• 제목, 요약, 키워드: PCBs

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지역별 소나무잎과 토양에 침착된 PCBs 농도 비교 (Comparison of Regional Differences of PCBs Concentration Using Pine Needles and Soil)

  • 천만영;김태욱
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to measure the concentration of PCBs in pine needles and soil in urban (Seoul, many artificial sources of PCBs), semi-rural (Anseong, small town located below Seoul in wind direction) and rural areas (Jincheon, rarely artificial sources of PCBs) in which the artificial production amount of PCBs are different. The total PCBs concentrations in pine needles, which did not show big difference in three sampling sites, were 107.5 pg/g (urban), 94.8 pg/g (semi-rural) and 78.8 pg/g (rural) respectively. The low chlorinated PCBs were major component in pine needles and the PCBs congener concentration profile of each sampling area were similar each other, and the octanol-air partitioning coefficient, Koa, highly correlated with the PCBs concentrations in pine needles. The total PCBs concentrations in soil which did show big difference in three sampling sites, were 830.0 pg/g (urban), 314.1 pg/g (semi-rural) and 136.5 pg/g (rural) respectively. The high chlorinated PCBs were major component in soil and the PCBs congener concentration profile of each sampling area were similar each other. There was no similarity between the PCBs concentration of pine needles and those of soil at each site, because of the different mechanism of deposition and volatilization processes of PCBs. The total PCBs concentrations of 2009 became 12.9 times lower than those of 2001. The reduce rate of PCB 28 was the greatest.

고온소각에 의한 PCBs 함유 폐기물처리에 관한 연구 (A Study on the PCBs-containing Waste Treatment by High Temperature Incineration)

  • 김성중;김동혁
    • 유기물자원화
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 국내 유해폐기물 고온소각설비를 이용한 PCBs 함유 폐기물의 소각처리 가능성을 알아보기 위해 정상조업시와 PCBs 절연유 투입시의 배가스, 비산재, 바닥재에 대한 다이옥신, Total-PCBs, Co-PCBs 분석을 실시하였으며, 바닥재 및 비산재에 함유된 중금속 성분의 용출 특성을 파악하기 위하여 중금속 용출시험을 실시하였다. 그 결과 PCBs 함유폐기물의 배기가스 중의 Dioxin 농도는 $0.00699{\sim}0.00763ng-TEQ/Nm^3$으로 정상조업시 $0.0192ng-TEQ/Nm^3$보다 낮은 것으로 나타났으며 Co-PCBs $0.00043{\sim}0.00112ng-TEQ/Nm^3$, Total PCBs $3.06{\sim}3.87ng/m^3$으로 분석되었다. 바닥재의 경우에는 Dioxin 0.00225~0.00630ng-TEQ/g, Co-PCBs 0.00027~0.00082ng-TEQ/g, Total PCBs 0.9~2.6ng/g, 비산재의 경우 Dioxin 0.00164~0.00344ng-TEQ/g, Co-PCBs 0.00053~.00054ng- EQ/g, Total PCBs 0.64~0.84ng/g로 나타났다. 바닥재와 비산재의 중금속용출 시험결과 바닥재에서는 모두 용출되지 않았으나, 비산재의 경우 Pb성분이 31.01~237.7ppm으로 용출기준을 초과하는 것으로 나타났으며 대기오염물질의 농도는 모두 배출허용기준치 이하로 나타났다.

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Concentration and Seasonal Variation of Particle PCBs in Air

  • Yeo Hyun-Gu;Chun Man-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.21 no.E1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2005
  • Atmospheric concentrations of PCBs were monitored in Ansung-city, Kyonggi province during the 2001/2002 to characterize the concentration distribution and seasonal variation of particle polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Average concentration of particle bound PCB showed maximum value for penta-CBs and minimum value for octa-CBs. Seasonal contributions $(%\)$ of total particle PCBs showed the highest value in winter months and lowest value in summer month, This result indicated that concentration of total particle PCBs increased with decreasing temperature in the atmosphere. Therefore, particle PCBs were easily formed by the condensation of gas phase PCBs in winter months. The total particle PCBs exhibited an inverse correlation with temperature (p<0.01) which suggested that particle PCBs were easily formed by condensation of gaseous PCBs in winter months.

Gas/Particle Level and Dry Deposition Flux of Atmospheric PCBs

  • Yeo, Hyun-Gu;Park, Ki-Chul
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2003
  • Atmospheric samples were conducted from September 2001 to July 2002 with GPS-l PUF sampler in rural site to concentration distributions of gas/particle PCBs and to calculate dry deposition flux of PCBs. $\Sigma$PCBs concentrations of gas/particle PCBs were 59.29$\pm$48.83, 6.56$\pm$6.59 pg/㎥, respectively. Gas contribution (%) of total PCBs (gas + particle) was 90% which existed gas phase in the atmosphere. The particle contribution (%) of PCB congeners increased relatively more of the less volatile congeners with the highest chlorine number. The correlation coefficients (r) between total PCBs and temperature ($^{\circ}C$) showed negative correlation in - 0.62 (p<0.0l) for particle phase, positive correlation in 0.63 (p<0.01) for gas phase. In other word, particle phase PCBs is enriched in colder weather which could be due to greater in corporation of condensed gas phase at low temperature. The calculated dry deposition of total PCBs (gas + particle) was 0.008, 0.008 $\mu\textrm{g}$ $m^{-2}$ da $y^{-l}$ which showed maximum dry deposition flux in December, minimum data in July Bs in the atmosphere. The calculated dry deposition fluxes of total PCBs were influenced by particle phase PCBs even though PCBs in the atmosphere were present primarily in the gas phase.e.

Measurement of Atmospheric Dry Deposition and Size Distribution of Particulate PCBs in 1999 at Seoul

  • Park, Seong-Suk;Shin, Hye-Joung;Yi, Seung-Muk;Kim, Yong-Pyo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.E1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2006
  • Ambient particle size distributions of PCBs and their dry deposition fluxes were measured at a site in Seoul to quantify dry deposition fluxes of PCBs and size characteristics of PCBs in the air, and to estimate ambient concentrations of gaseous PCBs and dry deposition fluxes. The dry deposition plate was used to measure dry deposition fluxes of particulate mass and PCBs and a cascade impactor and rotary impactor were used to measure ambient particle size distributions for small ($D_p<9{\mu}m$) and large ($D_p>9{\mu}m$) particles, respectively. Six sample sets were collected from April to July 1999. The fluxes of particulate total PCBs (the sum of 43 congeners) ranged from 160 to $607ng\;m^{-2}day^{-1}$. The size distribution of total PCBs was bimodal with two peaks in small particle size ($D_p{\sim}0.6\;and\;6{\mu}m$, respectively) and, thus, mass concentration being dominant in small particles. The mean particulate PCBs concentration was $6.9{\mu}g$ PCBs/g. The concentrations of PCB homologues in the gas phase were estimated based on the particle/gas partition coefficient ($K_p$) with the measured values of particulate PCBs in this study and they were comparable to those observed in other previous studies. Dry deposition fluxes were estimated by calculating dry deposition velocities.

PCBs 함유 변압기 절연유의 화학적처리 (Chemical Treatment of the PCBs-laden Transformer Insulation Oil)

  • 유건상;최종하;최진환
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1499-1507
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    • 2011
  • Practical disposal of transformer insulation oil laden with PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) by a chemical treatment has been studied in field work. The transformer insulation oil containing PCBs was treated by the required amounts of PEG (polyethylene glycol) and KOH, along with different reaction conditions such as temperatures and times. The reaction of PEG with PCBs under basic condition produces arylpolyglycols, the products of nucleophilic aromatic substitution. Removal efficiencies of PCBs in insulation oil before and after chemical treatment were examined. The removal efficiency of PCBs was very low at lower temperatures of 25 and $50^{\circ}C$. Under the reaction condition of PEG 600/KOH/$100^{\circ}C$/2hr, removal efficiency of PCBs was approximately 70%, showing completely removal of PCBs containing 7~9 chlorines on biphenyl frame which appear later than PCB IUPAC Number 183 (2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptaCB) in retention time of GC/ECD. However, when increasing the reaction temperature and time to $150^{\circ}C$ and 4 hours, removal efficiency of PCBs reached 99.99% without any formation of PCDDS/PCDFs during the process. Such reaction conditions were verified by several official analytical institutions. In studying the reaction of PEG with PCBs, it confirmed that the process of chemical treatment led to less chlorinated PCBs through a stepwise process with the successive elimination of chlorines.

피크패턴법을 이용한 종이재의 PCBs 분석 방법에 관한 연구 (Study on the Analysis of PCBs in Papers by the Peak Pattern Method)

  • 김기명;유승석;이광호
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 1999
  • The new approach using the Peak Pattern Method was conducted for the analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the papers or paper products to provide certain hygienic data for the recycled papers as well as white papers. The height of the each peak, obtained from the PCBs standards, was transformed to the spectrum to compare with that of the samples. In addition to the results of the single PCBs standards, the pattern of mixed PCBs standards with the adequate concentration and ratios were obtained prior to the analysis of the paper samples. The test showed excellent repetition within 5% variation, and the recoveries of PCBs ranged from 92% to 97%. The PCBs, considered as a hazard material, were analyzed using the Peak Pattern Method from six different types of paper samples including the roll tissue. It could not find the same pattern of the PCBs peaks from all of the paper samples.

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폐기물공정시험방법을 이용한 PCBs 함유 고상폐기물의 적용성 평가 (Assessment of PCBs-containing solid wastes using official wastes test method)

  • 김교근
    • 분석과학
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서는 최근 제안된 PCBs 함유 고상폐기물 공정시험방법을 토대로 PCBs 함유 변압기에서 90건의 시료를 채취 분석하였으며, 제시한 분석방법의 폐기물 시료에 적정성 여부를 검토하였다. 채취한 변압기 절연유에서의 PCBs 농도범위는 7.6~23.8 mg/L로 나타났으며, 규소강판은 $0.02\sim0.54\;{\mu}g/100cm^2$의 농도범위로 검출되었다. 또한, 구리선 등의 비정형 폐기물은 0.01~0.071 mg/kg의 농도범위로 검출 되었다. 본 연구 결과, 폐기물공정시험방법의 새로운 분석방법과 규제기준은 기존의 용출시험방법으로 고상폐기물을 관리하는 경우에 비해 PCBs 함유 폐기물의 관리가 보다 강화된 것으로 판단된다.

일부 한국 성인 여성들의 혈중 PCBs 농도 및 그 노출요인의 연구 (The Concentrations of PCBs in the Serum and Theri Predictors of Exposure n Korean Women)

  • 민선영;정문호;이강숙;노영만;구정환
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2000
  • PCBs [Polychlorinated biphenyls] are halogenated aromatic compounds with the empirical formula C12H10-nCln(n=1~10), and are a mixture of possible 209 different chlorinated congeners. PCBs were widely used as dielectric fluids for capacitors, transformers, plasticizers, lubricant inks, and paint additives. once released into the environment, PCBs persist for years because they are so resistant to degradation. In addition to their high degree of lipophilicity. In 1970s, the worldwide production of PCBs seem to be still in use. The environmental load of PCBs was prohibited since 1983 in Korea. In spite of these actions, many PCBs seem to be still in use. The environmental load of PCBs will continue to be recycled through air, land, water, and the biosphere for decades to come. This study was conducted to measure the concentrations of PCBs I the serum samples of 112 women by GC/MSD(Hewlett Packard 5897 Gas Chromatography-Mass Chromatography Detector) and CG/ECD(Hewlett Packard 5890 series-II gas chromatography-Electron capture detector, U.S.A). The main results of this study were as follows; The mean and standard deviation of serum PCBs were 3.613, 0.759 ppb, respectively and median of it was 3.828 ppb. The correlation coefficients of the concentrations of 13 PCB congeners ranged from 0.7913 to 0..9985 and were significantly correlated between each items(p=0.0001). The PCB concentrations were positively associated with age(simple linear regression; R2=0.86, =0.08023, p<0.001) and with total lipids in serums(simple linear regression; R=0.7058, =0.00486, p<0.001). The age adjusted model (Y=$\beta$0+$\beta$1age+$\beta$2X) was applied for possible predictors of PCBs levels in serum. For BMI(Body Mass Index), major residential area, and fish, meat, and dairy consumption, there was no association with PCBs levels, Also there was negative association for the number of pregnancy and lactation period with PCBs levels.

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변압기 절연유 중 PCBs, Co-PCBs 및 PCDD/PCDFs 오염수준 및 이성체 분포 (Contamination level and congener profiles of PCBs, Co-PCBs and PCDD/DFs in transformer insulation oil samples)

  • 김경수;김종국;신선경;김경심;송병주
    • 분석과학
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2006
  • 변압기 절연유 중 PCBs, Co-PCBs 및 PCDD/Fs를 GC/ECD와 HRGC/HRMS를 이용하여 정량한 결과 각각 N.D.~77.3 ppm, 0.0863~2.49 ppm과 N.D.~0.00241 ppm으로 검출되었다. WHO-TEQ 농도는 Co-PCBs가 23.3~600 pgTEQ/g, PCDD/Fs가 N.D.~128 pgTEQ/g (${\Sigma}Co$-PCBs+PCDD/Fs은 24.4~728 pgTEQ/g)으로 검출되어, 총 TEQ 농도 중 PCDD/Fs가 차지하는 비율은 12% 이하였으나, 변압기 절연유 중에 미량의 다이옥신이 존재하는 것으로 나타났다. 총 10개의 시료 중 4개의 시료에서 현행 기준인 2 ppm을 초과하였으며, 시료에 따라서 Aroclor 1242, 1248, 1254 및 1260이 단품 혹은 혼합품의 형태로 포함되어 있었다. 또한 Co-PCBs와 PCDD/Fs의 농도사이에 상관성이 나타났으나 (P<0.003), 변압기의 제작년도와 농도사이에 상관성은 나타나지 않았다. Co-PCBs 이성체 분포에 있어서 non-ortho 치환 이성체에 비해 mono-ortho 이성체가 높은 비율을 차지하였으며, PCB-118 이성체가 모든 시료에서 42% 이상으로 가장 높은 비율을 차지하였다. PCDD/Fs 이성체 분포에 있어서는 OCDD가 53% 이상으로 다른 이성체에 비해 높은 비율을 차지했다. 또한 일부 시료 중 Co-PCBs의 이성체패턴은 환경 대기시료 뿐만 아니라 PCBs 제품인 Aroclor와 유사한 패턴을 나타내어, 변압기 절연유가 대기 중 PCBs의 오염원 중 하나라는 것이 시사되었다.