• Title, Summary, Keyword: PV

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PV Module Configuration Considering Environment Conditions of Photovoltaic System (태양광 발전시스템의 환경조건을 고려한 PV 모듈 구성)

  • Ko, Jae-Sub;Chung, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2014
  • This paper proposes the configuration of photovoltaic(PV) module considering the environment conditions of the PV system. The PV system is consisted of the series-parallel connection of the PV module. When shadows or changes of the radiation or an electrical characteristic in the solar cell are happened to PV system, the serious power loss will occur. If the PV module connected in series has the shadows, the output current is restricted to current of shaded PV module. Also if shadow is occurred to the parallel connection PV module, the output voltage is limited to voltage of shaded PV module. These problems are caused power loss. Therefore, this paper proposes the method that makes the output power of the PV module equalize by reconfiguration of PV module using the switching considering these environment conditions. A validity of the method proposed in this paper proves through comparing with performance of conventional PV module.

Reconfiguration of PV Module Considering the Shadow Influence of Photovoltaic System (태양광 발전시스템의 그림자 영향을 고려한 PV 모듈의 재구성)

  • Ko, Jae-Sub;Chung, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.36-44
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes the reconfiguration of PV module considering shadow influence of photovoltaic system. The PV system is consisted series-parallel connection of PV module. The voltage and current between PV modules become unbalance when shadow occurs to PV module. If shadow occurs to the series connection PV module, the output current is limited to current of shaded PV module. Also if shadow occurs to the parallel connection PV module, the output voltage is limited to voltage of shaded PV module. These problems are caused power loss. Therefore, the PV module in this paper consist using the fixed module and variable module by shaded conditions. The reconfiguration of PV module can compensates the shadow influence by changing connection of a variable module when shadow is occurred to PV module. A validity of the reconfiguration of PV module proposed in this paper proves through comparing with performance of conventional PV module.

A Comparative Analysis of Regional Energy Demand and Production in terms of Energy Sharing through PV/T and PV (PV/T와 PV 시설을 통한 열 공유 측면의 지역별에너지 수요량과 생산량 비교분석 연구)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Min;Lee, Tae-Kyu;Kim, Jung-Uk
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.380-387
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    • 2019
  • In recent years, solar energy PV/T research has been actively pursued by complementing solar heat acquisition and solar energy acquisition, and PV/T energy efficiency is generally excellent. In this study, the annual energy demand is calculated based on one building, and the energy production when PV / T installed on the roof and the energy production when PV are installed are compared and analyzed by simulation case. In conclusion, Busan which is the southern province in Korea, has the largest amount of energy generation, and introducing the concept of sharing surplus energy, excluding energy demand from generation. As a result, it can be supplied up to 3.3 households.

Performance Improvement Justification of a Concentrating Photovoltaic(CPV) System over a non-concentrating PV system (비집광형 PV시스템 대비 집광형 PV시스템의 성능 개선 효과 분석)

  • Naveed, Ahmed T;Kang, Eun-Chul;Lee, Eui-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.141-153
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    • 2005
  • PV 태양광 발전은 PV 재료가 고가이므로 일반 전력비용에 비해 상대적으로 비용이 높아진다. 저가형 광학 집광기술과 PV를 통합하게 되면, 비용뿐만 아니라 설치면적 등에서 유리하게 되나, 집광기의 단점이 함께 추가되게 된다. 집광기는 작은 수광각과 송신광선을 갖고 있어 PV 모듈에 필요한 태양광, 광학손실의 손실정도를 최소화하기 위한 신중한 시스템 디자인과 2축형 트레킹 장치가 필요하다. 고정식 비집광 시스템보다 더 많은 에너지를 얻기 위해서는 광학시스템의 손실율을 줄이고, 고효율의 PV 모듈을 이용한 PV셀의 상호연결이 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 우선, 비이미지 프레넬 렌즈 집광기를 사용한 PV 시스템에 대하여 간단하게 설명한 후, 출력전력값을 이론적으로 예측하고 PV 효율과 시스템 성능을 제시하였다. 프레넬 렌즈 선형 집광기 통합 PV 시스템과 비집광 PV 모듈의 출력전력값과 시스템 비용을 비교하면, PV 전력비용을 줄일 수 있는 집광기의 이용이 유용한 것을 알 수 있다. 따라서, 집광형 PV 시스템은 미래의 에너지 이용에 매우 유리한 시스템이라 할 수 있다.

Development of PV cell model for various PV cell material (다양한 재질의 PV cell에 적용 가능한 PV cell model 개발)

  • Park, Hyeonah;Kim, Hyosung
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.3-4
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    • 2012
  • PV 시뮬레이터는 제한된 공간에서 PCS(Power Conditioning System)의 성능을 평가하거나, 고장유무를 검사하는데 필수적인 장비이다. PV 시뮬레이터가 PV 어레이와 동일한 동작을 하기 위해서는 다양한 재질의 PV cell에 대하여 모델링이 가능해야한다. 본 논문은 EN50530에 규정되어 있는 최대전력운 전범위인 $V_{MPP}{\pm}10%$ 구간에서 발생하는 오차를 다른 PV cell 모델링 알고리즘과 비교하고 제안한 알고리즘의 우수함을 증명하였다.

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The Loss Factor Analysis for PV System Optimization (PV시스템 최적화를 위한 손실요인 분석)

  • Jung, Yeong-Seok;Yu, Byung-Gyu;Yu, Gwon-Jong;Choi, Ju-Yeop;So, Jung-Hun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2006
  • Establishment of practicalization technologies is becoming more important as dissemination of domestic PV system has been increased. To improve performance through PV system optimization, this paper presents loss factors analysis of PV system based on results of field operational test. Also, as simulation results are compared with actual operational ones, the main loss factors of PV system due to performance degradation are reviewed.

PV모듈 전.후면 재료별 PID에 의한 출력 변화

  • Kim, Han-Byeol;Jeong, Tae-Hui;Gang, Gi-Hwan;Jang, Hyo-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.312.1-312.1
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    • 2013
  • PID (Potential Induced Degradation)는 높은 시스템 전압을 갖는 PV모듈에서 발생하는 현상으로 PV모듈의 출력을 급격하게 감소시키는 현상을 말한다. PV시스템의 높은 전압은 태양전지와 PV모듈의 프레임 사이에 전위차를 발생시키고 이로 인하여 누설전류가 흐르게 된다. 누설전류는 태양전지 표면에 전하를 축적 시켜 발전 효율을 감소시키게 된다. 이러한 누설전류는 온도와 습도가 높을수록 많이 발생하는 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 논문에서는 PV모듈을 구성하는 재료가 PID에 의한 출력변화에 어떠한 영향을 주는지에 관한 연구를 수행하였다. PID가 쉽게 발생하는 태양전지를 이용하여 일반적으로 PV모듈을 제작 할 때 사용되는 전 후면 재료를 이용하여 각각의 출력변화에 대한 연구를 수행하였다. PV모듈의 전 후면 재료를 각각 다르게 하여 이에 따른 PID 발생 정도를 출력 변화로 확인하였으며 PID의 원인이 되는 누설전류에 어떠한 변화를 주는지 분석하였다. PV모듈의 후면 재료는 PV모듈 내부로의 수분 침투와 관련하여 PID 발생에 영향을 주고 전면재료인 저철분 강화유리는 PV모듈 내부에 전하를 공급하여 누설전류가 발생하게 하는 역할을 하는 것으로 판단된다.

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Experimental Analysis of Ventilation Effect on the Performance of Building-Integrated PV Solar Roof (건물통합형 PV Solar Roof의 통풍효과 실험분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Lee, Kang-rock;Kim, Jun-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2006
  • The integration of PV modules into building facades or roof could raise PV module temperature that results in the reduction of electrical power generation. Lowering operating temperature of PV module is important in this respect, and PV module temperature should be considered more accurately, for building-integrated PV(BIPV) systems in predicting their performance. This paper describes a BIPV solar roof design and verifies its performance through experiment In relation to the effect of ventilation in space between PV module and roof surface. The results showed that the ventilation in the space had a positive effect in lowering the module temperature of the BIPV solar roof that enhanced the performance of its electricity generation.

Characteristic analysis of PV-AF-SPE system using PSCAD/EMTDC (PSCAD/EMTDC를 이용한 PV-AF-SPE 시스템의 특성분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Han;Lee, Suk-Ju;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Park, Min-Won;Yu, In-Keun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1205-1206
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    • 2006
  • In this paper an integrated model of PV-AF (Photovoltaic-Active Filter) and PV-SPE (Photovoltaic Solid Polymer Electrolyte) system using PSCAD/EMTDC were explained in detail. The main concept of PV-AF system starts from the "harmonics". In order to deliver power to utility, PV system essentially needs a converter system. Here PV-AF system adds the function of active filter to the converter system installed in PV system, which was introduced already in several papers. PV-SPE system has been studied as a replacement of existing hydrogen production technology that emits large amount of carbon dioxide into atmosphere. Until now, these two systems, PV-AF and PV-SPE, have been considered separately. However, in this paper, characteristics and advantages of combined system are discussed in detail.

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A study on the application of PV-AF-SPE hybrid system (PV-AF-SPE 복합시스템의 응용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Han;Lee, Suk-Ju;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Park, Min-Won;Yu, In-Keun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.341-343
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    • 2006
  • In this paper an integrated model of PV-AF (Photovoltaic-Active Filter) and PV-SPE (Photovoltaic Solid Polymer Electrolyte) system using PSCAD/EMTDC were explained in detail. The main concept of PV-AF system starts from the "harmonics". In order to deliver power to utility, PV system essentially needs a converter system. Here PV-AF system adds the function of active filter to the converter system installed in PV system, which was introduced already in several papers. PV-SPE system has been studied as a replacement of existing hydrogen production technology that emits large amount of carbon dioxide into atmosphere. Until now, these two systems, PV-AF and PV-SPE, have been considered separately. However, in this paper, characteristics and advantages of combined system are discussed in detail.

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