• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pattern identification CNKI

Search Result 13, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

A Review Study in the Correlation between Pattern Identification of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Examination -Research on CNKI- (중의학 변증과 양방 검사의 상관관계 연구 현황 -CNKI를 이용하여-)

  • Yun, Young-Ju;Cho, Young-Joo;Lee, Ji-Hye;Lim, Jung-Hwa;Seong, Woo-Yong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.13-26
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between pattern identification of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine, examined by a systematic research of Chinese medicine papers. Methods : We searched for the papers regarding pattern identification of TCM published from 1994 to 2012 in CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure http://www.cnki.net) at April, 2012. Results : A total of 30 studies were finally included; 18 studies of them were related to stroke (cerebral infarction) and there were 12 studies regarding other diseases, such as hypertension, chronic colonitis, vascular dementia, mild cognitive impairment and etc. All 30 studies were analyzed and classified by diseases, differentiation of syndromes, numbers of subjects, the instrument of pattern identification, items of western medicine examination and statistical results. Conclusions : According to our study, there are some correlations between pattern identification of TCM and various items of western medicine examination. The result suggests a possibility of using the western medicine examination data for pattern identification of TCM.

Review on Reliability and Validity of Questionnaire of Pattern Identification in Traditional Chinese Medicine -Using China National Knowledge Infrastructure- (중의 변증 설문도구의 신뢰도 및 타당도 고찰 -China National Knowledge Infrastructure를 이용하여-)

  • Yeo, Min Kyung;Dong, Sang Oak;Lee, Young Seop;Jang, Eun Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.246-255
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the reliability and validity of the questionnaire of pattern identification (PI) in traditional chinese medicine (TCM), through the systematic review of china national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) database. We searched the articles related with reliability and validity of the questionnaire of PI and published from January 1994 to December 2013. Seventeen questionnaires were analyzed in this study. The twelve (70.6%) questionnaires were developed on the base of specific disease, and five (29.4%) ones were developed on the base of non-specific disease. Three of PI questionnaires showed low inter-item consistency reliability. Exploratory factor analysis of construct validity, content validity, and criterion validity analysis were commonly used on the assessment of validity, but none of them was analysed at the same study. There was only one questionnaire of the ischemic stroke that examined the sensitivity and specificity of both training and test groups in spite of the absence of a gold standard.

Study on Change of the Pattern Identification of Diabetes Mellitus in Chinese Traditional Medicine Recently - Search Chinese Traditional Medical Papers from 2003~2010 - (최근(最近) 당뇨병(糖尿病)에 있어서 중의(中醫)의 변증변화(辨證變化)에 관한 연구(硏究) - 2003~2010년 발표된 중의논문(中醫論文)을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Seong-Ha
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.176-184
    • /
    • 2011
  • Modern treatment of diabetes with hypoglycemic agents have been resulted the Pathological changes. Therefore, the pattern identifications of Korean traditional medicine also have to change. The aim of this study is to learn about the recent change of the pattern identifications on diabetes mellitus. Chinese traditional medicine is more free than us in medical activities because of the combination of Western and Eastern medical treatment and so there has been much published studies. Therefore, 35 papers that were searched from 2003 to 2010 in China by the keyword '糖尿' & '消渴' through the date base system of Kisti & Cnki were selected and analyzed. 35 review papers were composed of 28 observing academically and 7 clinical research studies. The combination of Western and Eastern Medical treatment has been effective than Western Medical treatment alone and the stasis(瘀血) acted as an important etiology on Diabetes mellitus. In the treatment of diabetes the stasis should be considered consistently from the onset.

Research Trends of Randomized Controlled Trials on Herbal Medicine Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis-Focusing on CNKI (아토피 피부염의 한약 치료에 대한 무작위대조군연구 중심의 연구 동향 - CNKI를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Geum-Jin;Jo, Eun-hee;Kang, Su-Jin;Hong, Jieun;Shim, Yu-Hwa;Lee, Ju-Hyun;Park, Min-cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.102-116
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the research trends of randomized controlled trials on herbal medicine treatment for atopic dermatitis in China for the last 5 years. We searched for randomized controlled trials with the intervention of herbal medicine for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from January 2014 to December 2018. For the screening of the paper, we used '特应性皮炎' and '异位性皮炎' which mean atopic dermatitis and search was limited to three areas within Medicine & Public Health: Traditional Chinese Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herbs, Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine. Among the 136 searched studies, we selected a total of 34 studies and analyzed a year of publication, subject characteristics, study design and intervention, prescribed herbal medicine and herbs, pattern identification, evaluation criteria, and outcomes. Longmu decoction (龍牡湯) and Polia Sclerotium (茯笭) was the most frequently prescribed medicine and herb. The most commonly used pattern identification was Blood deficiency and Wind-dryness (血虛風燥), and among them, the most frequently prescribed herb is Rehmanniae Radix (生地黃). In most studies using the total effectiveness and SCORAD index as an outcome measure, the herbal medicine treatment group showed statistically better results than the control group. As a result of the safety assessment, the herbal medicine treatment group was reported having significantly fewer side effects compared to the control group. Hence, it was confirmed that the intervention including herbal medicine had a significant effect on atopic dermatitis. This study would be able to provide the basis of clinical research on atopic dermatitis and applied to the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

The Study on Pattern Differentiations of Primary Headache in Korean Medicine according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD 분류에 따른 원발 두통의 한의학적 변증 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong So;Park, Mi Sun;Kim, Yeong Mok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.201-212
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study draws pattern differentiations of headache disorders on the ground of modern clinical applications and Korean medical literature. Categorization and symptoms of headache disorders are based on International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition(beta version). And clinical papers are searched in China Academic Journals(CAJ) of China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI). In the aspect of eight principle pattern identification, primary headache occurs due to lots of yang qi and has more inner pattern rather than exterior pattern, heat pattern rather than cold pattern, excess pattern rather than deficiency pattern. And primary headache is related with liver in the aspect of visceral pattern identification and blood stasis, wind and phlegm are relevant mechanisms. Migraine without aura is associated with ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang, phlegm turbidity, sunken spleen qi, wind-heat, blood deficiency or yin deficiency. Migraine with aura is mainly related with wind and it's major mechanisms are ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang, liver fire, yin deficiency of liver and kidney, blood deficiency or liver depression and qi stagnation. High repetition rate of tension-type headache can be identified as heat pattern or excess pattern. And trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias can also be accepted as heat pattern or excess pattern when the occurrence frequency is high and is relevant to combined pattern with excess pattern of external contraction and deficiency pattern of internal damage based on facial symptoms by external contraction and nervous and anxious status by liver deficiency. This study can be expected to be Korean medical basis of clinical practice guidelines on headache by proposing pattern identifications corresponding to the western classifications of headache disorders.

History of definitions of the Zheng (證) - a study based on 20th century Chinese literatures - (현대 증(證) 정의의 역사 -20세기 중국의 문헌을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Kiwang
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-50
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives Although the word Zheng (證) is widely used basic term in nowaday's East Asian traditional medicine, it's definition can't be found in ancient texts before 20th century, and the history in which that term got general meaning in public, have not been clearly introduced. So the present author show the way Zheng confirm it's modern implication. Methods To search the books that contain any contents on Zheng's definition, the author mainly used the electronic texts of Super Star Reader (超星閱讀器). To search modern study article on Zheng's definition, the author used China National Knowledge Infrastructure (www.cnki.net). Results The present study shows that : although Treatments according to disease Pattern Identification (辨證施治) have been prominent treatment modality in East Asian traditional medicine, the general definition of disease Pattern (證) was given in late 20th century. Especially from 1955 to 1965, some major scholars like Ren Ying Qiu (任應秋), Zhu Yan (朱顔), Qin Bo Wei (秦伯未) and Jiang Jian Fu (蔣見復) did important roles in it's concept creation. Conclusions Modern concept of Zheng (證) was defined in late 20th century.

Literature Review of Clinical Studies for the Relationship between Ultrasonographic Examination and Syndrome Differentiation Classification in Chinese Medicine (초음파영상검사와 한의변증분류와의 관계와 관련된 중의학 임상연구에 대한 문헌고찰)

  • Hwang, Ji Hye;Ko, Dongkun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.217-225
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was to investigate the relationship between ultrasonographic examination and pattern identification classification on cinical studies in chinese medicine. We searched clinical studies related correlation between ultrasonographic examination and pattern identification classification in chinese medicine, that published from 2013 to 2016 in China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases by keywords, 'ultrasound(超?)', 'chinese medicine(中?)', 'syndrome differentiation (辨?)'. Seventeen studies were found. There were 7 studies of gynecological diseases including polycystic ovary syndrome and uterine myoma, 5 studies of fatty liver, 3 studies of arthritis, and 1 studie of thyroid nodule and lymphadenopathy respectively. As a result, ii is thought that there was a certain degree of correlation between the change of the ultrasonographic image and the pathological types according to traditional chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation and ultrasonographic examination could be used as secondary means for the TCM syndrome differentiation classification. In conclusion, by using ultrasonograph device in a medicinal way of TCM and traditional korean medicine (TKM), it is thought that more detailed and accurate diagnosis and treatment are possible and the evidence for reasonableness of syndrome differentiation in TCM and TKM its validity can be secured.

A Review on Patterns and Classification Criteria of Psoriasis by analyzing Chinese Theses (중국 논문에 나타난 건선의 변증 분석 및 변증체계에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Eun-Chai;Kim, Kyu-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.112-129
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to explore the types of pattern identification (PI, 辨證) and the differential points of PI used for the treatment of psoriasis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) based on the Chinese references and to provide the evidences applying PI for the treatment of psoriasis in clinical practice. Methods : This study extracted patterns of psoriasis through database CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) and analysis the patterns and classification criteria of the patterns. Those examined in the study are dermal symptoms, general symptoms, formula and herbs which are different depending on the patterns. Results : Total 60 studies were selected and 44 pattern types were extracted from them. We categorized the main pattern types on psoriasis used in TCM as 'blood-heat syndrome(BHS, 血熱證)', blood-stasis syndrome(BSS, 血瘀證), and 'blood-dryness syndrome(BDS, 血燥證)', 'dampness-heat syndrome(DHS, 濕熱證)' and 'yang-deficiency syndrome(YDS, 陽虛證)'. Among these patterns, BHS was the most common. In TCM, the pattern of BHS tended to have skin symptoms and signs related to inflammatory erythema and heat. Both BSS and BDS were characterized by long disease duration and poor healing. In addition, DHS tended to have the skin symptoms and signs such as oozing and severe itching. The symptoms and signs related to coldness mainly showed in YDS. For PI criteria, 'qi-blood-essence criteria(氣血津液辨證)' and 'eight-doctrine criteria(八鋼辨證) are commonly used. Conclusions : Our findings show that each PI on psoriasis in TCM has different characteristics related to dermal and general symptoms or signs. Further studies are needed to develop the diagnostic tool of PI on psoriasis reflecting on clinical practices in Korean Medicine by referring to the findings of this study about PI on psoriasis in TCM.

A Study on the Major Symptoms by Each Pattern of Acne Vulgaris (여드름의 변증 유형별 주요 증후에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Woo-Yeol;Hong, Eu-Gene;Shin, Jun-Hyuk;Kim, Yoon-Bum;Nam, Hae-Jung;Kim, Kyu-Seok;Lee, Jun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.76-86
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objective : This study was performed to find out the differential points of the pattern identification for Acne vulgaris and suggest them to the clinic setting Methods : We searched the papers that suggest patterns identification for Acne vulgaris through China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System(OASIS), Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal(KTKP), Korean Studies Information Service System(KISS). We looked through all the papers, excluded unintended papers, and finally chose some papers that are suitable for inclusion. Then, We extracted all the patterns of Acne vulgaris and chose frequently suggested patterns. Finally we extracted symptoms from selected patterns and arranged them in order of frequency. Results and Conclusions : 1. We found 215 papers and chose 17 papers (Korean : 6, Chinese : 11). 2. We extracted total 67 demonstrations and chose Patterns of Wind-Heat, Damp-Heat, Phlegm and Static blood, Disharmony of the Thoroughfare and Controlling vessels. 3. In Acne vulgaris, the pattern of Wind-Heat tends to have a red papule, sometimes pustule, pain with itching, burning sensation, tidal reddening of the cheeks, white head or black head. The pattern of Damp-Heat tends to have a pustule, node, redness and swelling, pain and greasy skin. The pattern of Phlegm and Static blood has a tendency to be a nodule or cystoma that is hard, dark, painful, long lasting and hard to recover and easy to recur with a scar, pimple, pigmentation. The pattern of Disharmony of the Thoroughfare and Controlling vessels tends to be exacerbated before menstruation, have a small papule that is not easily treated under the chin or around the mouth.

The Recent Trends of Clinical Research on General Anxiety Disorder in Chinese Herbal Medicine (범불안장애의 중의학 약물 임상시험 최신 동향)

  • No, Dong-Jin;Lee, Sang-Ryong;Jung, In-Chul
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.79-89
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objectives : To address suitable method for designing clinical trial intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine on General anxiety disorder through the recent clinical research in Chinese Herbal Medicine. Methods : Randomized, controlled trials(RCTs) of treatment of general anxiety disorder intervening herbal medicine were searched through CNKI databases. We examined several item of studies and evaluated using Jadad scale. We searched articles in CNKI with the key word "General anxiety disorder or 廣範性焦慮症", among them we selected the clinical trial studies related with herbal medicine except for case reports, studies of acupuncture therapy or west medicines. Results : 11 RCT studies of herbal medicine met inclusion criteria. The Studies used CCMD-3, HAMA as inclusion tool and mainly HAMA as a evaluation tool. Studies were progressed for 2-8 weeks, mostly used various positive control. Experiment medicine were mainly 理氣劑, 安神劑. In most studies, experiment group made similar or higher efficacy in comparison with control group. Mean Jadad score of studies was $1.3{\pm}0.67$, and only one study was double-blinded among 11 studies. Conclusions : RCT studies on general anxiety disorder of chinese herbal medicine tend to focus on investigating effect of herbal medicine through setting positive control group with CCMD-3 and HAMA. But, most studies had low quality of trial, for lack of pattern identification, evaluation and inclusion tool of chinese medicine. Clinical trials of general anxiety disorder should provide good quality by randomization, double-blinding, and multi-site trial.

  • PDF