• Title, Summary, Keyword: Patent Analysis

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Big Data Smoothing and Outlier Removal for Patent Big Data Analysis

  • Choi, JunHyeog;Jun, Sunghae
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2016
  • In general statistical analysis, we need to make a normal assumption. If this assumption is not satisfied, we cannot expect a good result of statistical data analysis. Most of statistical methods processing the outlier and noise also need to the assumption. But the assumption is not satisfied in big data because of its large volume and heterogeneity. So we propose a methodology based on box-plot and data smoothing for controling outlier and noise in big data analysis. The proposed methodology is not dependent upon the normal assumption. In addition, we select patent documents as target domain of big data because patent big data analysis is a important issue in management of technology. We analyze patent documents using big data learning methods for technology analysis. The collected patent data from patent databases on the world are preprocessed and analyzed by text mining and statistics. But the most researches about patent big data analysis did not consider the outlier and noise problem. This problem decreases the accuracy of prediction and increases the variance of parameter estimation. In this paper, we check the existence of the outlier and noise in patent big data. To know whether the outlier is or not in the patent big data, we use box-plot and smoothing visualization. We use the patent documents related to three dimensional printing technology to illustrate how the proposed methodology can be used for finding the existence of noise in the searched patent big data.

A Study on the Determinants of the Economic Value of Patents Using Renewal Data (특허의 경제적 수명의 결정요인에 관한 연구 : 갱신자료를 활용한 생존분석)

  • Choo, Kineung;Park, Kyoo-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 2010
  • This paper explores the determinants of the economic value of patents using a survival time analysis. The analysis is based on renewal information of about 250,000 patents filed from 1984 to 2005 in the Korea Intellectual Property Office. A patent right is valid only when its owner pays yearly maintenance fees. Failure to pay causes patent rights to be lapsed. We use the fact that more valued patents live longer and the lengths of their renewals can be closely related to their value. The value can be affected not only by its own technological aspects such as quality and breadth, but also by characteristics of its owners such as innovativeness and age. This paper presents patent-specific and firm-specific characteristics which influence patent value. The result of analysis implies that patent value depends on both the technological contents of the patent and general capabilities of a firm.

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Analysis of Core Patent and Technology of Unmanned Ground Technology Using an Analytical Method of the Patent Information (특허정보 분석 방법을 이용한 지상무인화 기술 분야 핵심 특허 및 기술 분석)

  • Park, Jae Yong
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2018
  • Unmanned technology is a representative technology that integrates various technologies like electric, electronic, mechanical, artificial intelligence, ICT technology, ect. In special emphasize, ground technology has been developing exponentially in the military field and expanding its utilization area. The patent information analysis method presented in this study, proposes a new patent analysis methodology for patent information analysis and patent information on unmanned ground technology. The patent information analysis processor has 6 levels to extract core patents and technologies. The process consists of: selection of technology to be analyzed, classification of detailed technology / key keyword selection, patent information collection / noise reduction, selection of patent information analysis method, patent information analysis, finally, core patents and key technologies that are extracted. Patent information on unmanned ground technology is also analyzed in this study. First, the technical classification of ground unmanned technology is carried out in detail. The core technology and core patents of ground unmanned technology were extracted through CPP and IPC code connectivity analysis. The results of patent information analysis using proposed patent information analysis method that can be applied to various fields of technology and analysis. These can be used as a material to forecast the direction of future research and development on the technology to be analyzed.

Competitiveness Analysis for Artificial Intelligence Technology through Patent Analysis (특허분석을 통한 인공지능 기술 분야 경쟁력 분석: 특허 시장성과 기술력 질적 분석을 중심으로)

  • Kwak, Hyun;Lee, Seongwon
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.141-158
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    • 2019
  • Purpose Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a core technology, leading the 4th industrial revolution. This study aims to diagnose the Korean's national competitiveness for AI technologies through patent analyses. Design/methodology/approach In this study, KIWEE and Derwent Innovation databases were used as data source of patents. we extracted 10,510 AI patents data with keywords and classified them into 15 subcategories of AI technology. We executed patent analyses for activity index, patent intensity index, technology strength, and patent family size and diagnosed Korea's national competitiveness in AI industry. Findings The results showed that Korea is less competitive than the United States and Japan in AI industry. However, patent amount has increased since 2010, which is encouraging result. This study has implication on the need for human and R&D investment in AI industry.

Patents Map on the Desalination Technology Using Solar Energy (태양에너지를 이용한 해수담수화 기술관련 특허 분석)

  • Im, Eun-Jung;Kim, Sung-Hyun
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2012
  • Patent analysis is the extracting knowledge which is needed for the company's research and development strategy through accumulated worldwide patent database. In order to set the future direction corresponding technology which is scheduled to be developed, the technology trends and deployment processes are identified by analyzing results of present patent applications. The patent analysis provides the required results for analyzing present patent applications. In this paper, technology classification for related patent analysis methods and system, and patent analysis for desalination technology using solar energy development was carried out as well. The patents in Korea, USA, Japan, China, and Europe were searched. The technology trend desalination technology using solar energy was analyzed based on patent application year, countries, main applications, and each technologies. The application status of desalination patents showed a tendency to increase slightly. It was found that the number of patent for applied desalination was USA patent 21.0%, Japan patent 27.0%, China 24.8%, EU 2.7% and Korea patent 24.5%, respectively.

LED Knowledge Map through Competition Analysis based on Intellectual Property (지식재산권 기반 경쟁력 분석을 통한 LED 지식 맵)

  • Koo, Young-Duk;Kwon, Young-Il;Jeong, Dae-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we provide a basic data to constitute knowledge map through analysis of competition situation such as analysis of patent activity for each nationality, analysis of patent activity for each applicant for a patent, analysis of patent activity for each technical area and analysis of competition status for power of security for market which consider qualitative level. In order to analysis LED data, we choose patent data of LED.

Technology and Korea's Competitiveness Analysis through UAV Patent Analysis (UAV 핵심 기술 특허분석을 통한 기술 및 한국의 경쟁력 분석)

  • Bae, Jin-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.41 no.12
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    • pp.1868-1875
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents the mega trends of technology and competitiveness analysis results based on patent analysis for establishing effective research and development (R&D) strategy on UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) in the aerial ICT industry. In order to analyze mega trends of UAV technologies, patent analysis is conducted focusing on published/registered patents of Korea, the U.S., Japan, and Europe. We divided the target technologies into 3 main category levels based on the converging technology of UAV and ICT. The 3,433 patents are collected. Patent indicators such as patent activity (PA), cites per patent (CPP), and major market expansion (MME) are extracted for grasping the technology competitiveness and Korea's competitiveness per sub category levels of UAV. We suggest the R&D strategy of each technology areas based on patent analysis results. We analyzed Korea's technology levels, advanced companies' R&D trends, and patent trends through patent information and expected that this paper would be utilized for establishment of R&D strategy of UAV in the future.

Analysis of Causal Relationship between Patent Indicators and Firm Performance (특허지표와 기업 성과의 인과관계에 대한 분석)

  • Lim, Ji-Youn;Kim, Chul-Young;Gu, Ja-Chul
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2011
  • As business environment has become more competitive, the R&D strategies of firms have been regarded more important. Patent has information about technology which affects a firm's profit and it is considered as resources which have provided appropriate data for research of innovations and trends in technology. And patent indicators are known as qualitative representation of technology quality in an objective view. Also, they are available for the continuous and systematic analysis. However, most previous studies have focused on developing patent indicators to investigate patent value and characteristics. Furthermore they have limitations that most results is not significant that patent indicators have effect on firm performance-Tobin's q, Intangible assets based on balance sheet, sales and etc. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to propose proper a factor to represent a firm performance and to analyze causal relationship between patent indicators and firm performance. Intangible assets based on market value are employed as one of most significant firm performance indicator. The results indicate that intangible assets are appropriate for analyzing causal relation between patent and a firm performance with 7 significant indicators among 10 patent indicators. Considering firm's exogenous factors, regression analysis of each data for five years is performed. This result is similar to regression analysis of full data for all years.

Patent Analysis and Trend Report for liquid Crystal Display (국내 액정 디스플레이(LCD:Liquid Crystal Display)에 관한 특허 분석 및 동향)

  • Jeong, In-Seong;Choi, Hyun-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.62-62
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    • 2007
  • It is analyzed with regard to LCD in Korea that national patent application, applicant patent application, IPC patent application. The Trends of patent application concentrated LCD manufacturing process and device, case and a cell of liquid crystal. Therefore, the future research and developments must be centralized these ranges. It is needed for competitive power and original technology that the search and analysis of the previous patent.

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A Study on the Determinants of Patent Citation Relationships among Companies : MR-QAP Analysis (기업 간 특허인용 관계 결정요인에 관한 연구 : MR-QAP분석)

  • Park, Jun Hyung;Kwahk, Kee-Young;Han, Heejun;Kim, Yunjeong
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2013
  • Recently, as the advent of the knowledge-based society, there are more people getting interested in the intellectual property. Especially, the ICT companies leading the high-tech industry are working hard to strive for systematic management of intellectual property. As we know, the patent information represents the intellectual capital of the company. Also now the quantitative analysis on the continuously accumulated patent information becomes possible. The analysis at various levels becomes also possible by utilizing the patent information, ranging from the patent level to the enterprise level, industrial level and country level. Through the patent information, we can identify the technology status and analyze the impact of the performance. We are also able to find out the flow of the knowledge through the network analysis. By that, we can not only identify the changes in technology, but also predict the direction of the future research. In the field using the network analysis there are two important analyses which utilize the patent citation information; citation indicator analysis utilizing the frequency of the citation and network analysis based on the citation relationships. Furthermore, this study analyzes whether there are any impacts between the size of the company and patent citation relationships. 74 S&P 500 registered companies that provide IT and communication services are selected for this study. In order to determine the relationship of patent citation between the companies, the patent citation in 2009 and 2010 is collected and sociomatrices which show the patent citation relationship between the companies are created. In addition, the companies' total assets are collected as an index of company size. The distance between companies is defined as the absolute value of the difference between the total assets. And simple differences are considered to be described as the hierarchy of the company. The QAP Correlation analysis and MR-QAP analysis is carried out by using the distance and hierarchy between companies, and also the sociomatrices that shows the patent citation in 2009 and 2010. Through the result of QAP Correlation analysis, the patent citation relationship between companies in the 2009's company's patent citation network and the 2010's company's patent citation network shows the highest correlation. In addition, positive correlation is shown in the patent citation relationships between companies and the distance between companies. This is because the patent citation relationship is increased when there is a difference of size between companies. Not only that, negative correlation is found through the analysis using the patent citation relationship between companies and the hierarchy between companies. Relatively it is indicated that there is a high evaluation about the patent of the higher tier companies influenced toward the lower tier companies. MR-QAP analysis is carried out as follow. The sociomatrix that is generated by using the year 2010 patent citation relationship is used as the dependent variable. Additionally the 2009's company's patent citation network and the distance and hierarchy networks between the companies are used as the independent variables. This study performed MR-QAP analysis to find the main factors influencing the patent citation relationship between the companies in 2010. The analysis results show that all independent variables have positively influenced the 2010's patent citation relationship between the companies. In particular, the 2009's patent citation relationship between the companies has the most significant impact on the 2010's, which means that there is consecutiveness regarding the patent citation relationships. Through the result of QAP correlation analysis and MR-QAP analysis, the patent citation relationship between companies is affected by the size of the companies. But the most significant impact is the patent citation relationships that had been done in the past. The reason why we need to maintain the patent citation relationship between companies is it might be important in the use of strategic aspect of the companies to look into relationships to share intellectual property between each other, also seen as an important auxiliary of the partner companies to cooperate with.