• 제목, 요약, 키워드: PCBs

검색결과 469건 처리시간 0.037초

Passive Air Sampler (PAS)와 기체/입자 분배모델을 이용한 대기 중 PCB 농도 산정 (Estimation of Air Concentrations of PCBs using Passive Air Samplers (PAS) and a Gas/particle Partition Model)

  • 백송이;최성득;장윤석
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.734-743
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    • 2007
  • Polyurethane foam-disk passive air samplers (PAS) were deployed in a southern area of Korea for three months. The target compounds were 12 coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The congener profiles measured in this study were the same as those in ambient air and emission gas from the incinerator. A gradient of the total PCBs in different regions (industrial>residential>rural) was observed, suggesting the industrial complex may be an important source of coplanar PCBs. In general, only gas-phase compounds are mainly sequestrated by PAS. In order to estimate the concentration of particle-phase PCBs, a gas/particle partition model was used. A combined result (gas+particle-phase PCBs) was compared with previous results, indicating that the level of coplanar PCBs in our study area is comparable to those in other urban sites in the world. The validation of this method for estimating the total concentration is required through additional backup studies.

일본 요코하마 대기 중 PCBs의 가스-입자 분배 (Gas-Particle Partitioning of PCBs in Ambient Air, Yokohama Japan)

  • 김경수
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.285-293
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    • 2005
  • This study was aimed at estimation of gas-particle partitioning of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in ambient air. The samples were collected at urban site in Japan from March 2002 to January 2003. The concentration of total PCBs (from 4 CB to 10 CB) and TEQ (Toxic equivalent) ranged from 62 to $247\;pg/m^3$ and from 2 to $14\;fgTEQ/m^3 $, respectively. The average contribution $(\%)$ of gas phase to total PCBs concentration was above $80\%$, which suggests that in the atmosphere PCBs predominantly existed in the gas phase. The weak correlations between total PCBs concentration and temperature was found. However this result was due to a typhoon during summer and raining during sampling period. The gas-particle partition coefficient (Kp) was obtained as a function of temperature. The partition ratio of gaseous and particulate phase PCBs can be estimated for an arbitrary temperature. The plot of gas/particle partition coefficient (log Kp) vs. sub-cooled liquid vapor pressure $(log\;P_L)$ had reasonable correlations for individual samples but the slope varied among the samples (coefficients of determination for log Kp versus log $P_L$ plot were> 0.76 $(p<0.0001)$, except for 3 samples). As a result, the variations in the slope among the sampling period may be due to change of temperature, raining during sampling period and wind in this study.

오염원 해석을 위한 폴리염화비페닐류(PCBs) 209 이성체의 컬럼별 분리 특성과 Aroclor 표준품의 이성체 확인 (Separation properties of 209 PCB congeners on capillary columns and identification of PCBs congeners in aroclor standards for source identification)

  • 김경수;김교근;김종국
    • 분석과학
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.352-364
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 다이옥신 분석에 주로 사용되는 DB-5MS 컬럼을 포함하여 PCBs 분석에 사용되는 DB-1, SPB-Octyl의 가스크로마토그래피 컬럼에 대해서 Accustandard사의 M-1668A-0.01X-SET 표준물질을 이용하여 PCBs 209개 이성체의 컬럼별 용출순서 및 분리특성을 검토하였다. 또한 현재 PCBs의 정량방법에 사용되는 피크패턴법에서 각 정량피크를 확인하기 위해, 각 Aroclor 표준물질별(Aroclor-1242, 1248, 1254 및 1260) 함유된 PCBs 이성체의 IUPAC 번호를 확인하였다. 각 컬럼별 dioxin-like PCBs 이성체의 분리능은 SP-2331, DB-5MS가 우수하였으며, DB-1 및 SPB-Octyl 컬럼은 다른 컬럼과 조합 사용이 필요한 것으로 나타났다.

주요 하천 및 호수에 서식하는 붕어 (Carassius auratus and Carassius cuvieri) 근육에 축적된 2,3,7,8-치환 PCDDs, PCDFs 및 DL-PCBs 분석 (Analysis of 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDDs, PCDFs, and DL-PCBs in muscle of crucian carp (Carassius auratus and Carassius cuvieri) from major rivers and lakes)

  • 정기호;문지용;문동호
    • 분석과학
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.484-492
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    • 2011
  • 우리나라 주요 하천수계의 대표적인 지점 한 곳씩 선정하여 이곳에 서식하는 붕어에 대한 PCDDs, PCDFs 및 DL-PCBs의 체내 축적 정도를 분석하고 분포특성을 살펴보았다. 회수율은 PCDDs 및 PCDFs는 50.6%~88.3%, DL-PCBs는 52.3%~93.2%이었으며, 붕어 체내에 축적된 PCDDs, PCDFs 및 DL-PCBs를 모두 합한 ${\sum}$dioxins은 평균 0.39 pg TEQ $g^{-1}$ wet wt., 중앙값 0.14 pg TEQ/g wet wt., 그리고 농도 범위는 0.047-1.0 pg TEQ/g wet wt.으로 나타났다. PCDDs 및 PCDFs는 일부 시료에서 검출된 반면, DL-PCBs는모든 시료에서 검출되었으며 ${\sum}$dioxins에 대한 기여도가 83.6%로서 가장 높았다. 다음으로 PCDFs와 PCDDs가 각각 ${\sum}$dioxins의 12.7%와 3.7%를 기여하고 있었다.

Destruction and Removal of PCBs in Waste Transformer Oil by a Chemical Dechlorination Process

  • Ryoo, Keon-Sang;Byun, Sang-Hyuk;Choi, Jong-Ha;Hong, Yong-Pyo;Ryu, Young-Tae;Song, Jae-Seol;Lee, Dong-Suk;Lee, Hwa-Sung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.520-528
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    • 2007
  • A practical and efficient disposal of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) in waste transformer oil by a chemical dechlorination process has been reported. The transformer oil containing commercial PCB mixtures (Aroclor 1242, 1254 and 1260) was treated by the required amounts of PEG 600 (polyethylene glycol 600), potassium hydroxide (KOH) and aluminum (Al), along with different reaction temperatures and times. The reaction of PEG with PCBs under basic condition produces arylpolyglycols, the products of nucleophilic aromatic substitution. The relative efficiencies of PCB treatment process were assessed in terms of destruction and removal efficiency (DRE, %). Under the experimental conditions of PEG600/KOH/Al/100 oC/2hr, average DRE of PCBs was approximately 78%, showing completely removal of PCBs containing 7-9 chlorines on two rings of biphenyl which appear later than PCB no. 183 (2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptaCB) in retention time of GC/ECD. However, when increasing the reaction temperature and time to 150 oC and 240 min, average DRE of PCBs including the most toxic PCBs (PCB no. 77, 105, 118, 123 and 169) in PCB family reached 99.99% or better, with the exception of PCB no. 5 and 8 (2,3-diCB and 2,4'-diCB). In studying the reaction of PEG with PCBs, it confirmed that the process led to less chlorinated PCBs through a stepwise process with the successive elimination of chlorines. The process also permits complete recovery of treated transformer oil through simple segregating procedures.

폐절연유를 이용한 숙련도 평가용 PCBs 표준물질의 적용성 평가 (Estimation on the application of Reference Materials for PCBs Proficiency Testing from the transformer oil)

  • 김우일;권명희;전태완;김동훈;전진원;심기태;연진모
    • 분석과학
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 폐기물분석전문기관이 신뢰성 있는 분석결과를 얻을 수 있도록 하기위한 폴리 염화바이페닐(PCBs) 정도관리 숙련도 평가용 표준물질을 개발할 목적으로 수행하였으며 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. PCBs함유 절연유와 PCBs가 함유되지 않은 절연유(PCB free oil)에 PCBs 표준액을 첨가하여 조제한 표준물질로 PCBs에 대한 숙련도평가용 표준물질을 제조하였다. PCBs 표준액 첨가에 의한 균질화도를 검토한 결과, Arochlor 1254 (6 ppm)과 Arochlor 1254:1260(1:1) (5 ppm)을 첨가한 경우 최대 60일, Arochlor 1260 (3.5 ppm)을 첨가한 경우 최대 90일이 지나야 균질화되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 제조된 표준물질을 10회 이상 반복 측정한 결과, PCBs 제조 표준물질은 상대표준편차 3.51~5.01%로 균질성이 있다고 판단되었으며, 일원분산분석법(one way ANOVA)에 따라 균질도를 평가한 결과 모든 시료가 균질하다고 판단되었다. 제조된 표준물질을 무작위로 10개의 선정하여 분석한 결과를 기준값으로 선택하였으며, 측정과정과 균질도에 의한 확장불확도값은 0.26~0.49로 조사되었다.

수유기간에 따른 모유 중 Indicator PCBs 분석을 통한 영유아의 인체노출평가 (Estimation of Indicator PCBs Exposure in Infants via Breast-Feeding Period)

  • 위성욱;윤조희;민병윤
    • 대한환경공학회지
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2012
  • Indicator PCB의 농도 수준은 2006년에 세계보건기구(WHO) 프로토콜에 따라 수집된 132개의 모유(초유, 출산 후 30일째 모유, 출산 후 60일째 모유)로 분석하였다. Indicator PCBs의 농도는 고분해능 가스크로마토그래피/고분해능 질량분석기를 이용한 동위원소희석법으로 측정되었으며, 이 방법은 국제적 경향을 비교 평가하기 위한 정확하고 정밀한 데이터를 제공한다. 또한, 모든 분석 결과를 토대로 평균일일섭취량(ADIs)이 계산되었다. 총 indicator PCBs의 중앙값은 14 ng/g lipid로, 다른 나라에서 검출된 농도보다 현저하게 낮았으며, PCBs 138, 153, 180은 분석한 지표 이성질체 합의 약 65%를 차지하였다. 가장 기여율이 높은 PCB 153은 총 indicator PCBs 농도와 매우 높은 상관관계를 나타내었다(p<0.001). PCBs 농도는 산모의 아이수가 증가할수록 확연히 감소하였고, 산모의 PCBs 축적과 배출에 있어 출산경력과 수유기간은 중요한 인자로 나타났다. 6개월 모유수유 기간 동안 총 indicator PCBs의 평균일일섭취량의 중앙값은 $0.077{\mu}g/kg{\cdot}bw/day$이었다. 초산부 모유 중 PCB 118의 농도는 1998년에 비해 25~35% 정도 감소하였으며, 이러한 경향은 지속될 것이라는 것을 보여준다.

Plant Terpenes and lignin as Natural Cosubstrates in Biodegradation of Polyclorinated Biphyls (PCBs) and Polucyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)

  • Koh, Sung-Cheol;Park, Young-In;Koo, Yoon-Mo;So, Jae-Seong
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.164-168
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    • 2000
  • The obhective of this minireview is to examine how cometabolic biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) might be af fected by plant terpenes and lignins as natural substral substrates abundant in mature. The topics covered, hence are environmental sinficance of PCBs and PAHs, nature and disribution of plant terpences and lignin, structural and metabolic similarities of the natural compounds to PCBs and PAHs, and possible roles of the natural substrates in inducing the biodegradative patathways of PCBs and PAHs

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대기 중 PCBs와 유기염소계 살충제의 정량을 위한 분석 방법 개발 (Development of Analytical Method for Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Organochlorine Pesticides in Air)

  • 최민규;여현규;김태욱;천만영;선우영
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.475-485
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    • 2002
  • An analytical method was investigated for the meaiiurement of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) concentrations in air samples. Procedures required for column chromatographic clean up. silicagel (stage I) and gel permeation chromatography (stage II), were discussed. Identification and quantification of PCBs and OCPs were performed using a combination of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry/ selected ion monitoring. Recovery tests calculated from six samples are 68∼137% for PCBs and 58∼130% for OCPs except for endrin aldehyde. Instrumental detection limits determined for the PCBs and OCPs varied from 0.05 to 0.18 pg/m3 and from 0.71 to 16.82 pg/㎥, respectively. The method has been applied to the analysis of air samples collected at Ansung city, Kyonggi province, Korea. This method may serve as a screening protocol for the simultaneous determination of PCBs and OCPs in air.

활성탄에 의한 PCBs의 흡착제거 (Adsoption Removal of PCBs by Activated Carbon)

  • 유용호;이종집
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2006
  • In this study, adsorption characteristics of PCBs on granular activated carbon were experimentally investigated in a batch reactor and in a fixed bed reactor. Granular activated carbon removed above 98.4% of initial concentration, 1000mg/L, of PCBs. It was estabilished that the adsorption equilibrium of PCBs on granular activated carbon was more successfully fitted by Freundlich isotherm equation in the concentration range from 1 to 1000mg/L. Because Freundlich parameter, ${\beta}$ is 0.346, removall treatment of PCBs by activated carbon accounts for the fact that toxicity reduction can be achieved through this process. Appearance time of breakthrough curve is faster with the increase flow rate and inflow concentration of liquid. The utility of granular activated carbon is enhanced with the increase of bed height and with the decrease of inflow rate.