• Title/Summary/Keyword: PEG

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Enhanced Partitioning of Proteins in Metal-Affinity Aqueous Two-Phase Systems (금속 친화성 액 이상분계 시스템에서 단백질의 분배 향상)

  • Chung, Bong-Hyun;Park, Young-Hoon
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.336-341
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    • 1993
  • In metal-affinify aqueous two-phase systems, protein partitioning is affected by a variety of parameters such as pH, the number of surface-accessible histidines, and the amount and partition coefficient of metallated polythylene glyco(PEG) ligand. To enhance partitioning of proteins with surface-accessible histidines, we have synthesized and used a (Cu(II)-ininodiacetic acid)$_2$-PEG20,000($Cu(II)_2IDA_2$-PEG20,000) as well as Cu(II)IDA-PEG5,000 as an affinity ligand. The partition coefficient of $Cu(II)_2-IDA_2$-PEG20,000 in a PEG5,000/dextran two-phase system was 30.1, which corresponded to a 3.8-fold increase over that of Cu(II)IDA-PEG5,000. The partitioning experiments were performed on four proteins, horse cytochrome c, S. cerevisiae cytochrome c, horse myoglobin, and sheep myoglobin. Partitioning of proteins which convey surface-accessible histidines was enhanced dramatically by the addition of $Cu(II)_2IDA_2$-PEG20,000 ligand. These results demonstrate that enhanced partitioning of metal-binding proteins in an aqueous two -phase system can by achieved by using an appropriate metallated PEG ligand.

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Sulfonated Poly(ethylene glycol) Containing Methacrylate Copolymer Surfaces; Preparation, Characterization and In Vitro Biocompatibility

  • Park, Ki-Dong;Park, Hyung-Dal;Lee, Hee-Jung;Kim, Young-Ha;Tooru Ooya;Nobuhiko Yui
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.342-351
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    • 2004
  • Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG1K) and sulfonated PEG (PEG1K-SO$_3$) methacrylate (MA) copolymers have been prepared and characterized. The structures of the synthesized copolymers were confirmed by $^1$H and $^{13}$ C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The bulk characteristics of the copolymers were evaluated by viscosity and thermal analysis. The surface properties of the copolymers were investigated using dynamic contact angle measurements and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis. The hydrophilicity of the surfaces modified with PEG1KMA or PEG1K-SO$_3$MA increased, possibly as a result of the orientation of the hydrophilic PEG1KMA/PEG1K-SO$_3$MA chains into the water phase. Platelets adhered less to the surfaces of the copolymers than they did to a polyurethane control. In addition, adhesion of platelets to the copolymer surfaces decreased upon increasing the chain density of PEG1KMA and sulfonated PEG1KMA in the copolymers. Both bacterial adhesion and protein adsorption were significantly reduced on the copolymer surfaces and their levels differ depending on the kind of surface or media.

Evaluation of Hydrocortisone Sustained-Release Suppositories Prepared with Eudragit-Polyethylene Glycol Solid Matrix (유드라짓 및 폴리에틸렌글리콜 고체 매트릭스로 제조한 히드로코르티손 좌제의 서방성 평가)

  • Han, Kun;Kim, Hak-Hyung
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 1990
  • Hydrocortisone (HC) sustained-release suppositories were prepared by using a solid matrix of methacrylic acid-methacrylic acid methyl ester copolymer $(Eudragit\;L_{100}^{R}:\;EL)$ as a poorly water soluble carrier and polyethylene glycole 1540 (PEG) as an water soluble carrier. HC release rate was controlled by complexation with ${\beta}-cyclodextrin$ $({\beta}-CyD)$ which was confirmed by X-ray diffractometry, IR-spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. Release rate of HC from the EL-PEG matrix suppositories decreased with increase of EL contents. The release rale from $HC-{\beta}-CyD$ complex decreased in the following order: $HC-{\beta}-CyD/PEG$ > HC/PEG > $HC-{\beta}-CyD/EL_{10%}-PEG$ > $HC/EL_{10%}-PEG$ > $HC-{\beta}-CyD/EL_{15%}-PEG$ > $HC/EL_{15%}-PEG$ > $HC-{\beta}-CyD/EL_{20%}-PEG$ > $HC/EL_{20%}-PEG$. The crystallinity of HC in polymer matrix was identified using X-ray diffractometer and the surface of matrix suppositories after release test was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The sustained release of HC from these matrix suppositories was attributed to the network structure of EL.

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Process Development of Alcohol Production by Extractive Fermentation(III) -An Optimum Composition of PEG/Dx for Extractive Alcohol Fermentation- (추출발효에 의한 알코올.제조공정 개발(III) -추출 알코올 발효에 최적인 PEG/Dx의 조성-)

  • 허병기;김진한목영일
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.178-184
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    • 1993
  • Extractive fermentations with the extract of Jerusalem artichoke in an aqueous-two-phase-system of polyethyleneglycol(PEG) and dextran(Dx) were investigated to obtain the effects of composition of PEG and Dx on both fermentation ,characteristics and partition ratio of alcohol. The specific growth rate of K. Fraglis CBS 1555 increased with a decrease of concentration of PEG and Dx. It augmented along with concentration of initial sugar up to 80g/l but decreased thereafter. The specific production rate of alcohol showed a rising tendency up to 100g/lof initial sugar, whereafter represented a decreasing trend. The partition ratio of alcohol between two phases augmented according to decrease of Dx comic. and increase of PEG cone. regardless of initial sugar concentrations. The ratio, however, decreased with Increment of initial sugar concentration at constant composition of PEG and Dx. The partition coefficient of alcohol had an ascending effect to the increase of PEG cone, but it had little effect on the changes of concentrations of Dx and initial sugar. The present study suggests that the optimum composition of PEG and Dx in the aqueous-two-phase-system by extractive fermentation were around 6.5%(w/v) of PEG and 3%(w/v) of Dx in considerations of emulsion state, sedimentation and separation of two phases, alcohol partition ratio, and specific growth rate.

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Polyethylen Glycol을 이용한 수침침엽수재의 안정화

  • Hoffmann Per
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.221-233
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    • 1990
  • 4종의 상태가 좋은 그리고 2종의 열화된 수침 침엽수재(Pinus massoniana,Pinus.densiflora, Cunninghamia lanceolata, Crypto meria japonica)를 PEG400과PEG4,000용액으로 처리하였다. 모든 종이 안정화처리에 똑같게 반응을 보였다. 전체적으로 건전재나 약간 열화된 수침재는 PEG400 20%용액으로 처리한 결과 치수안정화가 달성되었다. PEG4,000의 50%용액으로 처리한 목재의 건조에 대한 수축은 심하게 열화된 목재에 대해 열화되지 않은 목재에서는 1/2에서 1/3정도 감소하였다. 엄격한 상관관계가 최적안정화를 위해 PEG와 목재의 밀도간에 존재한다. 최적으로 처리된 목재는 86%상대습도 이하에서는 축축하게 되지 않는다. PEG400과 PEG4,000으로 처리한 2단부함침이 황해에서 구조된 중국 정크선의 목재를 안정화시키는데 대해 추천된다.

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Effect of Polyethylene Glycol Treatment on the Wrinkle Resistance and the Dyeability of Cotton Fabrics (PEG 처리가 면질물의 방춘성 및 염색성에 미치는 영향)

  • 권영아
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.992-1001
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    • 1996
  • The binding of polyethylene glycol (PEG, average molecular weight 600) to cotton fabrics was achieved by using pad-dry-cure process in the presence of citric acid, MgCl3·6H3O, DMDHEU, and TEAHCL. Treated fabrics were dyed with direct, acid, and basic dye. Wrinkle recovery angles, durable press rate, wettability, dyeability and color fastness to washing of all treated cottons were evaluated. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The wrinkle resistance of the PEG treated cottons was increased by increasing PEG and DMDHEU concentration. 2. The wettability of the PEG treated cottons was decreased by increasing PEG and DMDHEU concentration, increased by increasing TEAHCL concentration. 3. PEG/DMDHEU/TEAHCL treated cottons had greater affinity on direct, acid, and basic dye than untreated cottons, and dyeability of the modified cottons was improved compare to untreated fabrics. 4. Color fastness to washing of the PEG/DMDHEU/TEAHCL treated cottons was good except for the wash fastness of the direct dye.

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Regulation and Function of the Peg3 Imprinted Domain

  • He, Hongzhi;Kim, Joomyeong
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2014
  • A subset of mammalian genes differ functionally between two alleles due to genomic imprinting, and seven such genes (Peg3, Usp29, APeg3, Zfp264, Zim1, Zim2, Zim3) are localized within the 500-kb genomic interval of the human and mouse genomes, constituting the Peg3 imprinted domain. This Peg3 domain shares several features with the other imprinted domains, including an evolutionarily conserved domain structure, along with transcriptional co-regulation through shared cis regulatory elements, as well as functional roles in controlling fetal growth rates and maternal-caring behaviors. The Peg3 domain also displays some unique features, including YY1-mediated regulation of transcription and imprinting; conversion and adaptation of several protein-coding members as ncRNA genes during evolution; and its close connection to human cancers through the potential tumor suppressor functions of Peg3 and Usp29. In this review, we summarize and discuss these features of the Peg3 domain.

Performance Prediction of Aluminized High Energy Propellant (알루미늄을 이용한 고에너지 추진제의 성능 예측)

  • 임유진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 1996
  • To compare the performance of aluminized solid propellants, the theoretical calculation was performed for the propellants using HTPB and PEG binder and four kinds of oxidizers such as AP, HMX, ADN, and HNIW. PEG/HMX/Al and PEG/HNIW/Al showed the maximum performance at 17% of aluminum level and there was no difference in maximum performance when HMX was partially replaced with AP in PEG/HMX/AP/Al propellant. The order of performance magnitude of various propellants which the specific impulse loss calculation was considered by semi-empirical equation was like the following; PEG/HNIW/AI>[$\frac{PEG/HMX/AI}{PEG/HMX/AP/AI}$>HTPB/AP/AI>PEG/ADN/AI

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A Study on Protein Adsorption-resistant Soft Contact Lens (단백질흡착을 막는 소프트콘택트렌즈에 관한 연구)

  • 조종수;정영일
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.291-296
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    • 1996
  • Poly(ethylene glycol)(PEG) macromers terminated with diacrylate Iyoups and interpenetrating poly- mer networks(IPN) composed of poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate)(PHEMA) or poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-hydronypropyl methacrylate-co- N-vinyl pyrrolidone ) [ P( HEM A-co- HPM A-co- NVP) ] and PEG macromer were synthesized with the aim of obtaining protein adsorption resistant soft contact lens. Polymerization of PEC macromer resulted in the formation of cross-linked gels due to the multifunctionality of macromer. Crosslinked P(HEMA) or P(HEMA-co-HPMA-co-WVP) chains were interpenetrated into the cross-linked three-dimensional networks of PEG. It was found that albumin adsorption onto the contact lens prepared by P(HEMA-co-HPMA-co-NVP) /PEG IPW decreases with an increase of molecular weight of PEG. Also, it was found that albumin adsorption onto the both contact lens decreases with an increase of concentration of PEC macromer in the IPN preparation. There are also more adequate in the bioinertnen for the contact lens by P(HEMA)/PEG IPN or P (HEMA-co-HPMA-co-NVP)/PEG IPN than that by P(HEMA) or P(HEMA-co-HPMA-co-NVP)

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Drug Release from Ph-sensitive Interpenetrating Polymer Net-works Hydrogel Based on Poly(ethylene glycol) Macromer and Poly (acrylic acid)Prepared by UV Cured Method

  • Kim, In-Sook;Kim, Sung-Ho;Cho, Chong-Su
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 1996
  • Acrylate-terminated poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) macromer was prepared by the reaction of PEG with acryloyl chloride. Photopolymerization of PEG macromer resulted in the formation of cross-linked PEG network. Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) based on PEG and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was obtained via template polymerization of AA to the PEG network by UV curing. The swelling degree of the IPNs hydrogel increased with an increase of pH value due to the association-dissociation between carboxylic acid of PAA and either of PEG through hydrogen bounding. The swelling-deswelling behavior proceeded reversibly for the IPNs upon changing pH. Release of indomethacin from the IPNs demonstrated "on-off" regulation with pH fluctuation.

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