• Title, Summary, Keyword: Palate

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Submucosal Cleft Palate (점막하구개열(Submucous cleft palate)의 진단과 치료)

  • Shin, Hyo-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2007
  • The classic triad of diagnostic signs of submucosal cleft palate which may be present are: 1) bifid uvula 2) short palate with no muscle in the midline and 3) hard palate with a submucous notching defect in the posterior midline. The treatment of submucous cleft palate are V-Y push back palatorrhaphy, and superior based pharyngoplasty implant in the posterior pharynx. The best speech results were in those children operated upon in the younger age group (especially at or before 2 years of age), thus pointing up the importance of early diagnosis.

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Orthodontic treatment and management of adult patient with cleft lip and palate (성인 구순구개열환자의 교정치료 및 관리)

  • Kim, Seong Sik
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.7
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2015
  • Patients with cleft lip and palate require interdisciplinary treatment to achieve successful rehabilitation. However, there are special difficulties in orthodontic treatment of adult cleft lip and palate patients: 1. Lack of Tissue, Bone, and Soft tissue; 2. Heavy Scar Tissue, Vestibule, and Palate; 3. Severe Anteroposterior discrepancy and Impaired Maxilla; 4. Distortion of Alveolar Ridge; 5. Abnormal Eruption Path and Malalignment of Tooth. Solving these problems, orthodontist should have differential diagnosis on extent of cleft site and residual deformities of adult cleft lip and palate patient. The tooth missing area in cleft site was commonly treated with a removable or fixed prosthesis, but this method is not stable to retain maxillary arch shape. To establish the more stable arch shape in cleft lip and palate, endosseous implants in the alveolar clefts with bone graft is helpful for management of adult cleft lip and palate patient.

CLINICAL STUDY OF VELOPHARYNGEAL CLOSURE AFTER THE PRIMARY PALATORRHAPHY IN CLEFT PALATE PATIENTS (구개열(口蓋裂) 환자(患者)에 있어서 구개(口蓋) 성형술후(成形術後) 비인강(鼻咽腔) 폐쇄(閉鎖)에 관(關)한 임상적(臨床的) 연구(硏究))

  • Koh, Kwang-Hee;Shin, Hyo-Keun
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.14 no.1_2
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 1992
  • In order to find the causes of velopharyngeal incompetency after primary palatorrhaphy in cleft patients, we analyzed the form and function of the velopharyngeal space of fifteen operated cleft palate patients and five normal subjects. The velopharyngeal function was evaluated by lateral cephalometric radiography, velopharyngography and hypernasality cul-de-sac test. The obtained results were as follows. 1. The rate of velopharyngeal incompetency was twenty percent, three of the fifteen operated patients. Two of them were complete cleft palate and the other was incomplete one. 2. The length of soft palate and levator eminence were longer in normal group than those of good speech group and complete cleft palate group during phonation of /i/ (P<0.05). The lengthening rate of soft palate was smaller in good and poor speech group than that of normal group(P<0.05), and, reduced in order, normal group, complete cleft palate group and incomplete palate group(P<0.05). 3. The nasopharyngeal distance had no significant difference between all groups at rest, but, smaller in normal group than that of both cleft palate group(P<0.05), good speech group and poor speech group(P<0.05) during phonation of /i/ The difference in nasopharyngeal distance between rest and /i/ phonation was greater in normal group than that of both cleft palate group, good speech group and poor speech group. 4. The moving distance of sop palate reduced in order, normal group, incomplete cleft palate group, complete cleft palate group(P<0.05). 5. The distance between lateral pharyngeal wall had no significant difference between all groups in rest, but, smaller than that of complete cleft palate group in normal group(P<0.01) and increased in order normal group, good speech group, poor speech group(P<0.01) during phonation of /a/. The mobility of lateral wall was reduced in order, normal group, good speech group poor speech group(P<0. 01). 6. There was low corelationship between the mobility of lateral pharyngeal wall and soft palate. Therfore, it suggest that the movements of lateral pharyngeal wall and soft palate occurs independently.

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SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RESONANCE DISORDERS IN SUBMUCOSAL TYPE CLEFT PALATE PATIENTS (점막하 구개열 환자 공명장애의 스펙트럼 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Chul;Leem, Dae-Ho;Baek, Jin-A;Shin, Hyo-Keun;Kim, Oh-Hwan;Kim, Hyun-Ki
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.310-319
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    • 2006
  • Submucosal type cleft palate is subdivision of the cleft palate. It is very difficult to find submucosal cleft, because when we exam submucosal type cleft palate patients, it seems to be normal. But in fact, there are abnormal union of palatal muscles of submucosal type cleft palate patients. Because of late detection, the treatment - for example, the operation or the speech therapy - for the submucosal type cleft palate patient usually becomes late. Some patients visited our hospital due to speech disorder nevertheless normal intraoral appearance. After precise intraoral examination, we found out submucosal cleft palate. We evaluated the speech before and after surgery of these patients. In this study, we want to find the objective characteristics of submucosal type cleft palate patients, comparing with the normal and the complete cleft palate patients. Experimental groups were 10 submucosal type cleft palate patients and 10 complete cleft palate patients who got the operation in our hospital. And, the controls were 10 normal person. The sentence patterns using in this study were simple 5 vowels. Using CSL program we evaluated the Formant, Bandwidth. We analized the spectral characteristics of speech signals of 3 groups, before and after the operation. In most cases, the formant scores were higher in experimental groups (complete cleft palate group and submucosal type cleft palate group) than controls. There were small differences when speeching /a/, /i/, /e/ between experimental groups and control groups, large differences when speeching /o/, /u/. After surgery the formant scores were decreased in experimental groups (complete cleft palate group and submucosal type cleft palate group). In bandwidth scores, there were no significant differences between experimental groups and controls.

A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY ON THE POSITION OF THE HYOID BONE IN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE INDIVIDUALS (순구개열자의 설골 위치에 관한 두부방사선 계측학적 연구)

  • Cho, Il Je;Rhee, Byung Tae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 1990
  • This comparative study was undertaken to investigate the position of the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals. The materials for this study consisted of 35 subjects with surgically repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate (25 males, 10 females) and 40 subjects with normal facial morphology (20 males, 20 females). Cephalometric measurements of unilateral cleft and palate individuals were compared with those of non-cleft individuals. The conclusions of this study were obtained as follows: 1. To the anterior cranial base, the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was located downward as compared with non-cleft individuals. 2. To the mandible, the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was located backward as compared with non-cleft individuals. 3. The distance between the dorsum of the tongue and the inferior border of the hard palate in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was longer than that in non-cleft individuals. 4. Unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals showed no significant difference in the distance between the hyoid bone and the dorum of the tongue as compared with non-cleft individuals.

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Clinical Experience of Cleft Lip and/or Palate Repair in Complex Congenital Heart Disease (선천성 복잡심장병 환아의 구순 구개열의 치험례)

  • Koh, Kyung Suk;Lee, Sang Hyuk;Eom, Jin Sup
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.385-388
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    • 2005
  • In cleft lip and/or palate patients with the complex congenital heart diseases, surgical repair of the cleft lip and/or palate has been postponed after the open heart surgery because the heart problem of the patient might cause more complications associated with anesthesia and surgery. There has been little report about experiences in the surgical management of these patients and optimal time of surgical intervention. Authors are introducing the experiences of performing corrective surgery of cleft lip and/or palate in the patients with congenital heart diseases before and after the open heart surgery. We managed five patients from May 1992 to March 2004. Two patients were male and the rest were female. One of them had cleft lip alone and others had cleft lip and palate. Two of them underwent delayed cleft lip and/or palate surgery after open heart surgery, and the rest had immediate intervention for cleft lip and/or palate. There was no complication during the operation and postoperative period. There would be no need to delay the corrective surgery of the cleft lip and/or palate after the open heart surgery, if solid medical team approach was available with the pediatric cardiologist and the anesthesiologist.

Phonological Characteristics of Early Vocabulary in Young Children with Cleft Palate (구개열 아동의 초기 어휘에 나타난 음운 특성 연구)

  • Ha, Seunghee
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether young children with cleft palate differ from those of noncleft typically developing children in terms of expressive vocabulary size, phonological characteristics and lexical selectivity. A total of 12 children with cleft palate and 12 noncleft children who were matched by age and gender participated in the study. The groups were compared by size of expressive vocabulary reported on Korean version of MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories and the number of different words, consonant inventory, the percentage of words beginning with obstruents and vowels, nasal, and glottal sounds, and the percentage of words which do not include obstruents in a language sample. Also, correlation analysis were performed to examine the relationship between measures on size of expressive vocabulary and phonological characteristics. The results showed that expressive vocabulary size and consonant inventory for children with cleft palate produced significantly smaller than those for noncleft children. Children with cleft palate produced significantly more words beginning with vowel or which do not include obstruents, and fewer words beginning with obstruents than noncleft children. The two groups showed different results on significant correlations between measures on size of expressive vocabulary and phonological characteristics indicating that children with cleft palate show different lexical selectivity from their noncleft peers. The results suggest that children with cleft palate aged 18-30 months demonstrate a slower rate of lexical and phonological development compared with their noncleft peers and they develop lexical selectivity reflecting cleft palate speech. The results will have a clinical implication on speech-language intervention for young children with cleft palates.

Cause analysis, prevention, and treatment of postoperative restlessness after general anesthesia in children with cleft palate

  • Xu, Hao;Mei, Xiao-Peng;Xu, Li-Xian
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2017
  • Cleft palate is one of the most common congenital malformations of the oral and maxillofacial region, with an incidence rate of around 0.1%. Early surgical repair is the only method for treatment of a cleft lip and palate. However, because of the use of inhalation anesthesia in children and the physiological characteristics of the cleft palate itself combined with the particularities of cleft palate surgery, the incidence rate of postoperative emergence agitation (EA) in cleft palate surgery is significantly higher than in other types of interventions. The exact mechanism of EA is still unclear. Although restlessness after general anesthesia in children with cleft palate is self-limiting, its effects should be considered by clinicians. In this paper, the related literature on restlessness after surgery involving general anesthesia in recent years is summarized. This paper focuses on induction factors as well as prevention and treatment of postoperative restlessness in children with cleft palate after general anesthesia. The corresponding countermeasures to guide clinical practice are also presented in this paper.

IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL DETECTION OF GROWTH FACTORS AND EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS IN THE DEGENERATING TISSUES OF PRE-AND POSTNATAL HUMAN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE (태생 및 생후 구순.구개열에 나타나는 조직변성에 대한 성장인자와 세포외 기질 단백의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Min, Bong-Gi;Lee, Suk-Keun;Park, Young-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.421-433
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    • 2002
  • In order to elucidate the pathogenesis of cleft lip and palate, first of all, it is necessary to understand the developmental mechanisms of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins in the tissues of cleft lip and palate. We have performed immunohistochemical studies on human cleft lip and palate tissues to elucidate the pathogenetic implications of cleft lip and palate. 16 specimens from postnatal human cleft lip and palate subjects and 17 specimens from autopsy of prenatal human cleft lip and palate were fixed in 10% buffered formalin, embedded in paraffin. The sections were routinely stained by hematoxylin and eosin, also stained by PAS, and followed by immunohistochemical stainings using the antiseras of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins such as PCNA, S-100, c-erb-B2, MMP-3, MMP-10, HSP-70, transglutaninase-C, E-cadherin, VEGF, vWF. Both the prenatal and postnatal specimens of cleft lip and palate showed dysplastic proliferation of the basal cell layer, increased infiltration of melanocytes into mucosal epithelium, sebaceous gland hyperplasia ingrowing into the muscular tissue of lip and palate, and fatty infiltration into the submucosal deep connective tissue. The strong reactions of MMP-3 and HSP-70 were detected in the tissues of cleft lip and palate, especially increased in degenerating muscle bundles, while the immunostainings of PCNA and c-erb-B2 were weakly positive in the tissues of cleft lip and palate. These data suggest that the retrogressive tissue degeneration around the cleft areas persistently exist during the prenatal and postnatal period after cleft formation, and the sebaceous gland hyperplasia and fatty infiltration with the intense expression of MMP-3 and HSP-70 is closely related to the muscular degeneration around the cleft area.

CHARACTERISTICS OF OROPHARYNGEAL AIR PRESSURE, AIRFLOW IN CLEFT PALATE PATIENTS (구개열 환자에서의 구강인두압력 및 공기유량에 관한 음성학적 특징)

  • Baek, Jin-A
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2006
  • The articulation disorders associated with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in cleft palate patients are interested to clinicians particularly. The purpose of this study was to investigate mainly the oropharyngeal air pressure and overall air flow in cleft palate patients. The pressure-measuring catheter was positioned at the midportion of the oropharyngeal cavity with a facial mask. Test words were composed of 9 meaningless polysyllabic words and 17 meaningful words. Aerophone II and Nasometer II were used to measure peak air pressure, mean air pressure, maximum flow rate, volume, phonatory flow rate, nasalance. The data shows that airflow of the cleft palate patient group were higher than those of the control group. Intraoral air pressure of the cleft palate patient group was lower than those of the control group. The first vowel formant and first Bandwidths of the cleft palate patient group were higher than those of the control group.