• Title, Summary, Keyword: PCCS Color System

Search Result 10, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Color Expression in Produce Design applying PCCS Color System -Focusing on Male Bike Helmet Products- (제품디자인에서 PCCS 색체계를 적용한 색채표현 -남성용 자전거 헬멧 제품을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Young-Seok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.10
    • /
    • pp.82-92
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study is on the color expression of 100 male bike helmet products examining color image scale with high preference, PCCS color system applied color analysis and influence of color in decision making. The targets are all domestically distributed male bike helmets. The image scale was divided into 4 sections (Soft, Hard, Dynamic and Static) by color, and color image scale was analyzed to top 10 priority products. And analysis according to PCCS color system was made. Finally, questionnaire survey was carried out to analyze the influence of color on purchase decision making. The questionnaire survey was carried out to male in 20s~50s who were the member of 18 bike clubs in S agent in Seoul. 414 out of 422 sheets except for 8 insufficient ones were used. The results can be divided into 3.

Study on the Scanimation Expression Using Color Scheme (색상 배색을 이용한 Scanimation 표현방법 연구)

  • Lee, Yu-Seop;Chung, Jean-Hun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.12
    • /
    • pp.451-456
    • /
    • 2016
  • Scanimation is utilized in various fields due to its simple and easy basic principle, whereas mostly it is expressed in gray scale, and the cases of expressing with color is rare. This research classified scanimation into form change of the images with no connectivity, continuous motion of the images with connectivity, and optical illusion with continuity along with visualization effect based on the advanced research and utilization case, and conducted a comparative analysis of scanimation per type applied with color scheme by color difference based on PCCS(Practical Color Co-ordinate System) system. Based on this research, the researcher intended to suggest various direction and expressive method of scanimation using color, expecting the research result could be a valuable reference for the researches utilizing scanimation, henceforth.

A Color Analysis on Working Clothing in Domestic Machine and Heavy Industry

  • Park, Hye-Won;Bae, Hyun-Sook;Park, Jin-Ah;Kim, Jie-Kwan
    • Journal of Fashion Business
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.61-75
    • /
    • 2009
  • The objective of this research is to the enhance the color function of work clothing : to research and analyze the hue and tone of work clothing colors to be used for machinery and heavy industries in national industrial complexes, Through this research, the color using problems which related with safety workers will be revealed. For this project, total 42 sets of work suits were sampled from 12 different companies in the machinery and construction industries in the national industrial complexes of Gyeongsang Namdo Province and 16 sets of work suits currently being sold in the market. The collected work suits samples were classified according to item types and design. Color measurements were taken thus: After calibration according to ASTM D1729 specifications of standardized configuration settings to match standardized luminous source D65(Daylight 6500K) in color cabinet BOTECK SuperLight-VI, the RGB values of the work suits were calculated using PANTONE Color Cue TX. The RGB values of the colors thus derived were converted into V/C values using the Munsell Conversion 9.0.6 and analyzed with Munsell's 10-color system and PCCS. The results were presented according to Munsell's color wheel and color and brightness distributions were expressed in table form, as well as presented as a tone map. Following analysis, color hue distribution was found to be concentrated around PB, and brightness distribution toward the low end and mid range of the scale. Saturation values were distributed mostly around the low end of the scale. Following color tone analysis according to PCCS, it became apparent that colors were mainly distributed around dkg, ltg, and g, at low- and mid-brightness and low-saturation. Therefore, it may be concluded that colors used in work suits in the machinery and heavy industries are mainly cool colors, at low- and mid-brightness and low saturation. It is conjectured that such colors were applied uniformly in the workplace in order to serve certain functions, such as concealment of stains and contamination. Therefore, it follows that the utilization of colors, among other functions served by working clothings, must be taken into consideration in order to enhance safety and efficiency.

A Study on the Color Image of Environment Shape Objects in University -Focusing on the Case of Kongju University- (대학 내 공공 환경조형물 색채 감성이미지 분석 연구 -공주대학교 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Chung, Ji-Bok;Choi, Jung-In
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.349-354
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to measure and analyze color image scale when viewing the public objects installed in Kongju National University and the installation environment, and preferred colors and color image scale in the color planning. The research was conducted with the analysis of the sculpture installed in the school and the questionnaire for the students. As a result of the study, suggestions were made for points to be considered for user's perception of environmental sculptures in the school and when constructing the sculpture. This study approaches the color of the public environment sculpture installed in the school academically, and proposes factors to be considered in the color planning stage in the future. Therefore, it is expected that this study will provide appropriate guidelines for the installation and planning of the sculpture in the school.

Color Preference Study for Mountain-Climbing Wear According to Gender (남·여 등산객의 등산복 색채 선호 비교 연구)

  • Nan, Mei-Lin;Kim, Chan-Ju;Lim, Hye-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
    • /
    • v.61 no.10
    • /
    • pp.16-31
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper aims to identify the similarities and differences of color preference for mountain climbing wear according to gender, season and item. Total of 749 photos of mountain climbers were taken in 2009 during weekends in May and October at two mountains in Seoul. In order to analyze color by hue and tone, all the data were digitalized using Photoshop and converted to HV/C by using the Munsell Conversion software. For the purpose of data analysis, 13 colors of hue, including 10 base colors of the Munsel color system plus white, gray and black, and 12 tones of PCCS were grouped into 5 groups according to close distance. Jumper, t-shirts, vest and pants were selected as the 4 item categories. Results showed that there were clear differences in color preference based on gender. Women, with a preference for red, reddish purple, black, purple and blue, displayed wider range of choices in color as compared to men, who preferred black and blue color throughout all seasons. Yellow, green, and greenish blue were less preferred by both men and women. For pants, black represented over 90% as the main color for both genders. Overall, men preferred dark tones and women preferred vivid and bright tones. Moreover, there were less distinct differences in color preference according to season and item.

A Comparison Analysis of Color Characteristics and Images in Flight Attendant Uniforms of Korea, China and Japan

  • Shao, Chiqian;Lee, Misuk
    • Journal of Fashion Business
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.111-124
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this research was to conduct a comparison analysis of color in the characteristics and image of Korea/China/Japan airline uniforms. Research subjects for this research included 19 Korean, Chinese and Japanese airlines servicing the Incheon International Airport in South Korea. The analysis methods are based on the Munsell Color Order System and PCCS (Practical Color Coordinate System) tone classification in order to examine the color characteristics. For the color image analysis, the present research performed a positioning on Shigenobu Kobayashi's color images scale with adjectives in order to compare the resulting differences. As a result of the analysis, this research discovered the following; First, achromatic colors were found to be used most frequently in flight attendant uniforms of Korea/China/Japan. In Korean flight attendant uniforms, YR/Y, GY and B/PB/P; in Chinese, R/PB, RP, YR/Y/GY and BG/P; in Japanese, RP, R/P/PB and Y/BG were found in order. As for the main uniform colors, Korean flight attendant uniforms were found to be in the colors YR, and R/GY/B/P; Chinese flight attendant uniforms, R, PB, and P/B; and Japanese flight attendant uniforms, R, BG, B, RP and N. Second, Korean flight attendant uniforms used W and It most frequently; China flight attendant uniforms, W; and Japanese flight attendant uniforms, W and v. Regarding the main colors, Korean flight atteddant uniforms used lt/g and v/p; Chinese flight attendant uniforms, v, dp and s/d/dkg; and Japanese flight attendant uniforms, v/dkg and Bk. Third, after positioning each country's uniform color combination bars on the Kobayashi image scale, Korean flight attendant uniforms showed classic images along with casual/pretty/elegant/chic images; Chinese flight attendant uniforms displayed, casual images as well as, dynamic/gorgeous/chic/cool casual/dandy images; and finally, Japanese flight attendant uniforms converyed dandy images along with casual/gorgeous images. This research findings indicate that Korea/China/Japan airlines' flight attendant uniforms seek for differentiated image establishment by reflecting their own CIs and unique national cultures in the uniform color marketing.

The Characteristics and Change of Colors on Fashion Collections in 1990s

  • Kim, Honey;Kim, Young-In
    • International Journal of Costume and Fashion
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.18-31
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to examine color characteristics and color changes of the fashion collections through 1990s, and to provide the efficient color information for color planning upon fashion themes. For this research, a total of 30,084 colors were collected from Paris, Milan, London, New York Collections in 1990s. Those colors were first measured by the Pantone Textile Color Specifier and COS Color System and spectrophotometer(color eye 580). These measured color values $L^{\ast}a^{\ast}b^{\ast}$of CIE were converted into H V/C of Munsell System, and 12 tones of PCCS with 5 achromatic colors. The characteristics of collected colors were analyzed in general and by place, season and year. The results of the study are as follows : First, the hues of purple blue, yellow red, red, yellow and the tones of grayish, pale, white, black, dark grayish, dull, light grayish appeared mostly. Yellow was shown quite frequently in spring/summer while purple, purple blue, red and yellow red in fall/winter. White, pale, light, light grayish and light gray were shown more frequently in spring/summer while Black, dark grayish, grayish, dark gray and dark in fall/winter. Second, the characteristics of colors by 4 representative places were similar to the general characteristics of colors in 1990's. Third, There were distributed widely Red, Yellow Red, Yellow in the early 1990s, Green Yellow, Green, Blue Green in the mid of 1990s, and Purple Blue, Purple in the late of 1990s. The distribution range of chromatic colors showed wide in both of the early of 1990s and the mid of 1990s for a while, and achromatic colors of grayish, gray and black appeared mostly in the late of 1900s.

Analysis of Color Library for Silk Fabrics Using Commercial Natural Dye Powders -Focusing on Hue/Tone Characteristics- (국내외 시판 천연염료를 활용한 실크 직물의 색채 라이브러리 분석 -색상/톤 특성을 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Young-Ae;Sarmandakh, Badmaanyambuu;Cho, Ju-Yeon;Yi, Eun-Jou
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.33 no.5
    • /
    • pp.804-816
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study was aimed to analyze color characteristics of silk fabrics dyed with a variety of commercial natural dyes focusing on hue/tone system. Using eleven different natural dyes, single and sequential dyeing were performed under a variety of conditions of dye bath concentration, mordanting, and dyeing sequences. Color characteristics of dyed silk fabrics were investigated by Munsell's color notation of H V/C and PCCS (Practical Color Coordination System) tones. As results, most of yellowish natural dyes as principal shades in natural dyeing showed Y or YR for hue families while d, ltg, and g for tone, which agrees with colors frequently used in comtemporary apparel industries. As for single dyeing, some hues like R, RP, G, GY, and BG were found to have their own tones owing to the used natural dyes. For varying hues in natural dyeing, sequential dyeing is useful in that GY, G, and BG rarely appeared in single dyeing were frequently shown in sequential dyeing by combination of some dyes. In the other hands, mordanting may be employed for tone variation in that aluminum seemed to contribute to light and dull tones, copper to dull, and ferrum to garyish and dark ones. These results can be helpful to design colors for fashion fields by natural dyeing.

A Study on the Color and Texture of Fashion Fabrics (패션 소재의 색채 이미지와 질감에 관한 연구)

  • 추선형;김영인
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.193-204
    • /
    • 2002
  • Many fashion forecasting companies propose the fashion colors in every season. Modern fashion consumer respond to fashionable trends with utmost sensitivity. Therefore to satisfy the consumer with an trendy image, the fashion design must be found first, as image matters, followed by an analysis of each design element's effect on the total image composition. In previous studies of fashion image, has been discussed the positive correlation between fashion design elements of color, fabric, and form as the central issue. In this thesis, two of the fashion design elements, color and fabric are simultaneously considered to classify the image of fabric in fashion. For the color variables, 10 hues are selected from Munsell's system of color notation, and 12 tones from PCCS color notation., which are currently used in the domestic fashion industry. Texture variables used in this survey are classified by luster, prominence-depression of surface, thickness, and density of fabric. Graduate students from 20 to 50 years old and the specialists in fashion companies participated in the survey. The results of this survey are as follows: 1. The fashion fabric image is classified as 5 main images: 'elegant', 'comfortable', 'characteristic', 'light'and 'simple'. 2. The influence of hue, tone and texture is significant to the fashion fabric image. Following colors, yellow-red, red hues and light grayish, dark grayish tones convey the elegant image. The texture property for the elegant image is luster, thin and low density. Properties of fabric conveying the comfortable image are yellow-red and green-yellow hue, soft, light tones, matte and high density. Furthermore, hue turned out to be a insignificant variables for the unique image, whereas dark grayish, grayish tone, luster and prominent texture convey a unique image. For light image, properties of fabric are blue-green, purple hues, light, bright tones with thin, low density texture. Properties of fabric conveying the simple image are blue-green, purple-blue, green-yellow hues, and strong, vivid tones, with luster and flat texture.

The Color Characteristics of Vintage Fashion - Focused on Paris Pr$\hat{e}$t-$\grave{a}$-Porter Collections, from 2003 to 2008 - (빈티지 패션의 색채 특성에 관한 연구 - 2003~2008년 파리 프레타포르테 컬렉션을 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Jung-Hee;Park, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Fashion Business
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.86-105
    • /
    • 2010
  • Vintage fashion is a lot influenced by colors because an emotion is transmitted via images of "old feeling", "worn-out feeling" and "faded feeling" etc. Colors are visual sensation occurring at a time when lights stimulate an eye, which is a representative factor which humans first perceive when they touch objects. And colors in clothing function as a critical element which indicates an individual's impression and character as well as aesthetic sensation. In this study, I examined on the theoretical consideration and aesthetic characteristics via the previous literature on vintage fashion and colors. As an empirical study, I investigated on the colors of vintage fashion appearing in Pr$\hat{e}$t-$\grave{a}$-porter Collections, Paris from Spring/Summer, 2003 to Fall/Winter 2008. As a way for study, I investigated into the total 197 vintage fashion photos and calculated their RGB values by using photoshop. And I converted the values of the colors extracted into H V/C values by using Munsell Conversion Version 9.0.6 and analyzed on Munsell System of 10 Color Notation and the PCCS colors, classifying a color scheme by visual sensation measurement. The result of analyzing on the concept of vintage fashion and its color characteristics is as follows; Vintage fashion made an appearance the most in 2003 and 2004 and its colors appeared a lot in Y, YR, R and PB lines. Color tone concentrated on black and white, achromatic color and low chroma colors in a grayish line, chromatic color. Thus, the study found that colors suitable for a "worn-out", "faded" and "old" image are properly reflected in vintage fashion rather than a clear and bright background. In a color scheme, I found contrast color and same color appearing a lot, which gave an unharmonious feeling and a smack of the country. The study reveals that the color characteristic of vintage fashion is relatively diverse and complex in color, color tone or shade and color scheme, which shows a color trend which reflects a non-constructive and complex coordination characteristic instead of a standardized simple and clear image.