• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ozone

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Evaluation of Advanced Oxidation Process(AOP) as a Pretreatment Process of Biological Activated Carbon in Drinking Water Treatment (정수처리에서 생물활성탄의 전처리로서 고급산화처리법의 평가)

  • Kim Woo-Hang
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.725-730
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    • 1999
  • The advanced oxidation process (AOP) using ozone combined with hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet treatment were evaluated for biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (EDOC) formation and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal. Oxidation treatment were conducted alone or combination with ozone, hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet processes. Ozone dosage of ozone process was varied from $0.5mg/l{\ell}\cdot}min$ to $5mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$. Ozone/hydrogen peroxide process was done using $20mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$ of hydrogen peroxide concentration. Ozone/ultraviolet process was irradiated with $12mW/cm^2$ of density and 254nm. Ozone dosage was varied from $0.5mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$ to $5mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$ at the ozone/hydrogen peroxide and ozone/ultraviolet processes too. Contact time of all the process was 20 minutes. Oxidation treatment were performed on microfiltration effluent samples. BDOC formation was reached to an optimum at ozone dosage of $1.5mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$ in the ozone/hydrogen peroxide process and $1mg/{\ell}{\cdot}min$ in ozone/ultraviolet process, after which BDOC formation was decreased at higher ozone dosages. But BDOC formation was increased with ozone dosages increasing in ozone process. The efficiency of DOC removal was higher AOPs than ozone process. Ozone/ultraviolet proces was the highest for DOC removal efficiency in each process. THMFP. removal efficiency by ozone/ultraviolet process was higher than that by each of ozone process and ozone/hydrogen peroxide process.

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Characteristics of nocturnal maximum ozone and meteorological relevance in Pusan coastal area (부산 연안역의 야간 고농도 오존 발생 특성과 기상학적 관련성)

  • 전병일
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.287-292
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of nocturnal maxiumu ozone occurrence and the meteorological relevance using to hourly ozone data and meteorological data for 1995~1996 in Pusan coastal area. Kwangbokdong showed the highest occurrence of nocturnal maximum ozone as 36.9%, and Deokcheondong showed the lowest occurrence(9.2%) for research period in Pusan. The occurrence rates of nocturnal maximum ozone concentration were decreased toward land area. The low maximum temperature, high minimum temperature, low diurnal range, high relative humidity, high wind speed, high could amount, low sunshine and low radiation were closely related to the main meteorological characteristics occuring the nocturnal maximum concnetration of ozone. It was shown that normal daily variation of ozone concentration by strong photochemical reaction at the before day of nocturnal maximum ozone. The concnetration of nocturnal maximum ozone were occured by entrainment of ozone from the upper layer of developed mixing layer. There are no ozone sources near the ground at night, so that the nighttime ozone should be entrained from the upper layer by forced convection.

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Improvement of Ozone Process for Removal Rate Elevation of Humic Acid (부식산 제거율 향상을 위한 오존공정의 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yu-Mi;Son, Yil-Ho;Rhee, Dong-Seok
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.27 no.A
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2007
  • Ozone alone, Ozone/GAC, Ozone/$H_2O_2$ and Ozone/GAC/$H_2O_2$ processes were introduced for treatment of humic acid, which is a representative refractory organic compound. $H_2O_2$ and GAC used as catalysts for experiment. The treatment efficiencies of humic acid in each process were analyzed for pH variation, DOC removal, and $UV_{254}$ decrease. $UV_{254}$ decrease in Ozone/GAC and Ozone/GAC/$H_2O_2$ processes were the highest with about 93%, and Ozone alone and Ozone/$H_2O_2$ processes were 88%. DOC removal in Ozone/GAC/$H_2O_2$ process was the highest with 71%. Removal by Ozone/GAC, Ozone alone, and Ozone/$H_2O_2$ processes were 66%, 39%, and 47%, respectively.

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Assessing Factors Linked with Ozone Exceedances in Seoul, Korea through a Decision Tree Algorithm

  • Park, Sun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.191-216
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    • 2016
  • Since prolonged exposure to elevated ozone ($O_3$) concentrations is known to be harmful to human health, appropriate control strategies for ozone are needed for the non-attainment area such as Seoul, Korea. The goal of this research is to assess factors linked with the 1-hour ozone exceedance through a decision tree model. Since ozone is a secondary pollutant, lag times between ozone and explanatory variables for ozone formation are taken into account in the model to improve the accuracy of the simulation. Results show that while ozone concentrations of the previous day and $NO_2$ concentrations in the morning are major drivers for ozone exceedances in the early afternoon, meteorology plays more important role for ozone exceedances in the late afternoon. Results also show that a selection of lag times between ozone and explanatory variables affect the accuracy of predicting 1-hour ozone exceedances. The result analyzed in this study can be used for developing control strategies of ozone in Seoul, Korea.

Characteristics of Surface High Ozone Concentration on Pusan Coastal area, Korea (부산 해안지역의 고농도 오존 발생 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 전병일
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.295-302
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of surface ozone concentration and occurrence of high ozone concentration using hourly ozone, nitrogen dioxide and meteorological data for 1997~1998 in Pusan coastal area. Monthly mean ozone concentration was the highest at Dongsamdong in Spring(35.4ppb), at Kwangbokdong in Fall(25.1ppb) and the lowest Dongsamdong(22.2ppb) and Kwangbokdong(16.0ppb) in Winter. Relative standard deviation indicating clearness of observation site was 0.42 at Dongsamdong and 0.49 at Kwangbokdong that is similar to urban area. The diurnal variation of ozone concentration of Dongsamdong and Kwangbokdong showed maximum at 1500~1600LST and minimum 0700~0800LST that typical pattern of ozone concentration. In ozone episode period(Sept. 10~15, 1998), diurnal change of ozone concentration was very high, and ozone concentration was related to meteorological parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, cloud amount and radiation on a horizontal surface. During the episode days peak ozone concentrations are much higher than the normal values, wind speeds are always lower, and solar radiation is high with the exception of the September episode.

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Photochemical Analysis of Ozone Episodes in the Metropolitan Area of Seoul During the Summer 2004 (2004년 여름 서울에서 발생한 고농도 오존 사례의 광화학적 분석)

  • Shon, Zang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.361-371
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    • 2006
  • This study examines ozone episodes occurred during the intensive sampling periods (Jun. 1-30, 2004) in the air of Seoul metropolitan area. During that period, there were 8 events (or days) in which 1 hr averaged ozone concentrations were greater than 100 ppbv. The photochemical analysis of ozone chemistry (i.e., budget and formation and destruction strengths of ozone) was carried out using a photochemical box model. Peaks in diurnal ozone variations during ozone episode periods occurred were concurrent with the sudden change of the slope of $NO_{2}/NO$ ratio, suggesting significant correlation with photochemical reactivity. In addition, the ozone peaks were concurrent with high concentrations of ozone precursors, peroxy radicals of $HO_{2},\;CH_{3}O_{2},\;and\;RO_{2}$. High ozone levels during the ozone episodes are likely to be affected by ozone destruction rate.

Disinfective Properties and Ozone Concentrations in Water and Air from an Ozone Generator and a Low-temperature Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Generator (오존발생기와 저온 유전체장벽 플라즈마를 이용한 오존 발생 및 살균력)

  • Lee, Young Sik;Jeon, Hyoung-Joo;Han, Hyung-Gyun;Cheong, Cheong-Jo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.937-944
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    • 2013
  • Ozone concentrations in water and air, and resulting disinfective properties, were measured following generation by either an ozone generator or a low-temperature dielectric barrier discharge plasma generator. In freshwater, ozone concentrations of 0.81 and 0.48 mg/L $O_3$ were observed after the ozone and plasma generators had been operated for five minutes, respectively. Higher levels of dissolved $O_3$ were attained more easily with the ozone generator. In seawater, both systems were capable of creating concentrations greater than 3.00 mg/L $O_3$ after 5minutes of operation. Higher ozone levels were attained more easily in seawater than in freshwater. Rates of bacterial sterilization in seawater after three minutes were 96% and 88%, using the plasma and ozone generators, respectively. In freshwater, higher concentrations of ozone were released into the atmosphere by the ozone generator than by the plasma generator. In creating equivalent levels of dissolved ozone in freshwater, the plasma generator released 4.5 times more ozone into the atmosphere than did the ozone generator. This shows that ozone generators are more effective than plasma generators for creating ozonated water. For the same concentration of dissolved ozone in seawater, more ozone was released into the atmosphere using the ozone generator than using the plasma generator. Therefore, with regard to air pollution, plasma generators seem to be less expensive than ozone generators.

Simple tropospheric ozone retrieval from TOMS and OMI

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Kim, So-Myoung;Na, Sun-Mi
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.253-256
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    • 2006
  • When the background tropospheric ozone column over the Pacific Ocean is subtracted from the latitudinal total ozone distribution, the results show remarkable agreement with the latitudinal stratospheric ozone distribution using the CCD. The latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution using the CCD method, with a persistent maximum over the southern tropical Atlantic, is also seen in the latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution using the T-P method. It suggests that the CCD method can be replaced by the simple T-P method. However, the tropical Atlantic paradox exists in the results of both the CCD and T-P methods during the northern burning season. In order to investigate this paradox, we compare the latitudinal ozone distributions using the CCD and T-P methods by using the SAGE measurements (e.g. TSA method) and the SHADOZ ozonesoundings (e.g. T-S method) assuming zonally invariant stratospheric ozone, which is the same assumption as of the CCD method. During the northern burning season, the latitudinal distributions in the tropospheric ozone derived from the T-SA and T-S methods show higher tropospheric ozone over the northern tropical Atlantic than the southern Atlantic due to a stronger gradient in stratospheric ozone relative to that from the CCD and T-P methods. This indicates that the latitudinal tropospheric ozone distribution can be changed depending on the data that is used to determine the latitudinal stratospheric ozone distribution. Therefore, there is a possibility that the north-south gradient in stratospheric ozone over the Atlantic can be a solution of the paradox.

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The Measures of Ozone Pollution: An Analysis of Ozone Concentration Data in USA

  • Kim, Hong-J.;Lovell, Sabrina J.;O'Farrell, John;Cho, Yong-Sung
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we analyzed how ozone pollution could be differently measured and how these different measures varied year to year and across the ten most populated cities in the United States, from 1980 to 2000. Although peak values of ozone concentration have been significantly reduced in most polluted U.S. cities for the last 20 years, the annual average values of ozone concentration have not been lowered as much as peak values. Ozone concentration data for each city shows a unique pattern of distribution, central tendency, and also there is a wide variation among different ozone measures. Two different cities with the same annual mean concentration of ozone can experience very different distributions of ozone concentration within a year. Ozone measures also show a wide margin of variability as they are estimated from different ozone monitoring sites within each city. Ozone pollution statistics can be largely varied depending on the choice of measures, monitoring sites, and averaging time period. EPA's new ozone standard of 0.08 ppm averaged over an eight-hour appears to be more stringent than the current maximum ozone standard of 0.12 ppm averaged over one hour.

Evaluating Effective Volume and Hydrodynamic Behavior in a Full-Scale Ozone Contactor with CFD Simulation (전산유체역학을 이용한 실규모 오존 접촉에서의 수리거동과 유효 체적 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park, No-Suk;Mizuno, Tadao;Tsuno, Hiroshi;Bea, Chul-Ho;Lee, Seon-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.656-665
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    • 2004
  • An Ozone reaction model combined with CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) technique was developed in this research, in the simulation of ozonation, hydrodynamic behavior as well as reaction model is important because ozone is supplied to treated water as gas ozone. In order to evaluate hydrodynamic behavior in an ozone contactor, CFD technique was applied. CFD technique elucidated hydrodynamic behavior in the selected ozone contactor, which consisted of three main chambers. Three back-mixing zones were found in the contactor. The higher velocities of water were observed in the second and third compartments than that in the first compartment. The flow of the opposite direction to the main flow was observed near the water surface. Based on the results of CFD simulation, the ozone contactor was divided into small compartments. Mass balance equations were established were established in each compartment with reaction terms. This reaction model was intended to predict dissolved ozone concentration, especially. We concluded that the model could predict favorably the mass balance of ozone, namely absorption efficiency of gaseous ozone, dissolved ozone concentration and ozone consumption. After establishing the model, we discussed the effect of concentration of gaseous ozone at inlet, temperature and organic compounds on dissolved ozone concentration.