• Title, Summary, Keyword: PCR-SSCP

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Detection method of Genetic Variation of Mulberry Dwarf Phytoplasma by PCR-SSCP Analysis (PCR-SSCP 분석법에 의한 뽕나무 오갈병 파이토플라스마의 유전변이 검출기법)

  • Han, Sangseop;Cha, Byeongjin;Seong, Gyoobyoung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.6
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    • pp.631-635
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    • 2006
  • Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of MD and JWB phytopalsma isolates which amplified PCR products using the R16F2n/R2 phytoplamsa universal primer pair were compared for variations of their nucleotide sequence. The MD and JWB phytoplasmas were clearly distinct each of the band patterns from about 1.2 kb PCR products. To clearly distinct of close SSCP band patterns, the MD and JWB phytoplasma PCR products were mixed and performed to detect their polymorphism. The SSCP band patterns show all of bands of MD and JWB on single lane and easily distinct their each band patterns. The PCR-SSCP analysis was possible to detect of 1.2 kb nucleotide sequence and near close band patterns were easily distinct by mixing two samples.

Molecular Characteristics of Phytophthora katsurae Using PCR-SSCP Analysis (PCR-SSCP 분석에 의한 Phytophthora katsurae의 분자생물학적 특성)

  • Lee, Sun-Keun;Jang, Ha-Na;Lee, Dong-Hyeon;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Yong;Lee, Jong-Kyu
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2011
  • Phytophthora katsurae is the fungus responsible for chestnut ink disease. The objectives of this study were to determine if a single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of rDNA-ITS region, elongation factor 1 alpha gene and ${\beta}$-tubulin gene could be used for rapid identification and genetic diversity of P. katsurae, and to assess the potential use of the SSCP technique as a diagnostic tool for P. katsurae. Each regions amplified by PCR using primers designed to overlap the genus Phytophthora were characterized for the Phytophthora species. PCR products were denatured and electrophoresed for SSCP analysis. P. katsurae isolates showed an unique pattern in SSCP analysis and were easily distinguished from other Phytophthora species used as the control. This indicates that SSCP analysis is an useful technique for distinguishing Phytophthora species from genetically close relatives, and show that the SSCP analysis of each region is an efficient detection tool for P. katsurae. But PCR-SSCP analysis of single-gene may have difficulty in distinguishing P. katsurae from other Phytophthora species. Therefore, PCR-SSCP analysis of multi-genes can be useful for rapid and effective identification of P. katsurae.

Detection of p53 Mutation in Colorectal Cancer Using PCR-SSCP and DHPLC (대장암에서 PCR-SSCP와 DHPLC를 이용한 p53 돌연변이의 검출)

  • Sang-Bum Park;Sang-Man Han;Youn-Hyoung Nam;Won-Cheoul Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.460-465
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    • 2003
  • Structural alteration of p53 and overexpression of p53 protein are the most common genetic abnormalities in various kinds of human cancer. Mutations in the p53 tumor-suppressor gene are usually associated with an advanced development of colorectal cancer characterized by the transition from the adenoma to carcinoma stage. Mutations in exons 5-8 of the p53 gene were analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism(PCR-SSCP) and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography(DHPLC). SSCP analysis detected 7 mutations(C13109>T) in 50 colorectal cancer samples(14%) at exon 5, and DHPLC analysis detected 7 mutations (C13109>T) and 2 mutation(C13202>A, C13204>G) in 50 colorectal cancer samples(18%) at exon 5. All of 9 mutations were proved by sequencing analysis. We conclude that DHPLC is a highly sensitive and specific method for p53 gene mutations.

Rapid Detection of Rifampicin Resistant M. tuberculosis by PCR-SSCP of rpoB Gene in Clinical Specimens (RpoB 유전자 PCR-SSCP법에 의한 임상검체내 Rifampicin 내성 결핵균의 신속진단)

  • Shim, Tae-Sun;Kim, Young-Whan;Lim, Chae-Man;Lee, Sang-Do;Koh, Youn-Suck;Kim, Woo-Sung;Kim, Dong-Soon;Kim, Won-Dong
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.1245-1255
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    • 1997
  • Background : Rifampicin(RFP) is a key component of the antituberculous short-course chemotherapy and the RFP resistance is a marker of multi-drug resistant(MDR) tuberculosis. RPoB gene encodes the $\beta$-subunit of RNA polymerase of M. tuberculosis which is the target of RFP. And rpoB gene mutations are the cause of RFP resistance of M. tuberculosis. Although several reports showed that PCR-SSCP would be a rapid diagnostic method for identifying the RFP resistance, there were few reports Performed using direct, clinical specimens. So we Performed PCR-SSCP analysis of rpoB gene of M. tuberculosis in direct, clinical specimens. Methods : 75 clinical specimens were collected from patients at Asan Medical Center from June to August 1996. After PCR of IS 6110 fragments, 43 both AFB smear-positive and IS6110 fragment PCR-positive specimens were evaluated. The RFP susceptibility test was referred to the referral laboratory of the Korean Tuberculosis Institute. DNA was extracted by bead beater method. And heminested PCR was done using 0.1ul(1uCi) [$\alpha-^{32}P$]-dCTP. SSCP analysis was done using non-denaturating MDE gel electrophoresis. Results : The results of PCR of IS6110 fragments of M. tuberculosis were positive in 55(73%) cases of 75 AFB smear-positive clinical specimens. Of the 55 specimens, RFP susceptibility was confirmed in only 43 specimens. Of the 43 AFB smear-positive and IS6110 fragment-positive specimens, 29 were RFP susceptible and 14 were RFP resistant. All the RFP susceptible 29 strains showed the same mobility compared with that of RFP sensitive H37Rv in SSCP analysis of ropB gene. And all the other RFP resistant 13 strains showed the different mobility. In other words they showed 100% identical results between PCR-SSCP analysis and traditional susceptibility test. Conclusion : The PCR-sseP analysis of rpoB gene in direct clinical specimens could be used as a rapid diagnostic method for detecting RFP resistant M. tuberculosis.

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Rapid detection of Rifampicin- resistant M, tuberculosis by PCR-SSCP of rpoB gene (결핵균의 rpoB유전자 PCR-SSCP법에 의한 Rifampicin 내성의 신속 진단)

  • Shim, Tae Sun;Yoo, Chul-Gyu;Han, Sung Koo;Shim, Young-Soo;Kim, Young Whan
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.842-851
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    • 1996
  • Background : Rifampicin(RFP) is a key component of the antituberculous shon-course chemotherapy and the RFP-resistance is a marker of multi-drug resistant(MDR) M. tuberculosis. rpoB gene encodes the ${\beta}$-subunit of RNA polymerase of M. tuberculosis which is the target of RFP. Recent reports show that rpoB gene mutations are the cause of RFP resistance of M. tuberculosis and the main mechanism of rpoB gene mutation is point mutation. And PCR-SSCP is a rapid and easy method for detecting point mutations. So we performed PCR-SSCP of rpoB gene of M. tuberculosis and compared the result with traditional RFP sensitivity test. Method : The 27 RFP sensitive M. tuberculosis culture isolates and 25 RFP resistant isolates were evaluated. The RFP sensitivity test was done at the Korean Tuberculosis istitute. The DNA was extracted by bead beater method and was amplified with primers TR-8 and TR-9 in a 20ul PCR reaction containing 0.1ul(luCi) [${\alpha}-^{32}P$] - dCTP. After amplification, SSCP was done using non-denaturaring polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Then direct sequencing was done in cases of different eletrophoretic mobility compared with that of H37Rv. In 19 cases, we compared PCR-SSCP results with patient's clinical course and the results of traditional RFP sensitivity test. Results : 1) All 27 RFP sensitive M. tuberculosis isolates showed the same electrophoretic mobility compared with that of H37Rv. And all 25 RFP resistant M. tuberculosis isolates showed different electrophoretic mobility. 2) The mechanism of rpoB gene mutation of M. tuberculosis is mainly point mutation. 3) The PCR-SSCP results correlate well with traditional RFP sensitivity and patient's clinical response to antituberculous treatment. Conclusion: The PCR-SSCP of rpoB gene is a very sensitive and rapid mehod in detecting RFP- resistant M. tuberculosis.

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Determination of Repeat Numbers of (CA)n in Mitochondrial D-loop using Polymerase Chain Reaction-single Strand Conformational Polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) (중합효소연쇄반응-단일가닥입체형태다형태 방법을 이용한 미토콘드리아 D-고리에서의 CA 디뉴클레오티드 반복수의 결정)

  • Kim, Joo-Young;Kim, Dae-Kwang
    • Anatomy & Biological Anthropology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2018
  • Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis is a kind of sensitive mutation detection method that has been usually used in field of medical genetics. A single DNA strand with a mutation or nucleotide polymorphism has a different conformation from its wild-type counterpart, and these conformational differences result in different electrophoretic mobility. In previous study of mitochondrial microsatellite instability in 50 uterine leiomyomas, PCR-SSCP showed 4 types of band mobility at (CA)n of the mitochondrial D-loop. In type 1 and 4, positions of the lower single stand of both were same but those of upper strand were different. In sequencing analysis, repeat number of (CA)n in type 1 was 4, 5 in type 2, 6 in type 3, and 4 in type 4, respectively. Without using expensive sequencing analysis, PCR-SSCP method can be used to detect the repeat number of(CA)n in mitochondrial D-loop.

Comparision of PCR-RFLP, PCR-SSCP, Amplication Refractory Mutation System(ARMS) in Leu72Met Polymorphism of Ghrelin Gene (Ghrelin 유전자의 Leu72Met 다형성 분석에서 PCR-RFLP, PCR-SSCP, Amplication Refractory Mutation System(ARMS)의 비교분석)

  • Kang, Ju Sung;Kim, Se Rim;Kim, Sun Young;Joo, Chan Uhng;Cho, Soo Chul;Hwang, Pyoung Han
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.10
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    • pp.1068-1075
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : The role of ghrelin, which promotes the secretion of growth hormone, was not well known until now. Recently it was found that the mutation of ghrelin gene is related to obesity and diabetes. This study is to find the screening method that can easily and effectively detect the polymorphism of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene of obesity patients and apply it to clinical usage. Methods : We compared PCR-RFLP, PCR-SSCP and ARMS methodologies for analyzing of the polymorphism of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene of obesity children, and also studied the merits and demerits of these methodologies. Results : In this study, we were able to find out the band of peculiar allele of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene using PCR-RFLP, PCR-SSCP and ARMS analyses. The polymorphism of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene determined by all above methodologies was in complete agreement. Compared to the PCR-RFLP and PCR-SSCP, ARMS analysis is simple, inexpensive and also consume less time. It is very sensitive to analyze the polymorphism and easy to understand the results of test. Conclusion : Though PCR-RFLP, PCR-SSCP and ARMS analyses were sensitive to analyze the polymorphism of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene, ARMS analysis appears to be more efficient than PCR-RFLP and PCR-SSCP. Therefore, we conclude that ARMS analysis is suitable to analyze the polymorphism of Leu72Met in ghrelin gene for large quantity of specimens.

p53 Mutations in Advanced Supraglottic Cancer (진행된 성문상부암에서 PCR-SSCP에 의한 p53의 변이 양상과 임상적 의의)

  • Hong Seong Eon;Kang Jin Oh;Baik Hyung Hwan;Yoon Kyung Sik
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : To determine the prognostic significance of p53 mutations in advanced supraglottic cancer patients. Material and Methods : Twenty-six patients with pertinent tissue materials among 60 patients diagnosed as advanced supraglottic cancer in Kyung Hee university hospital and received total or partial laryngectomy followed by radiation therapy were enrolled. Immunohistochemical staining using DO7 monoclonal antibody was peformed. Tumor specimens were analyzed for p53 mutations in exons 5 through 8 by using PCR-SSCP analysis followed by DNA sequencing of all variants. Results : p53 mutations were present in 8 cases among 26 patiets. Mutations within exon 5 were 3 cases, exon 6 were 4 cases, and exon 7 was 1 case. Mean survival time was 70.2 months in patients without mutations, 61.3 months with mutations but there was no statistically significant differences (p=0.596). Mutations were $25\%$ in stage III and $36\%$ in stage IV but there was no statistically significant differences (p=0.563). Mutations were $25\%$ in lymph node negative group and $42\%$ in lymph node positive group but there was no statistically significant differences (p=0.437). Conclusion : The presence of p53 mutation detected by PCR-SSCP is not associated with survival, stage and lymph node status.

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Genetic Differentiation of Phytoplasma Isolates by DNA Heteroduplex Mobility Assay and Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism Analysis

  • Cha, Byeongjin;Han, Sangsub
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.308-312
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    • 2002
  • Heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses combined with PCR were developed for genetic differentiation of various phytoplasma isolates. In the HMA and SSCP analyses, differences in the mobility shifts and the SSCP band patterns identified three distinct types of phyto-plasmas: Type Ⅰ, jujube witches'-broom (JWB) and ligustrum witches'-broom (LiWB); Type Ⅱ, mulberry dwarf(MD) and sumac witches'-broom (SuWB); and Type Ⅲ, paulownia witches'-broom (PaWB). Results of the sequence analyses revealed that phytoplasmas of JWB and MD had 100% homology with LiWB and SuWB, respectively. On the other hand, PaWB phyto-plasma had 97.8% homology with MD phytoplasma. The PCR-HMA and SSCP techniques were very useful in determining variations in sequence among several isolates of phytoplasmas. Furthermore, the methods were rapid, economical, highly sensitive, and easy to handle with the gels.

Species Identification of Five Penaeid Shrimps Using PCR-RFLP and SSCP Analyses of 16S Ribosomal DNA

  • Khamnamtong, Bavornlak;Klinbunga, Sirawut;Menasveta, Piamsak
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2005
  • DNA-based molecular markers for differentiation of five penaeid shrimps (Penaeus monodon, P. semisulcatus, Feneropenaeus merguiensis, Litopenaeus vannamei and Marsupenaeus japonicus) were developed based on polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of 16S ribosomal (r) DNA. Differentiation of P. monodon, P. semisulcatus and L. vannamei can be unambiguously carried out by PCR-RFLP of 16S $rDNA_{560}$ whereas P. semisulcatus and M. japonicus shared a BABB mitotype. These shrimps were successfully discriminated by SSCP analysis of 16S $rDNA_{560}$. Nevertheless, the amplification success for L. vannamei and F. merguiensis was not consistent when tested against larger sample sizes. As a result, 16S $rDNA_{560}$ of an individual representing the most common mitotype of each species was cloned and sequenced. The new primer pair was designed and tested against the large sample sizes (312 bp product, N = 185). The amplification success was consistent across all species. PCR-RFLP of 16S $rDNA_{312}$ was as effective as that of 16S $rDNA_{560}$. Differentiation of all shrimp species were successfully carried out by SSCP analysis.