• Title, Summary, Keyword: PSC 거더

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Analysis of Lateral Behavior of PSC Bridge Girders under Wind Load During Construction (시공 중 풍하중에 의한 PSC 교량 거더의 횡방향 거동 해석)

  • Lee, Jong-Han;Kim, Kyung Hwan;Cho, Baiksoon
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 2015
  • The span-lengthening of PSC I girder has increased the risk of lateral instability of the girder with the increases in the aspect ratio and self-weight of the girder. Recently, collapses of PSC I girder during construction raise the necessity of evaluating the lateral instability of the girder. Thus, the present study evaluated the lateral behavior and instability of PSC I girders under wind load, regarded as one of the main causes of the roll-over collapse during construction. Lateral instability of the girder is mainly dependent on the length of the girder and the stiffness of the support. The analysis results of this study showed the decrease in the critical wind load and the increase in the critical deformation and angle of the girder, leading to the lateral instability of the girder. Finally, this study proposed analytical equations that can predict the critical amount of wind load and lateral deformation of the girder, which would provide quantitative management values to maintain lateral stability of PSC I girder during construction.

Structural Health Monitoring using Acceleration Response Features of PSC Girder Strengthened with Internal and External Tendons (내부 및 외부 긴장재로 보강된 PSC 거더의 가속도 응답 특성을 이용한 구조건전성 모니터링)

  • Hong, Dong-Soo;Park, Jae-Hyung;Kim, Jeong-Tae;Ryu, Yeon-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.352-355
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 내부 및 외부 긴장재로 보강된 PSC 거더의 가속도 응답 특성을 이용한 구조건전성 모니터링을 위해 실험 및 수치해석 결과를 비교 분석하는 연구를 수행하였다. 첫 번째로, 내부 및 외부 긴장재로 보강된 모형 PSC 거더를 제작하였다. 두 번째로, 모형 PSC 거더의 형상, 재료 및 경계조건과 긴장재의 배치를 고려하여 초기 유한요소모델을 설계하였다. 세 번째로, 다수의 내부 및 외부 긴장력 조건하의 모형 PSC 거더에 대한 동특성 추출 실험 및 수치해석을 수행하였다. 마지막으로, 실험결과와 수치해석 결과를 비교 분석하여 가속도 응답 특성을 이용한 내부 및 외부 긴장재로 보강된 PSC 거더의 구조건전성 모니터링에 대한 적용성을 검토하였다.

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An Experimental Study for Structural Safety Evaluation of PSC Box Girder Bridge with FRP Struts (FRP 스트럿을 가진 PSC 박스거더교의 구조안전성 평가를 위한 실험 연구)

  • Song, Jae-Joon;Park, Jong-Hwa;Park, Kyung-Hoon;Jo, Byung-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2008
  • The structure of PSC box girder with FRP strut has a form of supporting the cantilever part in the widened upper slab by modifying the existing PSC box girder efficiently, and it is able to build an economical and aesthetically pleasing bridge as it reduces the size of the lower structure by reducing the self-weight of the upper structure. In this research, loading test of PSC Box Girder using full-scale mock-up was conducted and FEM analysis was performed. By comparing results, structural safety of the FRP strut and the upper slab following application of the strut in the PSC Box Girder Bridge were evaluated.

Evaluation of the Load Carrying Capacity of Existing Bridges with Long Span Hollow Web Prestressed Concrete Girder by Static Load Test (정적재하시험을 통한 장경간 중공 웨브 PSC 거더교의 내하력 평가)

  • Kim, Seong-Kyum;Jang, Pan-Ki;Jang, Il-Young
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2018
  • Conventional PSC I type girders were adversely affected by the self - weight of concrete, anchorage, prestressing. In order to overcome this problem, PSC girder was constructed with a hollow in the web and developed a hollow web PSC type I girder which is applicable to 50 - 70m span by multistage stressing and then actually long span hollow web PSC girder bridge was constructed. In this study, the results of Static Load Test and the Finite Element Analysis of the hollow web PSC I girder bridges were compared and analyzed, and the Load Carrying Capacity and safety of PSC girder bridges were evaluated. The Static Load Test and the numerical analysis results of this bridge showed similar tendency and the behavior of the hollow web PSC I girder was well simulated. The entire girders of the bridges had sufficient Load Carrying Capacity under the live load design condition and the bridges satisfied the safety and confirmed the appropriateness of the construction.

Behavior of PSC Composite Bridge with Precast Decks (프리캐스트 바닥판 PSC 합성거더 교량의 거동)

  • Chung, Chul Hun;Hyun, Byung Hak
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.5A
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    • pp.873-880
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    • 2006
  • PSC composite bridge with precast decks which was designed by the proposed horizontal shear equation was fabricated. Fatigue test was performed to evaluate the endurance of shear connection and the behavior of PSC composite bridge. After all the fatigue loading were applied, no crack and no residual slip were occurred. The flexural stiffness of PSC composite bridge was maintained the initial value, and demage of shear connection was not occurred. To verify the applicability of horizontal shear equation and shear connection detail and to evaluate the strength of PSC composite bridges, static test was also executed. PSC composite bridges with precast decks had 2.08 safety factor which was the ratio of crack to serviceability load and showed ductile behavior after ultimate load. Test results showed that the proposed design equation of the shear connection gave reasonable horizontal shear connection design. Fast and easy construction would be achieved using the suggested precast system.

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Experimental Performance Estimate of a 40m PSC I Girder for Railway Bridges (40m PSC I형 철도교의 동적 성능 평가)

  • Yeo, Inho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.394-401
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    • 2013
  • Here we report the results of an experimental laboratory test to verify the applicability to railway bridges of a PSC I girder of which the upper flange thickness was increased to improve sectional performance. The thicker this flange is, the further upward the neutral axis is moved. If in this way the span length can be increased to 40m long, the bridge may be constructed with four girders instead of five. Therefore, construction cost could be lowered by reducing the weight of the long span structure due to increased sectional efficiency. It was also necessary to be certain that the dynamic performance of this relatively flexible structure would be applicable to railway bridges. Therefore numerical analysis, as well as static and dynamic tests, was carried out for a full-size PSC I girder. Based on these results, it was verified that the performance of the PSC I railway bridge satisfied the performance criteria of the design code.

Analytics Study on safety and stability of 50m class Portable Prestressing Bed (50m급 이동식 긴장대의 안전성 및 안정성에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Jong Suk;Yoon, Ki Yong;Kim, Yong Hyeog
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.182-182
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    • 2011
  • 현재 국내에서 PSC 거더의 제작은 주로 포스트텐션방식을 사용하고 있다. 포스트텐션방식은 콘크리트 양생 후 긴장력을 도입하여 제작회전율이 높은 특성을 가지나 쉬스, 그라우팅, 정착장치 등이 요구되어 조립과정이 복잡하고 제작단가가 높다. 교량에 적용되는 PSC 거더를 포스트텐션방식 대신에 프리텐션방식으로 제작한다면 제작단가를 대폭 감소시킬 수 있을 것이나, 교량용 PSC 거더의 길이가 일반적으로 30~50m이므로 공장에서 제작하여 현장으로 운반하는 것은 운반비용의 상승 및 운반 가능한 크기의 제한을 받게 된다. 운반의 문제를 해결하기 위해서는 현장에서 PSC 거더를 제작하여야 하는데 현장에 긴장대를 고정식으로 설치하는 것은 제작단가의 상승으로 이어져 경제성을 잃게 된다. 따라서 현장에서 사용할 수 있도록 이동식 긴장대를 제작한다면 경제성을 갖춘 프리텐션방식의 PSC 거더 생산이 가능할 것이다. 50m급 이동식 긴장대에는 약 10MN에 이르는 매우 큰 긴장력이 가해져 이동식 긴장대가 콘크리트 양생전까지 이 긴장력을 저항하여야 한다. 본 논문에서는 유한요소 해석프로그램인 ABAQUS를 사용하여 50m급 PSC 거더를 생산할 수 있는 이동식 긴장대를 모델링하여 약 10MN에 이르는 긴장력이 가해질 때에 이동식 긴장대의 각 구성요소의 거동특성 및 하중에 대한 안전성 및 좌굴에 대한 안정성 확보 여부를 해석적으로 파악하고자 한다. 이동식 긴장대는 구성요소인 정착블럭(긴장BOX)과 중간연결블럭으로 나누어 모델링하였다. 정착블럭(긴장BOX)은 다수의 강판을 4절점 쉘요소(S4R)를 사용하여 직육면체의 BOX 형상에 내부를 보강한 단면으로 구성하였고, 중간연결블럭은 H형강 2개를 일체화한 긴장대 거더와 콘크리트 바닥판 블록이 볼트로 합성된 구조이며, H형강은 4절점 쉘요소(S4R), 바닥판블럭은 8절점솔리드요소(C3D8R)를 사용하였다. 긴장대거더와 바닥판블럭은 합성거동을 하도록 weld option을 사용하여 부분적으로 결합하였다. 정적해석결과 이동식 긴장대에 발생하는 응력은 도로교 설계기준에 SS400 강재의 허용응력 140MPa 보다 작으며 선형탄성좌굴 해석결과 가력하중의 2.22배 약 21MN의 하중이 가력되어야 전체좌굴이 발생하게 될 것으로 추정된다. 해석결과를 보아 50m급 PSC 거더를 생산할 수 있는 이동식 긴장대는 하중에 대한 안전성 및 좌굴에 대한 안정성을 확보하고 있는 것으로 판단된다.

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Flexural Behaviors of PSC Composite Girders in Negative Moment Regions (콘크리트 충전 강관을 갖는 프리스트레스트 합성거더의 부모멘트 구간 거동)

  • Kang, Byeong-Su;Ju, Young-Tae;Lee, Yong-Hak
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2006
  • Prestressed composite girder with concrete infilled steel tubes(PSC-CFT girder) is new type of bridge girder which enhances the resisting capacities due to the double composite action of PSC composite girder and concrete infilled tube. The flexural behaviors of PSC-CFT girder in the negative moment regions are investigated based on the experimental observations recently performed on two of 3.6m long specimens. The mechanical and structural roles and failure mechanism of the composite action are discussed through comparing the test results with those numerically predicted by the three methods of one and three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis, and section analysis method.

Behavior of PSC Girder with Partially Corrugated Web (부분 파형강판을 복부로 사용한 PSC거더의 거동)

  • Choi, Kyu-Tae;Ahn, Jin-Hee;Park, Hyun-Min;Kim, Sang-Hyo;Jung, Sang-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.47-48
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    • 2009
  • This study suggested partially corrugated web PSC girder considering bucking characteristics to get advantages of serviceability improvement and prestressing efficiency. In addition, Behavior characteristics of partially corrugated web PSC girder was examined by static loading test.

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LCA-based Environmental Impact Analysis for Prestressed Concrete Girders (프리스트레스 콘크리트 거더의 LCA기반 환경영향 분석)

  • Choi, Gyeong-Chan;Kim, Do-Hoon;Park, Jin-Young;Kim, Byung-Soo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2020
  • Bridges which are components of road network consume large amounts of resources such as concrete and steel materials, which have large environmental impacts during construction. This causes a great environmental burden. In order to reduce the environmental impact caused by the construction of the bridge, the environmental impact should be reviewed based on reasonable data in the early design stage. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for LCA-based environmental impact assessment in the process of selecting bridge type in the early design stage. For this purpose, design data for four types of PSC bridges (general PSC girder, IPC girder, e-Beam, DR girder) were collected and LCA was performed to analyze the basic unit value and impact factors of environmental load. The results of the analysis showed that the environmental impact of IPC girder was the smallest, and the environmental impact of e-Beam was 133.7% higher than that of IPC girder. In addition, concrete, reinforcement, PC strand, square timber, sheath pipe, and steel plate were derived as the main factors that generate 98.5% of the overall environmental impact of PSC girder.