• Title, Summary, Keyword: PC6(Naegwan)

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Inhibitory Effects of Naegwan-acupuncture($PC_6$) on Acute Reflux Esophagitis Rat (내관혈(內關穴) 자침(刺鍼)이 급성 역류성 식도염 백서(白鼠)에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Yi Jeong;Jung, Tae Young;Lim, Seong Chul
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study was to evaluate inhibitory effects of Naegwan-acupuncture($PC_6$) on acute RE(reflux esophigitis) rat induced by pylorus and forestomach ligation operation. Methods : Twenty seven SD rats were divided three groups (intact normal rat; RE control rat; RE control rat respectively stimulated by Naegwan point($PC_6$)). All rats was fasted for 18 h but free water, we induced RE by pylorus and forestomach ligation operation. Six hour after the operation, rats were sacrified, collected bloods in the abdominal vein, dissected a esophagus and stomach. The stomach was washed a 1 ml PBS to research gastric volume, pH, acidity and mucin release of gastric juice, esophagus was cut longitudinally and pictured a innter mucosa area to research damages in esophagus. The proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine including IFN-${\gamma}$, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 and MCP-1 were analyzed by ELISA kit. Results : 1. Significantly, death rate of $PC_6$ acupuncture rat group was decreased compared to that of RE control group. 2. Gastric Volume, gastric injury and esophageal mucosa demage were decreased significantly, too. 3. Compared with RE, all of the proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine analyzed in serum of $PC_6$ were decreased remarkably. Especially, there were significant meanings TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6 and MCP-1 in serum of $PC_6$ were decreased. Conclusion : The results suggest that antiinflammatory and protecting effects of PC6 could attenuate the severity of reflux esophagitis and prevent the esophageal mucosal damage, and validate its therapeutic use in esophageal reflux disease.

Effects of Naegwan-Acupuncture (PC6) on the change of standard leads I, II and III in ECG (내관혈 침자극이 심전도 표준사지유도(I-III) 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Suk;Park, Sung-Ho;Sung, Hyeon-Jae;Kim, Ho-Hyun;Leem, Kang-Hyun;Kim, Ee-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Naegwan-acupuncture stimulation on the relationship of change in electrocardiopgraphy(ECG). Methods : For this purpose, 11 healthy volunteers were acupunctured at Naegwan acupoint using the reinforcing or reducing by inserting the needle in the same direction as the channel runs or in the opposite direction(迎隨補瀉). Then, we measured and observed the change of standard leads Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ in ECG. Results : In lead Ⅰ, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of PR interval and PR segment compared to the control group. In lead Ⅱ, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of PR interval. In lead Ⅲ, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of R wave duration, S wave amplitude, ST segment onset, ST segment midpoint, ST segment 80ms and ST segment endpoint. Conclusions : These results suggested that Naegwan acupuncture stimulation plays an important role to the activities of ECG.

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The Effect of Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal Acupuncture at the $PC_6$(Naegwan) on the EEG (내관$(PC_6)$의 황련해독탕 약침이 EEG 변화에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.39-58
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal acupuncture at the PC6(Naegwan) on the EEC of normal human being by using power spectral analysis. Methods : EEC power spectrum exhibit site-specific and state-related differences in specific frequency bands. In this study, power spectrum was used as a measure of complexity. 32 channel EEC study was carried out in 11 subjects (11 males; age=27.8 years). Results : In ${\alpha}(alpha)$ band, the power values at T3, TT1, CP1, T5, Po2, O1, Oz channels(p<0.05) during the PC6-acupoint treatment were increased significantly. In ${\beta}(beta)$ band, the power values at TT1, CP1, T5, P3, Po2, O1, Oz channels(p<0.05) during the PC6-acupoint treatment were increased significantly. In ${\theta}(theta)$ band, the power values at T3, TT1, CP1, Po2, O1, Oz channels(p<0.05) during the PC6-acupoint treatment were increased significantly. In ${\delta}(delta)$ band, the power values at F4, T3, CP1, O1, Oz, O2 channels(p<0.05) during the PC6-acupoint treatment were increased significantly. Conclusions : This results suggest that Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbalacupuncture at the PC6 is significantly in ${\alpha}(alpha)$ band.

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The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6 (Naegwan) on the correlation dimension of EEG (내관 전침 자극이 뇌파의 상관 차원에 미치는 영향 - 정보전달 모드도해 분석법을 중심으로 -)

  • Hong Seung-Won;Hwang Bae-Yun;Lee Sang-Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2003
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture(EA) at the PC6 (Naegwan) on normal humans using KarhunenLoeve decomposition method. Electroencephalogram(EEG) is a multi-scaled signal consisting of several components of time series with different dominant frequency ranges and different origins. EEG KarhunenLoeve decomposition method exibit site-specific and state-related differences in specific frequency bands. In this study, KarhunenLoeve decomposition method was used as a measure(D2) of complexity. 30 channel EEG study was carried out in 10 subjects (10 males; $age=21.4{\pm}0.5$ years). Results : We found that the average values and standard deviations of D2 at FP1, FP2, FTC1, FTC2, TT1, TT2, T4, TCP1, P3, P4, T6, OZ channel (p<0.05) were higher than during the acupuncture treatment, and the average values and standard deviations of D2 at F3, F8 channels(p<0.05) were lowered than during the acupuncture treatment. However, the comparison with that before and after the treatment shows no significant differences in all channels.

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The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6(Naegwan) and TE5 (Oegwan) on the EEG (내관, 외관 전침 자극이 뇌파변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Jin-Teck;Kim, Su-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Ryong
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture(EA) at the PC6(Naegwan) and the TE5 (Oegwan) on nounal humans using power spectral analysis. Methods : EEG power spectrum exhibit site-specific and state-related differences in specific frequency bands. In this study, power spectrum was used as a measure of complexity. 30 channel EEG study was carried out in 30 subjects(30 males ; age=23.7 years). Results : In ${\alpha}$(alpha) band, the power values at F7 channels(p<0.05) during the PC6-acupoint treatment were significantly were decreased. In ${\beta}$(beta) band, the power values at Fp1, Fz, TT1, T5, P3, P4, Po1, P02, O1, Oz, O2 channels(p<0.05) during the non-acupoint treatment and at Fp1, F4, F8 channels(p<0.05) during the TE5-acupoint treatment significantly were increased. In ${\theta}$(theta) band, the power values at Fp1 channels(p<0.05) during the non-acupoint treatment and at Oz channels(p<0.05) the TE5-acupoint treatment significantly were increased. but, the power values at F7 channels(p<0.05) during the non-acupoint treatment were significantly were decreased. In ${\delta}$(delta) band, the power values at TCP1, TCP2, CP1, T5 channels(p<0.05) during PC6-acupoint treatment were increased and the power values at F7, TT2 channels(p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment were increased. but, the power values at the TE5-acupoint treatment significantly was decreased than the before-acupuncture treatment.

A Study of Surface Electromyography Measurement of Wrist Exercise (Extension, Flexion, Grasping) in Healthy People (정상인의 완관절 신전, 굴곡, 악력(握力) 시 표면근전도 측정 연구)

  • Kim, Seok Hee;Lee, Kyung Jin;Choi, Yoo Min;Kim, Ju Yong;Yook, Tae Han;Lee, Sang Lyoung;Kim, Jong Uk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : This study aimed to prove that surface electromyography(SEMG) can be used to identify the degree of symptoms of diseases in the upper extremities; it also aimed to confirm various potential therapeutic effects through an inquiry into the value measured by the SEMG on certain acupuncture points in the upper extremities. Methods : Fifty healthy people received instructions for the method of exercise: wrist flexion, extension and hand grasping. Disposable electrodes were attached to acupuncture points of Susamni($LI_{10}$), Naegwan($PC_6$), Oegwan($TE_5$) and below Sohae($HT_3$) two cun on both sides in flexion, extension and grasping to measure the SEMG values. The research results were analyzed using SPSS statistics Ver. 22.0(IBM, USA). Results : The average value was highest on Naegwan($PC_6$) in grasping, and the average SEMG value was higher in the order of grasping, extension and flexion. The asymmetry index of each point was Susamni($LI_{10}$) $16.26{\pm}13.59%$, Oegwan($TE_5$) $20.38{\pm}15.59%$, below Sohae($HT_3$) two cun $20.89{\pm}16.77%$, Naegwan($PC_6$) $22.49{\pm}14.91%$ in wrist extension, Susamni($LI_{10}$) $25.99{\pm}21.44%$, Oegwan($TE_5$) $21.15{\pm}15.94%$, below Sohae($HT_3$) two cun $19.62{\pm}15.46%$, Naegwan($PC_6$) $19.93{\pm}16.85%$ in wrist flexion, Susamni($LI_{10}$) $16.60{\pm}12.21%$, Oegwan($TE_5$) $10.94{\pm}8.29%$, below Sohae($HT_3$) two cun $15.20{\pm}12.60%$, Naegwan($PC_6$) $11.68{\pm}7.77%$ in grasping. Conclusions : In this study, to identify the degree of symptoms of diseases in the upper extremities and confirm therapeutic effects, it is necessary to analyze the calculated percentage and compare the SEMG measurement of special points with those of other points, and with the asymmetry index.

Effects of Naegwan-Acupuncture on the Change of Augmented Unipolar limb leads aVR, aVL and aVF in ECG (내혈관 침자극이 심전도 단그지유도변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Jong Chul;Kim Yun Suk;Park Sung Ho;Kim Ee Hwa;Ko Eun Heui;Sung Hyeon Jae;Kim Jeung Beum
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.522-527
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    • 2004
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Naegwan-Acupuncture stimulation on the relationship of change in electrocardiopgraphy(EGG). For this purpose, 11 normal volunteers were acupunctured at Naegwan acupoint using the method of Young-Su-Bo-Sa. Then, we measured and observed the change of augmented unipolar limb leads aVR, aVL and aVF in EGG. In aVR, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of PR interval and PR segment compared to the control group. In aVL, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of R wave amplitude, PR interval and PR segment. In aVF, Naegwan acupuncture treated groups were increased the activity of S wave amplitude and PR interval. These results suggested that Naegwan acupuncture stimulation play an important role to the activities of EGG.

The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6 (Naegwan) on the EEG (내관 전침 자극이 뇌파에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Tae-Young;Kim, Young-An;Lee, Kwang-Gyu;Yuk, Sang-Won;Lee, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Ryong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.26-40
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture(EA) at the PC6 (Naegwan) on nomal humans using power spectrum analysis. Methods : Electroencephalogram(EEG) is a multi-scaled signal consisting of several components of time series with different dominant frequency ranges and different origins. EEG power spectrum exibit site-specific and state-related differences in specific frequency bands. In this study, power spectrum was used as a measure of complexity. 30 channel EEG study was carried out in 8 subjects (8 males; age=$21.4{\pm}0.5$ years). Results : We found that the power values of the alpha wave at F7 channel (P<0.05) were highered than during the acupuncture treatment, and the power values of the delta wave at TCP1, CP1, TCP2, T5 channels(P<0.05) were lowered than during the acupuncture treatment. However, the comparison with that before and after the treatment shows no significant differences in all channels.

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The Philological Study on Pathology, Acupuncture and Moxibustion of Dementia (치매(痴?)의 침구치료(鍼灸治療)에 대(對)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Dong-Suk;Seo, Sang-Su;Kwon, Sun-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.177-192
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : This study is designed to investigate the pathology, acupuncture and moxibustion therapy applicable of the dementia through literature of oriental medicine. Results : The findings of this study are as follows ; 1. The cause of dementia is internal damage of seven emotions(七情內傷), deficiency of the kidney essence(腎精不足), retention of dampness in the mental(痰迷心竅). 2. The acupuncture meridians used often for dementia are $Tok-maek(GV),\;Chok-t'aeyang\;Pang-gwang-Ky\check{o}ng(BL),\;Chok-yangm\check{o}yng\;Wi-Ky\check{o}ng(ST),\;Su-gwor\check{u}m\;Shimp'o-Ky\check{o}ng(PC),\;Su-so\check{u}m\;Shim-Ky\check{o}ng(HT)$. 3. The spots on the body suiTable for acupuncture used for therapy of the dementia are 98 points and extra points are 6 points, total therapeutic acupunture points are 104 points. And acupunture points are frequently used Shinmun(神門-HT7, 24), Paek'oe(百會-GV20, 19), Chok-samni(足三里-ST36, 18), Sugu(水溝-GV26, 17), P'ungnyung(豊隆-ST40, 16), Taech'u(大椎-GV14, 14), $Sam\check{u}mgyo(三陰交-SP6,\;14)$, Shimsu(心兪-BL15, 14), $Taen\check{u}ng(大陵-PC7,\;11)$, Nogung(勞宮-PC8, 11), Sosang(少商-LU11, 10), Kansa(間使-PC5, 10), Naegwan(內關-PC6, 10). 4. The acupoints used often on moxibustion are Paek'oe(百會-GV20), Chang-gang(長强-GV1), Taech'u(大椎-GV14), Kansa(間使-PC5). Conclusion : It is recommended that further study of many sided investigations in the future.

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Effect of acupuncture applied to Naegwan (PC6) and Joksamni (ST36) on the fullness of epigastrium or epigastric pain (내관(PC6).족삼리(ST36) 자침(刺鍼)이 심하통(心下痛) 심하만(心下滿) 등 신경성질환에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, In-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : To test the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture applied to PC6 and ST36 for the relief of fullness of epigastrium or epigastric pain. Subjects and Methods : We enrolled fifty patients in a case series study The patients were mainly female (94 %) with an average age of 55 years $({\pm}15.0)$; the average age of the male patients was 51 years $({\pm}20.0)$. Twenty four percent of patients were in acute phase which epigastric pain had lasted below 1 month. Twenty eight percent of patients were in chronic phase which the pain had lasted over 6 month. The rest were in subacute phase. Acupuncture needles were inserted into PC6 and ST36 bilaterally. The acupuncture treatments were performed 2 times a week for 4 weeks. One treat session was lasted for 30 min. At each visit, overall symptomatic improvement, frequency and intensity of symptoms were checked on a 4 scaled questionnaire. Results : After acupuncture treatment, a progressive improvement of pain intensity was reported in 46 of the 50 patients, including 23 of excellent and 23 of good. The progress of symptom was more superior in subacute phase to acute or chronic phase. The symptom of 22 of 24 patients in subacute phase was improved. No patient experienced minor side-effects during acupuncture treatment. Conclusion : These preliminary data suggest the acupuncture treatment provides good pain relief for most patients presenting with epigastric pain. Randomized trials with appropriate control groups are needed to validate the effectiveness of this therapy in the treatment of epigastric pain.

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