• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pattern identification

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The Comparison of Pattern Identification Diagnosis According to Symptom Scale Based on Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire (한방비만병증 설문지를 바탕으로 증상 척도에 따른 변증진단 비교)

  • Kang, Kyung-Won;Moon, Jin-Seok;Kang, Byung-Gab;Kim, Bo-Young;Shin, Mi-Sook;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • The study was to investigate the distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification questionnaire and agreement rate between diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern' identification by medical specialist. The distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire was shown in order of stagnation of liver Gi, retention of undigested food, deficiency of Yang at scale of 5, 3, 2 score and the diagnosis rate of single pattern identification at scale of 5, 3, 2 score was 89.96%, 79.33%, 54.64%, respectively the agreement rate between the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern identification by medical specialist was 0.1013. Therefore, the complementary management in CRF questionnaires with consultation from experts and the study for score difference of pattern identification will improve the accuracy and agreement rate, which will will be helpful for pattern identification of obesity by clinical experts.

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Development of Standardized Pattern Identification for Dizziness by Delphi Method (현훈(어지럼증) 한의표준변증안 개발을 위한 전문가 델파이 조사)

  • Oh, Se-Hee;Jung, Chan-Yung;Hong, Seung-Ug
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The goal of this study is developing standardized pattern identification of dizziness using delphi method. Methods : The pattern identification of dizziness which derived through literature review is studied by delphi method. A group of 9 experts of korean medicine participated in Delphi examination. Experts carried out evaluating and correcting the pattern identification and symptoms by e-mail. Results : Through 3 delphi examinations, final standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. It consisted of 2 items of excess syndrome, 2 items of excess-deficiency combination syndrome, and 3 items of deficiency syndrome. Conclusions : By the delphi examinations among experts, a standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. These pattern identification will contribute to research and treatment of korean medicine. Further study is necessary for modification of pattern identification by practical clinical use.

Correlation between Sasang Constitution and Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, Bing-Xie Pattern Identification by using Oriental Diagnosis System (전문가시스템을 활용한 사상체질과 팔강변증, 기혈변증, 병사변증간의 상관관계)

  • Hwang, Kyo Seong;Park, Jun Gwan;Choi, Seong Un;Noh, Yun Hwan;Cho, Young Seuk;Shin, Dong Ha;Kwon, Young Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.370-374
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    • 2018
  • Oriental Diagnosis System(ODS) is an artificial intelligence program that utilize entered diagnosis knowledge, determine patient's disease and decide right medicine. The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types(Tae-Eum and So-Yang) by analyzing ODS diagnosis result. Eventually our study secure availability of using ODS program at clinical training or developing diagnosis program. Subject of this study is 50 patients who was performed Sasang constitution diagnosis (28 patients were Tae-Eum and 22 patients were So-Yang). We analyize patient's diagnosis records by using ODS program and obtained result about pattern Identification. We used SPSS statistics 23 in analyzing the differences of the scores of Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, and Bing-xie Pattern Identification in each Sasang types (Tae-Eum, So-Yang). The Heat and Heat-moisture scores were significantly different(p<0.05) and Qi-Blood Pattern Identification scores were not different in each Sasang types(p>0.05). And Weight was significantly different in each Sasang types(p<0.05). It is hard to generalize the result because subject of this study was not enough and had sample speciality(tinnitus patients). However, we explained correlation between pattern Identification in korean medicine and each sasang types based on quantifiable and objective evidence system. it can be used at education of korean medicine and evidence of practice diagnosis. Futhermore, there have been no studies about anaylizing correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types using ODS program. So it is worthy of being utilized at clinical evidence data of ODS program.

Preliminary Research for Development of Instrument for Cold-Heat & Deficiency-Excess Pattern Identification of Dementia (치매(痴呆)의 한열허실(寒熱虛實) 변증(辨證)을 위한 지표 문항 개발에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Heo, Eun Jung;Kang, Hyung Won;Jeon, Won Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.553-562
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia, as well as for standard Korean medicine diagnosis and treatment. Five experts comprised of 4 neuropsychiatrists of Korean medicine and 1 statistician to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia. We searched studies about pattern identification and selected 507 articles using Oasis search terms provided by the KIOM. As a result, 10 pattern identification research study were recruited. Moreover, we analyzed neuropsychological assessments for dementia that evaluate Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and cognitive function using experts conferences and we selected neuropsychological instruments using pattern identification. Six cold patterns, six heat patterns, ten deficiency patterns, and four excess patterns were identified according to the cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification of dementia. We selected the Caregiver-Administered Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination as neuropsychological assessments of dementia, which examine behavioral symptoms and cognitive function, suspectively. We formed positive and negative correlation between Korean medicine pattern identification and neuropsychological assessments for dementia. We developed and suggested a forecast module of pattern identification for dementia. But, it is necessary to perform additional clinical trials to verify its validity and accuracy.

Correlation Analysis between Sasang Constitution and Oriental Pattern Identification by Using Oriental Diagnosis System (한의전문가시스템을 활용한 사상체질과 한의변증 간의 상관관계 분석)

  • Jo, Hye Jin;Noh, Yun Hwan;Cho, Young Seuk;Shin, Dong Ha;Kwon, Young Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 2019
  • Oriental Diagnosis System(ODS) is an artificial intelligence program that utilize entered diagnosis knowledge, determine patient's disease and decide right medicine. The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types(So-Yang, So-Eum and Tae-Eum) by analyzing ODS diagnosis result. Eventually our study secure availability of using ODS program at clinical training or developing diagnosis program. Subject of this study is 32 students participating in Sasang medical practice(12 subjects were So-Yang, 7 subjects were So-Eum, and 13 subjects were Tae-Eum). We analyze subject's clinical practice result reports by using ODS program and obtained result about pattern Identification. We used SPSS statistics 23 in analyzing the differences of the scores of Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, Bing-xie Pattern Identification, and Visceral Pattern Identification in each Sasang types (So-Yang, So-Eum, Tae-Eum). In the case of Heat-moisture, Tae-Eum showed higher score than So-Eum, but So-Yang showed no difference from the other two Sasang types(p<0.05). And in the case of Food-accumulation, Tae-Eum and So-Yang showed significantly higher score than So-Eum(p<0.05). It is hard to generalize the result because subject of this study was not enough. However, we explained correlation between pattern Identification in korean medicine and each sasang types based on quantifiable and objective evidence system. Therefore use of ODS program in student clinical practice training help to understand the relationship and correlation between different pattern Identification and will help standardization of clinical practice education.

The Study of Correlation between Pattern Identification of Stroke Patients and Meteorological Elements (중풍 환자 변증과 기후 요소와의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Ma, Mi-Jin;Han, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.200-211
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    • 2009
  • There are many reports about correlations between meteorological elements and stroke. In Oriental medicine, it is recognized that the weather affects the human body and diseases, but there are few studies about the correlation between meteorological elements and pattern identification of stroke. 105 stroke patients classified into fire-heat pattern or dampress-phlegm pattern were registered during the study period. We took the measurement of each meteorological element (atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed) according to pattern identification and analyzed pattern identification into two groups according to mean of each meteorological element during the study period. Mean temperature was higher with the heat-fire pattern than with the dampness-phlegm pattern. Heat-fire pattern also had higher frequency when temperature was higher than mean temperature. There was no correlation between atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, or wind speed and pattern identification.

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Reliability Study of the Pattern Identification Questionnaire Developed by Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine (한국한의학연구원 개발 변증설문지의 신뢰도 연구)

  • Kim, Bum-Su;Lim, Jung-Hwa;Lee, Min-Hee;Yun, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 2013
  • Objectives This study is aimed at assessing the reliability of the Pattern identification questionnaire (PIQ) developed by Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine and examining the validity of the PIQ by comparing the pattern identification scores of different groups. Methods We conducted a survey of 258 participants (79 teachers and 179 graduate students at one School of Korean Medicine) using self-reported questionnaire and all the samples were retested. The test-retest reliability was assessed by Kappa coefficient(${\kappa}$) and Pearson correlation coefficient. Also we compared the differences in pattern identification scores according to sex, age and occupation. Results 1. One of 116 questions are impossible to calculate; 22 of them (18.97%) scored under 0.4 in ${\kappa}$; 90(77.59%) ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 in ${\kappa}$; and three questions (3.58%) scored 0.8 or over in ${\kappa}$. 2. Pearson correlation coefficients between test score and retest score of all pattern identification items are 0.4 or over. 3. The mean score for pattern identification in women was generally higher than that in men, particularly in patterns of blood-deficiency, blood-stasis, yang-deficiency and kidney disease. 4. The mean score for pattern identification in the graduate student group was generally higher than that in the teacher group. Conclusion In test-retest reliability, the PIQ showed relatively high reliability. The mean pattern identification score showed differences in regards to retaining knowledge about Korean medicine. Therefore, future research involving modification of questionnaire items and confirming the validity of this questionnaire is required.

Development of a Standard Tool for Pattern Identification of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) (위식도역류질환 변증도구 개발 연구)

  • Han, Ga-jin;Leem, Jung-tae;Lee, Na-la;Kim, Jin-sung;Park, Jae-woo;Lee, Jun-hee
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.122-152
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study was designed to develop a standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients. Methods: Korean and Chinese literature was selected that mentioned pattern identification of GERD. We gathered the pattern identification and their symptoms and a Chinese medical doctor proficient in Korean translated the Chinese characters into Korean. A Korean linguist then confirmed the translation results to develop a draft of the standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (PIGERD). The final PIGERD was developed after assessment by an expert committee composed of professors from the Korean Medicine University, using the following items: inclusion of the pattern identification and its symptoms, importance of items, and validity of translation. Results: Six pattern identifications and 94 symptoms were selected from 45 references and translated into Korean. Four pattern identifications [pattern/syndrome of liver qi invading the stomach (肝胃不和), spleen-stomach weakness (脾胃虛弱), spleen-stomach dampness-heat (脾胃濕熱), and stomach yin deficiency (胃陰不足)] and 49 symptoms were then selected through the Delphi method by the expert committee. The final standard PIGERD tool was completed after the assessment of translation validity and reflection of individual opinions by the expert committee. This tool consists of 40 items including tongue and pulse diagnosis. The weighted value was also computed from assessment of the importance of items. Conclusions: We developed a standard tool for pattern identification of gastroesophageal reflux disease (PIGERD) to clarify the pattern identification of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease for standardized diagnosis.

A Cross-sectional Study of Pattern Identification in Adolescents - School doctor Program of Seongnam - city in 2017 (청소년들의 변증에 대한 단면조사 연구 - 2017 성남시 교의사업을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Dong-Nyung;Shin, Seon Mi;Park, Jeong-Su;Sung, Hyun Kyung;Go, Jae-Eon;Go, Ho-Yeon
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2019
  • Objective : This study is aimed to application possibility and status of pattern identification in middle and high school students. Method : This study was cross-sectional study. We recruited 277 students through school doctor program of Seongnam city in 2017. Male students are 66 in middle school, 32 in high school. Female students are 117 in middle school, 62 in high school. For pattern identification, we used the tool of Qui Xui Shui pattern identification in students. Students fill questionnaires in inquiry of pattern identification and Korean medicine doctor diagnosis inspection and palpation of students. Results : Among 277 students, no pattern identification were 114(41.2%). It appeared in the order of phlegm, blood deficinecy, qi deficiency, qi stagnation and qi reversal. Qi deficiency, qi stagnation, qi reversal, blood deficiency and phlegm pattern are statistically significant by gender except blood stagnation. of 277 students, 105 (37.9%) had one more pattern identification. Conclusions : This study showed possibility of Qui Xui Shui pattern for student health management. In the future, large scale follow up study will be needed to clarify the relationship of pattern identification and student's health.

The correlation between average temperature & precipitation and Pattern Identification of the patients with stroke (중풍환자의 변증(辨證)과 기온 및 강수여부와의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Ma, Mi-Jin;Kim, Bo-Ram;Kim, Mi-Kyung;Choi, Dong-Jun;Han, Chang-Ho;Jung, Seung-Hyun;Shin, Gil-Jo;Lee, Won-Chul
    • The Journal of the Society of Stroke on Korean Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This study was to investigated the correlation between average temperature & precipitation and pattern identification of the patients with stroke. Methods : 115 stroke patients within 30days of onset were registered during the study period. Pattern identification of stroke was classified into Fire and heat, Turbid phlegm and others. We took the mean of average temperature according to pattern identification and analyzed pattern identification into two groups according to climatological normal of average temperature in Seoul. We also analyzed pattern identification into two groups according to existence of precipitation. Results : Heat and fire, and other type of pattern identification had high frequency when average temperature was higher than 12.2℃. And there was no correlation between precipitation and pattern identification of stroke.

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