• Title, Summary, Keyword: Phorbol 12,13-didecanoate

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Inhibitory Effect of Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate on NO Production Induced by Interleukin-1 beta in Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells of Rats (혈관평활근세포에서 Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate의 전처리가 Interleukin-1β에 의한 Nitrite생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤병헌;김인겸;박태규;김중영
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.441-447
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    • 2003
  • To examine the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in regulation of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1$\beta$)-induced iNOS expression, IL-1$\beta$-induced nitrite production was observed in cultured vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells pretreated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and phorbol 12,13-butyrate (PDB) as PKC activator; 4$\alpha$-phorbol-didecanoate (PDD) as PKC non-activator. Nitrite production induced by IL-1$\beta$ was increased by the presence of increasing concentration of PMA ranging from 2 to 200 nM. However, in VSM cells pretreated with PMA and PDB, IL-1$\beta$-induced $NO_2$ production was decreased in proportion to the duration of pretreatment, and most significantly decreased in pretreatment time of 24 hours. Using RT-PCR method, the expression of iNOS mRNA induced by IL-1$\beta$ was decreased in VSM cells pretreated with PMA 200 nM for 24 hours. These results suggest that decrease in IL-I$\beta$-induced nitrite production by the pretreatment of PMA result from inhibition of iNOS expression and the inhibition related to PMA-induced PKC down-regulation.

Mutation of a putative S-nitrosylation site of TRPV4 protein facilitates the channel activates

  • Lee, Eun-Jeoung;Shin, Sung-Hwa;Hyun, Sung-Hee;Chun, Jae-Sun;Kang, Sang-Sun
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2011
  • The transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) cation channel, a member of the TRP vanilloid subfamily, is expressed in a broad range of tissues. Nitric oxide (NO) as a gaseous signal mediator shows a variety of important biological effects. In many instances, NO has been shown to exhibit its activities via a protein S-nitrosylation mechanism in order to regulate its protein functions. With functional assays via site-directed mutagenesis, we demonstrate herein that NO induces the S-nitrosylation of TRPV4 $Ca^{2+}$ channel on the $Cys^{853}$ residue, and the S-nitrosylation of $Cys^{853}$ reduced its channel sensitivity to 4-${\alpha}$ phorbol 12,13-didecanoate and the interaction between TRPV4 and calmodulin. A patch clamp experiment and $Ca^{2+}$ image analysis show that the S-nitrosylation of $Cys^{853}$ modulates the TRPV4 channel as an inhibitor. Thus, our data suggest a novel regulatory mechanism of TRPV4 via NO-mediated S-nitrosylation on its $Cys^{853}$ residue.

Protein Kinase C Activates ATP-sensitive Potassium Channels in Rabbit Ventricular Myocytes

  • Kim, Na-Ri;Youm, Jae-Boum;Joo, Hyun;Kim, Hyung-Kyu;Kim, Eui-Yong;Han, Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2005
  • Several signal transduction pathways have been implicated in ischemic preconditioning induced by the activation of ATP-sensitive $K^+$ $(K_{ATP})$ channels. We examined whether protein kinase C (PKC) modulated the activity of $K_{ATP}$ channels by recording $K_{ATP}$ channel currents in rabbit ventricular myocytes using patch-clamp technique and found that phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (PDD) enhanced pinacidil-induced $K_{ATP}$ channel activity in the cell-attached configuration; and this effect was prevented by bisindolylmaleimide (BIM). $K_{ATP}$ channel activity was not increased by $4{\alpha}-PDD$. In excised insideout patches, PKC stimulated $K_{ATP}$ channels in the presence of 1 mM ATP, and this effect was abolished in the presence of BIM. Heat-inactivated PKC had no effect on channel activity. PKC-induced activation of $K_{ATP}$ channels was reversed by PP2A, and this effect was not detected in the presence of okadaic acid. These results suggest that PKC activates $K_{ATP}$ channels in rabbit ventricular myocytes.

Studies on the Regulation of Nitric oxide Synthesis in Murine Mononuclear Phagocytes (마우스 단핵 탐식 세포에서 Nitric oxide 생성의 조절 기전에 관한 연구)

  • 최병기;김수응
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2000
  • ADP-rubosylation may be involved in the process of macrophage activation. Nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as an important intracellular and interacellular regulatory molecule with function as diverse as vasodilation, neural communication or host defense. NO is derived from the oxidation of the terminal guanidino nitrogen atom of L-arginine by the NADPH -dependent enzyme, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) which is one of the three different isomers in mammalian tissues. Since NO can exert protective or regulatory functions in the cell at a low concentration while toxic effects at higher concentrations, its role may be tightly regulated in the cell. Therefore, this paper was focused on signal transduction pathway of NO synthesis, role of endogenous TGF-$\beta$ in NO production. effect of NO on superoxide formation. Costimulation of murine peritoneal macrophages with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) increased both NO secretion and mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) when PMA abolished costimulation. Pretreatmnet of the cells with PMA abolished costimuation effects due to the depletion of protein kinase C (PKC) activities . The involvement of PKC in NO secretion could be further confirmed by PKC inhibitor, stauroprine, and phorbol ester derivative, phorbol 12,13-didecanoate. Addition of actinomycine D in IFN-γ plus PMA stimulated cells inhibited both NO secretion and mRNA expression of iNOS indication that PMA stabilizes mRNA of iNOS . Exogenous TGF-$\beta$ reduced NO secretion in IFN -γ stimulated murine macrophages. However addition of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) to TGF-$\beta$ to this system recovered the ability of NO production and inhibited mRNA expression of TGF-$\beta$. ACAS interactive laser cytometry analysis showed that transportation of FITC -labeled antisense ODN complementary to TGF-$\beta$ mRNA could be observed within 5 min and reached maximal intensity in 30 min in the murine macrophage cells. NO released by activated macrophages inhibits superoxide formation in the same cells . This inhibition nay be related on NO-induced auto -adenosine diphosphate (ADP) -ribosylation . In addition, ADP-ribosylation may be involved in the process of macrophage activation .

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Expression of TRP Channels in Mouse Dental Papilla Cell-23 (MDPC-23) Cell Line

  • Shin, Myoung-Sang;Yeon, Kyu-Young;Oh, Seog-Bae;Kim, Joong-Soo
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2006
  • Temperature signaling can be initiated by members of transient receptor potential (thermo-TRP) channels. Hot and cold substances applied to teeth usually elicit pain sensation. Since odontoblasts constitute a well-defined layer between the pulp and the mineralized dentin, being first to encounter thermal stimulation from oral cavity, they may be involved in sensory transduction process, in addition to their primary function as formation of dentin. We investigated whether thermo-TRP channels are expressed in a odontoblast cell line, MDPC-23. The expressions of thermo-TRP channels were examined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, fluorometric calcium imaging. Analysis of RT-PCR revealed mRNA expression of TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV4 and TRPM8, but no TRPV3, TRPA1. Immunohistochemical approach failed to detect TRPV1 expression. Whereas the application of 4-phorbol-12,13-didecanoate($10\;{\mu}M$, a TRPV4 agonist), menthol(1 mM, a TRPM8 agonist) and icilin($10\;{\mu}M$, a TRPM8 agonist) produced the enhancement of intracellular calcium concentration, capsaicin($1\;{\mu}M$, a TRPV1 agonist) did not. Our results suggest that subfamily of thermo-TRP channels expressed in odontoblasts may serve as thermal or mechanical transducer in teeth.

The modulation of TRPV4 channel activity through its Ser 824 residue phosphorylation by SGK1

  • Lee, Run-Jeoung;Shin, Sung-Hwa;Chun, Jae-Sun;Hyun, Sung-Hee;Kim, Yang-Mi;Kang, Sang-Sun
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2010
  • With the consensus sequence information of the serum glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase-1 (SGK1) phosphorylation site {R-X-R-X-X-(S/T)$\Phi$; where $\Phi$ is any hydrophobic amino acid}, we noticed that the transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) cation channel, a member of the TRP vanilloid subfamily, harbors the putative SGK1 phosphorylation site (on its Ser 824). We have demonstrated that TRPV4 is an SGK1 authentic substrate protein, with the phosphorylation on the Ser 824 of TRPV4 by SGK1. Further, using TRPV4 mutants (S824A and S824D), we noted that the modification of the Ser 824 activates its $Ca^{2+}$ entry, and sensitizes the TRPV4 channel to 4-$\alpha$-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4-${\alpha}PDD$) or heat, simultaneously enhancing its active state. Additionally, we determined that the modification of the Ser 824 controls both its plasma membrane localization and its protein interactions with calmodulin. Thus, we have proposed herein that phosphorylation on the Ser 824 of TRPV4 is one of the control points for the regulation of its functions.

Functional Expression of TRPV 4 Cation Channels in Human Mast Cell Line (HMC-1)

  • Kim, Kyung-Soo;Shin, Dong-Hoon;Nam, Joo-Hyun;Park, Kyung-Sun;Zhang, Yin-Hua;Kim, Woo-Kyung;Kim, Sung-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.419-425
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    • 2010
  • Mast cells are activated by specific allergens and also by various nonspecific stimuli, which might induce physical urticaria. This study investigated the functional expression of temperature sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) subfamily in the human mast cell line (HMC-1) using whole-cell patch clamp techniques. The temperature of perfusate was raised from room temperature (RT, $23{\sim}25^{\circ}C$) to a moderately high temperature (MHT, $37{\sim}39^{\circ}C$) to activate TRPV3/4, a high temperature (HT, $44{\sim}46^{\circ}C$) to activate TRPV1, or a very high temperature (VHT, $53{\sim}55^{\circ}C$) to activate TRPV2. The membrane conductance of HMC-1 was increased by MHT and HT in about 50% (21 of 40) of the tested cells, and the I/V curves showed weak outward rectification. VHT-induced current was 10-fold larger than those induced by MHT and HT. The application of the TRPV 4 activator $3{\alpha}$-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate ($4{\alpha}$ PDD, $1\;{\mu}M$) induced weakly outward rectifying currents similar to those induced by MHT. However, the TRPV3 agonist camphor or TRPV1 agonist capsaicin had no effect. RT-PCR analysis of HMC-1 demonstrated the expression of TRPV4 as well as potent expression of TRPV2. The $[Ca^{2+}]_c$ of HMC-1 cells was also increased by MHT or by $4{\alpha}$ PDD. In summary, our present study indicates that HMC-1 cells express $Ca^{2+}$-permeable TRPV4 channels in addition to the previously reported expression of TRPV2 with a higher threshold of activating temperature.