• Title, Summary, Keyword: Passenger cabin

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A Experimental Study on the Performance of Climate Control Seats Using the Discharge Port of the Shape of Nozzle (노즐 형태의 토출구를 이용한 냉난방 시트 성능에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Jung, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Sung-Chul;Won, Jong-Phil;Noh, Sang-Ho;Cho, Yong-Seok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.110-116
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    • 2009
  • Research for climate control seats is being vigorously pursued because requests for passenger's thermal comfort are increasing. Recently, thermoelectric devices have been applied to automotive seats for both cooling and heating operations. The climate control seats using thermoelectric devices can rapidly control the air temperature passing through the devices and directly affect the thermal comfort of passengers. The performance characteristics of the climate control seats were analyzed by experiments for two different types of a leather covered seat and a mesh applied seat. Experimental results show that the cooling and heating performance for the mesh applied seat by using the discharge port of the shape of nozzle was improved significantly in comparison with that for the leather covered seat. The variation of temperature between the inlet air and the outlet air of the climate control seat for the enhanced mesh applied type was by $-3.5^{\circ}C$ at cooling mode, and was by $15.0^{\circ}C$ at heating mode, after about 30 minutes, respectively. Also, it is possible to provide rapid thermal comfort to passengers sitting on the seat in the vehicle cabin by using the proposed climate control seat.

The Effect of Cabin Environment on In-Flight Entertainment Satisfaction (객실서비스의 물리적 환경이 엔터테인먼트 만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, In-Joo
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.171-194
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    • 2008
  • In this study, specific review for the recent trend both in technical parts and the contents of IFE will be revealed. At the same time, how the passenger's satisfaction on IFE will lead to make an intention of repurchase and create the transmission of positive feed backs on the concerned airline has been thoroughly studied. In order to do the above, 250 air traveling passengers has participated the survey and 235 survey forms has been analyzed by Multiple Regression Analysis. According to the analysis, the physical environmental Improvement in aircraft system helps to Increase the satisfaction degree on IFE. The convenience is revealed as the most effective factor in the satisfaction degree on IFE while the atmosphere and design is regarded as the similarly Important factor. The contents of IFE are obviously affecting the satisfaction degree in positive side. Consequently, the customers' satisfaction on IFE positively affects to the repurchase intention especially to the transmission of the feed back.

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Numerical Analysis of Sunroof Buffeting using STAR-CCM+ (STAR-CCM+를 이용한 썬루프 버페팅 유동 소음 해석)

  • Bonthu, Satish Kumar;Mendonca, Fred;Kim, Ghuiyeon;Back, Young-R.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2014
  • CFD flow simulation of vehicles with open sunroof and passenger window help the automotive OEM(original equipment manufacturer) to identify the low frequency noise levels in the cabin. The lock-in and lock-off phenomena observed in the experimental studies of sunroof buffeting is well predicted by CFD speed sweep calculations over the operating speed range of the vehicle. The trend of the shear layer oscillation frequency with vehicle speed is also well predicted. The peak SPL from the CFD calculation has a good compromise with the experimental value after incorporating the real world effects into the CFD model by means of artificial compressibility and damping correction. The entire process right from modeling to flow analysis as well as acoustic analysis has been performed within the single environment i.e., STAR-CCM+.

External Flow and Cabin Interior Noise Analysis of Hyundai Simple Model by Coupling CAA++ and ACTRAN

  • Kim, Young Nam;Chae, Jun Hee;Jachmot, Jonathan;Jeong, Chan Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.291-291
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    • 2013
  • The interior vehicle noise due to the exterior aerodynamic field is an important topic in the acoustic design of a car. The air flow detached from the A-pillar and impacting the side windows are of particular interest as they are located close to the driver / passenger and provides a lower insulation index than the trimmed car body parts. HMC is interested in the numerical prediction of this aerodynamic noise generated by the car windows with the final objective of improving the products design and reducing this noise. The methodology proposed in this paper relies on two steps: the first step involves the computation of the exterior flow and turbulence induced non-linear acoustic field using the CAA(Computational aeroacoustics) solver CAA++. The second step consists in the computation of the vibro-acoustic transmission through the side window using the finite element vibro-acoustic solver Actran. The internal air cavity including trim component are included in the simulation. In order to validate the numerical process, an experimental set-up has been created based on a generic car shape. The car body includes the windshield and two side windows. The body is made of aluminum and trimmed with porous layers. First, this paper describes the method including the CAA and the vibro-acoustic models, from the boundary conditions to the different components involved, like the windows, the trims and the car cavity is detailed. In a second step, the experimental set-up is described. In the last part, the vibration of the windshield and windows, the total wind noise level results and the relative contributions of the different windows are then presented and compared to measurements. The influence of the flow yaw angle (different wind orientation) is also assessed.

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Feasibility Study of Cold Storage System to Maintaining Cooling Performance for ISG Vehicle (공회전 제한장치 차량에서 냉방 성능 유지를 위한 축냉 시스템 적용에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Daewoong
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2016
  • This study explores the feasibility of a cold storage system to provide thermal comfort for idle stop and go (ISG) vehicles. ISG function is the most valuable and environmental friendly technology in the current automobile industry. However, when an ISG vehicle stops, meaning when the engine standstill, the air-conditioning system does not work, because the compressor also stops. Therefore, passenger thermal comfort is not maintained, as cold air is not provided in the cabin. Consequently, many automakers have studied electric air-conditioning systems based on electrically-driven compressors or cold storage systems using phase-change materials. The experiments herein were conducted for the feasibility testing of different types of cold storage heat-exchangers, cold storage mediums, and thermo-expansion valves with current air-conditioners. The auxiliary cold storage system, filled with phase-change materials, was located behind the evaporator and almost stacked on top of it. In the experimental results, the air discharge temperature rate of increase was better than the conventional air-conditioning system when the compressor stopped and thermal comfort was maintained with $1.9{\sim}4.3^{\circ}C$ decreases within 60 seconds. The #1 cold storage heat-exchanger (CSH), #2 thermo-expansion valve (TXV) and #2 phase change material (PCM) were chosen because of the best temperature rise delay. It was concluded that a cold storage system is an effective solution for ISG vehicles to maintain thermal comfort during short engine stops.

The Size-Oriented Particulate Mass Ratios and Their Characteristics on the Seoul Metropolitan Subway Lines

  • Lee, Eun-Sun;Lee, Tae-Jung;Park, Min-Bin;Park, Duckshin;Kim, Shin-Do;Kim, Dong-Sool
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the study was to initially investigate the concentration patterns of $PM_1$, $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ in the Seoul subway lines, and then to figure out the PM behaviors of internal and external sources inside subway tunnels. The PMs were monitored by a light scattering real-time monitor during winter (Jan. 8-26 in 2015) and summer (July 2-Aug. 7 in 2015) in tunnel air, in passenger cabin air, and in the ambient air. The daily average $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$, and $PM_1$ concentrations on these object lines were $101.3{\pm}38.4$, $81.5{\pm}30.2$, and $59.7{\pm}19.9{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively. On an average, the PM concentration was about 1.2 times higher in winter than in summer and about 1.5 times higher in underground tunnel sections than in ground sections. In this study, we also calculated extensively the average PM mass ratios for $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$, $PM_1/PM_{10}$, and $PM_1/PM_{2.5}$; for example, the range of $PM_{2.5}/PM_{10}$ ratio in tunnel air was 0.82-0.86 in underground tunnel air, while that was 0.48-0.68 in outdoor ground air. The ratio was much higher in tunnel air than in outdoor air and was always higher in summer than in winter in case of outdoor air. It seemed from the results that the in/out air quality as well as a proper amount of subway ventilation must be significant influence factors in terms of fine PM management and control for the tunnel air quality improvement.

Design Analysis of Hydraulic Excavator since 1990 (1990년대 유압굴삭기 조형 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 윤진필;문무경
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2000
  • The traditional image of hydraulic excavator started to change in two ways since 1990. First, post-heavy equipment's visual image was new waves to traditional image of heavy, strong, and wild. They are the negative aspect that excavators have. Another movement of getting rid of its negative image can be found in late-heavy equipment, which was intended to adapt traditional and positive, but off negative images. In 1990s, the design trend is moving from warm/hard to warm/soft, and KOBELCO can be exceptional example that went even further, gone up to cool-soft image. KOBELCO specially aimed 'post- excavator image' strategy, which has been successful. Image of cabin as a human space changed little bit further than outside image. Each company tried to differentiate the design of cabin focusing on its safety. Following paragraphs show specific trend of image change in form, colour, texture, and the composition. Major visual image change in form tries to follow the image of cars and home appliances which are showing the movement from tough and hard image to soft one. Structural change on local image shows the movement from angular edge to edgeless and the movement of cabin's pillar C placed to back of the equipment with gentle inclination. All of these movements are the result of effort to improve traditional excavator's negative image, that top structure is assembled separately, to positive ones. Today's tendency about its color becomes important to apply two different colour styles. Each style has brightness and tone comparison. As an enormous power convey system, it was in common that its brightness comparison was useful because of the alarm of its damage possibility. However, as its colour control and its design have been emphasized gradually, the tone comparison takes a part in an important role, too. As an example, there is an occasion that these comparisons are compromised simultaneously. In the respect of its image creation, its texture treatments make the tendency of being the same as passenger cars. It is caused from its development of the manufacture techniques of from the fabrication method in small business to the press method in big firm. Further, it is also because of its improvement of painting & coating skills. It may prohibit the reflection effect from solar rays. In the point of view of its visual images, it is recognized the prominent tendency that its composition has been gradually decreased. Lots of windows and the frames tends dark-colour as a whole. It is more preferred to have one colour image, but except KOBELCO and HITACHI. As well, there is another high-tendency to improve its standard treatments, especially for its corner and texture treatments.

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A Study on $CO_2$ and PM10 Changes by Operation of KTX HVAC-Pressurization Equipment in Tunnel Sections (터널구간 운행시 KTX HVAC-여압장치 작동에 따른 $CO_2$와 PM10 변화연구)

  • So, Jin-Sub;Yoo, Seong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.723-729
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    • 2007
  • The Ministry of Environment established a guide line in December 2006, "Indoor Air Quality Management guidelines in Public Facilities." As the items of the guideline, $CO_2$ (Carbon dioxide) and PM10 (particulate matter) is shown to Level 1 and 2. Therefore trains and subways are included. There are a lot of tunnels by the lay of mountains on KTX (Korean Train Express) service. HVAC (Heating Ventilating and Air-conditioning)-pressurization equipment on KTX is various functioning flaps blocking outside pressure waves. At that time, the fresh air is blocked by flap operation and the air is circulated by return air. In this study, we measured the time series of $CO_2$ and PM10 concentrations in the KTX passenger cabin during the train service of Gyongbu line (Seoul-Busan) and Honan line (Yongsan-Mokpo) from July 2006. Also, analyzed the air quality by operation of KTX HVAC-pressurization equipment in tunnel passing point. As a result, PM10 concentration was totally lower than the regulation values. However, $CO_2$ was highly correlated with several tunnels, such as Oksan-Otan, Godeung-Hyudae and Gaechak-Iijik tunnel. but, the indoor air quality of KTX train have been proved satisfy the recommendation the Ministry of Environment guidelines.