• Title, Summary, Keyword: PVC composite

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A Study on Absorption Amount of Water-Repellency Processed Non-Woven Fabric in PVC Composite Waterproofing Sheet of A Multi-Layer Structure (다층막 구조형 PVC 복합방수시트 내 발수 처리된 부직포의 흡수량에 관한 연구)

  • An, Ki-Won;Heo, Neung-Hoe;Oh, Je-Gon;Go, Gun-Woong;Go, Jang-Ryeol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.163-164
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    • 2014
  • This study is conducted for prevent spread of penetration water and water leakage through non-woven fabric between PVC sheet and PVC sheet in the PVC composite waterproofing sheet of a multi-layer structure. For this, carry out absorption amount test to confirm spread resistance performance after manufacturing PVC composite waterproofing sheet of a multi-layer structure using water-repellency processed non-woven fabric. As a result of test, weight of water-repellency processed non-woven fabric increased to 1.178g, Compared with beginning and there are not penetration water.

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Antimicrobial Activity and Mechanism of Polyvinyl Chloride Composite Containing Inorganic Bacteriocide

  • Park, Se-Ho;Lee, Jae-Yeul;Choi, Ju-Hwan;Park, Tae-Hee;Moon, Sung-Bae;Lee, Hyeongsu;Bang, Daesuk;Yang, Seun-Ah;Jhee, Kwang-Hwan
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2015
  • Bacterial infection is one of the most common and universal cause of disease spreading associated with medical and surgical environment. Antimicrobial function of plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) will be useful for making hygienic environments. Here, we synthesized the PVC composite by the addition of inorganic bacteriocide containing silver, zinc and zeolite. And we investigated the growth inhibition rate for Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae which were analyzed in the presence of PVC composite with different doses of inorganic bacteriocide (1~15 wt%). Bacterial proliferation was significantly inhibited by 3 wt% of inorganic bacteriocide containing PVC composite. And we found the inhibition of bacterial biofilm formation by 5 wt% of inorganic bacteriocide containing PVC composite by the observation of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Our data suggested that the antimicrobial effect of inorganic bacteriocide was caused by disturbing the bacterial biofilm formation.

Flame Retardancy and Thermal Properties of PVC/ATH Composites Prepared by a Modular Intermeshing Co-rotating Twin Screw Extruder

  • Lee, Hyeongsu;Park, Se-Ho;Lee, Jae-Yeul;Park, Yuri;Jeong, Hobin;Jhee, Kwang-Hwan;Bang, Daesuk
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2016
  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has been used as a general-purpose polymer because of its lower cost, good durability and mechanical properties compared to other materials. However, PVC is vulnerable to heat deformation and generates a toxic gas like hydrogen chloride. Therefore, it is important to delay or prevent the flame retardancy and thermal degradation of the PVC during the processing. It was reported that aluminum trihydroxide (ATH) improved flame retardancy as well as smoke inhibition of the virgin polymer. In this study, PVC composites by addition of ATH were compounded in a modular intermeshing co-rotating twin screw extruder. The PVC composites with different concentrations of ATH (0~5 phr) were analyzed. Flame retardancy of the PVC composite significantly increased depending on the ATH concentration. LOI of the composite also increased with the concentration of ATH. There were no significant differences for the thermal properties of the PVC composites with ATH.

Rheological Studies, Physico-Mechanical Properties, Thermal Properties and Morphology of PVC/Waste-Gypsum Composites

  • Nguyen, Vu-Giang;Kang, Hae-Jun;Kang, Sang-Yong;Jung, Da-Woon;Ko, Jin-Whoan;Thai, Hoang;Do, Quang-Tham;Kim, Myung-Yul
    • Composites Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2014
  • The effect of addition of gypsum on the rheology, physico-mechanical properties, thermal properties and morphology development of polymer composites based on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and waste-gypsum with and without methylene-butadiene-styrene (MBS) has been studied. It was shown that the replacement of gypsum for methylene-butadiene-styrene (MBS) component in PVC/gypsum polymer composites enhanced the tensile strength and stiffness of composites, but gradually decreased its impact strength. The observation of morphology, the results of the physico-mechanical properties and thermal properties proved simultaneously that PVC/gypsum composite with the waste-gypsum content of 22.56 wt% reached the optimum results among five kinds of PVC/gypsum polymer composite materials investigated.

Effect of gypsum content on the properties of PVC/Gypsum polymer blend material (PVC/Gypsum 복합체에서 Gypsum 의 영향)

  • N. V. Gian;Thai Hoan;Kim, M. Y.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.221-224
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    • 2003
  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)/gypsum Polymer blend materials were prepared by melt blending of PVC with gypsum and additives. Effect of gypsum content on the properties of PVC/gypsum Polymer blend material was studied by investigating physico-mechanical properties, thermal properties and morphology development. It was found that the replacement of gypsum for methylene-butadiene-sarene (MBS) component in PVC/gypsum polymer blend material enhanced the tensile strength, but gradually decreased its impact strength. Besides, with the increase of gypsum content, the elongation at break of material gradually decreased. The Presence of the different gypsum contents made a shift of g1ass transition temperature and increased the thermal stability as well as the processing temperature range of polymer blends. The observation of morphology, the results of the physico-mechanical properties and thermal properties proved simultaneously that PVC/gypsum Polymer blend material with the gypsum content of 22.56 wt.% reached the optimum results among five kinds of PVC/gypsum Polymer blend materials investigated.

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Piezoelectric and Dielectric Properties of PVC/PZT Composite (PVC/PZT 복합체의 압전 및 유전특성)

  • Kang, Dae-Ha;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Rho, Il-Soo;Park, Sang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1392-1393
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    • 2006
  • In this paper dielectric and piezoelectric properties were measured for 2 phase - dispersed composite system consisting of ferroelectric ceramic PZT particles and polymer PVC. The results were analyzed and the validity of composite theories for experimental results were discussed. And also in high temperature where ionic conductivity is dominated, linear and nonlinear permittivites were measured and discussed.

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Mechanical Properties of PVC Composite Containing Iron Dust (제철 분진을 함유한 PVC 복합체 수지의 기계적 성질)

  • Nah, Jae-Woon;Kim, Myung-Yul
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.370-376
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    • 1998
  • Mechanical properties of PVC[poly(vinylchloride)] composites containing the dust from blast and converter (Kwangyang Iron Co.) were investigated as a function of dust content. Tensile strength is increased, when the blast dust is mixed with PVC to the extent of 8.83wt % and impact strength is not significantly changed. From these results, it is suggested that blast dust containing CaO, SiO, MgO, $A1_2O_3$ and metallugical particle is compatible with PVC. Thermogravimetric analysis(TGA) showed that residual weight(%) at temperature $600^{\circ}C$ increased with the amount of blast dust and differential scanning calorimetry(DCS) showed that the thermal stability of PVC composite was increased when the weight ratio of blast dust was 8.83wt % X-ray diffractometry measurement also showed their blends and structures.

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The Experimental Analysis of the PVC Foam Cored CFRP Sandwich Composite for the Mixed Mode Delamination Characteristics (복합모드 층간분리특성에 대한 PVC폼 코아 탄소섬유샌드위치 복합재의 실험적 해석)

  • Kwak, Jung Hoon;Yun, Yu Seong;Kwon, Oh Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2018
  • The light weight composite materials have been replacing in high performance structures. The object of this study is to examine the effects of the initial crack location about a delamination in a PVC foam cored sandwich composite that is used for the strength improvement of structures. The initial crack location and fiber laminates thickness were changed with several types. The MMB specimen was used for evaluating the fracture toughness and crack behaviors. The material used in the experiment is a commercial twill carbon prepreg in CFRP material and Airex in PVC foam core. Sandwich laminate composites are composed by PVC foam core layer between CFRP face sheets. The face sheets were fabricated as 2 types of 5 and 8 plies. The initial cracks were located in a PVC form core and the interface of upper CFRP sheet. From the results, the crack initiation was affected with the location of the initial crack inserted in the PVC foam core. Among them, the initial crack at 1/3 of the upper part of the PVC foam core was the most rapid progression. And the critical energy release rate was $0.40kJ/m^2$, which is the lowest value when the initial crack was inserted into the interface between a PVC foam core and CFRP laminated with 5 plies. Meanwhile, the highest value of $1.27kJ/m^2$ was obtained when the initial crack was located at the center line in case of the 8 plies.

Removal of Sr and Cs Ions in Aqueous Solution by PVC-Zeolite Composite (PVC-Zeolite 복합체에 의한 수용액 중의 Sr 이온과 Cs 이온의 제거)

  • Lee, Chang-Han;Lee, Min-Gyu;Min, Seong-Kee
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.1145-1153
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    • 2015
  • PVC-Zeolite composite was prepared by immobilizing zeolite with polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The prepared PVC-Zeolite beads were characterized by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), thermo gravimetric analyzer (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The removal properties of Sr and Cs ions from aqueous solution were investigated in batch experiment. The removal efficiencies of Sr and Cs ions by the PVC-Zeolite beads were dependent on the initial pH of solution. The removal efficiencies sharply increased at below pH 4 and was kept constant at pH 4 or more. The adsorption kinetics of Sr and Cs ions by the PVC-Zeolite beads were fitted well by the pseudo-second-order model ($r^2$>0.99) more than pseudo-first-order model. The maximum adsorption capacities of Sr and Cs ions calculated from Langmuir isotherm model were 39.37 mg/g and 55.87 mg/g, respectively.