• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pelvic tilt

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Biomechanical changes in lower quadrant after manipulation of low back pain patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction (요통환자의 엉치엉덩관절 기능부전에 대한 도수교정 후에 하지의 생체역학적인 변화)

  • Oh, Seung-Gil;Yoo, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.893-906
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study were to compare pelvic tilt. range of motion(ROM) of hip rotation, and leg length difference before and after manipulation and to investigate correlation between changes of each variables after manipulation of sacroiliac pint in 31 low back pain patients(11 males, 20 females) with sacroiliac pint dysfunction. The sacroiliac pint of patients was manipulated on the side of anterior pelvic tilt, using the technique described by Stoddard(1962) and Greenmann (1996). I used this technique because it usually eliminated sacroiliac Pint dysfunction in one treatment session. SPSS for window computer system was used to analyze the data. Also t-test was performed for comparison of the variables before and after manipulation, and Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed for changes of each variables after manipulation. The result were as follows: 1. The pelvic tilt after manipulation was significantly decreased(mean=$2.79^{\circ}$) compared with the pelvic tilt before manipulation(p=.001). 2. The PROM of hip internal rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt after manipulation significantly decreased (mean = $1.88^{\circ}$) compared with hip internal rotation before manipulation (p=.008). The PROM of hip internal rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt after manipulation significantly increased(mean = $1.29^{\circ}$) compared with hip internal rotation before manipulation (p=.029). 3. The PROM of hip external rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt after manipulation significantly increased(mean=$2.42^{\circ}$) compared with the hip external rotation before manipulation(p=$2.42^{\circ}$) compared with the hip external rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt after manipulation significantly decreased(mean = $1.84^{\circ}$) compared with the hip external rotation before manipulation (p=.008). 4. Leg length difference after manipulation significantly decreased(mean=2.15 mm) compared with leg length difference before manipulation (p=.008). Regression analysis revealed that a fair correlation was found between change in leg length difference and change in anterior pelvic tilt after manipulation(p=.009). 5. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to assess differences of the variables after manipulation. A fair correlation was found between change in leg length difference and change in anterior pelvic tilt after manipulation(r=.462, p<.01). A fair correlation was found between change in anterior pelvic tilt and change in hip internal rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt(r=.397, p<.05) and between change in anterior pelvic tilt and change in hip external rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt(r=.516, p<.01). A fair correlation was found between change in posterior pelvic tilt and changes in hip internal rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt (r=.441, p<.05) and between change in posterior pelvic tilt and change in hip external rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt(r=.361, p<.05). A fair correlation was found between change in hip internal rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt and change in hip external rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt(r=.388, p<.05) and between change in hip internal rotation ipsilateral to posterior pelvic tilt and change in hip internal rotation ipsilateral to anterior pelvic tilt(r=.426. p<.05).

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Sex Difference in the Range of Pelvic Tilt in Sitting and Standing Among Korean Young Adults

  • Yoon, Jangwhon
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2020
  • Background: The range of pelvic tilt is one of modifiable risk factors in preventing the lower back pain. Objects: The purpose of this study were to compare the range of pelvic tilt motion by testing position and sex. Methods: One hundred five young adults (61 females and 44 males) agreed to participate in measuring the anterior and posterior pelvic tilt with the PALM (Palpation Meter) in sitting and standing. The range of pelvic tilt motion was defined as the difference between the pelvic anterior and posterior tilt angles. Results: In general, the anterior pelvic tilt was greater (p < 0.01) in standing than in sitting and the posterior pelvic tilt was lesser (p < 0.01) in sitting than in standing. The anterior pelvic tilt in sitting and standing was greater (p < 0.01) in the females than in the males. However, the effect of sex on the posterior pelvic tilt was only significant in sitting (p < 0.01), but not in standing (p = 0.78). The range of pelvic tilt was greater (p = 0.03) in sitting but not significantly (p = 0.07) affected by the sex. Conclusion: The pelvic tilt motion in these young adults showed large variability and further studies are needed to understand better its relationship to the prevalence of the lower back disorders.

Difference of Muscle Activity by Pelvic Tilt in Side-Lying Hip Abduction

  • Kim, Hae-Joong;Lee, Han-Suk;Jung, Hyung-Gook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the muscle activity of gluteus medius, tensor fascia latae, and quadratus lumborum during side-lying abduction exercise in various pelvic tilting positions. METHODS: We measured the activity of three muscles in three pelvic tilt positions for 17 normal subjects with performing the side-lying hip abduction. Three pelvic tilt positions were posterior tilt, neutral tilt and anterior tilt. We used the mean value after participants performed the hip abduction three times each position. RESULTS: The activity of gluteus medius within three pelvic positions showed the highest activity in pelvic posterior tilt position and the lowest in pelvic neutral tilt position (p = .04). The activity of tensor fascia latae showed the lowest in pelvic posterior tilt position and the highest in pelvic posterior tilt position (p = .00). The activity of quadratus lumborum revealed the lowest activity in pelvic neutral tilt position and the highest in pelvic anterior tilt position (p = .00). The activity of selective gluteus medius activation according to pelvic displacement showed the highest activity in pelvic neutral tilt position and lowest in pelvic anterior tilt position (p = .00). CONCLUSION: Hip abduction with Pelvic posterior tilt position may be effective in increasing gluteus medius and may be effective in strengthening exercise program for the gluteus medius. In addition, Hip abduction with pelvic neutral position may have an effect on the selective gluteus medius, which is considered to be effective in the exercise program for muscle reeducation training of the gluteus medius.

A Comparison of Pelvic Tilt Before and After Manipulation of Sacroiliac Joint in the Patients with Low Back Pain (요통환자의 천장관절에 대한 도수교정 전과 후의 골반경사 비교)

  • Oh, Seung-Gil;Lee, Jin-Haeng
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.579-595
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    • 2000
  • The purposes of this study were to compare pelvic tilt before and after manipulation of sacroiliac joint in 31 low back pain patients (11 males, 20 females) with sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The sacroiliac joint of patients was manipulated on the side of anterior pelvic tilt, using the technique described by Stoddard (1962) and Greenmann (1996). I used this technique because it usually eliminated sacroiliac joint dysfunction in one treatment session. SPSS for window computer system was used to analyze the data. Also t-test was performed for comparison of pelvic tilt angle before and after manipulation, and Pearson product-moment correlation analysis was performed for intratester reliability for measurements of pelvic tilt angle before and after manipulation. The result were as follows: 1. Intratester reliability was good for measures of pelvic tilt (r=.98). 2. The pelvic tilt after manipulation was significantly decreased (mean=$3.40^{\circ}$) compared with the pelvic tilt before manipulation (p=.001). All subjects showed asymmetrical right versus left pelvic tilt before manipulation. 40% of subjects showed decreased asymmetrical right versus left pelvic tilt after manipulation, and 60% of subjects showed symmetrical right versus left pelvic tilt after manipulation. I think that pelvic tilt asymmetry with hypomobility due to loss of joint play could be symmetrized by manipulation or mobilization, but pelvic tilt asymmetry with unilateral pelvic muscle shortening could not be symmetrized by manipulation or mobilization without relaxation and stretching of shortened muscles.

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The Immediate Effects of Posterior Pelvic Tilt with Taping on Pelvic Inclination, Gait Function and Balance in Chronic Stroke Patients

  • Wu, Yang-Ting;Choe, Yu-Won;Peng, Cheng;Kim, Myoung-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the immediate effect of posterior pelvic tilt taping on anterior pelvic inclination, gait function, and balance in chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Fourteen chronic stroke subjects were enrolled in this study. Subjects who consented to participate in this cross-over experiment were assigned three interventions: posterior pelvic tilt taping, placebo taping, and no taping, in random order. After tape application, subjects were asked to complete: 1) Anterior pelvic tilt measurement, 2) 10-Meter Walk test, and 3) Limits of stability (LOS) test. To eliminate the learning effect of the tape after tearing off the tape, a 10 minute break was given between posterior pelvic tilt taping intervention and placebo taping intervention. RESULTS: Significant decreases were observed for the anterior pelvic inclination on both sides after posterior pelvic tilt taping application compared with placebo taping and no taping application (p<.05). Post hoc test results differed significantly in the 10-meter walk test after intervention (p<.05). However, there were no significant differences in limits of stability test after intervention (p>.05). CONCLUSION: Posterior pelvic tilt taping in chronic stroke patients decreases the inappropriate anterior pelvic inclination immediately and improves gait function, but it has little effect on balance.

Effects of Pelvic Tilt Training using Inclinometer on Joint Position Sense and Postural Alignment in Patients with Chronic Stroke

  • Gu, Ja-Shin;Choi, Sung-Jin;Choi, Ho-Suk;Shin, Won-Seob
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of pelvic tilt training using an inclinometer on joint position sense and postural alignment in individuals with stroke. Methods: Thirty-one subjects with chronic stroke were divided into two groups: the experimental group (16 subjects) and the control group (15 subjects). Subjects in both groups received neuro-developmental therapy five times per week. In addition, the patients in the experimental group also received pelvic tilt training using an inclinometer for 30 minutes, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Maximal range of anterior, posterior pelvic tilt and joint position sense were used to evaluate pelvic tilt motion. Image analysis was performed for evaluation of postural alignment on in standing position. Results: Significant difference in Iimprovement of pre- and post-intervention of joint position sense was observed showed significant difference (p<0.05) in all groups. Experimental groups showed sSignificant differences in maximal range of posterior pelvic tilt in on the paretic side were observed in the experimental groups compared to with the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that pelvic tilt training using an inclinometer may help to improve range of pelvic tilt and joint position sense of stroke patients.

Change of the Pelvic Tilt Angle on Bobath Approach in Hemiplegic Patients (편마비 환자에 있어서 Bobath Approach가 골반경사각도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Gyu-Won;Bae, Sung-Soo;Sin, Hong-Cheul
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.855-861
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to compare a pelvic tilt angle between sound side and affected side in hemiplegic patients and the changing affected pelvic posterior tilt angle was measured at intervals of 3, 6, 9 weeks after Bobath approach. The subject for the study were 10 hemiplegic patients(mean age of 54.1 years)without orthopedic disability on pelvic bone. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA. The results of this study were as follows. There was a significant difference in the pelvic tilt angle between sound side and affected side in hemiplegic patients. There was a significant difference in affected pelvic posterior tilt angle between pre-treatment and post-treatment(9 weeks).

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Effect of Pelvic Compression Belt on Abdominal Muscle Activity, Pelvic Rotation and Pelvic Tilt During Active Straight Leg Raise

  • Jo, Eun-young;An, Duk-hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2019
  • Background: Uncontrolled lumbopelvic movement leads to asymmetric symptoms and causes pain in the lumbar and pelvic regions. So many patients have uncontrolled lumbopelvic movement. Passive support devices are used for unstable lumbopelvic patient. So, we need to understand that influence of passive support on lumbopelvic stability. It is important to examine that using the pelvic belt on abdominal muscle activity, pelvic rotation and pelvic tilt. Objects: This study observed abdominal muscle activity, pelvic rotation and tilt angles were compared during active straight leg raise (ASLR) with and without pelvic compression belt. Methods: Sixteen healthy women were participated in this study. ASRL with and without pelvic compression belt was performed for 5 sec, until their leg touched the target bar that was set 20 cm above the base. Surface electromyography was recorded from rectus abdominis (RA), internal oblique abdominis (IO), and external oblique abdominis (EO) bilaterally. And pelvic rotation and tilt angles were measured by motion capture system. Results: There were significantly less activities of left EO (p=.042), right EO (p=.031), left IO (p=.039), right IO (p=.019), left RA (p=.044), and right RA (p=.042) and a greater right pelvic rotation angle (p=.008) and anterior pelvic tilt angle (p<.001) during ASLR with pelvic compression belt. Conclusion: These results showed that abdominal activity was reduced while the right pelvic rotation angle and anterior pelvic tilt angle were increased during ASLR with a pelvic compression belt. In other words, although pelvic compression belt could support abdominal muscle activity, it would be difficult to control pelvic movement. So pelvic belt would not be useful for controlled ASLR.

The Effect of Pelvic Inclination on Gait Elements and Weight Bearing of Healthy Adults

  • Cho, Sung-Hyoun;Kim, Cheol-Yong
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.294-300
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the static pelvic inclination and declination in the static standing position on weight bearing rate and gait elements. Fourteen healthy adults in their twenties were participated. Two groups of healthy adults were allocated in this study: above and below the average of pelvic tilt. The correlation between the pelvic inclination, weight bearing rate and gait elements were measured. There was a statistical correlation between the pelvic tilt and step. Also, there was a statistical difference when we compared anterior declination with swing period and posterior declination with step. There was an asymmetric correlation between pelvic tilt and step. However, there was no statistical difference between the groups above and below the average of pelvic tilt. This result indicates that dipper pelvic inclination doesn't affect the asymmetry of step.

Reliability and Validity of the Measurement of Pelvic Movement in Low Back Pain Patients using Cushion Sensor in Sitting Position (앉은 자세에서 방석센서를 이용한 요통환자 골반가동성 측정의 신뢰도와 타당도)

  • Jung, Seung-Hwa;Park, Dae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2020
  • PURPOSE: Postural and structural asymmetry due to muscle imbalances around the lower back and pelvis are the causes of back pain. Muscle imbalances in patients with chronic low back pain affect the pelvic tilt and movement, and it is necessary to assess the pelvic movement ability using the appropriate tools to determine the mediating effects of lower back pain. This paper reports the reliability and validity of the Sensbalance Therapy Cushion (STC) for pelvic movement and proprioception. METHODS: In this study, the Wii balance board (WBB) was used as a golden standard for pelvic movement measurements. FABQ, KODI, Myovision, and Pelvic movement were measured in 50 patients with chronic low back pain. The correlation between the lower-back muscle activity and pelvic movement was checked. The pelvic movement parameter was measured twice to determine the intra-rater reliability. RESULTS: The STC showed high test-retest reliability in the pelvic tilt measurements (ICC = .672 - .809). The test-retest reliability of proprioception measurements (ICC = .588 - .859) and reaction time measurements (ICC = .542 - .836) were also high. The relationship between the WBB and STC showed a significant positive correlation with the pelvic tilt test (p < .01). The posterior pelvic tilt and lower-back muscle activity showed a significant negative correlation (p < .01). The pelvic left tilt and lower-back muscle activity showed a significant negative correlation (p < .05). CONCLUSION: The results revealed the high reliability and validity of the STC. Therefore, the STC can be used as an objective measuring device for evaluating pelvic tilt, proprioception, and reaction time in low back pain patients.