• Title, Summary, Keyword: Persons with Disabilities

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Analysis and Development Plans of Employment Policy for Persons with Disabilities in North Korea (북한 장애인고용정책 분석)

  • Jeong, Ji-Ung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.627-634
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the employment policy for persons with disabilities, and to propose a policy development plan to promote employment of persons with disabilities in North Korea. For this purpose, this study reviewed the laws and employment status related in persons with disabilities in North Korea through literature studies and secondary data analysis as the context of the policy analysis. Since then, North Korea's employment policy for persons with disabilities was analyzed according to the framework of Gilbert and Specht(1974). The results of this study are as follows. First, the benefits of the North Korean employment policy for persons with disabilities are employment benefits and vocational skills development benefits. Second, segregated employment is mainly composed of employment policy for persons with disabilities. Third, the allocation of employment policy for persons with disabilities is centered on persons with mild and physical disabilities. Fourth, the delivery system of employment policy for persons with disabilities is segmented around the Cabinets and the People's Committee of each municipality. Based on the results of this analysis, this study suggests the development of employment policy for persons with disabilities in North Korea through the revision of regulations, the diversification of benefits, and the reorganization of delivery systems.

Design for Spatial Information for Effective Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (장애인권리협약의 효과적 이행을 위한 공간정보 구축방안 연구)

  • Ahn, Jong Wook;Shin, Dong Bin
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2012
  • The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international conventions to acknowledge that persons with disabilities have dignity as human being and to give us duty to make an effort for protection of persons with disabilities' rights. This study deducts several tasks in spatial information field to fulfill the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities effectively. First of all, For the deduction, this study starts by considering accessability, personal movement, freedom of expression and accessability to information. Second, this study defines persons with disabilities as the spatial information what ensure for prior considerations. Third, this study deducts some requirements on spatial information of persons with disabilities on the basis of the survey targeting persons with disabilities and the expert opinion, and suggests objectives, strategies, tasks, systems for effective implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Especially, this study sets up a goal on spatial information establishing strategy of persons with disabilities as 'Disadvantaged groups like persons with disabilities can obtain requirable information without distinction of person, thereby pursuing the convenience of life and improving the quality of life.

Comparing the smoking rates between people with and without disabilities: Using propensity score matching (장애인 인구집단과 일반인구집단간의 흡연율 비교: 성향점수매칭법을 활용하여)

  • Choi, Minhyeok;Choi, Jinhyeok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: It has been well documented that people on the lower socioeconomic position are significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes. The purposes of this study were (a) to identify a potential difference of socioeconomic factors, and (b) to compare a smoking rate, one of the most representative health behavior between people with/without disabilities after the controlling socioeconomic factors. Methods: The Korea Panel Survey of Employment for People of Disabilities (2012) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (2012) were employed for calculating the smoking rates of persons with/without disabilities. Results: The results demonstrated that the socioeconomic position indicators (education, occupation and household equivalent income) of persons with disabilities were lower than persons without disabilities. The smoking rates of the persons with/without disabilities were 35.9% and 19.0% respectively before propensity score matching. After propensity score matching with the socioeconomic factors, however, ATT of people with disabilities was 0.201 which is lower than ATT of people without disabilities (0.227). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the socioeconomic level of persons with disabilities is important to improve the smoking rates and health level regardless of their disabilities.

A Study on the Perception of the Right to Vote of Persons with Developmental Disabilities in College Students: Based on the Experience of Disability Related Education (발달장애인 선거권에 대한 대학생의 인식 연구: 장애관련 교육경험 유무를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woo-Jin;Kim, Tae-Gang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of the right to vote of persons with developmental disabilities in college students. College students attending in A University and B University in Gwangju Metropolitan City were selected using convenience sampling and 370 samples were finally analyzed. The results were as follows. First, the subjects who took a disability course had high perception of the right to vote of persons with developmental disabilities. Second, it was discovered that the more times people participated in the volunteer work related to disabilities, the more recognition they had on the voting rights of people with developmental disabilities. Third, the subjects who responded for the need for the political rights of persons with developmental disabilities had more positive perception of the right to vote of persons with developmental disabilities than those who did not responded. Based on the findings, it was suggested that methods should be investigated to establish positive attitude and perception of the right to vote of persons with developmental disabilities in persons without developmental disabilities including college students.

FEDERAL DISABILITY LAW AND ITS IMPACT ON HEALTH CARE FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES (미국 연방 장애법과 동법이 장애인의 의료서비스에 미친 영향)

  • Song, Se-Jin
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 2006
  • Federal disability law has evolved from several laws geared to protect people with disabilities since the late 1960s and early 1970s. When U.S. Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990, no federal statute prohibited the majority of employers, program administrators, owners and managers of places of public accommodation and others from discriminating against people with disabilities. Toward the ends to assure equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with the disabilities, the ADA pursues three major strategies: Title I addresses inequality in employment, Title II, inequality in public services, and Title III, inequality in services and accommodations offered by private entities. The purposes of the study were to analyze the impact of the ADA on health care for persons with disabilities and to review the ongoing health policy reforms at the federal and state governments. Essential remedies that the ADA contemplates are based on two principles, simple discrimination and reasonable accommodation, which significantly improved access to quality care, especially long-term care, by persons with disabilities. However, the ongoing Medicaid policy reforms to control rising health care costs in the U.S. could threaten the access to care by persons with disabilities in optional groups and to optional care services by persons with disabilities in mandatory groups.

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"Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons with Disabilities Act" and the Human Rights of Persons with Disabilities (장애인차별금지법과 장애인의 인권)

  • Lee, Cheol-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.8
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    • pp.158-175
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    • 2008
  • In recent years it seems to be accepted as absolutely right by almost all the people in the world that person without disabilities and person with disabilities are equal and should be treated so regardless of their race, national origin, sex, religion, disability, etc. This article deals with (1) "Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons With Disabilities Act" and (2) Human Rights of Persons With Disabilities. The purpose of "Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons With Disabilities Act" is to realize the human dignity and worth of persons with disabilities by prohibiting disability-based discrimination in all areas of society, and effectively safeguarding the rights of individuals discriminated based on disability, thus enabling them to fully participate in society and to secure equal rights.

Determinants analysis of affecting to Health screening among Persons with Disabilities (장애인의 건강검진 수검에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Ye-Soon;Kim, Seon-Yong;Nam, Young-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting of health screening among persons with disabilities. Method: The study examines the factors affecting of health screening using over 20 years of age who participated in the 2017 National survey of the disabled data. Subjects were 6,332 person with disabilities over 20 years of age. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, X2-test, multiple logistic regression with the SPSS win 21.0 program. Results: Health screening among persons with disabilities is differentiated with education level, marital status, Subjective House economic status, Health insurance, Economic activity, Type of disability, Grade of disability, Stress recognition, Depressive symptom, Suicidal thinking, Suicidal attempt, and grade of disability. The significant predictors of the health screening were age, Subjective House economic status, Economic activity, and Grade of disability. Conclusion: We should consider age, disability level, and economic level when developing a screening program for people with disabilities. Especially, the development and promotion of the health screening program for persons with disabilities and related education are required.

Research on the Trend of Welfare of Children with Disabilities and Facility Reorganization in Japan - Focused on Medical-type Facility for Children with Disabilities (일본의 장애아를 위한 복지의 동향과 시설재편에 관한 연구 - 의료형 장애아 입소시설을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Minjung;Takemiya, Kenji
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: In 2012, the Child Welfare Act was revised to provide better support to children with severe disabilities in Japan. Previously, inpatient facilities had been classified according to the type of disabilities of patients. After the revision of the Act, however, these facilities were assigned into the category of "medical-type facilities for children with disabilities", or "welfare-type facilities for children with disabilities." The focus of the study is to evaluate the reorganization of the Child Welfare Act and to analyze the new layout of Center K after its transition from a facility for children with motional disabilities to a medical-type facility for children with disabilities. Methods: A literature review was conducted to identify the trend in the treatment for persons with disabilities and the process of policy making in Japan. Field research was performed twice in 2015 and 2016, before and after the renovation of the Center K facilities depending upon the revision of the Child Welfare Act. Results: There is an increasing tendency of the population of persons with disabilities in Japan, and the severity level of disability of children with disabilities. In the case of Center K, two types of ward constructed to meet the two types of disability has been reconstructed into three types of unit following the various severity level of disability. Implications: As a result, it could be argued that it is also necessary in Korea to reorganize the facilities for persons with disabilities to deal with the fact that the population of persons with disabilities in Korea has been growing and their degree of disabilities also getting severe.

Improvement of Act on Disaster and Safety for Persons with Disabilities (장애인 재난안전 관계 법령 개선 연구)

  • Jung, Taeho;Yun, Nuri;Park, Dugkeun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.98-107
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    • 2019
  • In the case of a disaster, the damage caused by the disability vulnerability of persons with disabilities is significantly increased, discussing about a problem for the protection of the vulnerable class. However, until now policy, technology and response guidelines for disaster and safety have been focused on the general public. Therefore, it is necessary to develop customized support technology for disaster and safety considering vulnerable characteristics of vulnerable class. Firstly, it is necessary to prepare draft improvement proposal of act and support system related disaster and safety for persons with disabilities and older persons. So, this study was carried out analysis of act, policy and support system on disaster and safety for persons with disabilities and older persons of domestic and overseas in order to draw implication. Furthermore, we established direction for improvement of act and policy on disaster and safety for persons with disabilities based on the analysis, and suggested draft improvement proposal.

The Human Rights of Persons With Disabilities and 「Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons With Disabilities Act」 (장애인의 인권과 장애인차별금지법)

  • Lee, Cheol-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 2008
  • In recent years it seems to be accepted as absolutely right by almost all the people in the world that person without disabilities and person with disabilities are equal and should be treated so regardless of their race, national origin, sex, religion, disability, etc. This article deals with (1) "Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons With Disabilities Act" and (2) Human Rights of Persons With Disabilities. The purpose of "Anti-Discrimination against and Remedies for Persons With Disabilities Act" is to realize the human dignity and worth of persons with disabilities by prohibiting disability-based discrimination in all areas of society, and effectively safeguarding the rights of individuals discriminated based on disability, thus enabling them to fully participate in society and to secure equal rights.

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