• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pattern identification

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The Comparison of Pattern Identification Diagnosis According to Symptom Scale Based on Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire (한방비만병증 설문지를 바탕으로 증상 척도에 따른 변증진단 비교)

  • Kang, Kyung-Won;Moon, Jin-Seok;Kang, Byung-Gab;Kim, Bo-Young;Shin, Mi-Sook;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • The study was to investigate the distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification questionnaire and agreement rate between diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern' identification by medical specialist. The distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire was shown in order of stagnation of liver Gi, retention of undigested food, deficiency of Yang at scale of 5, 3, 2 score and the diagnosis rate of single pattern identification at scale of 5, 3, 2 score was 89.96%, 79.33%, 54.64%, respectively the agreement rate between the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern identification by medical specialist was 0.1013. Therefore, the complementary management in CRF questionnaires with consultation from experts and the study for score difference of pattern identification will improve the accuracy and agreement rate, which will will be helpful for pattern identification of obesity by clinical experts.

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Development of Standardized Pattern Identification for Dizziness by Delphi Method (현훈(어지럼증) 한의표준변증안 개발을 위한 전문가 델파이 조사)

  • Oh, Se-Hee;Jung, Chan-Yung;Hong, Seung-Ug
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The goal of this study is developing standardized pattern identification of dizziness using delphi method. Methods : The pattern identification of dizziness which derived through literature review is studied by delphi method. A group of 9 experts of korean medicine participated in Delphi examination. Experts carried out evaluating and correcting the pattern identification and symptoms by e-mail. Results : Through 3 delphi examinations, final standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. It consisted of 2 items of excess syndrome, 2 items of excess-deficiency combination syndrome, and 3 items of deficiency syndrome. Conclusions : By the delphi examinations among experts, a standardized pattern identification of dizziness was suggested. These pattern identification will contribute to research and treatment of korean medicine. Further study is necessary for modification of pattern identification by practical clinical use.

A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Reliability of Pattern Identification Tool for Knee Osteoarthritis and to Analyze Correlation between Pattern Identification Tool and Knee Range of Motion, Visual Analog Scale and Western Ontario & Mcmaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (퇴행성 무릎관절염 변증도구의 신뢰도 평가 및 무릎 ROM, VAS, WOMAC과의 상관관계에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Oh, Seung-Joon;Jang, Eunsu;Oh, Young-Seon;Kang, Wee-chang;Lee, Eun-Jung;Jung, In Chul
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2019
  • Objectives To evaluate the pattern identification tool for knee osteoarthritis and to investigate the relationship between pattern identification tool and knee ROM (range of motion), VAS (visual analog scale) and WOMAC (Western Ontario & McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index). Methods We studied 50 patients who are diagnosed as degenerative osteoarthritis. With one patient dropping out, total of 49 patient went through pattern identification tool. Re-test of the pattern identification tool was implemented after about a week. The reliability was analyzed by calculating ICC (intraclass correlation coefficient). Also, reliability of each pattern identification score was calculated along with influence factor and correlation between knee ROM, VAS and WOMAC. Results Reliability of the pattern identification tool was evaluated as 'poor agreement beyond chance' with ICC value of 0.396. Reliablility of each pattern identification score was calculated and four out of five were measured 'good' with one 'moderate' reliability. Two of inter-item consistency were 'good', two were 'acceptable' and one was 'questionable'. Correlation between each pattern identification and knee ROM showed 'clear negative linear relationship' with two patterns. VAS showed 'clear positivie linear relationship' with all five patterns. WOMAC showed 'positivie linear relationship' with all five patterns. Conclusions According to the results, pattern identification tool for knee osteoarthritis seems to have meaningful relationship with other agnedas. Also, further research is needed to develop the tool.

The Review on the Study of Oriental Obesity Pattern Identification: Focused on Korean Research Papers (비만(肥滿) 변증 연구에 대한 고찰(국내 연구 중심으로))

  • Park, Won-Hyung;Cha, Yun-Yeop;Song, Yun-Kyung;Park, Tae-Yong;Kim, Ho-Jun;Chung, Won-Suk;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Shin, Seung-Woo;Jang, Bo-Hyoung;Ko, Seong-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2014
  • Objectives The aim of this study is to analyse research trends about oriental obesity pattern identification in Korea. Methods We searched the papers with key words of 'obesity' and 'Pattern identification', 'Syndrom differentiation' in Korean database (Korean traditional knowledge portal, KISS, NDSL, DBPIA, KMBASE, Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research). We classified the papers by year and content. Results We reviewed 28 searched papers. Papers were published between 1992 and 2012. More than half of the total papers were published since 2008. There are 5 studies that focus on development and improvement of oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. 9 studies are research about using oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. 7 studies are research about Type of oriental obesity pattern identification. 4 studies are literature review of oriental obesity pattern identification. Other studies related to oriental obesity pattern identification are three. Conclusions To improve application and objectification about oriental obesity pattern identification, more clinical and oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire studies are needed.

Analysis of Development and Application of Pattern Identification System -Based on Oriental Obesity Pattern Identification- (변증 진단 체계 개발 및 응용 연구 분석 -한방 비만변증을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Jung-Sik;Song, Yun-Kyung;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Chung, Won-Suk;Park, Won-Hyung;Cha, Yun-Yeop;Shin, Seung-Woo;Park, Tae-Yong;Jang, Bo-Hyoung;Kim, Ho-Jun;Ko, Seong-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2014
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is analyzing internal research trends of oriental obesity pattern identification in korean literature based on obesity pattern identification questionnaires, development and application of Pattern Identification System to help solve problems of future researches. Methods 6 Korean databases were searched for articles of oriental obesity pattern identification, irrespective of publication year and 13 studies were reviewed. An analytical method such as descriptive statistics and an actual number and percentage was used. Results We collected 13 studies. 4 studies were published in 2012 and 2008, the highest number of studies. 7 Clinical studies were the major research method. The Studies were classified according to the characteristics and design. 5 studies were about research of analysis and improvement of oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire, the most number of studies. 4 studies were about research of observational studies in clinical on obesity pattern identification. 3 studies were about research of intervention studies in clinical on obesity pattern identification and 1 study was about clinical practice recommendation. Conclusions Establishment of obesity pattern identification system and its clinical application could lead to standardizing obesity pattern identification and clinical practice guideline. Applied on other diseases, obesity pattern identification system could also lead to improving treatment rate, contributing to the development of clinical practice guidelines and academic field of research.

Correlation between Sasang Constitution and Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, Bing-Xie Pattern Identification by using Oriental Diagnosis System (전문가시스템을 활용한 사상체질과 팔강변증, 기혈변증, 병사변증간의 상관관계)

  • Hwang, Kyo Seong;Park, Jun Gwan;Choi, Seong Un;Noh, Yun Hwan;Cho, Young Seuk;Shin, Dong Ha;Kwon, Young Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.370-374
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    • 2018
  • Oriental Diagnosis System(ODS) is an artificial intelligence program that utilize entered diagnosis knowledge, determine patient's disease and decide right medicine. The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types(Tae-Eum and So-Yang) by analyzing ODS diagnosis result. Eventually our study secure availability of using ODS program at clinical training or developing diagnosis program. Subject of this study is 50 patients who was performed Sasang constitution diagnosis (28 patients were Tae-Eum and 22 patients were So-Yang). We analyize patient's diagnosis records by using ODS program and obtained result about pattern Identification. We used SPSS statistics 23 in analyzing the differences of the scores of Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, and Bing-xie Pattern Identification in each Sasang types (Tae-Eum, So-Yang). The Heat and Heat-moisture scores were significantly different(p<0.05) and Qi-Blood Pattern Identification scores were not different in each Sasang types(p>0.05). And Weight was significantly different in each Sasang types(p<0.05). It is hard to generalize the result because subject of this study was not enough and had sample speciality(tinnitus patients). However, we explained correlation between pattern Identification in korean medicine and each sasang types based on quantifiable and objective evidence system. it can be used at education of korean medicine and evidence of practice diagnosis. Futhermore, there have been no studies about anaylizing correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types using ODS program. So it is worthy of being utilized at clinical evidence data of ODS program.

Preliminary Research for Development of Instrument for Cold-Heat & Deficiency-Excess Pattern Identification of Dementia (치매(痴呆)의 한열허실(寒熱虛實) 변증(辨證)을 위한 지표 문항 개발에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Heo, Eun Jung;Kang, Hyung Won;Jeon, Won Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.553-562
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia, as well as for standard Korean medicine diagnosis and treatment. Five experts comprised of 4 neuropsychiatrists of Korean medicine and 1 statistician to develop cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification for dementia. We searched studies about pattern identification and selected 507 articles using Oasis search terms provided by the KIOM. As a result, 10 pattern identification research study were recruited. Moreover, we analyzed neuropsychological assessments for dementia that evaluate Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and cognitive function using experts conferences and we selected neuropsychological instruments using pattern identification. Six cold patterns, six heat patterns, ten deficiency patterns, and four excess patterns were identified according to the cold-heat and deficiency-excess pattern identification of dementia. We selected the Caregiver-Administered Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination as neuropsychological assessments of dementia, which examine behavioral symptoms and cognitive function, suspectively. We formed positive and negative correlation between Korean medicine pattern identification and neuropsychological assessments for dementia. We developed and suggested a forecast module of pattern identification for dementia. But, it is necessary to perform additional clinical trials to verify its validity and accuracy.

Correlation Analysis between Sasang Constitution and Oriental Pattern Identification by Using Oriental Diagnosis System (한의전문가시스템을 활용한 사상체질과 한의변증 간의 상관관계 분석)

  • Jo, Hye Jin;Noh, Yun Hwan;Cho, Young Seuk;Shin, Dong Ha;Kwon, Young Kyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 2019
  • Oriental Diagnosis System(ODS) is an artificial intelligence program that utilize entered diagnosis knowledge, determine patient's disease and decide right medicine. The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between pattern Identification in Korean medicine and each sasang types(So-Yang, So-Eum and Tae-Eum) by analyzing ODS diagnosis result. Eventually our study secure availability of using ODS program at clinical training or developing diagnosis program. Subject of this study is 32 students participating in Sasang medical practice(12 subjects were So-Yang, 7 subjects were So-Eum, and 13 subjects were Tae-Eum). We analyze subject's clinical practice result reports by using ODS program and obtained result about pattern Identification. We used SPSS statistics 23 in analyzing the differences of the scores of Eight Principle Pattern Identification, Qi-Blood Pattern Identification, Bing-xie Pattern Identification, and Visceral Pattern Identification in each Sasang types (So-Yang, So-Eum, Tae-Eum). In the case of Heat-moisture, Tae-Eum showed higher score than So-Eum, but So-Yang showed no difference from the other two Sasang types(p<0.05). And in the case of Food-accumulation, Tae-Eum and So-Yang showed significantly higher score than So-Eum(p<0.05). It is hard to generalize the result because subject of this study was not enough. However, we explained correlation between pattern Identification in korean medicine and each sasang types based on quantifiable and objective evidence system. Therefore use of ODS program in student clinical practice training help to understand the relationship and correlation between different pattern Identification and will help standardization of clinical practice education.

The Study of Correlation between Pattern Identification of Stroke Patients and Meteorological Elements (중풍 환자 변증과 기후 요소와의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Ma, Mi-Jin;Han, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.200-211
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    • 2009
  • There are many reports about correlations between meteorological elements and stroke. In Oriental medicine, it is recognized that the weather affects the human body and diseases, but there are few studies about the correlation between meteorological elements and pattern identification of stroke. 105 stroke patients classified into fire-heat pattern or dampress-phlegm pattern were registered during the study period. We took the measurement of each meteorological element (atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed) according to pattern identification and analyzed pattern identification into two groups according to mean of each meteorological element during the study period. Mean temperature was higher with the heat-fire pattern than with the dampness-phlegm pattern. Heat-fire pattern also had higher frequency when temperature was higher than mean temperature. There was no correlation between atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, or wind speed and pattern identification.

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Reliability Study of the Pattern Identification Questionnaire Developed by Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine (한국한의학연구원 개발 변증설문지의 신뢰도 연구)

  • Kim, Bum-Su;Lim, Jung-Hwa;Lee, Min-Hee;Yun, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 2013
  • Objectives This study is aimed at assessing the reliability of the Pattern identification questionnaire (PIQ) developed by Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine and examining the validity of the PIQ by comparing the pattern identification scores of different groups. Methods We conducted a survey of 258 participants (79 teachers and 179 graduate students at one School of Korean Medicine) using self-reported questionnaire and all the samples were retested. The test-retest reliability was assessed by Kappa coefficient(${\kappa}$) and Pearson correlation coefficient. Also we compared the differences in pattern identification scores according to sex, age and occupation. Results 1. One of 116 questions are impossible to calculate; 22 of them (18.97%) scored under 0.4 in ${\kappa}$; 90(77.59%) ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 in ${\kappa}$; and three questions (3.58%) scored 0.8 or over in ${\kappa}$. 2. Pearson correlation coefficients between test score and retest score of all pattern identification items are 0.4 or over. 3. The mean score for pattern identification in women was generally higher than that in men, particularly in patterns of blood-deficiency, blood-stasis, yang-deficiency and kidney disease. 4. The mean score for pattern identification in the graduate student group was generally higher than that in the teacher group. Conclusion In test-retest reliability, the PIQ showed relatively high reliability. The mean pattern identification score showed differences in regards to retaining knowledge about Korean medicine. Therefore, future research involving modification of questionnaire items and confirming the validity of this questionnaire is required.