• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oxytetracycline

Search Result 217, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

An abattoir survey of incidence of pneumonia in slaughter pigs and an investigation of microbiology of affected lungs (도축돈의 폐렴병변 분포조사 및 폐렴병소로부터 호기성균의 분리동정)

  • 김경희;장영술;조민희;김수웅;김영은;김봉환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-128
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of pneumonic lesions with special regard to enzootic pneumonia and the microbiology of pneumoic lungs from 544 slaughter pigs during the period from October 1995 to September 1996. The incidence of enzootic pneumonic lesion was 76.3% (41s/s44) and pleurisy was detected from 7.9% of slaughter pigs. Seasonal prevalence of pneumonic lesions in slaughter pigs were in order of prevalence of 82.9% in spring, 76.8% in winter, 74.8% in autumn and 69.0% in summer, respectively. Pasteurella multocida, Streptococcus sp, Str suis, Corynebacterium sp, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Hemophilus parasuis, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were detected in order of prevalence from 16.9%, 15.9%, 7.5%, 6.0%, 1.4%, 1.0% and 0.5% of 415 pneumonic lungs, respectively. P multocida were susceptible to oxytetracycline, polymyxin-B, streptomycin, and vancomycin, while the majority of them were resistant to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, kanamycin, and penicillin-G. Str suis were susceptible to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, penicillin-G, although the majority of them were resistant to erythromycin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, vancomycin. A pleuropneumoniae were susceptible to ampicillin, and cephalothin, but the majority of them were resistant to oxytetracycline.

  • PDF

Method for Marking on Scales of Juvenile Black Rockfish by Immersion in Three Chemicals (세 화학 물질, Oxytetracycline hydrochloride, Alizarin red S 및 Calcein의 침지 처리에 의한 조피볼락 치어의 비늘 표지)

  • 노충환;최희정;박용주;홍경표;박철원;명정구
    • Journal of Aquaculture
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.237-245
    • /
    • 1999
  • In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of chemical marking of black rockfish scales by immersion in oxytetracycline hydrochloride (OTC, 500 ppm), alizarin red S (AR, 250 ppm) and calcein (CARL, 250 ppm) diluted rearing water. Immersion treatment of chemicals had no effects on both mortality and growth of black rockfish. Marking sucess was 100% in all treatment durations (24, 48 and 72 hours) with three chemicals and marking quality was higher in 48 and 72 hours than 24 hours treatment. Marking retention rates at 24 weeks after treatment were 100% in OTC and CAL treated group, but marking quality was higher in CAL treated group (brilliant 92%, bright 8% and dim 0%) than in OTC treated group (brilliant 4%, bright 70% and dim 26%). AR treated group had lower marking retention rates and marking quality than OTC and CAL treated group. As a results, immersion treatment with OTC and CAL was effective in marking scales of black rockfish and practical in releasing program and other studies requires same rearing environment.

  • PDF

Measuring Oxytetracycline Using a Simple Prepared DNA Immobilized on a Carbon Nanotube Paste Electrode in Fish Tissue (DNA 고정 탄소나노튜브 페이스트전극의 물고기 세포속 테트라싸이클린에 정량)

  • Ly, Suw-Young;Lee, Chang-Hyun;Jung, Young-Sam
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.51 no.5
    • /
    • pp.412-417
    • /
    • 2007
  • A simple prepared paste electrode (PE) of DNA immobilized on a carbon nanotube was utilized for monitoring the antibacterial agent oxytetracycline (OTC), using square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Given these conditions, SWASV and CV working ranges were observed within 1-10 ngL-1 OTC. In the SWASV and CV for OTC concentrations of 0.1 mgL-1, the relative standard deviations (n=15) were 0.068 and 0.067, respectively. At the optimized condition, the detection limit was found to be 0.4 ngL-1 OTC. This method was applied to the hatchery fish tissue.

Endocrine Disrupting Effects of Several Pharmaceuticals to Oryzias Latipes

  • Kang, Hee-Joo;Kim, Kyung-Tae;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Lee, Jeong-Joo;Choi, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Pan-Gyl
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.279-285
    • /
    • 2005
  • Endocrine disrupting effects of four pharmaceutical products were evaluated with fish. The test pharmaceuticals, i.e., sulfamethoxazole, sulfamethazine, oxytetracycline and tetracycline have been often detected in aquatic environment, but their ecological hazard on receptors of various trophic levels has seldom been evaluated. In the present study, we conducted acute toxicity assays with a fish, Japanese medake (Oryziα lαtipes). The vitellogenin induced in female fish normally, but a endocrine disrupting chemical could give effects even male fish. We have tried 4 pharmaceutic chemicals to find out the endocrine disrupting effects. Sulfamethoxazole 1, 0.5 ppm induced vitellogenin even at male Japanese medaka. Sulfamethazine 10, 5, 1 ppm could induced vitellogenin at male fish. Oxytetracycline 10, 5, 1ppm could induced vitellogenin With the fish. Tetracycline 10, 5 ppm could induced vitellogenin at male fish. Some pharmaceuticals such as sulfamethoxazole, sulfamethazine, oxytetracycline and tetracycline could give effects to male Oryzias latipes. They could induced vitellogenin under exposure range 0.5 ${\sim}$ 10 ppm of chemicals at male Oryzias latipes.

  • PDF

Characteristics of Adsorption and Biodegradation of Tetracycline Antibiotics by Granular Activated Carbon and Biofiltration Process (Tetracycline계 항생물질들의 활성탄 흡착 및 생물여과 공정에 의한 생분해 특성)

  • Son, Hee-Jong;Yeom, Hoon-Sik;Ryu, Dong-Choon;Jang, Seung-Ho;Son, Hyung-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.379-386
    • /
    • 2014
  • Adsorption and biodegradation performance of tetracycline antibiotic compounds such as ttetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC), minocycline (MNC), chlortetracycline (CTC), doxycycline (DXC), meclocycline (MCC), demeclocycline (DMC) on granular activated carbon (GAC) and anthracite-biofilter were evaluated in this study. Removal efficiency of seven tetracycline antibiotic compounds showed 54%~97% by GAC adsorption process (EBCT: 5~30 min). The orders of removal efficiency by GAC adsorption were tetracycline, demeclocycline, oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline, doxytetracycline, meclocycline and minocycline. Removal efficiencies of seven tetracycline antibiotic compounds showed 1%~61% by anthracite biofiltration process (EBCT: 5~30 min). The highest biodegradable tetracycline antibiotic compound was minocycline, and the worst biodegradable tetracycline antibiotic compounds were oxytetracycline and demeclocycline.

Serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae isolates from pigs in Korea (돼지에서 분리한 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae의 혈청형 분포 및 항생제 감수성)

  • Jung, Ji-Youl;Jang, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.177-181
    • /
    • 2012
  • Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of pleuropneumonia which is one of the most important respiratory diseases in pigs worldwide. A total of 32 A. pleuropneumoniae isolates from diseased pigs during 2008 to 2010 were serotyped by polymerase chain reaction method. The susceptibility of the isolates to 13 antimicrobial agents were determined by disk diffusion test. In all the 32 isolates examined in this study, serotype 5 (16 isolates: 50%), 1 (7 isolates: 21.9%), 2 (5 isolates: 15.6%) and 12 (1 isolate: 3.1%) were found. Of all tested antimicrobial agents, resistance to oxytetracycline was found in 96.9% of isolates, followed by resistance to amikacin (81.2%), neomycin (68.7%), kanamycin (53.1%), penicillin (50.0%), gentamicin (43.7%), florfenicol (25.0%), ampicillin (18.7%), colistin (9.4%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, ceftiofur (8.3%), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (3.1%) and enrofloxacin (0%). Oxytetracycline or florfenicol-resistant isolates were examined for the presence of resistance gene. Among the 31 oxytetracycline-resistant isolates, tetB, tetH and tetO genes were detected in 22 (71%), 8 (26%) and 1 (3%) isolates, respectively. The floR genes were detected in 8 (100%) of the 8 florfenicol-resistant A. pleuropneumoniae isolates.

Experimental study of degradation and biodegradability of oxytetracycline antibiotic in aqueous solution using Fenton process

  • Zouanti, Mustapha;Bezzina, Mohamed;Dhib, Ramdhane
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.316-323
    • /
    • 2020
  • The degradation of aqueous oxytetracycline (OTC) from an aqueous solution antibiotic using H2O2/Fe2+ process was studied in one 1 L batch chemical reactor. The extent of OTC degradation (20 mg/L) was investigated from a known initial pH solution, temperature and the type of catalyst (Fe2+, Fe3+) and for various initial concentrations of OTC, H2O2 and Fe2+. The degradation efficiency achieved was found to be very important (90.82% and 90.63%) at initial pH solution of 3 and 4, respectively. However, the type of catalyst and the reaction temperature had a slight impact on the final degradation of OTC. The results showed that the OTC removal increased with increasing initial H2O2 concentration in the range of 70 to 150 mg/L and initial Fe2+ concentrations in the range of 2 to 5 mg/L. The highest degradation efficiency obtained at ambient temperature was 90.95% with initial concentration of OTC of 10 mg/L, H2O2 = 150 mg/L and Fe2+ = 5 mg/L. Moreover, biodegradability improved from 0.04 to 0.36 and chemical oxygen demand degradation was 78.35% after 60 min of treatment. This study proved that Fenton process can be used for pretreatment of wastewater contaminated by OTC before a biological treatment.

Studies on the Antibiotic Residues in Milk of Cows, Goats and Dogs (유우(乳牛), 산양(山羊) 및 견(犬)의 유즙내(乳汁內) 잔류항생물질(殘留抗生物質)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kyo Jun
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.199-231
    • /
    • 1975
  • It is well known fact that antibiotic residues in milk of cows create significant problem for the fermented dairy industry and public health because of inhibition of starter activity and of creation of allergic disease. It can be assumed that antibiotic residues in milk of other aniimals also can create some problems for their infants as in the case of humen. For the above mentioned reasons, present studies were undertaken to determine concentration and duration of antibiotic residues in milk of cows, goats and dogs following intramuscular or intravenous injection and intramammary infusion of penicillin, streptomycin and oxytetracycline at usual dosage. The cylinder-plate method was used for their assay. The results obtained were summerized as follows: 1) Following the intramuscular injection of penicillin, the antibiotic was detected in milk of cows up to 72 hours, in milk of goats 48 hours and in milk of dogs 60 hours of postinjection. The mean peak concentrations were recorded at 12 hours as 0.136 I.U./ml in cows. 6 hours as 0.773 I.U./ml in goats and 3 hours as 1.192 I.U./ml in dogs. 2) Following the intramuscular injection of streptomycin, the antibiotic was detected in milk of cows and goats up to 36 hours and in milk of dogs 24 hours of post-injection. The mean peak concentration were recorded at 6 hours as $0.26{\mu}g/ml$ in cows and at 3 hours in goats and dogs $0.45{\mu}g/ml$ and $0.36{\mu}g/ml$ respectively. 3) Following the intra venous injection of oxytetracycline, the antibiotic was detectable in milk of all the test animals up to 48 hours of postinjection. The mean peak concentrations were recorded at 6 hours as $3.5{\mu}g/ml$ in cows $2.4{\mu}g/ml$ in goats and $2.0{\mu}g/ml$ in dogs respectively. 4) Following intrarnammary infusion of penicillin in amounts of 100,000 I.U. for cows, 20.000 I.U. for goats and 10,000 I.U. for dogs, the penicillin residues in milk of the infused quarter perssisted to 72 hours in cows and 84 hours in goats and dogs. 5) Following intramammary infusion of streptomycin in amount of 500mg for cows, 100mg for goats and 25mg for dogs, the streptomycin residues in milk of the infused quarter persisted to 72 hours in cows and goats and 60 hours in dogs. 6) Following intramammary infusion of oxytetracycline in amount of 500mg for cows, 100mg for goats and 25mg for dogs, the oxytetracycline residues in milk of the infused quarter persisted to 72 hours in cows and 60 hours in goats and dogs. 7) A corelation between the residual antibiotic concentration and milk yield in cows and goats was observed; That is, the lower in the milk production showed a higher the concentration of an antibiotic residues and a longer the time in persistance. 8) Intramammary transfer of the antibiotic from an infused to non infused quarters, in dogs, was observed following the intramammary infusion of penicillin. streptomycin and oxytetracyclne in amounts of 10.000 I.U. 25mg and 25mg respectively. However, no transfer by 100.000 I.U. or 20.000 I.U. of penicillin. 500mg of streptomycin and 100mg of oxytetracyline was observed in cows and goats. 9) In dogs, minimum dosage of antibiotics for transfer fro in treated to untreated quarters following intramammary infusion were 2,500 I.U. of penicillin and 5mg each of streptomycin and oxytetracycline.

  • PDF

Muscle distribution level after dipping administration of a combination of oxytetracycline and neomycin in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus (Oxytetracycline과 neomycin 복합제의 약욕에 따른 양식 넙치(Paralichthys olivaceus)의 근육내 잔류량 변화)

  • Kim, Seung Min;Jun, Lyu Jin;Jeong, Joon Bum
    • Journal of fish pathology
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-42
    • /
    • 2015
  • In the present study, we performed a dipping of olive flounder (average length and weight: $20{\pm}2.0cm$, $70{\pm}5.0g$) for a period of three hours a day, over two days, in a melted complex of oxytetracycline (OTC) and neomycin (N), by dissolving 25-10 ppm or 50-20 ppm in water. Subsequently, the remaining antibiotic density in muscle tissue collected from olive flounder was investigated, 1, 5, 14 and 40 days after discontinuation of the medication. 5 fish were used from each group. The standard graph drawn from the results of diluting two standard solutions of OTC and N based on various density levels, showed a relatively straight line with an $R^2$ of 0.9999 and 0.9952, respectively. The recovery rate of OTC was shown to be 90-93% and N, 88-95%. Upon measurement of the remaining antibiotic density in the test group that had been exposed to 25-10 ppm of the complex of OTC and N, $0.97{\pm}0.084{\mu}g/ml$ of OTC and $0.118{\pm}0.079{\mu}g/ml$ N were detected on 1 day of the test. No antibiotic density was detected after day 5 of the test. Regarding the test group that were exposed to 50-20 ppm of the complex of OTC and N, $1.324{\pm}0.062{\mu}g/ml$ of OTC and $0.788{\pm}0.05{\mu}g/ml$ N were detected on day 1 of the test, and no antibiotic density was detected after day 5 of the test.

Control Efficacy of Fungicides on Pepper Bacterial Wilt (고추 풋마름병에 대한 살균제의 방제 효과)

  • Lee, Soo Min;Kwak, Yeon Soo;Lee, Kyeong Hee;Kim, Heung Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.323-328
    • /
    • 2015
  • Control efficacy was investigated with fungicides as 3 copper compound, 3 antibiotic fungicides and one fungicide containing to quinolone against the growth of Ralstonia solanacearum on NA medium and the disease occurrence on pepper seedlings. Among 7 fungicides, oxytetracycline was shown the highest activity against a growth of the pathogen in the agar diffusion method, but validamycin showed no activity against the pathogen. With $1000{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of each copper fungicide as copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride+ dithianone and copper sulfate, 2.2, 1.3 and 1.5 mm in size of clear zone only could be found, respectively. In pepper seedling test, oxytetracycline showed a perfect activity in all treatments 7 days after inoculation. However, its activity was decreased from $500{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$ of treatment over the time. Copper fungicides showed the control efficacy lower than antibiotic fungicides except for validamycin. Based on the results, it was suggested that it would be better to use antibiotic fungicides than copper fungicides to control pepper bacterial wilt in the fields.