treatments at high concentrations on the infection potential of scuticociliates in cultured juvenile olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and density of the ciliates in culturing water were investigated. The groups bathed with 400 and 500 ppm of oxytetracycline showed significantly lower intensities of scuticociliates on the fish and considerably lower number of the ciliates in culturing water when compared with the control group. However, the intensity of scuticociliates on the fish in the group bathed with 300 ppm of oxytetracycline was not significantly different with that of the control group in spite of considerably lower number of scuticociliates in culturing water than in that of the control group. Although the intensities of scuticociliates on the fish intubated orally with 400 and 500 mg/kg of oxytetracycline were lower than that of the control group, there were no statistical significances. In contrast, the fish fed 300 mg/kg of oxytetracycline showed significantly lower intensity of scuticociliates when compared with other groups. The results of this study suggest that oxytetracycline treatments can modulate occurrence of scuticociliatosis in fish farms probably through change of bacterial density, damaging to scuticociliatosis and immuno-suppression of fish.

Application of ELISA for the Detection of Oxytetracycline Residue in Live Animals

  • Lee, H.J.;Lee, M.H.;Han, In K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.1775-1778
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    • 2000
  • Oxytetracycline has been widely used in the cattle industry to control pneumonia, shipping fever, foot rot, bacterial enteritis, and uterine infections. Extensive use of antibiotics in veterinary clinics has resulted in residues in tissue and bacterial resistance to antibiotics. To prevent unwanted drug residues from entering the human food chain, extensive control measures have been established by both government authorities and industries. The demands for reliable, simple, sensitive, rapid and low-cost methods for residue analysis of foods are increasing. In this study, we established a rapid test for tissue residues of oxytetracycline in cattle. The recommended therapeutic dose of oxytetracycline (withdrawal time, 14 days) was administered to 10 cattle. Blood samples were collected from each cow before drug administration and during the withdrawal period. The concentration of oxytetracycline in plasma, determined by a semi-quantitative ELISA, was compared to that of the internal standard, 10 ppb. The absorbance ratio of internal standard to sample (B/Bs) was employed as an index to determine whether the residues in cattle tissues were negative or positive. That is, a B/Bs ratio less than 1 was considered as residue positive and that greater than 1 as negative. Based on this criterion, all plasma samples from cattle were negative to oxytetracycline at pre-treatment. Oxytetracycline could be detected in the plasma treated cattle until day 14 post-treatment. The present study showed that the semi-quantitative ELISA could be easily adapted in predicting tissue residues for oxytetracycline in live cattle.

Mobility Characteristics of Veterinary Antibiotics in Soil Column (토주실험에서 동물용 의약품의 이동 특성)

  • Hwang, Sun-Young;Han, Man-Hye;Cho, Jae-Young
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2012
  • Veterinary antibiotics can enter the soil ecosystem and then may be transported into groundwater via leaching process. The main aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and mobility of tetracycline, amoxicillin and sulfathiazole in soil. The adsorption of veterinary antibiotics were applied to the Freundlich adsorption isotherms. Adsorption coefficient ($K_F$) was indicated oxytetracycline > amoxicillin > sulfathiazole. Oxytetracycline concentration was highly detected in soil than in leachate. It is assumed that oxytetracycline was strongly absorbed by divalent cations such as $Ca^{2+}$ in soil. However, amoxicillin and sulfathiazole were shown higher mobility due to the lower distribution coefficient.

Influence of oxytetracycline on the fate of Nitrogen species in a recirculating aquaculture system

  • Medriano, Carl A.D.;Yoon, Hyojik;Chandran, Kartik;Khanal, Samir.K.;Lee, Jaewoo;Cho, Yunchul;Kim, Sungpyo
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2018
  • Common aquaculture practices include the use of certain pharmaceuticals such as antibiotics in avoiding diseases and promoting a healthier growth of the culture. The aim of this study is to monitor and assess the influence of different low oxytetracycline concentrations on the transformation of nitrogen compounds under aeration condition in a lab-scale recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Over $1mg\;L^{-1}$ dose of oxytetracycline to aquaculture had induced ammonia($NH_4-N$), nitrate($NO_3-N$), soluble COD accumulation in RAS. In addition, nitrous oxide ($N_2O$) emission from RAS was significantly reduced during the oxytetracycline dose periods. After ceasing the dose of oxytetracycline, ammonia oxidation and nitrous oxide re-emission were observed. This observation indicated that low concentrations of oxytetracycline could affect the nitrogen species in RAS. Also, the emission mechanisms of $N_2O$ may not be only dependent on nitrification process but also dependent on denitrification process in our RAS system.

Tissue Distribution after dipping administration of Oxytetracycline and Tetracycline in Olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli), and Red sea bream (Pagrus major) (Oxytetracycline과 Tetracycline의 약욕에 따른 양식어류 (넙치, 조피볼락, 참돔)의 조직내 잔류량의 변화)

  • Lee, Hu-Jang;Kim, Suk;Ha, Ji-Young;Kang, Seok-Jung;Jung, Won-Cheol;Chung, Hee-Sik;Heo, Sung-Hyek;Shin, Yong-Woon;Kim, Kyoung-Won;Kim, Dae-Geun
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2006
  • Tissue distribution and residue depletion of oxytetracycline (OTC) and tetracycline (TC) following dipping administration were evaluated in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli), and red sea bream (Pagrus major) under field conditions. Fishes were held in floating cages placed in sea water and fed a commercial diet for 15 days to acclimate to a new surrounding. Fishes were dipped in OTC 50 g/ton water for 30min and TC 18 g/ton water for 5 hours. Blood and muscle were sampled from fishes on 0th, 1th, 2th, 3th, and 5th day after administration. After solid-phase extraction, OTC and TC analyses were carried out by HPLC. The recovery rate of OTC in serum and muscle samples was 71-77% and 78-84%, respectively. Also, the recovery rate of TC in serum and muscle samples was 70-79% and 73-78%, respectively. The results of recovery rate were similar to previous studies reported. At the termination of dipping administration of OTC and TC, residue concentration in muscle samples of rockfish was significantly higher than those of olive flounder and red sea bream. At day 5, residue concentrations of all samples were believed to decrease to lower than 0.05 mg/kg, the detection limit. The present study showed that residue concentrations of OTC and TC decreased to below 0.05 mg/kg after treatment 5th day, faster than the established withdrawal period. The tissue reside depletion time of dipping administration of OTC and TC seems to be shorter than those of oral or parenteral administration.

Studies on the Stability of Oxytetracycline-Mg Complex Preparation (Oxytetracycline-Mg Complex제제의 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Woo;Kim, Kwang-Nam;Kim, Ki-Won
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 1975
  • When the pH of the mixture containing oxytetracycline, $MgCl_26H_2O$ (2 : 1) and citric acid in aqueous solution is changed by adding monoethanolamine, some difference substances are produced. In the range of pH 8.5-9.3, the stable substance which exhibit U. V. max. absorption at 267.5-268 nm and 372.5 nm is produced. According to preparing method, the mixture of oxytetracycline. $MgCl_26H_2O$ (2 : 1) and citric acid in 75% propylene glycol aqueous solution are dissolved with monoethanolamine, and then, it is standed for a long time. An unknown substance is precipitated. It seems to be a compound containing $MgCl_26H_2O$, citric acid and monoethanolamine, but not oxytetracycline.

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