• Title, Summary, Keyword: Perceived Stress

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Differences of Perceived Stress Level and Stress Coping Behavior among School Children (일부지역 아동의 스트레스 지각정도와 스트레스 대처 행동의 차이)

  • Kim, Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the differences of perceived stress level and stress coping behavior for 360 elementary school children in rural area and 360 in urban area. The questionnaire survey was done from December 10 to December 20, 2001. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference of perceived stress level between rural and urban areas, but there were significant difference of stress coping behavior between them. 2. Significant difference of perceived stress level and stress coping behavior among groups of grade was found. 3. There was significant difference of perceived stress level and stress coping behavior between male and female. 4. There was significant difference of stress coping behavior according to perceived stress levels In conclusion, perceived stress level and stress coping behavior in elementary school children were different according to their grade and sex. It is important to teach them proper stress coping method, depending on their grade and sex. But, we have to focus on the development and application of stress self-control program, which enables children to cope with stress for themselves. Based on: 1. Before starting the study, the subjects should be examined about whether they have ever been on stress education program before or not. 2. The educational environments and the development and implementation of teaching program for the proper stress coping method are needed. 3. This study was performed through the questionnaire for perceived stress level and stress coping behavior, but various methods like observation, person-to-person interview should be used for the further in-depth study.

A Study on the Relationship among Perceived Stress, Vulnerability Variables, and Somatization Tendency in University Entrants (대학교 신입생들에서 지각된 스트레스 및 취약성 변인과 신체화 경향의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hack-Ryul;Cho, Jun-Ho;Cho, Yong-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 1997
  • For the purpose of examining the relationship between perceived stress, vulnerability variables, and somatization tendency, the self-report questionnaires of perceived stress, styles of stress coping(passive and active copings), self-perception, gender, and somatization tendency were administered to university entrants(n=2,024). The results were as follows: 1) Perceived stress, styles of stress coping(passive and active copings), self-perception, and gender accounted for 15.56% of the total variance in somatization tendency. As a result of comparing the relative contributions of all predictor variables to somatization tendency, the highest was perceived stress, and the next in order were passive coping style, self-perception, and gender, whereas direct effect of active coping style was not significant. 2) The two-way and three-way interaction effects of perceived stress X vulnerability variables were not significant. 3) The two-way and three-way interaction effects of gender X psychosocial variables were not significant. To conclude, perceived stress and vulnerability variables independently contribute to somatization tendency in university entrants, and furthermore it is suggested that vulnerability variables as well as perceived stress must be considered to account for somatization tendency.

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An empirical study on the Job Stress in IS Organization (IS 조직의 직무스트레스에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • 이선규;이웅희;서명지
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2003
  • The employees in information system organization are highly exposed to stress. However, there is little theoretical or empirical study on the effects of job stress on IS organizations. A major reason is because few researchers consider consequences of job stress. The major purpose of this study is to verify negative effects of job stress for IS organization. This study have three purposes : to investigate the relationship between job stressors and perceived job stress; to understand the effect of perceived job stress and job attitude - job satisfaction, job involvement; to examine the role of moderators such as social support and personality in the relationship between job stressors and perceived job stress in information system organizations. The results of this study suggest that job stressors such as role overload and role ambiguity are significantly related to perceived job stress, the higher the perceived job stress is the lower the job attitudes such as job satisfaction and job involvement, and the employees' personality has moderating effects between the job stressor and perceived job stress.

Perception and Ways of Coping with Stress of Sasangin (사상체질별 스트레스인지와 대처방법)

  • Yoo, Jung-Hee;Lee, Hyang-Yeon;Lee, Eui-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.173-182
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was founded to identify perception and ways of coping with stress according to classification of Sasangin(4 constitutions). Method: The subjects were 258 regular students who majored in oriental medicine in Jechon and Seoul. Data was collected by 3 types of questionnaires for 3 months; Perceived stess, ways of coping, Questionnaires of Sasang Constitution Classification (QSCCII). Data analysis was conducted by SPSS version 10. Result: 1) Difference of perceived stress in Sasangin: Perceived stress by the Sasangin indicated that Soeumin perceived more stress than Soyangin and Taeumin(P=.013). 2) Different method in coping with stress of Sasangin: It was found that Soeumin didn't make use of emotional coping way according to the analysis(P=.040). 3) Relationship between ways of coping for stress and perceived stress in Sasangin: It was shown that as Soeumin perceived stress so higher than Soyangin and Taeumin, they tended to use the solving problem-method therefore it was shown to have a negative correlation(P=.044). Conclusion: In conclusion, it was found that there were differences of Sasangin in perceived stress and ways to cope with it. The dose relationship between the perception and coping method of stress was found.

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Relationships between Perceived Stress, Mental Health, and Social Support in Community Residents (일 도시지역 주민의 스트레스 지각, 정신건강 및 사회적 지지)

  • Kim, Pan-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The study investigated the relationships among perceived stress, mental health, and social support in community residents. Method: A self-reporting questionnaire was completed by 302 community residents aged 19-64-years-of-age from October 7 to November 30, 2008. Assessment tools were an The established perceived stress scale, standardized mental health scale, and established social support scale. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Result: Significantly negative correlations were evident between perceived stress and social support, and between social support and mental health. But, there was a significantly positive correlation between perceived stress and mental health. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy to decrease perceived stress, improve mental health, and increase social support for community residents.

Effect of College Students' Perceived Stress, Cognitive Response to Stress, and Somatization on Heart Rate Variability (대학생의 지각된 스트레스, 인지적 스트레스, 신체화가 심박변이도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Keum Suk;Yoon, Hea Min
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate how college students' perceived stress, cognitive stress, and somatization affect their heart rate variability (HRV). Methods: This study is a cross-sectional survey research on 191 university students, registered at the G University. The perceived stress scale (PSS) and cognitive stress response scale, were used to assess level of stress. The somatization symptom scale of the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90), was used to assess level of somatization caused by stress. To assess heart rate variability (HRV), we conducted a five-minute test using a pulse wave analyzer, to analyze short-term HRV. Results: The SCL-90 somatization score had relatively high positive correlation (p< .001) with cognitive stress, but low positive correlation (p< .001) with perceived stress. Cognitive stress response had low negative correlation (p< .001) with 1nSDNN and 1nRMSSD among HRV parameters. Perceived stress was not correlated with HRV. Multiple regression analysis showed that variables of perceived stress, cognitive stress, and somatization symptoms, could not explain HRV. By contrast, one of the HRV indicators, 1nSDNN, was affected by age, gender, and aggressive-hostile thought, the latter being a subscale of the cognitive stress response scale. Conclusion: This study suggests that stress evaluation for people in early adulthood will be more effective, if the evaluation examines cognitive stress and heart rate variability.

The Relationship of Perceived Stress, Ways of Coping, and Stress Response of Nursing Students (간호학생의 스트레스 지각, 대처유형, 스트레스 반응간의 관계)

  • Ha, Na-Sun;Han, Kuem-Sun;Choi, Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.358-368
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    • 1998
  • This was designed to identify the relationship of perceived stress, ways of coping, and stress response in student nurses. The subjects of this study were 320 student nurses from two universities and three junior colleges located in Seoul. The data were collected from November 28 to December 10, 1997 by a questionnaire survey method. The instruments for this study were the perceived stress scale developed by Levenstein(1993), ways of coping scale developed by lazarus & Folkman (1984), and the stress response scale developed by Choi(1991). The data were analyzed by SAS program, using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and ANOVA. The results are summarized as follows : 1. The mean score for the level of perceived stress was 2.55. 2. The mean score for the level of problem oriented coping was 1.61 and the mean score for the level of emotional oriented coping was 1.37. 3. The mean score for the level of stress response was 3.74. Stress was classified into nine factors and the order of scoring for the most frequent was ; assignments(3.98), as a nurse(3.97), interpersonal relationship(3.88). 4. The relationship between perceived stress and stress response revealed a positive significant correlation(r=0.23, p=0.0001) 5. The relationship between emotional oriented coping and stress response revealed a positive significant correlation(r=0.22, p=0.0001). 6. The relationship between perceived stress and emotional oriented coping revealed a positive significant correlation(r=0.13, p=0.020). In conclusion, this study revealed that the level of perceived stress and ways of coping were important factors influencing the stress response of student nurses. Therefore, in consideration of perceived stress, ways of coping should be included in the development of a stress management program for student nurses. Further research with an expanded area and subjects is recommended.

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Prediction of Perceived Health Status on Job Stress and Family Stress with Middle School Teachers (중학교 교사의 지각된 건강상태에 대한 직무스트레스와 가족스트레스의 예측정도)

  • Park, Hyoung-Sook;Jeong, Seong-Hee;Park, Kyung-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.549-557
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among job stress, family stress and perceived health status of middle school teachers and to present basic information about promoting health and coping with stress. Method: Participants(N=547) was recruited in B city from November 2005 to December 2005. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression. Results: The degree of Job stress of the middle school teachers was 54.47 out of a total score of 88; that of family stress was 46.57 out of a total score of 96; and that of perceived health status was 78.59 out of the perfect score 100. There was a significantly negative relationship between job stress and perceived health status (r=-.274, p<.001), and family stress and perceived health status(r=-.408, p<.001). However, there was a positive relationship between job stress and family stress(r=.298, p<.001).Family stress, gender, charging subject, job stress, charging grade and number of family member was 27.1% of the variance in perceived health status of middle school teachers. Conclusion: Family stress has the most important impact on perceived health status with middle school teachers. Based on the finding, we could conclude that both job stress and family stress management should be required to improve perceived health status.

The Relation of Stress and Perceived Social Support to Problem Behavior (아동의 스트레스 및 사회적 지지 지각의 행동문제)

  • Han, Mi Hyun;Yoo, An Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.173-188
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of stress and perceived social supports to problem behavior during childhood, with particular emphasis on the main and stress-buffering effects of perceived social supports. Such demographic data as parents' educational level, father's job, mother's employment, family income, and child's sex and age were also in chided in the study. Statistical techniques were ANOVA, t-test, and multiple regression. Major findings were that behavior problems of children increased with children's stress and decreased by perceived social supports. Perceived social supports moderated the relation between children's stress and problem behavior. Children's stress and perceived social supports differ by educational level of parents, father's job, and family income. Behavior problems of children were differed by family income, father's educational level and job. Children's stress and behavior problems differed by sex and age in some sub-domains, but perceived social supports did not differ by children's sex and age. Perceived social support from friends was the most influential factor affecting children's problem behavior. Therefore, friends may be considered the most important source of social support that is available for adjustment and for coping with stress during childhood.

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Perceived Stress, Ways of Coping, and Health Promoting Behavior in Patients with Chronic Cardiovascular Disease (만성심혈관환자의 스트레스 지각, 대처행위, 건강증진행위)

  • 한금선;박은영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.702-711
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among perceived stress, ways of coping, and health promoting behaviors in patients with chronic cardiovascular disease(CCVD). Method: Data was collected by questionnaires from 436 patients with CCVD in a General Hospital in Seoul. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Result: The health promoting behavior showed a significant positive correlation with self-efficacy and social support. Also, the health promoting behavior showed a significant negative correlation with perceived stress and symptoms of stress. The stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor of health promoting behaviors was symptoms of stress. Conclusion: A combination of symptoms of stress, social support, self-efficacy, and perceived stress account for 41% of the variance in health promoting behaviors of patients with CCVD. Data from this study suggest that symptoms of stress, social support, ways of coping, and perceived stress are significant influencing factors on health promoting behaviors of patients with CCVD.