• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Performance test load

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Performance Evaluation of a Driving Power Transmission System for 50 kW Narrow Tractors

  • Hong, Soon-Jung;Ha, Jong-Kyou;Kim, Yong-Joo;Kabir, Md. Shaha Nur;Seo, Young Woo;Chung, Sun-Ok
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The development of compact tractors that can be used in dry fields, greenhouses, and orchards for pest control, weeding, transportation, and harvesting is necessary. The development and performance evaluation of power transmission units are very important when it comes to tractor development. This study evaluates the performance of a driving power transmission unit of a 50 kW multi-purpose narrow tractor. Methods: The performance of the transmission and forward-reverse clutch, which are the main components of the driving power transmission unit of multi-purpose narrow tractors, was evaluated herein. The transmission performance was evaluated in terms of power transmission efficiency, noise, and axle load, while the forward-reverse clutch performance was evaluated in terms of durability. The transmission's power transmission efficiency accounts for the measurement of transmission losses, which occur in the transmission's gear, bearing, and oil seal. The motor's power was input in the transmission's input shaft. The rotational speed and torque were measured in the final output shaft. The noise was measured at each speed level after installing a microphone on the left, right, and upper sides. The axle load test was performed through a continuous equilibrium load test, in which a constant load was continuously applied. The forward-reverse clutch performance was calculated using the engine torque to axle torque ratio with the assembled engine and transmission. Results: The loss of power in the transmission efficiency test of the driving power unit was 6.0-9.7 kW based on all gear steps. This loss of horsepower was equal to 11-18% of the input power (52 kW). The transmission efficiency of the driving power unit was 81.5-89.0%. The noise of the driving power unit was 50-57 dB at 800 rpm, 70-77 dB at 1600 rpm, and 76-83 dB at 2400 rpm. The axle load test verified that the input torque and axle revolutions were constant. The results of the forward-reverse clutch performance test revealed that hydraulic pressure and torque changes were stably maintained when moving forward or backward, and its operation met the hydraulic design standards. Conclusions: When comprehensively examined, these research results were similar to the main driving power transmission systems from USA and Japan in terms of performance. Based on these results, tractor prototypes are expected to be created and supplied to farmhouses after going through sufficient in-situ adaptability tests.

진동구조물 슬래브 보호층으로서 라텍스 콘크리트의 수밀특성 분석 (Investigation on Watertight Properties of the Latex Concrete for Protection Layers of the Slab on Vibrating Strucutres)

  • 이선규;이정훈;최성민;오상근
    • 한국건축시공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2009
  • The LMC method of construction which have application to the road bridge is being considered the least relative importance about the watertight performance, because it focused on the durability of concrete. However, The LMC which is being expanded scope of application to the method of construction has grown importance about the watertight performance on the usability and maintenance side as well as durability. In this study, The latex concrete of two types which are different from mingled-ratio of the latex made a comparison to the compressive strength, watertight performance, dynamic wheel load resistance performance and confirmed what it has resistibility about chemical action through the chemical resistance test. The initial strength and watertight performance showed that were tendency the downward at 14 days. However, The long-term strength after 28 days showed that it has firm performance. In consequence, The initial curing of latex concrete is required to scrupulous care and attention at the site application. As a chemical resistance test result, The specimen that is steeped in sulphuric acid solution of 2% discovered the delamination phenomenon. However, it was confirmed that delamination phenomenon don't have an effect on the compressive strength. Moreover, As a dynamic wheel load resistance test result, The latex concrete was concluded to confirming the durability and running stability, because it had hardly any thickness reduction of latex concrete surface about dynamic wheel load and rarely found crack and delamination.

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최대 견인 출력시 트랙터 엔진의 견인 부하 분석 (Analysis of Drawbar Load Acting on Tractor Engine at Maximum Drawbar Power)

  • 김수철;김경욱;김대철
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the load acting on a tractor engine when it delivers the maximum power at drawbar. The results of the drawbar tests on the 5 locally-made and 14 imported tractors conducted at NIAE in 2004, and the 15 tractors tested at OECD test stations in foreign countries were analyzed and presented by the torque load ratio, defined as a ratio of the engine torque load caused by drawbar pull to its full-load capacity, as a function of pull speed. The NIAE test results showed that the torque load ratio increased from 20 to 80% with pull speed less than 5 km/h. At speeds faster than 5 km/h, it was 80${\sim}$110% regardless of the pull speed. However, the OECD test results showed that the torque load ratio was evaluated mostly to be 70${\sim}$90% in the entire pull speed range. The same trend was also shown for the maximum drawbar load. The difference in the torque load ratio may be attributable to bias-ply tires for locally-made and some imported tractors. It is also suggested that the input torque load may be increased safely up to 120% of the full load capacity of the tractor engine for an accelerated life test of tractor transmissions.

전력품질 보상기와 부하모의장치의 연계시험 분석 (Performance Analysis of load simulator interconnected with Power Quality Compensator)

  • 배병열;조윤호;박용희;한병문
    • 전력전자학회논문지
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문에서는 새로 개발된 전력품질 보상장치의 성능을 실험실에서 효과적으로 분석하기 위해 필요한 새로운 부하모의장치를 제안하였다. 제안하는 부하모의장치는 2대의 PWM 인버터가 직류 단을 공유한 구조로 선형과 비선형부하를 단일기기로 시험 가능하도록 설계되어 있다. 그리고 전력품질보상기의 하나인 능동전력필터와 연계시험을 수행하였다. 본 논문에서는 제안하는 부하모의장치와 능동전력필터의 연계 특성을 분석할 목적으로 PSCAD/EMTDC 소프트웨어를 이용하여 시뮬레이션 실시하였고 또한 실적용시 타당성을 검증할 목적으로 20kVA 용량의 부하모의장치와 10kVA용량의 능동전력필터를 제작하여 실험을 실시하였다. 시뮬레이션과 하드웨어 실험결과 제안하는 부하모의장치는 능동전력필터의 다양한 보상 능력 검증에 충분히 활용가능함을 알 수 있었다.

신형식 CFTA 거더 교량의 구조성능평가 (Structural Performance Analysis of New Type CFTA Girder Bridge)

  • 이지오;정민철;박경훈;공정식
    • 한국방재학회 논문집
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2011
  • 본 논문에서는 아치 형상을 갖는 강재 거더에 콘크리트가 충진되고 외부에 긴장력을 도입하여 구조적 효율성을 높인 CFTA 거더(Concrete-Filled and Tied Steel Tubular Arch Girder)의 아치효과와 구조적 성능을 검증하기 위해 정적하중재하실험을 수행하였고, 실험결과의 타당성을 검증하기 위해 유한요소해석을 수행하였다. CFTA 거더는 강재, 콘크리트, PS강재 등을 이용하여 각 재료의 역학적 장점을 최대한 발휘하도록 형상화하였다. 본 연구에서는 프레임해석프로그램으로 지간장 12m인 축소모형을 설계하였으며, 해석결과에 근거하여 정적재하실험이 수행되었다. 정적재하실험 결과, CFTA 거더의 구조적 성능과 안전성이 검증되었으며, 아치 효과에 의해 타 구조형식과는 다른 처짐 형상이 나타났다. 또한 ABAQUS 프로그램을 이용한 유한요소해석을 통해 차량 충돌 안정성과 정적재하실험결과의 타당성을 입증하였다.

비부착식 단일 강연선용 원형 정착구의 일방향 슬래브 적용에 관한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Performance of One-Way Slab Using Unbonded Post-Tensioned Anchorage for Single Tendon)

  • 김민숙;노경민;이영학
    • 한국공간구조학회논문집
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the static load test and the load transfer test were carried out to evaluate the structural performance of the circular anchorage proposed by the previous study. Specimens were fabricated according to KCI-PS101 and ETAG 013. As a result of the static load test, it was verified that the displacement of the wedge and the strand was kept constant when the tensile force of 80% of the nominal strength of the strand was applied. In the load transfer test, it was confirmed that all the specimens satisfied the stabilization formula of KCI-PS101 and ETAG 013. Post-tensioned one-way slab with circular anchorage were fabricated to evaluate the flexural behavior. All specimens exhibited the same flexural behavior and maximum load. However, the specimen with circular anchorage were advantageous than the rectangular anchorage one in terms of crack control of the anchorage zone.

Performance analysis tool for reinforced concrete members

  • Esmaeily, Asad;Peterman, Robert J.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.331-346
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    • 2007
  • A computer program was developed to analyze the non-linear, cyclic flexural performance of reinforced concrete structural members under various types of loading paths including non-sequential variations in axial load. This performance is significantly affected by the loading history. Different monotonic material models as well as hysteresis rules for confined and unconfined concrete and steel, some developed and calibrated against test results on material samples, were implemented in a fiber-based moment-curvature and in turn force-deflection analysis. One of the assumptions on curvature distribution along the member was based on a method developed to address the variation of the plastic hinge length as a result of loading pattern. Functionality of the program was verified by reproduction of analytical results obtained by others for several cases, and accuracy of the analytical process and the implemented models were evaluated against the experimental results from large-scale reinforced concrete columns tested under the analyzed loading cases. While the program can be used to predict the response of a member under a certain loading pattern, it can also be used to examine various analytical models and methods or refine a custom material model against test data.

송전용 고분자 애자의 정적 및 동적인 상태에서 장기 기계적 특성 연구 (A Study on the Long-term Mechanical Properties Under Static and Cyclic State of Composite Insulators for Transmission Lines)

  • 김수연;김영성;홍진영;박완기
    • 대한전기학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.869-871
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    • 1998
  • The extensive use of composite insulators for transmission lines can ultimately be justified only on long-term qualification tests. The actual load working on the insulator in the field is not static load but cyclic load. So in this paper, we discussed an examination of aging degradation by mechanical performance of composite insulators under static tension load and cyclic tension load. and also described useful approaches for analyzing their long term performance so as to develop reliable composite insulators. The static and cyclic tension load-time test data were examined by Weibull distribution for their capability of presuming long term performance. It was found that cyclic tension loads were more severe than static tension loads. The results also indicate that it may be relevant for an user to select composite insulators on basis of their performance under cyclic tension loads than static tension loads.

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RAS: Request Assignment Simulator for Cloud-Based Applications

  • Rajan, R. Arokia Paul;Francis, F. Sagayaraj
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.2035-2049
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    • 2015
  • Applications deployed in cloud receive a huge volume of requests from geographically distributed users whose satisfaction with the cloud service is directly proportional to the efficiency with which the requests are handled. Assignment of user requests based on appropriate load balancing principles significantly improves the performance of such cloud-based applications. To study the behavior of such systems, there is a need for simulation tools that will help the designer to set a test bed and evaluate the performance of the system by experimenting with different load balancing principles. In this paper, a novel architecture for cloud called Request Assignment Simulator (RAS) is proposed. It is a customizable, visual tool that simulates the request assignment process based on load balancing principles with a set of parameters that impact resource utilization. This simulator will help to ascertain the best possible resource allocation technique by facilitating the designer to apply and test different load balancing principles for a given scenario.

풍하중에 의한 타원형 구조물의 진동 제어 (Vibration Control of Tower Structure under Wind Load)

  • 황재승;김윤석;주석준
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.427-430
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    • 2002
  • The present parer outlines the system identification and vibration control performance of air traffic control tower of Yangyang international airport with tuned mass damper(TMD). From the free vibration test, natural frequency, damping ratio and mode shape of tower are obtained and these values are compared with the values from numerical analysis. In the vibration control test to evaluate the vibration control performance, equivalent damping ratio increased by tuned mass damper are obtained in case the TMD is operated as passive mode. Damping ratio of tower evaluated from free vibration test is about $1.0{\%}$. It is very low value than damping ratio recommended in general code. Damping ratio of passive mode is about $5{\%}$. These equivalent damping ratio increased by TMD is enough to enhance the serviceability of tower structure under wind load.

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