• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation Time

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Leisure Time of Unmarried Workers and Influencing Factors (미혼취업자의 여가시간 및 영향요인 연구)

  • Ahn, Soo-Mi;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2012
  • This study explores how unmarried workers use their leisure time according to the 2009 Korean Time Use Survey. The purposes of this study are: 1) to investigate leisure time as it relates to leisure participation rates and leisure participation time and 2) to analyze the effect of socio-demographic variables on leisure time and leisure participation by unmarried workers. The following is a summary of the major findings. First, leisure participation differed with variations in leisure activities. Unmarried workers participated in media contact, human relations activities, and hobby activities more than other activities. Participation in learning activities was higher on weekdays than on Sunday. Men participated in sports and outdoor activities more than women on Sundays. The participation rate of media contact was the highest, while the participation rate of volunteer activities was the lowest. Second, influencing factors on leisure time included gender, age, monthly income, and gender role attitudes when work time was controlled. For example, unmarried workers with egalitarian attitudes spent less leisure time. Third, gender was the strongest determinant of leisure participation. The probability of women's leisure participation was higher than men except in regards to sports and outdoor activities, and hobby activities.

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Participation in social activities by full-time housewives with infants and preschool children: Comparison with working wives and full-time housewives' husbands (영유아 자녀를 둔 전업주부의 사회활동 참여 - 취업주부와 전업주부 남편과의 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Ki, Eun Kwang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.45-65
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the participation in social activities by full-time housewives with infants and preschool children. The data in this study comes from a 1 percent free sample of the 2010 Population and Housing Census collected by Statistics Korea. The statistical methods for this study were percentage, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. The findings are as follows. First, there are differences in participation in social activities according to number of infants, number of preschool children, and number of elementary schoolchildren. Second, there was the difference in participation in social activities between full-time housewives and full-time wives' husbands. Third, factors like full-time housewives' age, educational level, number of preschool children and elementary schoolchildren, number of rooms, and occupancy status affected participation in social activities by full-time housewives. These results show that full-time housewives were under pressure in relation to participation in social activities because of their caregiving labor but participated in religious and educational activities actively.

A Study on Leisure Life in Accordance with Gender (성별에 따른 여가생활에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic information necessary for improving the satisfaction and quality of leisure life and thereon propose better leisure life programs in accordance with gender. For the purpose, this researcher made a questionnaire survey of 560 persons between July and December 2003 to know the trend and satisfaction of their leisure life in accordance with their gender. Results of the study can be summarized as below; First. the extent to which the surveyed persons participated in leisure life was highest in terms of other leisure activities, followed by self-development. viewing activities, sports activities and journey in order. The satisfaction of leisure life participation by those surveyed persons was scored 3 or over in average, meaning 'generally satisfied'. The time of leisure life participation was most spent in other leisure activities and self-development. Expenses of the participation were highest in terms of other leisure activities. followed by self-development and viewing activities in order. Second, differences in sub-areas of leisure life were analyzed in accordance with gender to show that the degree and time of participation in viewing activities and self-development, expenses of sports activity participation and the degree of participation in journey and others were significantly different between the opposite sexes which were surveyed here. Men were higher in the degree, time and expenses of the participation than women. Third. effects of gender on the satisfaction of leisure life as a whole were determined here to show that men were higher in such satisfaction when they were more satisfactorily participating in sport activities while in case of women, when they were spending more time in sport activities. Women showed a higher satisfaction of leisure life as a whole when they were more frequently and satisfactorily participating in other leisure activities. Based on these results, the researcher proposed effective leisure life programs in accordance with gender.

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An Empirical Study on E-learning Participation Affected by Flow Experience and Internet Addiction (플로우 경험과 인터넷 중독이 이러닝 참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Yang;Jang, Phil-Sik
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2012
  • This paper reports the findings of research into the effect of flow experience and internet addiction on e-learning participation. The total number of access, playing time of contents and lag time (time between content upload and first access) were investigated as e-learning participation by analyzing web log data. The paper also examines the relationship between academic achievement and e-learning participation. The results suggest that the flow experience significantly correlates with all variables related with e-learning participation and internet addiction significantly correlates with lag time. It is found that female students significantly access more, longer and have shorter lag time than their male counterparts. It also suggest total number of access, lag time and gender difference have significant effect on academic achievement.

Intergenerational Time Transfers between Married Women and their Co-residing Elderly Parents and their Impact on Married Women's Labor Force Participation (노부모와 동거하는 기혼여성자녀의 시장노동 참여 및 참여 시간 결정 요인 : 기혼여성자녀와 노부모와의 시간자원 이전을 중심으로)

  • Han, Ji-Sue;Hong, Gong-Soog
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2007
  • This paper examines the intergenerational time transfers between married women and their co-residing elderly parents, and how they affect married women's labor force participation and work hour. The sample was drawn from the "2004 Time Use Survey" conducted by Korea National Statistical Office and the Heckman's 2-step model was estimated to examine these relationships. We find that women's caregiving time for their elderly parents reduces their likelihood of participating in the labor force. On the contrary, parental time transfers for married women increases the probability of their labor force participation. We find no evidence that the actual hours of paid work is related to the time transfers between married women and their elderly parents. In other words, after married women decide to participate in the labor force, their work hours are not affected by the time spent for parents and time gained from parents to them. Parental income is positively associated with the married women's labor force participation whereas husband's income is negatively related. The married women working in service occupation and earn salaries work longer hours than those employed as laborer and wage workers. Having older parents and owning the second home reduce working hours of married women.

Differences in Life Satisfaction by Leisure Participation Types of the Elderly (노인의 여가참여유형에 따른 생활만족도의)

  • Kim, Oi-Sook
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore a typology of leisure participation, investigate determinants of leisure participation types, and analyze differences in life satisfaction by the types of leisure participation of the elderly. The data source for this research was the 2014 Time Use Survey conducted by the Korea National Statistical office (KNSO). The statistical methods for the analysis were mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Duncan test, cluster analysis, and logistic regression analysis. Leisure participation were classified into five types based on five categories; social activities, religious activities, media, sports, time-spending activity. The five types were named "general", "insufficient", "religious oriented", "media oriented", and sports oriented" type. Gender, health condition were identified as important determinants for the types. Life satisfaction was different according to leisure participation type of the elderly. Religious oriented type showed the highest score of life satisfaction and media oriented type showed the lowest.

Religious Participation and Depression among American Older Adults (미국노인의 종교활동참여와 우울증)

  • Jun Hey Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.191-199
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    • 2004
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of religious participation on the depression of elder adults in USA. Specifically, this study examined how the influence of religious participation varied according to continuity or discontinuity of participation. Data from N=1,658 adults aged 65-90 who were respondents to two waves of the U.S. National survey of Families and Households 1987-1993 were used for these analyses. Depression was measured with a 12-item (of the original 20) modified version of the CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression). Multivariate regression models controlling for several demographic variables were estimated. Some clear evidence was found supporting activity theory and continuity theory That is, participating in a religious organization role at Time 2 but not Time 1 (T1 No - T2 Yes) and being continuously involved in religious organizations both at Time 1 and Time 2 (T1 Yes -T2 Yes) were associated with reduced depression, compared to continuous nonparticipation in religious organizations (71 No -72 No).

Differences in Leisure Participation by Types of Leisure Constraints for Married employees (기혼취업자의 여가제약유형에 따른 여가활동참여의 차이)

  • Kim, Oi-Sook;Park, Eun Jung
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.241-263
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    • 2013
  • Time pressure and financial burden have been reported as the main constraints on leisure participation. The purpose of this study was to explore a typology of leisure constraints, investigate the characteristics of leisure constraint types, and analyze the differences in leisure participation by the types of leisure constraints for married employees. The data source for this research was the 2009 Time Use Survey conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO). Married employees aged 20 to 59 years completed 13,476 time diaries (7,984 for male, 5,492 for female), which were analyzed using chi-square, cluster analysis, and ANOVA analysis. Leisure constraints were classified into five types in two categories, working time per week and personal income for both males and females respectively. The three types for both males and females were time-income constraints, income constraints, and general constraints, with an additional type for men, $time^+$-income constraints, and an additional type for women, time constraint. The most common type was general constraints, for both males and females. Each type was further differentiated by the following socio-economic variables: age, educational level, job type, and weekly day-off. The study found that participation in study, sports, and religious activities varied with the types of leisure constraints.

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Effects of Fathers' Paid Work Time and Jobs' Family-Friendly Policies on Parenting Participation in Dual-Earner Families (맞벌이가정 아버지의 근로시간특성과 가족친화제도가 자녀양육참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hee-Keum
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.49-68
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    • 2016
  • Fathers are increasingly expected to participate in parenting due to the higher participation of women in economic activities, the growing awareness of gender equality, and the greater emphasis on the role of fathers. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of paid work time and jobs' family-friendly policies on parenting participation in dual-earner families. Questionnaires were distributed to 577 fathers of dual earner families through a child care center in the Gyeongsangbukdo Province, and the results were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 for Windows. The statistical methods employed included mean, standard deviation, the Pearson correlation analysis, and a multiple regression analysis. The main results are as follows. First, the fathers of dual-earner families showed an above average level of participation in parenting (3.26). By category, they were less involved (2.89) in household chores, and more active in daily guidance and leisure activities (3.48). Second, the most significant variable affecting fathers' parenting participation was having a regular office-closing time. Fathers who were younger, had a higher level of education, had a regular office-closing time, had more vacation leave, and whose companies implemented family-friendly policies were more likely to participate more actively in parenting. Third, the key factors influencing fathers' parenting participation by sub-category were found to be having a regular office-closing time and jobs with family-friendly policies. Fathers with a greater awareness of gender equality were more inclined to participate in household chores, while those who were younger and more educated actively participated in daily guidance and leisure activities.

The influences of Adolescent’s Volunteer Service Activity on Perception toward the Elderly (청소년의 자원봉사활동이 노인 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • 김지형;장윤옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.83-99
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    • 2001
  • The propose of this study was to investigate the influences of adolescent’s volunteer service activity on perception toward the elderly. The subjects of this study were 556 students who were selected at random from the second grade of high school in the city of Daegu. A questionnaire was used as survey method. Factor analysis and ANOVA were employed for data analysis and Scheffe test for post-hoc analysis. The main findings were as follow: First Adolescent’s perception toward the elderly was hardly different according to the adolescent’s overall volunteer service activity. The participation attitude, the whole participation time, and the voluntary participation time of the adolescent’s overall volunteer service activity had no effect on the adolescent’s perception toward the elderly. But adolescents who were high in the degree of the participation satisfaction with overall volunteer service activities had a more positive perception on social aspect of the elderly than those who were low in it. Second, adolescent’s who participated in volunteer service activities for the elderly showed a noticeable difference in their perception toward the elderly. adolescents who participated in volunteer service activities for the elderly, those who had a enthusiastic participation attitude over volunteer service activities for the elderly had a more positive perception of the family-relationship and social aspects of the elderly than those who had a passive participation attitude in it. Futhermore, adolescents who were high in the degree of the participation satisfaction over volunteer service activities for the elderly had a more positive perception of the family-relational and social aspect of the elderly that those who were low in it. Also adolescents, who spent a lot of time in whole and voluntary participation over volunteer service activities for the elderly, had a more positive perception of the social aspect of the elderly than those who spentless time.

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