• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pattern identification

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The Comparison of Pattern Identification Diagnosis According to Symptom Scale Based on Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire (한방비만병증 설문지를 바탕으로 증상 척도에 따른 변증진단 비교)

  • Kang, Kyung-Won;Moon, Jin-Seok;Kang, Byung-Gab;Kim, Bo-Young;Shin, Mi-Sook;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • The study was to investigate the distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification questionnaire and agreement rate between diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern' identification by medical specialist. The distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire was shown in order of stagnation of liver Gi, retention of undigested food, deficiency of Yang at scale of 5, 3, 2 score and the diagnosis rate of single pattern identification at scale of 5, 3, 2 score was 89.96%, 79.33%, 54.64%, respectively the agreement rate between the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern identification by medical specialist was 0.1013. Therefore, the complementary management in CRF questionnaires with consultation from experts and the study for score difference of pattern identification will improve the accuracy and agreement rate, which will will be helpful for pattern identification of obesity by clinical experts.

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The Study of Correlation between Pattern Identification of Stroke Patients and Meteorological Elements (중풍 환자 변증과 기후 요소와의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Ma, Mi-Jin;Han, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.200-211
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    • 2009
  • There are many reports about correlations between meteorological elements and stroke. In Oriental medicine, it is recognized that the weather affects the human body and diseases, but there are few studies about the correlation between meteorological elements and pattern identification of stroke. 105 stroke patients classified into fire-heat pattern or dampress-phlegm pattern were registered during the study period. We took the measurement of each meteorological element (atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed) according to pattern identification and analyzed pattern identification into two groups according to mean of each meteorological element during the study period. Mean temperature was higher with the heat-fire pattern than with the dampness-phlegm pattern. Heat-fire pattern also had higher frequency when temperature was higher than mean temperature. There was no correlation between atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, or wind speed and pattern identification.

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Development of Standardized Pattern Identification for Dizziness by Delphi Method (현훈(어지럼증) 한의표준변증안 개발을 위한 전문가 델파이 조사)

  • Oh, Se-Hee;Jung, Chan-Yung;Hong, Seung-Ug
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The goal of this study is developing standardized pattern identification of dizziness using delphi method. Methods : The pattern identification of dizziness which derived through literature review is studied by delphi method. A group of 9 experts of korean medicine participated in Delphi examination. Experts carried out evaluating and correcting the pattern identification and symptoms by e-mail. Results : Through 3 delphi examinations, final standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. It consisted of 2 items of excess syndrome, 2 items of excess-deficiency combination syndrome, and 3 items of deficiency syndrome. Conclusions : By the delphi examinations among experts, a standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. These pattern identification will contribute to research and treatment of korean medicine. Further study is necessary for modification of pattern identification by practical clinical use.

Correlation between Sasang Constitution and Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, Bing-Xie Pattern Identification by using Oriental Diagnosis System (전문가시스템을 활용한 사상체질과 팔강변증, 기혈변증, 병사변증간의 상관관계)

  • Hwang, Kyo Seong;Park, Jun Gwan;Choi, Seong Un;Noh, Yun Hwan;Cho, Young Seuk;Shin, Dong Ha;Kwon, Young Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.370-374
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    • 2018
  • Oriental Diagnosis System(ODS) is an artificial intelligence program that utilize entered diagnosis knowledge, determine patient's disease and decide right medicine. The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types(Tae-Eum and So-Yang) by analyzing ODS diagnosis result. Eventually our study secure availability of using ODS program at clinical training or developing diagnosis program. Subject of this study is 50 patients who was performed Sasang constitution diagnosis (28 patients were Tae-Eum and 22 patients were So-Yang). We analyize patient's diagnosis records by using ODS program and obtained result about pattern Identification. We used SPSS statistics 23 in analyzing the differences of the scores of Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, and Bing-xie Pattern Identification in each Sasang types (Tae-Eum, So-Yang). The Heat and Heat-moisture scores were significantly different(p<0.05) and Qi-Blood Pattern Identification scores were not different in each Sasang types(p>0.05). And Weight was significantly different in each Sasang types(p<0.05). It is hard to generalize the result because subject of this study was not enough and had sample speciality(tinnitus patients). However, we explained correlation between pattern Identification in korean medicine and each sasang types based on quantifiable and objective evidence system. it can be used at education of korean medicine and evidence of practice diagnosis. Futhermore, there have been no studies about anaylizing correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types using ODS program. So it is worthy of being utilized at clinical evidence data of ODS program.

Development of a Standard Tool for Pattern Identification of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) (위식도역류질환 변증도구 개발 연구)

  • Han, Ga-jin;Leem, Jung-tae;Lee, Na-la;Kim, Jin-sung;Park, Jae-woo;Lee, Jun-hee
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.122-152
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study was designed to develop a standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients. Methods: Korean and Chinese literature was selected that mentioned pattern identification of GERD. We gathered the pattern identification and their symptoms and a Chinese medical doctor proficient in Korean translated the Chinese characters into Korean. A Korean linguist then confirmed the translation results to develop a draft of the standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (PIGERD). The final PIGERD was developed after assessment by an expert committee composed of professors from the Korean Medicine University, using the following items: inclusion of the pattern identification and its symptoms, importance of items, and validity of translation. Results: Six pattern identifications and 94 symptoms were selected from 45 references and translated into Korean. Four pattern identifications [pattern/syndrome of liver qi invading the stomach (肝胃不和), spleen-stomach weakness (脾胃虛弱), spleen-stomach dampness-heat (脾胃濕熱), and stomach yin deficiency (胃陰不足)] and 49 symptoms were then selected through the Delphi method by the expert committee. The final standard PIGERD tool was completed after the assessment of translation validity and reflection of individual opinions by the expert committee. This tool consists of 40 items including tongue and pulse diagnosis. The weighted value was also computed from assessment of the importance of items. Conclusions: We developed a standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (PIGERD) to clarify the pattern identification of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease for standardized diagnosis.

Preliminary Research for Development of Instrument for Cold-Heat & Deficiency-Excess Pattern Identification of Dementia (치매(痴呆)의 한열허실(寒熱虛實) 변증(辨證)을 위한 지표 문항 개발에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Heo, Eun Jung;Kang, Hyung Won;Jeon, Won Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.553-562
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia, as well as for standard Korean medicine diagnosis and treatment. Five experts comprised of 4 neuropsychiatrists of Korean medicine and 1 statistician to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia. We searched studies about pattern identification and selected 507 articles using Oasis search terms provided by the KIOM. As a result, 10 pattern identification research study were recruited. Moreover, we analyzed neuropsychological assessments for dementia that evaluate Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and cognitive function using experts conferences and we selected neuropsychological instruments using pattern identification. Six cold patterns, six heat patterns, ten deficiency patterns, and four excess patterns were identified according to the cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification of dementia. We selected the Caregiver-Administered Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination as neuropsychological assessments of dementia, which examine behavioral symptoms and cognitive function, suspectively. We formed positive and negative correlation between Korean medicine pattern identification and neuropsychological assessments for dementia. We developed and suggested a forecast module of pattern identification for dementia. But, it is necessary to perform additional clinical trials to verify its validity and accuracy.

Study for Blood Homocysteine Levels and d-dimer Levels of Cerebral Infarction Patients and Pattern Identification (뇌경색환자의 혈중 homocysteine 및 d-dimer 농도와 한의변증유형에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Sun-Young;Kong, Kyung-Hwan;Go, Ho-Yeon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in blood homocysteine levels and blood d-dimer levels of cerebral infarction patients categorized by Pattern Identification. We studied hospitalized patients within 4 weeks after the onset of stroke who were admitted to the Oriental Internal Medical Department at Semyung University Chungju Oriental Medical Hospital from May 2008 to September 2009. We analyzed risk factors and blood homocysteine levels and blood d-dimer levels accordings to Pattern Identification in Cerebral infarction patients. A total of 49 patients were included in the trial. No statistical significance was noted for any characteristics except body weight and body mass index. Body weight and body mass index were significantly higher Dampness-Phlegm pattern. On past history of patients, prevalence of DM was significantly higher in Fire-Heat pattern than that of other patterns. There was no significant difference of blood homocysteine levels and blood d-dimer levels among Pattern Identification. This study investigated the differences in blood homocysteine levels and blood d-dimer levels of cerebral infarction patients categorized by Pattern Identification. The correlation in homocysteine and d-dimer levels and Pattern Identification was not clarified.

A Cross-sectional Study of Pattern Identification in Adolescents - School doctor Program of Seongnam - city in 2017 (청소년들의 변증에 대한 단면조사 연구 - 2017 성남시 교의사업을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Dong-Nyung;Shin, Seon Mi;Park, Jeong-Su;Sung, Hyun Kyung;Go, Jae-Eon;Go, Ho-Yeon
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2019
  • Objective : This study is aimed to application possibility and status of pattern identification in middle and high school students. Method : This study was cross-sectional study. We recruited 277 students through school doctor program of Seongnam city in 2017. Male students are 66 in middle school, 32 in high school. Female students are 117 in middle school, 62 in high school. For pattern identification, we used the tool of Qui Xui Shui pattern identification in students. Students fill questionnaires in inquiry of pattern identification and Korean medicine doctor diagnosis inspection and palpation of students. Results : Among 277 students, no pattern identification were 114(41.2%). It appeared in the order of phlegm, blood deficinecy, qi deficiency, qi stagnation and qi reversal. Qi deficiency, qi stagnation, qi reversal, blood deficiency and phlegm pattern are statistically significant by gender except blood stagnation. of 277 students, 105 (37.9%) had one more pattern identification. Conclusions : This study showed possibility of Qui Xui Shui pattern for student health management. In the future, large scale follow up study will be needed to clarify the relationship of pattern identification and student's health.

A Study on the Relationship between the Eight Principle Pattern Identification of Cold-Heat, Deficiency-Excess and the Sasang Constitution -500 Women with Menstrual Pain and Women without Menstrual Pain as a Target- (한열허실 팔강진단과 사상체질과의 관련성 연구 -월경통이 있는 여성과 없는 여성 500명을 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Jong-Won;Jeon, Soo-Hyung
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.18-32
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    • 2020
  • Objectives In order to find out the relationship between the Eight Principle Pattern Identification of Cold-Heat, Deficiency-Excess and the Sasang constitution, we analyzed the clinical data from 500 women with menstrual pain and women without menstrual pain. Methods In the previous study, the subject's information of Typology Complexion Pulse and Symptom was collected, and Eight Principle Pattern Identification was executed based on this. Later, the relationship between the Sasang constitution and the Eight Principle Pattern Identification was statistically analyzed. Results and Conclusion 1. The obvious difference between the experimental group and the control group in the patterns of Cold-Heat and Deficiency-Excess is that patients who complain of menstrual pain do not maintain harmony with the yin-yang ratio, it can be said that the patterns of Cold-Heat and Deficiency-Excess can be a Identification standard that significantly obscures the condition of the disease. 2. There was a significant difference between the Sasang constitution and the Eight Principle Pattern Identification of Cold-Heat. There was no significant difference between the Sasang constitution and the Eight Principle Pattern Identification of Deficiency-Excess.

A Literature Review on Pattern-identification of Shoulder Pain (견비통의 변증에 관한 문헌고찰)

  • Park, Hae In;Lee, Kwang Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.147-167
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to summarise pattern-identification of shoulder pain based on the classics of oriental medicine, current literature and domestic papers. Methods : The materials selected were sourced from the classics of oriental medicine, current literature and domestic papers which contained data related to pattern-identification of shoulder pain. The pattern-identifications were compared to determine the similarities, and these were classified. Results : Thirty-five studies were reviewed, and thirty-seven pattern-identifications were collated. These were classified into the following groups: wind-cold-dampness group(n = 8), blood stasis group(n = 3), phlegm group(n = 7), dual deficiency of Qi and blood group(n = 4), deficiency cold group(n = 2), liver-kidney deficiency group(n = 1) and meridian-collateral group(n = 12). Conclusions : On the basis of the classification of pattern-identifications, two groups of pattern-identifications for shoulder pain were suggested. The first group included the pattern-identification associated with a disease-cause, which included the wind-cold-dampness pattern(風寒濕型), blood stasis pattern(瘀血型), phlegm pattern(痰飮型), Qi-blood deficiency pattern(氣血兩虛型), deficiency cold pattern(虛寒型), and liver-kidney deficiency pattern(肝腎虧損型). The second included the pattern-identification associated with the meridian-collateral, which included the hand greater Yin meridian pattern(手太陰經型), hand Yang brightness meridian pattern(手陽明經型), hand lesser Yin meridian pattern(手少陰經型), hand greater Yang meridian pattern(手太陽經型), hand reverting Yin meridian pattern(手厥陰經型), hand lesser Yang meridian pattern(手少陽經型), and foot greater Yang meridian pattern(足太陽經型).