• Title, Summary, Keyword: Phosphors

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Luminescent Properties of the $Tb^{3+}$-Activated $ABCO_4$ and $ABC_3O_7$ Phosphors (A=Ca, Sr ; B=Y, RE ; C=AI, Ga)

  • Kim, Chang-Hae;Park, Sang-Mi;Park, Joung-Kyu;Park, Hee-Dong;Park, Joon-Taik
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.635-638
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    • 2002
  • In $ABCO_4$ and $ABC_3O_7$ (A=Ca, Sr; B=Y, Rare earth; C=Al, Ga), random distribution of static crystalline fields in activator sites results in inhomogeneous broadening of spectral lines of luminescent materials. In this study, we investigated luminescent properties of above-mentioned materials by excitation and emission spectra. In result, both $ABCO_4$:Tb and $ABC_3O_7$:Tb phosphors emit the green light. $ABC_3O_7$:Tb phosphors absorbed shorter wavelength energy than $ABCO_4$ phosphors so that the emission efficiencies of $ABC_3O_7$:Tb phosphors were higher than those of $ABCO_4$:Tb phosphors under vacuum UV.

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The SrLiAl3N4:Eu2+ Phosphor Synthesized by the Raw Material Model Obtained by DFT Calculations

  • Park, Woon Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 2017
  • Improvement studies of existing phosphors are needed for use in light emitting diodes (LEDs). Among the phosphors discovered recently, the SLA ($SrLiAl_3N_4:Eu^{2+}$) is a phosphor that has a narrow width. It is now known as a good red phosphor that meets the industry's needs for warm white (color temperature ranging from 2700 to 4000 K) and high CRI (> 80). However, SLA phosphors are obtained from difficult synthetic methods. All commercially available phosphors should be derived from the general solid state synthesis method. The phosphors produced by difficult synthetic methods will inevitably fall out of price competitiveness and will be scrapped. This study succeeded in synthesizing SLA ($SrLiAl_3N_4:Eu^{2+}$) phosphors by using a general solid phase synthesis method based on the reaction energy obtained from DFT calculations. As a result, we found an optimal solid state synthesis method for SLA phosphors.

Nitride Phosphors for the Better Performance of WLEDs

  • Yoon, Chul-Soo
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.49-49
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    • 2009
  • Phosphors with oxide host material, YAG:$Ce^{3+}$ and $(Ca,Sr,Ba)_2SiO_4:Eu^{2+}$ yellow phosphor, has been used for LED applications. The WLEDs using these phosphors are widely used for LCD backlighting, automobile, and general lighting applications since they have high conversion efficiency and good thermal and chemical stability which can meet necessary life time of LED products up to now. With advances of LED chip technology, the external quantum efficiency and driving current in chip get higher so that the phosphors for high power chip are required to maintain high conversion efficiency and stability at high temperature due to the heat dissipated from LED chips. In addition, higher color rendering index of LED lighting and color reproducibility of LCD than those of LEDs with single yellow phosphors are required. In order to overcome these technical issues rising from evolution of LED technology, new phosphors are in demand and nitride phosphors, one of the promising new candidate materials, will be discussed here.

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Phosphors development for LED and PDP Applications

  • Park, Hee-Dong
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.368-369
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    • 2003
  • The recent development of InGaN-based white light emitting diodes (LEDs) has expanded their potential applications in areas such as white electric home appliances, backlight for mobile phone or notebook PC, and indoor lightings. In this lecture, recent researches related to the phosphors for LEDs applications and their luminescent properties were reviewed. PDPs are considered as the most potential flat panel displays with a large-screen size. Phosphors in PDPs directly affect the brightness and lifetime. So, many researchers have tried to improve the luminescence characteristics of the phosphors especially under vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) excitation. We overviewed recent research trends and conclusive achievements for the PDP phosphors.

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Excitation Based Tunable Emissions from the Nanocrystalline $Ca_2Gd_8Si_6O_{26}$ : $Sm^{3+}/Tb^{3+}$ Phosphors for Novel Inorganic LEDs

  • Raju, G. Seeta Rama;Yu, Jae-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.156-156
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    • 2011
  • Nanocrystalline $Ca_2Gd_8Si_6O_{26}$ (CGS) : $Sm^{3+}$ and CGS : $Tb^{3+}/Sm^{3+}$ phosphors were prepared by solvothermal reaction method for light emitting diode (LED) and field emission display (FED) applications. The XRD patterns of these phosphors confirmed their oxyapatite structure in the hexagonal lattice. The visible luminescence properties of these phosphors were investigated by exciting with ultraviolet (UV) or near-UV light and low voltage electron beam. The photoluminescence (PL) properties of $Ca_2Gd_8Si_6O_{26}$ (CGS) : $Sm^{3+}$ and CGS : $Tb^{3+}/Sm^{3+}$ phosphors were investigated as a function of $Sm^{3+}$ concentration. Cathodoluminescence (CL) properties were examined by changing the acceleration voltage. The CGS : $Sm^{3+}$ showed the dominant orange emission due to the $^4G_{5/2}{\rightarrow}^6H_{7/2}$ transition. The CGS : $Tb^{3+}/Sm^{3+}$ phosphor showed the green, white and orange emissions when excited with 275, 378, and 405 nm wavelengths, respectively. The chromaticity coordinates of these phosphors were comparable to or better than those of standard phosphors for LED or FED devices.

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Changes in the Moisture Stability of $CaS:Eu^{2+}$ Phosphors with Surface Coating Methods

  • Yoo, Sun-Hwa;Kim, Chang-Keun
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.907-911
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    • 2009
  • To improve the moisture stability of the $CaS:Eu^{2+}$ red phosphor, surface coatings with silica nanoparticles were performed using five different methods, i.e., $P_1$, $P_2$, $P_3$, $P_4$, and $P_5$. The phosphors were coated with silica nanoparticles using a dip coating method ($P_1$) and sol-gel method ($P_2$). The phosphors were coated using a solution containing silica nanoparticles and poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone), PVP, $(P_3$). The phosphors were also coated with silica nanoparticles by reacting with the 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (VP) monomer ($P_4$) or by reacting with mixtures containing VP and tetraethylorthosilicate ($P_5$). A decrease in the photoluminescence (PL) intensity was observed regardless of the coating methods. However, the moisture stability of the phosphors was enhanced by the coating when aged in a temperature-controlled humidity chamber. Among these methods, the $P_4$ (or $P_5$) method exhibited the greatest increase in moisture stability of the phosphors. The coated phosphors showed a relatively constant intensity with aging time, whereas the uncoated phosphor showed a decrease.

Luminescent Characteristics and Synthesis of Sm3+-Doped CaWO4 Phosphors (CaWO4:Sm3+ 형광체의 합성과 발광특성)

  • Ryu, Jong-Hang;Yoon, So-Jin;Yu, Il
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 2014
  • $CaWO_4:Sm_x$(x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol%) white phosphors with different concentrations of $Sm^{3+}$ ions were synthesized using the hydrothermal method. The crystal structure, surface, and optical properties of the $CaWO_4:Sm_x$ phosphors were investigated using X-ray diffraction(XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM), photoluminescence(PL) and photoluminescence excitation(PLE). From the XRD results, the crystal structure of the $CaWO_4:Sm$ phosphors was found to be tetragonal. The $CaWO_4:Sm$ phosphors became more cohesive with increasing $Sm^{3+}$-ion concentration. The photoluminescence excitation(PLE) peak of the phosphors, at around 250 nm, was ascribed to the transition from the 1A1 ground-state to the high-vibration level of 1T2 in the $WO{_4}^{2-}$ complex. The maximum emission spectra of the phosphors were observed when the $Sm^{3+}$ concentration was 0.5 mol%. The luminescence intensity of the $CaWO_4$ phosphors was decreased for $Sm^{3+}$ concentrations greater than 0.5 mol%.

Synthesis and Optical Properties of Ca1-xSrxS:Mn Phosphors (Ca1-xSrxS:Mn 형광체의 합성과 광 특성)

  • Sung, Hye-Jin;Huh, Young-Duk
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2007
  • A series of $Ca_{1-x}Sr_{x}S:Mn$ phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reactions. The emission peaks of $Ca_{1-x}Sr_{x}S:Mn$ is blue shifted front 605 to 570 nm with increasing Sr content. Since $Ca_{1-x}Sr_{x}S:Mn$. Mn phosphors exhibit strong absorption in region of 254 nm, the emission wavelength of a fluorescent lamp, these phosphors can be used as wavelength tunable emitting phosphors from reddish orange to yellow. We investigated the optical and structural properties of $Ca_{1-x}Sr_{x}S:Mn$ phosphors.

Cation Substitution Induced Enhanced Photoluminescence Properties of Gd2(1-x-y)Y2xMo4O15:2yEu3+ Phosphors for Indoor Lighting

  • Du, Peng;Yu, Jae Su
    • Applied Science and Convergence Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.52-55
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    • 2018
  • We reported a new method to enhance the photoluminescence (PL) properties of $Eu^{3+}$ ions doped $Gd_2Mo_4O_{15}$ phosphors via cation substitution. With the aid of conventional sol-gel method, a series of $Eu^{3+}$ ions doped $Gd_{2(1-x)}Y_{2x}Mo_4O_{15}$ phosphors were prepared. The prepared samples emitted red light when excited at 393 nm. Moreover, when part of the $Gd^{3+}$ ions was substituted by the $Y^{3+}$ ions, the PL emission intensity of the studied samples was enhanced and the optimal doping concentration for $Y^{3+}$ ions was 30 mol%. The calculated CIE coordinate (0.663,0.337) was situated in the red region. Furthermore, the thermal quenching behaviors of the synthesized $Eu^{3+}$ ions doped $Gd_{2(1-x)}Y_{2x}Mo_4O_{15}$ phosphors were studied. At last, we also packaged a red-emitting light-emitting diode device by integrating the obtained phosphors and a near-ultraviolet chip to verify the applications of the $Eu^{3+}$ ions doped $Gd_{2(1-x)}Y_{2x}Mo_4O_{15}$ phosphors for indoor lighting.

Luminescent Characteristics of Bi Co-doped ZnS:Mn Yellow Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diodes (Bi를 첨가한 백색 LED용 ZnS:Mn 황색형광체의 발광특성)

  • Jung, Jong-Hun;Yu, Il
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2011
  • Bi co-doped ZnS:Mn,Bi yellow phosphors for white light emitting diodes were prepared by the conventional solidstate reaction method. The optical and structural properties of ZnS:Mn,Bi phosphors were investigated by x-ray diffraction, scanning electro microscopy and photoluminescence. ZnS:Mn,Bi phosphors showed XRD patterns of hexagonal structure. The photoluminescence of ZnS:Mn,Bi phosphors showed spectra extending from 480 to 700 nm, peaking at 580 nm. The photoluminescence of 580 nm in the ZnS:Mn,Bi phosphors was associated with the 4T1 ${\rightarrow}$ 6A1 transition of the Mn2+ ions. The highest photoluminescent intensity of the phosphors under 405 nm and 450 nm excitation was obtained at Bi concentration of 7mol%. The optimum mixing conditions with epoxy and yellow phosphor for white light emitting diodes were observed in a ratio of epoxy:yellow phosphor of 1:3.5. The CIE chromaticity of the white LED at the 1:3.5 ratio was X = 0.3454 and Y = 0.2449.