• Title, Summary, Keyword: PRRS

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Detection of antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from pig sera collected from pig farms (야외농장으로부터 수집된 돼지혈청가검물에서 돼지생식기 호흡기증 바이러스 항체 검사)

  • 김현수;공신국
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 1999
  • Total 1,434 sera collected from 72 pig farms were tested for the detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus antibodies. The overall seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibodies was 49.3% (707/727). Of 72 farms tested 59 (81.9%) farms had at least one or more than one pigs with PRRS virus antibodies. The seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibody varied with age. Seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibody in 1 to 30-day-old, 31 to 40-day-old, 41 to 50-day-old, 51 to 60-day-old, and over 61-day-old pig were 27.4%, 52.3%, 57.9%, 52.7%, and 68.2%, respectively. Gilt showed relatively higher seroprevalence (61.2%) than sow (29.2%) and boar (38.3%). In most farms, the infection of PRRS virus was chronic and confined to grower or finisher. This pattern of infection suggests that partial depopulation of the infected herds appears be one of the measures to eradicate the PRRS virus infection. High seroprevalence of the PRRS virus antibody in gilts and boars indicates that the infected gilts and boars in the breeding farms are the major source of the PRRS virus infection, and also play an important role in spreading the PRRS virus between fan mates or herds.

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Seroprevalence of antiboby to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from pig sera collected from breeding herds (번식돈에서 돼지 생식기 호흡기증 바이러스 항체 분포 조사)

  • 박최규;김현수
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2004
  • Total 2,451 sera collected from pig farms nationwide were tested for the detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS) virus antibodies. The results were analyzed between different geographic regions, types of breeding pigs, and different years. The overall seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibodies for 3 years was 32.4%(705/2,451). The seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibodies in years 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2004 was 33.4% (284/850), 38.6%(291/754), 33.3%(155/466), and 17.1%(65/381), respectively. The seropevalence of PRRS virus antibody in sow in years 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 was 31.7%, 28.4%, 29.6%, and 13.4%, respectively. The seropevalence of PRRS virus antibody in gilts in years 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 was 36.6%, 67.4%, 54.7%, and 33.9%, respectively. The seropevalence of PRRS virus antibody in boars in years 2000, 2001 and 2003 was 45.7%, 36.4%, and 100%, respectively. No boar serum sample was submitted for the diagnosis of PRRS virus antibody in the year 2000. High seroprevalence of the PRRS virus antibody in sow, gilts and boars indicates that the infected breeding pigs are the major source of the PRRS virus infection, and also play an important role in spreading the PRRS virus between fan mates or herds.

A pathological study in subsequent infection of PRRS virus to pigs with porcine pleuropneumoniae (돼지생식기호흡기증후군과 돼지 흉막폐렴의 복합감염에 따른 병리학적 연구)

  • Jeong, Hyun-Kyu;Han, Jeong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-41
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a subsequent infection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS) virus to pigs with A. pleuropneumonia in pigs. Twenty three 7-weeks-old commercial pigs were infected with PRRS virus and/or A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 5 intratracheally. Feed conversion, clincal signs, gross and histopathological lesions and immunohistochemical findings were examined. 1. Feed conversion ratio in dual-infected pigs with PRRS virus and A. pleuropneumoniae were higher than that of single- infected pigs with PRRS virus or A. pleuropneumoniae. 2. Dual-infected pigs with PRRS virus followed by A. pleuropneumoniae showed more severe clinical signs and gross, histopathological and immunohistochemical pulmonary lesions. The results indicated that dual infections with PRRS virus and A. pleuropneumoniae caused more severe respiratory lesions and growth retardation in pigs than single infection with PRRS virus or A. pleuropneumoniae.

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Current situation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Korea (한국의 돼지생식기호흡기증후군(PRRS) 발생경향)

  • Han, Kyung-soo;Lyoo, Kwang-soo;Park, Bong-kyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.133-137
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    • 1999
  • The 2,078 blood samples from 148 swine farms were collected and tested by IFA for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS) virus antibody to know what type of PRRS prevails by the area. Clinically reproductive form of PRRS occurred in swine farms of 3/27, 3/87, and 2/34 in eastern, central and western areas, but the seroprevalence of those areas was different as 6.5%, 23.3%, and 17.6%, respectively. However, respiratory form of PRRS occurred more frequently, and the number of farms manifested with the respiratory form of PRRS in the eastern, central and western areas was 22/27, 71/87, and 30/34, respectively. The seroprevalence of that form of PRRS in the eastern, central and western areas was 52.2%, 67.1%, and 51.6%, respectively. Subsequently mixed form of PRRS occurred more frequently in the central area and the number of farms of eastern, central and western areas was 2/27, 13/87, and 2/34, respectively. The PRRS seroprevalence of the eastern, central and western areas was 58.6%, 54.0%, and 19.2%, respectively. Collectively the PRRS seroprevalence of eastern, central and western areas was 43.8%, 59.3%, and 38.2%, respectively. Overall seroprevalence of PRRS in Korea was 51.8%. In conclusion, the reproductive or the respiratory form of PRRS has been still in trouble in the Korean swine industry and PRRS control measures have to be taken in consideration.

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An Integrated Epidemiological and Economic Analysis of Vaccination against Highly Pathogenic Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam

  • Zhang, Haifeng;Kono, Hiroichi;Kubota, Satoko
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1499-1512
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study are to assess pig farmers' preference for highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) vaccine, and estimate the cost and benefit of PRRS vaccination in Vietnam. This study employed an integrated epidemiological and economic analysis which combined susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model, choice experiment (CE) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA) together. The result of SIR model showed the basic reproduction number ($R_0$) of PRRS transmission in this study is 1.3, consequently, the optimal vaccination percentage is 26%. The results of CE in this study indicate that Vietnam pig farmers are showing a high preference for the PRRS vaccine. However, their mean willingness to pay is lower than the potential cost of PRRS vaccine. It can be considered to be one of the reasons that the PRRS vaccination ratio is still low in Vietnam. The results of CBA specified from the whole society's point of view (Social perspective), the benefits of PRRS vaccination are 2.3 to 4.5 times larger than the costs. To support policy making for increasing the PRRS vaccination proportion, this study indicates two ways to increase the vaccination proportion: i) decrease vaccine price by providing a subsidy, ii) provide compensation of culling only for PRRS vaccinated pigs.

Prevalence of tissue antigen and serum antibody for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Cheju

  • Ho, Seong-hyun;Jun, Yong-chul;Park, Choi-kyu;Lee, Chang-hee;Bae, Jong-hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.760-764
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    • 1999
  • A totoal of 219 pigs, 109 necropsy-pigs at the diagnostic laboratory of Cheju National University and 110 slaughter-pigs in Cheju, were evaluated for the prevalence of tissue antigen and serum antibody for spontaneus porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS). Tissues from 219 pigs examined for PRRS viral antigen by immmunohistochemistry included lung(cranio-ventral lobes and dorso-caudal lobes), tonsil, tracheobronchial lymph node, mesenteric lymph node, heart, kidney, liver, spleen, testis, ovary, brain, and spinal cord. Sera from 180 pigs were tested for the presence of antibody to PRRS virus by the indirect fluorescent antibody assay (IFA). In the examination of serum antibody and tissue antigen for PRRS virus, serum antibody titers were considered as positive in 10%(18/180) of animals tested and PRRS viral antigen was detected in tissues of 4%(9/219) of the pigs. PRRS virus tissue antigen was most commonly detected by immunohistochemistry in the cranio-ventral lobe and tonsil. We also confirmed the distribution of tissue antigen and prevalence of serum antibody to PRRS virus in Cheju. The detection of viral antigen by immunohistochemistry in tonsils and cranio-ventral lobes proved to be a very useful method for PRRS diagnosis.

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Diagnosis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) and its serological survey using the reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA (RT-PCR과 ELISA를 이용한 PRRS 진단 및 항체가 조사)

  • Chu Keum-Suk;Han Keu-Sam;Han Jae-Cheol;Song Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2004
  • The studies were performed for the PRRS antigen and antibody detection from breeding farms, artificial insemination(AI) center and growing farms in Jeonbuk province. 1. Specific PRRS primers were successfully amplified ORF6 617bp and ORF7 448 bp on agarose gel. 2. RT-PCR method has been establish by commercial kit and the thermal cycler program consisted of 30 cycles: $95^{\circ}C$ for 30 sec, $45^{\circ}C$ for 30 sec, and $72^{\circ}C$ for 45 sec. 3. The results of PRRS antibody test by ELISA method in AI centers were $6.6\%,\;53.3\%$ and breeding farms $65\%,\;65\%\;and\;38.7\%$, respectively. The serological positive of the antibody in gilt higher than sow. 4. The sero-positive of the PRRS antibody showed average $21\%$ in domestic farms, $56.2\%$ in breeding farms, and $29.9\%$ in AI center.

Seroprevalence of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) in Gyeongbuk province (경북지역 양돈장의 돼지생식기호흡기증후군(PRRS) 항체가 조사)

  • Sohn, Jun-Hyung;Shin, Sung-Ho;Lee, Eun-Mi;Kim, Soon-Tae;Cho, Min-Hee;Yun, Mun-Jo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was survey of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus antibody in Gyeongbuk province by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Total 690 samples collected from 15 pig farms were tested. The overall seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibodies was 63.2% (436/690) and 13 farms of 15 farms had at least one pig with PRRS virus antibodies. The seroprevalence of PRRS virus antibody varied with age. Results in 1 to 30 day old, 31 to 60 day old, 61 to 90 day old, 90 to 120 day old and over 120 day old pig were 58.3%, 36.0%, 68.0%, 84.0%, 80.0% and sow were 61.9% respectively.

Comparison of immune cell populations in bronchoalveolar lavage cells and PBMC cytokine expressions in porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome and porcine respiratory disease complex

  • Yang, Myeon-Sik;Jeong, Chang-Gi;Nazki, Salik;Mattoo, Sameer ul Salam;Lee, Sang-Myeong;Kim, Won-Il;Kim, Bumseok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.201-216
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    • 2019
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is characterized by reproductive failure in sows and respiratory distress in all age pigs. Porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC) is a disease caused by opportunistic bacterial infection secondary to a weakened immune system by a preceding respiratory infection. In this study, we tried to compare the immune responses in PRRS and PRDC groups to clearly characterize the disease severity. Eighty-five pigs were infected with various Korean field PRRS virus strains. Infected animals were classified into PRRS (n=32) and PRDC (n=53) groups based on lung lesions such as interstitial pneumonia, suppurative pneumonia, and pleuropneumonia. The immune cell population of bronchoalveolar lavage cells (BALc) was evaluated on 14 and 28 days post infection (dpi) and PMBC cytokine expression was measured on 0, 3, 7, 14 dpi to investigate early inflammatory reactions. Pulmonary lesion severity was negatively correlated with alveolar macrophage (AM) in both PRRS and PRDC groups on 14 and 28 dpi. AM in BALc was less populated in PRDC group on 28 dpi compared to PRRS group. AM in BALc was significantly less populated in PRDC group on 28 dpi compared to 14 dpi. In addition, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) in BALc was higher populated in PRDC group on 14 dpi and 28 dpi compared to PRRS group. In the case of PBMC cytokine TNF-α, IFN-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ, FoxP3, and IL-2, the PRRS group showed higher expression than the PRDC group on 7 dpi, 14 dpi, 7 dpi, 14 dpi, 14 dpi, and 14 dpi, respectively. On the other hand, in the case of IFN-β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-4, and IL-17, the PRDC group showed higher PBMC cytokine expression at 14 dpi, 7 dpi, 14 dpi, 3 dpi, and 3 dpi, respectively, than the PRRS group. Based on these results, our study could characterize differential immune responses in pigs with PRRS or PRDC.

Expression of ORF6 gene of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus (돼지생식기호흡기증후군 바이러스의 ORF6 유전자 발현)

  • Bae, Su-Jung;Kim, Jin-Won;Yoon, Young-Sim;Kang, Shien-Young
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2009
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus is the etiological agent of diseases characterized by reproductive losses in sows and respiratory disorders in piglets. The PRRS virus is a small enveloped virus containing a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome. In the present study, ORF6 gene of Korean PRRS virus isolate, CNV, was cloned and expressed in baculovirus expression system. The ORF6 gene and expressed protein in the recombinant virus were confirmed by PCR/indirect fluorescence antibody (IFA) test and Western blotting, respectively. The recombinant protein with a molecular weight of approximately 24KDa was confirmed by Western blotting using His6 and PRRS virus-specific antiserum. Expressed ORF6 protein was applied for IFA to detect antibody against PRRS virus using field porcine sera. However, the sensitivity and specificity of developed IFA using expressed ORF6 protein were considerably low compared to those of commercial ELISA kit. This results suggest that IFA using expressed ORF6 protein could not be used as a diagnostic test for PRRS virus infection without further improvements.