• 제목/요약/키워드: Pattern identification

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(${\ll}$속명의류안(續名醫類案)${\gg}$에 기재(記載)된 천(喘) 및 효천(哮喘)에 관(關)한 의안(醫案) 연구(硏究) (A Study of the Case Record on Dyspnea and Wheezing Asthma Recorded in Xu Ming Yi Lei An)

  • 이주일;서운교
    • 대한한의학방제학회지
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.49-105
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Select and analyze the case record of dyspnea and wheezing asthma recorded in Xu Ming Yi Lei An that is the most abundant and wide in contents in existing case records that are systematic, comprehending relatively modern Traditional Chinese Medicine to secure more deep and objective basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine approach for dyspnea and wheezing asthma to analyze and review possibility for clinical application in this study. Methods: The study was conducted with the case records of dyspnea and wheezing asthma in whole Xu Ming Yi Lei An. Pattern identify and classify selected case records and again classified with deficiency syndrome and excess syndrome. Also analyzed prescriptions and herbs used in the case records. Nature of herbs and properties and flavors that were used in the case records were classified and frequency of each nature of herbs were analyzed. Applicable case records were interpreted and suggested prescriptions, pulse feelings, pattern classification were analyzed and described. Results : Among the 5254 case records stated on the complete collection, it is researched that there are 63 case records for the symptom complex of dyspnea as 1.2% of the whole case records, and the case records on the symptom complex of wheezing asthma are 14 as the 0.27% of the total examples. 63 case record examples related with symptom complex of dyspnea were pattern identified and classified. As a result, deficiency syndrome of the Kidney(33 %), deficiency syndrome of the Spleen(26.0%), Wind-Cold(12.3%), phlegm turbidity(12.3%), Heat in the Lung(8.2%), asthenia of the Lung(8.2%) were investigated as above order. 14 case record examples related with wheezing asthma were pattern identified and classified. As a result, phlegm-Heat(26.3%), upper excess and lower deficiency(26.3%), external affections Wind-Cold(15.8%), Dampness-phlegm(10.5%), Lung asthenia(10.5%), Cold phlegm(5.3%), mutual deficiency and detriment of Heart and Kidneys(5.3%) were investigated as above order. Symptom complex of dyspnea has 67.1% of deficiency syndrome, 32.9% of excess syndrome resulting more deficiency syndrome than excess syndrome. Symptom complex of wheezing asthma has 42.1 % of deficiency syndrome and 57.9% of excess syndrome resulting more excess syndrome than deficiency syndrome. In case of symptom complex of dyspnea prescription used in the case record, the order of frequency is as following. Palmijihwang-tang, Bojung-ikgitang, Yungmijihwang-tang, Ijintang, Sojaganggitang, Igongsan. In case of symptom complex of wheezing asthma prescription in the case record, Yungmijihwang-tang, Ohotang, Dodamtang were mostly used. Herbs used in case records of symptom complex of dyspnea are Ginseng Radix, Poria, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Aconiti Iateralis Preparata Radix, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Preparat, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens are mostly used. Nature of herb properties used for symptom complex of dyspnea and symptom complex of wheezing asthma are herbs that are warm properties. When the symptom complex of dyspnea and the symptom complex of wheezing asthma were treated. if the patient felt tenderness at Pyesu, doctors conducted pricking blood around the opposite Pyesu or Sipseon acupoint. when the patient didn't have tenderness at Pyesu by soft press, pricking blood was performed both sidees, right and left Pyesu. In case of the treatment of symptom complex of dyspnea and symptom complex of wheezing asthma, when they got treatment, when the symptom complex of disease is severe, a doctor cauterized the opposite Pyesu while the other Pyesu felt tenderness, and decided how the above treatment is performed whether the degree of the symptom compolex of disease is severe or not. In case of the treatment of symptom complex of dyspnea and symptom complex of wheezing asthma, if the person felt tenderness at Pyesu and is caught by the Wind-Cold pathogen, slight acupuncture is treated at relevant Pyesu with Fire needling. When patient with symptom complex of dyspnea and symptom complex of wheezing asthma cannot hawk sputum up from the oral and laryngopharynx, suction method is treated. Conclusion : With this study, actual traditional and clinical pattern identification form and characteristics of symptom complex of dyspnea and symptom complex of wheezing asthma were recognized. Modern case report utilizing in clinical application need to be secured and an incurable disease asthma need to be diagnosed and improvement for treatments have to be searched through other case records.

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사상체질(四象體質) 진단법(診斷法)의 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察) - 외형(外形), 심성(心性), 증(證)을 위주(爲主)로 - (The Bibliographical Investigation of Sasang Constitution Diagnosis)

  • 정원교;김종원
    • 사상체질의학회지
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 1999
  • 1. 연구목적 동서양과 고금을 통해 많은 체질 이론들이 있었지만 그 중에서도 이제마의 사상의학은 이론과 임상이 체계적으로 연계되어 있어서 널리 사용되고 있다. 이제마는 동의수세보원의 사단론(四端論), 변증론(辨證論) 등에서 체질진단의 근거로 외형(外形), 심성(心性), 증(證)의 세 가지를 제시하였으나 세 가지 기준별 임상적 중요도에 대한 연구가 이루어진 바가 없어서 임상에서 세 가지 진단 기준을 종합적으로 활용하는데 많은 어려움이 있는 형편이다. 그러므로 향후 세 가지 체질진단 기준을 임상에 적용하여 각각의 기준이 지니는 임상적 중요도를 검증하는 연구가 필요하다고 보며, 본 논문에서는 이러한 임상적 연구에 앞서 기존의 체질진단 연구를 외형(外形)과 심성(心性), 증(證)의 세 가지로 분류, 고찰하는 기초적 연구를 하고자 한다. 2. 연구방법 <동의수세보원(東醫壽世保元)>과 사상의학회지 및 사상의학 관련 도서를 중심으로 문헌적 고찰을 하였다. 본론에서는 그간의 연구들을 세 가지로 분류하여 열거하였으며. 고찰에서는 임상적으로 활용이 가능하거나 이미 완료된 연구 위주로 논하였다. 3. 연구결과 (1) 외형(外形)에 관한 연구 경험과 직관적 관찰을 통한 기상(氣像)과 사기(詞氣)위주의 연구가 선행되었고 이를 바탕으로 체형(體形)과 용모(容貌)의 실제 계측을 통한 각 체질별 이미지 정형화 연구가 진행되고 있다. 체질진단의 정확률 제고를 위해서는 이 두 가지 방법을 균형있게 활용해야 한다. (2) 심성(心性)에 대한 연구 각종 연구나 진단의 객관화 등을 위해 자기보고식 설문조사 기법이 체질진단에 응용되고 있으며, 현재까지 개발된 설문지를 이용함에는 사상변증내용설문조사지(I)의 판별식을 이용한 결과와 QSCCll의 결과를 함께 참고하는 것이 적절하다. (3) 증(證)에 대한 연구 체질증과 체질병증에 대한 연구는 원리론적 연구와 체질별 임상증상 유형에 관한 연구, 기존의 증치의학적 병증관을 사상의학적 병증개념에 적용시켜 해석하고자 하는 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 향후 현대적인 의미의 다양한 병증을 사상의학적 관점에서 해석하고 진단하기 위한 객관화 연구가 필요하며, 또한 체질의 편차를 야기시키는 근본적 문제인 장국(臟局)의 대소(大小) 및 장리(臟理)에 대한 연구도 필요하다.

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한의 진단의 추론형식과 실재성 (Inferential Structure and Reality Problem in Diagnosis of Oriental Medicine)

  • 박경모;최승훈;안규석
    • 제3의학
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.55-84
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    • 1997
  • Inferential structure and reality problem is a serious issue to O.M.(oriental medicine). The study will analyze this issue through a philosophical and historical comparative study of W.M.M(Western modern medicine) and O.M. First, I presuppose some basic ideas. The first is the division of the 'the philosophy of medicine' and 'the medicine itself'. Second, there is a 'visibility' that discriminate between 'the abstractive concept' and 'the concrete object' in diagnostic terminology. The third is the separation of disease, the entity and disease, the phenomenon. Finally, the distinction between the cause of disease and the nature of disease. Through these basic concepts, this study will analyze O.M's diagnostic methodology, 'Pattern identification of the S.A.S(sign and symptom)'. The results are follows: 1. O.M's views disease as a phenomenon. So, the S.A.S, which is visible, is the disease itself. Tough the analysis and inference of the S.A.S, 證(zheng) the essence is derived. 2. 證(zheng) can be considered as 'the abstractive concept' reflecting the essence of a disease. 3. 證(zheng) is not arrived through causal sequence reasoning but rather by analogical reasoning. 4. 證(zheng) is 'the non-random correlative combination of S.A.S', pattern. These patterns secure the abstractive deduction in reality. that is, The causality, the positivism, the view of disease as entity, and anatomical knowledge are the traits peculiar to W.M.M. But, these properties can not be applied universally to every medical systems. Also, these properties do not indicate the superiority or inferiority of any medical system. 5. 證(zheng) summarizes the patients condition simultaneously with the S.A.S. However, 證(zheng) doesn't necessarily indicate the knowledge about the actual internal organ. That is, Early in O.M.'s history, the diagnostic terminologies including 證(zheng) were analogical reflections of a naive knowledge of internal organs and external environmental factors. Later, the naive knowledge in 證(zheng) changed int new nature, an abstractive concept. The confusion of the concept of disease, the indiscriminate acceptance of Western anatomical knowledge, and the O.M.'s theoretical evolution et are the challenge facing modern O.M. To find solutions, this study looks at the sequence of the birth of W.M.M. and then compares it's system with the O.M. system. The confusion of the concept of disease, the indiscriminate acceptance of Western anatomical knowledge, and the O.M.'s theoretical evolution et are the challenge facing modern O.M. To find solutions, this study looks at the sequence of the birth of W.M.M. and then compares it's system with the O.M. system. It is recommended that O.M. diagnostics should pay close attention to the ambiguity of the diagnostic methodology in order to further development. At present time, the concept and the system peculiar to O.M. can not be explained by common language. but O.M.'s practitioner can not persist in this manner an: longer. Along with the internal development of O.M., the adjustment of O.M.'s diagnostic terminology needs to be adopted.

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