• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pharbitis nil L

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Photoperiodic Floral Induction in Pharbitis Cotyledons Affected by Polyamines and Ethylene

  • Jueson Maeng
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 1995
  • Exogenous putrescine of 0.5 mM or higher concentratons applied during a 16 h inductive dark period could elevate putrescine content in cotyledons of Pharbitis nil Choisy cv. Violet, a short-day plant, resulting in complete blocking of photoperiodic floral induction. Titers of putrescine, spermidine and spermine in the cotyledons were traced throughout a 16 h dark period. While non-induced cotyledons under continous light slightly increased levels of polyamines, induced tissue maintaiend its putrescine, spermidine and spermine levels as low as 66.4%, 60.9% and 84.9% of non-induced levels respecitvely. Endogenous polyamines kept at lower levels in the inductive dark period were found to upsurge by a night break treatment of 10 min light in the middle of the dark and consequently the inductive dark effect was canceled. Elevation of polyamine titers could also be induced by 100 $\mu$L/L ethylene treatment which completely suppressed floral induction. Compared to untreated cotyledons, ehtylene-treated tissues increased putrescine content by as much as 136.5% in 12 h and spermidine level by up to 130.1% in 8 h. Ethylene-treated cotyledons not only increased endogenous polyamine content but also liberate ethylene in the second half of the inductive dark period accumulating up to three to fourfold level supporting a hypothesis that ethylene-treated tissues are stimulated to produce ethylene which in turn accelerates polyamine biosynthesis in the tissues. It is postulated that substantially low polyamine titers in the inductive dark period would be one of the necessary factors controlling photoperiodic induction of flowering in Pharbitis nil and the inhibitory effects of night break and exogenous ethylene treatment may be atributed to their action to stimulate endogenous polyamine production.

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The Biological Activities of Extracts and Fractions of Herbal Plants (수종의 한약재 분획물의 생리활성 효과)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Ko, Youn-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to identify the antimicrobial anti-oxidative and tyrosinase inhibitory effect of three kinds of herbal plants, Polygonum cuspidatum, Chelidonii herba, Pharbitis nil L. naturally grown across the nation. Methods : To investigate in vitro anti-oxidative activity assay, antimicrobial effect and tyrosinase inhibitory activity, MeOH 80% extract, n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions of herbal plants were tested by diphenylpicrylhydrazyl(DPPH) method. Results : Bsutanol fractions of each plants showed about 90% on anti-oxidative effect. In case of tyrosinase activity, ethlyacetate fraction of Polygonum cuspidatum showed a potent inhibition effect. In the antimicrobial effect, ethylacetate fraction of Polygonum cuspidatu, hexane fractions of Chelidonii herba and the methanol 80% extracts of Pharbitis nil L. exhibited inhibition effect significantly. Conclusions : In MeOH 80% extracts, we couldn't found any extracts or fractions which have antimicrobial, anti-oxidative and tyrosinase inhibitory activity, however ethylacetate fractions of Polygonum cuspidatum showed effects commonly in these three assay system.

Screening for Antitumor Efficacy from the Wild Plants in Korea (한국산 천연항종양성 자원의 Screening에 대하여)

  • 이상래
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 1992
  • This experiment was Conducted ta screening for the anti-cancer efficacy from the wild plants which are naturally growing in the Korea. The results are as follows. The results were shown thatZea may L. nad significantly effects on mediculal efficacy anganist anti-tumor by usulg the totalpacked cell volume methods and also, severals plants, such as Sofonum nigrum, Patrinia hispidoBunge, Eragrostis, ferrugenia Beauv, Salaginela pouzolgiana Spring, Platrycarya strobilacea Bunge,Codonopsis lanceolata Benth. et Hook fil. which are collected from Giri and Mooju mountain in Koreaand Nagano in Japan were showed effects on auti-tumor. But the pharmaceologial activities ofPharbitis nil Choisy was believed to strong effec on anti - cancer tumors, while toxicity of its wasshown high that induced te kill all used mice. Extraction of Patrinia hispida Bunge, Pharbitis nilChoisy, Toilis japonica DC, Eragrostis erruginea Beauv. and Forsythia koreana Nakai showed effec-tively supressed on growth rate of cancer tumor by the below 50 percent of T/C ratio at 30mg /mlof extraction from plant. That Is strong activity while Reynouxria japonica Houtt. was observed onlymild activities. The above results many possibly suggest that Patrinia hispido Bunge and Eragrostisferrugina Beauv. inhibited the growth of cancer tumor by the both total packed cell volume methodand cytotoxicity method. Although basic research is still going on, we will find out an accurate moth-od for developing useful medicinal plant to improve pharmacological activites against anti-cancertumor, especialy, in Eragrostis ferruginea Beauv.

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Effects of ${\alpha}-ketol$ type oxylipin (KODA) on flowering and its application as a growth regulater

  • Yokoyama, Mineyuki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology Conference
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2005
  • a-Ketol linolenic acid [KODA, 9,10-ketol-octadecadienoic acid, or 9-hydroxy-10 -oxo-12(Z), 15(Z)-octadecadienoic acid] was found as a stress-induced factor in Lemna paucicostata. KODA reacts with catecholamines to generate many products that strongly induce flowering in L. paucicostata, although KODA itself was inactive. KODA contains an asymmetric carbon at the 9-position in the molecule; the 9-hydroxyl group is predominantly 9R, with an enantiomeric excess of 40% (70% 9R and 30% 9S). We analyzed two major products of the reaction between KODA and norepinephrine, named FN1 and FN2. FN1 was identified as a tricyclic a-ketol fatty acid, 9(R)-11-{(2'R,8’R,10'S,11'S)-2',8'-dihydroxy-7'-oxo-11'-[(Z)-2-pentenyl]-9'-oxa-4'-azatricyclo[6.3.1.01.5]dodec-5'en-10'-yl}-9-hydroxy-10-oxoundecanoic acid. FN2 was the C-9 epimer of FN1. FN1 was derived from 9R-type KODA and FN2 from 9S-type. FN1 showed strong flower-inducing activity, but FN2 was inactive. Pharbitis nil (violet) is a typical short-day plant; flowering can be induced by exposing a seedling cultivated under continuous light to a single 16-h dark period. We analyzed endogenous KODA levels and showed that they were closely related to flower induction: KODA sharply increased in the later part of a 16-h dark period, on the other hand, it failed to increase in the night-break experiment. In addition to it, KODA increased transiently in immature flower buds in all the plants we examined, including P. nil. No such increase of KODA was seen in foliar buds of P. nil. When KODA was sprayed on seedlings of Pharbitis, flower induction was promoted only by the (R)-form of KODA. We also found that KODA enhances flowering in garden plants such as carnations and impatienses. These phenomena indicate that KODA may be involved in flowering formationg of plants and it is potentially useful for a regulating agent for commercial plant flowering.

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Anti-Proliferative Activities of Solid-State Fermented Medicinal Herbs Using Phellinus baumii against Human Colorectal HCT116 Cell (장수상황버섯 균사체를 이용한 고체 발효한약재의 대장암 세포성장 억제 활성)

  • Sohn, Ho-Yong;Shin, Yong-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Sik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.1268-1275
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the anti-proliferative activity of solid-state fermented medicinal herbs which include Phellinus baumii. Methanol extracts were prepared from 36 different medicinal herbs and their fermented counterparts. These extracts were used to treat human colorectal HCT116 cell, human embryonic kidney cell HEK-293, pre-adipocyte cell 3T3-L1, and pre-osteoblast cell MC3T3-E1 for 24 hr. At a concentration of 100 ${\mu}g/ml$, the extracts of Amomum villosum, Cnidium officinale Makino, Dendrobium moniliforme, Dictamnus dasycarpus, Diospyros kaki Thunb, Eucommia ulmoides Oliv, Ginkgo biloba L, Magnolia denudata Desrousseaux, Orostachys japonicus, Panax notoginseng, Pharbitis nil Choisy, Polygala tenuifolia and Trichosanthes kirilowii (seed) led to a < 50% decrease in cell proliferation, and mycelium of P. baumii showed a 46.3% decrease in cell proliferation. Meanwhile, the extracts of the 25 fermented herbs showed similar anti-proliferative activities compared to those of individual non-fermented herbs. However, the extracts of the fermented Drynaria fortunei Kunze (1), Lycium chinense Mill (2), Fritillaria thunbergii Miquel (3) and Prunus persica showed increased anti-proliferative activity. The $IC_{50}s$ of (1), (2) and (3) were especially decreased to 28, 85 and 80 ${\mu}g/ml$ from 394, 917 and 149 ${\mu}g/ml$, respectively. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of the extracts of fermented (1), (2) and (3) against HEK-293, 3T3-L1, and MC3T3-E1was negligible up to 200 ${\mu}g/ml$. These results suggest that solid-state fermentation using the mycellium of P. baumiiproduce potential anti-cancer agents or strengthen the bioactivity of medicinal herbs.