• Title, Summary, Keyword: Patient with Head and Neck Cancer

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A Pilot Study on Factors Associated with Presentation Delay in Patients Affected with Head and Neck Cancers

  • Baishya, Nizara;Das, Ashok Kumar;Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Das, Anupam;Das, Kishore;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Nandy, Pintu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.4715-4718
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    • 2015
  • Background: Patient delay can contribute to a poor outcome in the management of head and neck cancers (HNC). The main objective of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with patient delay in our population. Materials and Methods: Patients with cancers of the head and neck attending a regional cancer center of North East India were consecutively interviewed during the period from June 2014 to November 2014. The participation of patients was voluntary. The questionnaire included information on age, gender, residential status, educational qualification, monthly family income, any family history of cancer, and history of prior awareness on cancer from television (TV) program and awareness program. Results: Of 311 (n) patients, with an age range of 14-88 years (mean 55.4 years), 81.7% were males and 18.3% females (M:F=4.4). The overall median delay was 90 days (range=7 days-365 days), in illiterate patients the median delay was 90 days and 60 days in literate patients (P=0.002), the median delay in patients who had watched cancer awareness program on TV was 60 days and in patients who were unaware about cancer information from TV program had a median delay of 90 days (p=0.00021) and delay of <10 weeks was seen in 139 (44.6%) patients, a delay of 10-20 weeks in 98 (31.5%) patients, and a delay of 20-30 weeks in 63 (20.2%) patients. Conclusions: Education and awareness had a significant impact in reduction of median patient delay in our HNC cases.

Pharyngocutaneous Fistula which Occurred During Postoperative Radiotherapy in Larynx Cancer Patient with Dementia (치매가 있는 후두암 환자에서 술 후 방사선치료 중 발생한 인두피부누공)

  • Kim, Jung Jun;Kang, Ju Yong;Choi, Ik Joon;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2019
  • Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a relatively common, but serious complication after pharyngeal or laryngeal cancer surgery. It can cause wound infection, longer hospitalization period and sometimes carotid artery rupture which can be fatal. Recently, we experienced a 63-year-old larynx cancer patient who had dementia and alcoholic liver cirrhosis for underlying diseases. He underwent total laryngectomy and both neck dissection, and pharyngocutaneous fistula occurred during postoperative radiotherapy. Pharyngocutaneous fistula during postoperative radiotherapy has not yet reported in the literature, and there are few reports about pre and postoperative management of dementia patient after head and neck cancer surgery. Therefore, we report this case with a brief review of literature.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the Patients with Head and Neck Cancer (두경부암 환자의 대체요법 이용 실태)

  • Kim Kwang-Hyun;Jung Eun-Jung;Hah Jeong-Hun;Kwon Seong-Keun;Sung Myung-Whun
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2005
  • Background and Objectives: The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine(CAM) has grown at an astonishing rate in recent years. Because patients are interested in CAM and want to use it, physicians also should be concerned about CAM and know about the current situation of its usage. In this study, we tried to determine the prevalence of CAM use in the patients with head and neck cancer and correlate with demographics and tumor characteristics. Materials and Methods: A total of 87 patients with head and neck cancer previously treated with surgery at Seoul National University Hospital from March through June, 2004 were enrolled in this study. The patients were completed, questionnaire about the use of CAM and demographic information. Tumor characteristics were obtained from the patient's medical records. Results: Of the 87 patients, 33 patients(37.9%) use at least one CAM. There was no statistically significant correlation between patient's data and prevalence of CAM use. Of those patients using CAM, 16(48.5%) of 33 were using 2 or more therapies. The majority of agents used by patients in this study are mushrooms such as Phellinus and Reishi, followed by dietary therapy. A majority(60.6%) of patients were introduced to alternative medicine by friends or family members. Conclusion: Considerable cancer patients use CAM. Head and neck oncologists should inform themselves about CAM to counsel and educate the patients. Further scientific investigations on promising CAM agents may help advance cancer treatment.

Second primary cancer in reconstructed neopharynx: a case report (재건된 새 인두의 이차암에 대한 증례 보고서)

  • Kang, Karam;Han, Hye Min;Kim, Hyunjung;Baek, Seung-Kuk;Jung, Kwang Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2017
  • Background. Ever since the first report of deltopectoral flap in pharyngo-esophageal reconstruction in 1965, various methods of flap reconstruction have been introduced, allowing surgical eradication of tumors that were once thought to be inoperable. Despite these advancement, many literatures emphasize distant metastasis and second primary malignancies as the most important factors that contribute to the low 5-year survival rate of the patients. Specific consensus about defining second primary cancer is still debatable, due to small number of reports regarding second primary tumors arising in flaps used for reconstruction of defects in the head and neck region. Case. We report a case of a 72-year-old male patient who, under the diagnosis of hypopharyngeal cancer, underwent total laryngectomy with partial pharyngectomy, extended right radical neck dissection with extended left lateral neck dissection, right hemithyroidectomy and radial forearm free flap reconstruction on June 16, 2003. After 37 cycles of radiation therapy, the patient exhibited no sign of recurrence. The patient revisited our department on June 14, 2016 with chief complaint of dysphagia that started two months before the visit. Radiologic studies and histology revealed squamous cell carcinoma in neopharynx, one that had been reconstructed with forearm free flap. Conclusion. Until now, only a handful of reports regarding patients with second primary cancer in reconstructed flaps have been described. Despite its rarity, diagnostic criteria for second primary cancer should always kept in consideration for patients with recurred tumor.

A Case of Metastatic Brain Cancer from Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tonsil (편도 편평세포암종의 뇌전이 1례)

  • Chu Hyung-Ro
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.232-234
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    • 1999
  • Distant metastases of head and neck cancer have become an increasingly common cause of death as local and regional control has improved. The most frequent metastatic sites of head and neck cancer are the lung, liver, bone and kidney; but metastases to the gastrointestinal tract, brain and heart have also been reported. We report a recent case of a 37-year-old male patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil who had undergone composite operation with left radical neck dissection and postoperative radiotherapy. The patient presented three years later, cachexic and complaining of severe deep seated headache. Radiologic evaluation revealed a cystic mass with peripheral enhancement in left temporal lobe that was proven to be metastatic cancer by burrhole exploration. However, in spite of various modalities, the patient expired.

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Functional Status, Depression, and Family Support in Head and Neck Cancer Patients (두경부암 환자의 기능상태, 우울과 가족지지)

  • Park, Yong-Kyung
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the levels of functional status, depression, family support and their relationship among those variables in head and neck cancer patients. Method: The subjects were 100 patients with head and neck cancer patients who visited at outpatients clinic in one university hospital in Taegu. The instrument used for this study were Functional Status in Head & Neck Cancer - Self Report Scale developed by Baker(1995), Self-Rating Depression Scale by Zung(1965) and Family support assessment tool by Kang hyun-suk(1984). The data were analysed percentage, mean, t-test, ANOVA and pearson's corelation using SAS program. Result: There was significantly negative correlation between functional status and depression(r=-.71) and between depression and family support(r=-.56). The relationship of functional status and family support was significant as r= .33. Conclusion: It was found that functional status, depression and family support of head and neck cancer patient were closely related each other. Therefore it is necessary to design nursing intervention to enhance family support or decrease depression for improving quality of life in head and neck cancer patient.

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Nasopharyngeal cancer found after treatment of unknown primary cancer in the head and neck (두경부 원발부위 불명암에서 치료 후 발견된 비인두암)

  • Kim, Eun Ji;Hong, Ki Hwan;Hong, Yong Tae
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 2018
  • Despite adequate diagnostic work-up, unknown primary carcinoma(UPC) of the head and neck cannot be detected in approximately 2- 3% of patients.(1,2) There are several explanations for a cervical metastasis in the absence of a primary tumor. Here in, we report 2 patients, who were diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer after treatment of unknown primary cancer of the neck. Both patients had radical neck dissections and chemoradiation therapy, but 1 patient showed nasopharyngeal cancers 4 years after treatment and the other patient at 9 months after treatment for the unknown primary cancer. Therefore, we report 2 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer, which were diagnosed after treatment of unknown head and neck primary site.

Educational Levels and Delays in Start of Treatment for Head and Neck Cancers in North-East India

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Rahman, Tashnin;Kumar, Mahesh;Gogoi, Gayatri;Hoque, Nazmul
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10867-10869
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    • 2015
  • Background: There are various patient and professional factors responsible for the delay in start of treatment (SOT) for head and neck cancers (HNC). Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on data for HNC patients registered at the hospital cancer registry in North-East India. All cases diagnosed during the period of January 2010 to December 2012 were considered for the present analysis. Educational levels of all patients were clustered into 3 groups; illiterates (unable to read or write), qualified (school or high school level education), and highly qualified (college and above). Results: In the present analysis 1066 (34.6%) patients were illiterates, 1,869 (60.6%) patients were literates and 145 (4.7%) of all patients with HNC were highly qualified. The stage at diagnosis were stage I, seen in 62 (34.6%), stage II in 393 (12.8%), stage III in 1,371 (44.5%) and stage IV in 1,254 (40.7%). The median time (MT) to the SOT from date of attending cancer hospital (DOACH) was, in illiterate group MT was 18 days, whereas in the qualified group of patients it was 15 days and in the highly qualified group was 10 days. Analysis of variance showed there was a significant difference on the mean time for the delay in SOT from DOACH for different educational levels (F=9.923, p=0.000). Conclusions: Educational level is a patient related factor in the delays for the SOT in HNCs in our population.

Synchronous Primary Cancer in Hypopharyngeal Cancer (하인두암에 병발한 동시성 암종)

  • Hur Kyung-Hoe;Lee Sung-Hoon;Jung Kwang-Yoon;Choi Jong-Ouck
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 1995
  • Multiple primary malignant neoplasms occur relatively frequently today and are important especially in the head and neck area for they usually carry a bad prognosis. Detection of a synchronous primary tumor at the time of initial work-up is crucial both for management and final outcome. The first case was a T1 hypopharyngeal cancer with a mid-esophageal second primary who complained of a huge neck node. The second case was a T3 hypopharyngeal cancer who was initially seen by the chest surgeons for a large lower esophageal tumor. The third case was a patient previously operated for stomach adenocarcinoma three years ago, who had newly developed symptoms like dysphagia and hoarseness, and was diagnosed as hypopharyngeal T3 with oropharyngeal second primary cancer. Three cases were all heavy smokers and had histories of heavy alcohol consumption. They were all treated at the same sitting by en-block resection of the involved organs and postoperative radiation therapy. The authors have recently experienced 3 cases of synchronous second primary cancers in association with hypopharyngeal cancer and a report is made.

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A Case of Recurrent Central Neck Lymph Nodes after Radiation Therapy for Early Glottic Cancer (방사선 치료 후 중심경부림프절에서 재발한 조기 성문암 1예)

  • Park, Euyhyun;Ju, Youngho;Hwang, Jaewoong;Park, Sangheon;Baek, Seung-Kuk
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.58-61
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    • 2013
  • Early glottic cancer can be effectively treated with surgery or radiotherapy showing the comparable treatment results. Since radiation therapy may be better in terms of voice preservation, it tends to be preferred in early glottic cancer. Most common recurrence site is glottis after radiation therapy and complete remission of glottic primary site followed by local recurrence limited to neck is very rare. The authors are reporting a patient with regional recurrence of central neck lymph nodes after radiation therapy for T1a glottic cancer.