• Title, Summary, Keyword: PE film

Search Result 342, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Antimicrobial (BN/PE) Film Combined with Modified Atmosphere Packaging Extends the Shelf Life of Minimally Processed Fresh-Cut Iceberg Lettuce

  • Kang, Sun-Chul;Kim, Min-Jeong;Park, In-Sik;Choi, Ung-Kyu
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.568-572
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) in combination with BN/PE film on the shelf life and quality of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce during cold storage. The total mesophilic population in the sample packed in BN/PE film under MAP conditions was dramatically reduced in comparison with that of PE film, PE film under MAP conditions, and BN/PE film. The $O_2$ concentration in the BN/PE film under MAP conditions decreased slightly as the storage period progressed. The coloration of the iceberg lettuce progressed the slowest when it was packaged in BN/PE film under MAP conditions, followed by BN/PE film, PE film, and PE film under MAP conditions. The shelf life of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce packaged in the BN/PE film under MAP conditions was extended by more than 2 days at $10^{\circ}C$ as compared with that of the BN/PE film in which the extension effect was more than 2 days longer than that of PE, PET, and OPP films.

Shelf-Life Extension of Fresh-Cut Iceberg Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) by Different Antimicrobial Films

  • Kang, Sun-Chul;Kim, Min-Jeong;Choi, Ung-Kyu
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.17 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1284-1290
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial activity and shelf-life extension effect of iceberg lettuce packed in BN/PE film. The BN/PE film has a strong microbial suppression effect on pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, and S. typhimurium. The number of psychrophiles and mesophiles during 5 days of cold storage of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce at $10^{\circ}C$ packaged in BN/PE film was strictly suppressed in comparison with other tested films (OPP, PE, and PET film). When fresh processed iceberg lettuce was processed and stored under the current conditions, the shelf-life of the product was longer than 5 days in the BN/PE film package, whereas the shelf-life when using the other films tested, PE, OPP and PET, was no longer than 3-4 days. The decay rates of the iceberg lettuce packed in the BN/PE film was maintained at $29.8{\pm}2.1%$ on the 5th day of preservation. The samples packed in BN/PE film maintained an excellent visual quality during the 3 days of storage without significant differences in comparison with the initial visual quality. No browning was observed in the samples packed in BN/PE film for up to 3 days. The texture of shredded iceberg lettuce packaged in BN/PE film remained unchanged up to 3 days, and then a moderate decrease in texture was observed after 4 days of storage. In addition, the overall acceptability of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce packaged in BN/PE film did not change for up to 3 days, whereas the samples packaged in the other films were inedible by 3 days of storage. In conclusion, the shelf-life of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce packaged in the BN/PE film was extended to more than 5 days at $10^{\circ}C$, whereas that in the other films was 2 days at $10^{\circ}C$. Therefore, the shelf-life extension effect of the fresh-cut iceberg lettuce in BN/PE film packaging was very effective compared with the other films tested.

Mulching Methods and Removing Dates of Mulch Affects Growth and Post Harvest Quality of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) cv. Uiseong

  • Kwon, Kwon-Seok;Azad, Md. Obyedul Kalam;Hwang, Jae-Moon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.293-297
    • /
    • 2011
  • This experiment was conducted to elucidate the effects of mulching materials and removing time of the transparent polyethylene (PE) film on the growth of garlic at Uiseong experimental field, Korea. The experimental mulching materials comprised of transparent polyethylene film (0.025 mm) and net polyethylene (NPE). Plant height and leaf number of garlic were highest at PE treatment when the PE removing date was March 18 and this treatment also promoted the no. of cloves. Length of leaf sheath and bolting rate were highest and bulb weight loss rate was lowest at PE + NPE treatment when the PE removing date was March 18. But clove number was the lowest in this treatment compared to conventional PE film treatment. Conventional mulching method accelerated secondary growth rate but bulb weight loss was vice versa. There were statistically no differences in bulb diameter among treatments but conventional treatment positively focused on bulb diameter. Whenever PE film remove can suppress weeds compared to no mulching treatment but the dry weight of weeds were increasing trends as the removal dates of PE film were delayed. Transparent PE or PE + NPE treatments can be recommended to grow best quality garlic when PE film removing date is March 18.

Historical Investigation on Development of Produce and Packages or Physical Analysis of Packaging's Materials of Cheese in Korea since 1967-2 (1967년 이후 한국(韓國)에서 치즈제품(製品)의 개발(開發)과 포장(包裝)의 변화(變化) 및 그 포장재(包裝材)의 생물학적(生物學的) 조사연구(調査硏究)-2)

  • Kim, Duck-Woong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.30-36
    • /
    • 1999
  • Physical analysis of some composite films of outer packaging at process cheeses in Korea is as following. In comparison with four composite films, tensile strength is $72.2{\mu}PET/PVDC/PE/AL-vac/PE\;film\;MD9.55kg/15mm,\;TD8.95kg/15mm>79.3{\mu}PET/PVDC/L-LDPE\;film\;MD5.37kg/15mm,\;TD5.01kg/15mm>96.9{\mu}PE/PVDC/PE\;film\;MD5.42kg/15mm,\;TD4.73kg/15mm>61.6{\mu}PVDC/PE/AL-vac/CPS\;film\;MD4.65kg/15mm,\;TD4.22kg/15mm$. Water vapor transmission is $72.2{\mu}PET/PVDC/PE/AL-vac/PE\;film\;0.41g/m^2{\cdot}24hr>79.3{\mu}PET/PVDC/L-LDPE\;film\;3.77g/m^2{\cdot}24hr>96.9{\mu}PE/PVDC/PE\;film\;3.81g/m^2{\cdot}24hr>61.6{\mu}PVDC/PE/AL-vac/4.91g/m^2{\cdot}24hr$. Gas transmission $O_2:N_2:CO_2$ is $72.2{\mu}PET/PVDC/PE/AL-vac/PE\;film\;1.81:0.74:4.2cc/m^2{\cdot}24hr{\cdot}atm>79.3{\mu}PET/PVDC/L-LDPE\;film\;13.4:6.4:34.2cc/m^2{\cdot}24hr{\cdot}atm>96.9{\mu}PE/PVDC/PE\;film\;15.3:7.1:42.0cc/m^2{\cdot}24hr{\cdot}atm>61.6{\mu}PVDC/PE/AL-vac/CPS\;film\;25.3:12.5:59.3cc/m^2{\cdot}24hr{\cdot}atm$ each other. And for preservation this were sealed to filths $N_2,\;CO_2$ gas or defilling ai (vacuum type) in the packaging and reserved less than $10^{\circ}C$ at refrigerator.

  • PDF

Optimal Dimension of PE Film Bag According to Fruit Size in MAP Storage of 'Fuyu' Persimmon Fruit ('부유' 단감 MAP 저장에서 과실 크기에 따른 PE 필름 봉지의 적정 규격)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.36 no.5
    • /
    • pp.733-739
    • /
    • 2004
  • Model for optimally dimensioned PE film bag was developed according to fruit size to maintain best quality of 'Fuyu' persimmon in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) storage based on relationship between quality and oxygen and carbon dioxide in PE film bag. Harvested persimmons were graded into five sizes, and average weights were LL:261, L:217, M:188, S:168, and SS:154 g. Five fruit units of each grade were optimized in five PE film bag sizes of $150{\times}376,\;140{\times}357,\;130{\times}344,\;130{\times}333,\;and\;120{\times}3l8\;mm$. To minimize quality deterioration such as softening and discoloration, optimal oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in PE film bag were 0.5-1.0 and 6.0-8.0%, respectively, and optimal thickness of PE film bag according to fruit size were LL:45, L:50, M:55, S:60, and $SS:65\;{\mu}m$. For all fruit sizes, model for PE film bag area $(mm^2)$ was good quadratic simple equation by fruit weight (g): $Y=-4055.707+627.993X_1-0.701{X_1}^2$. Model far optimal oxygen and carbon dioxide (Y) concentration in PE film bag was suited to linear multiple equation by fruit weight $(X_1,\;g)$ and PE film thickness $(X_2,\;{\mu}m)$. Equations for oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations (%) were $Y=5.798-0.0109X_l-0.0491X_2\;and\;Y=-2.427+0.01927X_l +0.09646X_2$, respectively.

Quality Changes in Winter Chinese Cabbage with Various Storage Methods (저장 조건에 따른 월동배추의 품질 변화)

  • 강은주;정석태;임병선;조재선
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.173-178
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the quality changes of Chinese cabbage with various storage methods. The V/H ratio, as reference of withering, of Chinese cabbage in PE film was high. Ethanol contents of Chinese cabbage packed with 0.06mm and 0.1mm PE film pouch were greater than that with 0.03mm PE film pouch. Organic acid and sugar contents in the Chinese cabbage were gradually decreased during storage. Chinese cabbage packed with 0.03mm PE film pouch was more adaptable than 0.06mm PE film pouch in winter Chinese cabbage during storage. The CO$_2$ contents in PE film pouch was increased hums 15days of storage, and then not changed during storage. The change of O$_2$ contents in PE film Pouch was opposed to tendency of CO$_2$ change. The 0.06mm and 0.1mm PE film Pouch high CO$_2$ contents and low O$_2$ contents during the storage, were less adaptable than 0.03mm PE film pouch in the winter Chinese cabbage storage.

  • PDF

Effects of Surface Treatment with Polyethylene Film on Shelf-life of Packaged Kimchi (포장김치의 저장성에 미치는 폴리에틸렌 필름의 표면처리 효과)

  • 이명예;김미경;김순동
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.136-141
    • /
    • 2003
  • This they was conducted to investigate the surface treated effect of Packaged kimchi on the PH, acidity, total microbe, number of lactic acid bacteria, browning and formation of off-flavor during storage at 10$^{\circ}C$. Kimchi was treated with 70% ethanol(1 time spraying) and attachment of polyethylene film(PE) on the surface of packaged kimchi and stored at 10$^{\circ}C$. pH of the control and ethanol treated kimchi stored for 15 days was decreased to 4.0 level but, the pH of PE-treated kimchi maintained over pH 4.0 until 21 days of storage. The aridity was the same tendency as the pH, which showed delaying of fermentation by PE treatment. Total microbe of PE treated kimchi was lower and number of lactic acid bacteria was higher than those of control and ethanol treated products, respectively. Degree of browning and off-flavor of control and ethanol treated kimchi increased from 13 days of storage, but the degrees of the PE-treated kimchi was lower during all storage periods.

Octadecane Fixation via Photocrosslinking of Polyethylene Film (폴리에틸렌 필름의 광가교에 의한 옥타데칸의 고정화)

  • Yun, Deuk-Won;Jang, Jin-Ho
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.214-219
    • /
    • 2010
  • Polyethylene(PE) films were photocrosslinked by continuous UV irradiation. Benzophenone addition as low as 1wt% into the PE film increased the gel fraction up to 96%. The photocrosslinking was attributed to the recombination of PE radicals generated upon UV irradiation, which was enhanced by the hydrogen abstraction of the added benzophenone. Also the crossliked PE showed higher thermal stability and decreased crystallinity with increasing UV energy as shown by TGA, XRD and DSC analysis. It was also possible to fix 5.4% octadecane into PE by the photocrosslinking. The crosslinked PE film containing octadecane showed lower tensile strength and modulus coupled with higher extension compared to that without octadecane, which can be used as a new plasticizing method for the crosslinked PE film.

Effect of Storage Temperature and Keeping Materials on Storability and Quality of Chinese Yam (貯藏溫度와 充塡材料가 마의 貯藏과 品質에 미치는 影響)

  • 김영광
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.58-63
    • /
    • 1997
  • The experiment was done to clarify the effect of keeping material and storage temperature on weight and quality of Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) tuber. After the yam tubers were placed into the plastic boxes filled with different keeping materials [polyethylene (PE) film, hull, soil, sand, vermiculite], they were stored under different storage temperature(room, cold) from Oct. 15 to Mar. 15 when all the characters related to the tubers were measured. Soil or PE film as keeping materials was the lowest sound tuber rate when stored at room or cold temperature, respectively, while vermiculite was the highest in both storage temperature. When PE film and vermiculite in both storage temperatures were used as keeping materials, tuber weight were less reduced than the others. Brightness of chromaticity and moisture content were lower in room temperature storage than in cold temperature storage although the characteristics related to marketability were not affected by storage temperature. PE film had greater brightness and value 'a' of chromaticity but lower its 'b' value in the latter temperature than in the former temperature. Vermiculite, however, did the reverse result in comparison with PE film.

  • PDF

Microclimate and Crop Growth in the Greenhouses Covered with Spectrum Conversion Films using Different Phosphor Particle Sizes (광전환재 크기가 다른 광전환 필름 피복 온실 내 미기상 및 작물 생육)

  • Park, Kyoung Sub;Kwon, Joon Kook;Lee, Dong Kwon;Son, Jung Eek
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-117
    • /
    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the microclimate and the growth of tomato and lettuce in the greenhouses covered with spectrum conversion films using different phosphor particles sizes. Two spectrum conversion films using phosphor particles larger than $10{\mu}m$ (Micro-film) and smaller than 500 nm (Nano-film) in radius, and poly-ethylene (PE) film were used in double-layered greenhouses as outer coverings. PE films were used as inner coverings in all the greenhouses. Thickness of the films for inner and outer coverings was 0.06 mm. Tensile strength, elongation, and tearing resistance of the Micro- and Nano-films were not different from those of the PE film. Transmittances at a wavelength of 300-1100 nm were a little higher at the Micro-film and lower at the Nano-film than that of the PE film, respectively. Air temperatures at the Micro- and Nano-films were over $2^{\circ}C$ higher than at the PE film, but no significant difference was observed between the two light conversion films. The soil temperature at the Nano-film was $1.5^{\circ}C$ and $3^{\circ}C$ higher than at the Micro- and PE films, respectively. The yields of tomato at the Micro- and Nano-films were 12% and 14% higher than at the PE film, but no significant difference was observed between the two spectrum conversion films. The total soluble solid showed no significant differences among all the films. The yields of lettuces at the Micro- and Nano-films were 27% and 59% higher than at the PE film. Hunter's red (a) value of the lettuce leaf was the highest at the Nano-film. In this experiment, tomatoes requiring high irradiation were better at the Nano film, while lettuce requiring low irradiation better at the Micro film.