• Title, Summary, Keyword: Photocell

Search Result 11, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Electrical and Optical Properties of Violet-Sensitive $SnO_2-SiO_2-Si$(n-p) Type Photocell (자색광에 민감한 $SnO_2-SiO_2-Si$(n-p)형 광전지의 전기적광하적특성)

  • 김유신
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-22
    • /
    • 1977
  • We have obtained a violet-sensitive photocell as a part of the developing project on such type of solar cell. The photocell has the structure of SnO2-SiO2-Si MOS coupled on Si n-p homojuction. It is not relevant to use as a solar cell because of its small photovoltaic power(0.25V, 150$mutextrm{A}$), however, since the spectral response of the cell is shifted toward the violet band region and its switching speed is fairly high in comparison with those of the Si p-n homojunction type solar cell, it is expected that we will be able to find mere novel utilities than the ordinary silicon photocell.

  • PDF

Application of Neural Network Control Algorithm and Maximum Power Tracking of Sun Photocell using Sunlight Sensor (태앙광 센서에 의한 태앙광 전지의 최대전력추적과 신경회로망 제어알고리즘 적용)

  • Yoo, Seok-Ju;Lee, Seong-Su;Park, Wal-Seo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.33-38
    • /
    • 2010
  • Recently, photovoltaic generator system is widely extended by energy policy of the government. Add to this, high efficiency of photocell power generation is steady needed to sun tracking method. However sun tracking method is not widely extended by insufficiency of tracking technology. As method of solving this problem, this paper applied sunlight sensor and neural network control algorithm for maximum power tracking of sun photocell. Sun tracking sensor consists of one upright square pole and form light sensor of east, west, south, north on flat board. Sun tracking dual axes control is operated respectively by two motor. Motor control input is calculated by neural network control algorithm. The function of proposed control method is verified by sun tracking experiment of photocell generation. The sun tracking method of this paper is increased 32[%] efficiency more than fixed method.

AN EFFICIENT SENEOR ARRAY FOR A LATFE-GAP MAGNETIC LEVITATION SYSTEM

  • Na, Seung-You;Shin, Dae-Jung
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.154-157
    • /
    • 1995
  • A magnetic levitation control system is nonlinear and very unstable. Thus there should be a stabilizing compensation network and a feedback path. Due to the levitation control a noncontact photoresistor sensor is generally used. One photocell provides a certain amount of variation in length by the ball shadow casted on the cell surface. Furthermore at the boundary of the cell, the linearity of sensitivity deteriorates severely. To overcome the constraints of the length and linearity, an efficient sensor array is deviced and applied in the feedback path of a large-gap magnetic levitation control system. A number of CdS photocells and a summing circuit of the sensor output signals are used for a sensor array. The levitation length of a ball and the transient performances are main objectives of the large-gap suspension system using the sensor array.

  • PDF

Development of Multi-flat Reflector Sun Tracking System for Sun Photocell Maximum Power Generation (태양전지 최대전력 발생을 위한 다 평면 반사경 태양추적시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Kang-Sin;Lee, Hyun-Seog;Yoo, Seok-Ju;Park, Wal-Seo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
    • /
    • v.25 no.11
    • /
    • pp.67-72
    • /
    • 2011
  • Recently, photovoltaic generator system is widely extended by energy policy of the government. Add to this, for high efficiency of power generation per natural light unit area is needed to sun tracking system. And it is needed to condensed light generator for reducer of equipment expense. As method of solving this problem, this paper is developed multi-flat reflector sun tracking system for sun photocell maximum power generation. The system is consisted of multi-flat reflector and two axes machinery and sun location perceiver and AVR controller. GaAs 3J cell generated 6.75 times power more than silicon cell by times condensing light system. As a result, condensing light system of multi-flat reflector generated maximum power and showed reducing costs to photovoltaic generator.

SOME NOTES ON PHOTOMETRIC OBSERVATIONS: PHOTOELECTRIC PHOTOMETRIC OBSERVATIONS (I)

  • Lee, See-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-38
    • /
    • 1977
  • To reduce the instrumental and calibration errors in the photoelectric photometry as much as possible it is necessary to select the optimum photocell voltage and energy attenaution and to observe as many standard stars as possible over the wide range of color, spectral type and air mass.

  • PDF

A $32{\times}33$ Photo-elements MOS Image Sensor

  • Park, Sang-Sik;Park, Jeong-Ok;Lee, Jong-Duk
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.411-415
    • /
    • 1987
  • A $32{\times}33$ MOS-type area image sensor has been fabricated. The blooming current is reduced to 1/14 by forming +p photocell in P-well instead of a simple p-type substrate. A shallow n+ junction is made to improve the sensitivity of photodiode on short wavelength. Bootstrapping circuit technique is applied to obtain high speed dynamic shift register. The shift register operates at up to 10MHz for 7V clock.

  • PDF

Output Improvement of a Magnetic Levitation Control System

  • Jung, Hae-Young;Na, Seung -You
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.59-70
    • /
    • 1995
  • Output performance improvement using fuzzy logic to the conventional control scheme for a magnetic levitation system is presented in this paper, Adverse characteristics of nonlinearity, unstability, system parameter variation, etc, in the levitation system are partially overcome by the general fuzzy control action. Using a PD type compensator, a coarse framework of output performance is provided to the levitation system. Then a fine regulation to the output performance requirement is obtained by the natural description of the control action in the form of fuzzy logic controller. This control action soothes the adverse characteristics of the levitation system. In this way a better output performance can be obtained in a real time experiment.

  • PDF

A New Diarylethene with Donor-acceptor Group for Reversible Photo-induced Electrochemical Switching

  • Kim, Eun-Kyoung;Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Kyong-Tae
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.827-832
    • /
    • 2008
  • A new diarylethene compound with donor and acceptor substituent was synthesized from 2,3-bis(2-methylbenzo[b]thiophene-3-yl)hexafluorocyclopentene (BTF) over 5 steps. The donor-acceptor structured BTF compound (TBTFE) showed spectral change to a longer wavelength through photochromism with a high cyclization quantum yield (0.56). The 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (T) and carboethoxy (E) groups directly connected to BTF unit promoted electrical change accompanied with the photoisomerization of the BTF unit. Photo-induced electrical switching was achieved from a photocell containing TBTFE doped polymer film, which showed reversible and stable current change over repeated cycles by the alternative UV/Vis irradiation, as estimated by the I-V plot.

A Study on Response Characteristics of Photoelectric Type Smoke Detector Chamber Due to Dust Color (분진색상에 따른 광전식연기감지기 챔버의 응답특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ho-Sung;Kim, Si-Kuk
    • Fire Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.44-52
    • /
    • 2017
  • This paper is based on a study of the response characteristics of photoelectric type smoke detector chambers according to dust color. Due to an amendment to the Fire Safety Codes to automatic fire alarm systems and visual alarm device, the installation of indoor smoke detectors has become mandatory, but in Korea there is still insufficient research on the non-operation or false alarms that could arise in indoor environments by indoor dust and other environmental conditions etc. In light of this, for this study, research was conducted on the indoor adaptability of smoke detector under various colors of fiber dust that were judged to occur most frequently in among the common indoor dust, photoelectric smoke detector with the lattice-type smoke detection chamber that the smoke detector which is most popular in the country was used, and four colors of fiber dust (brown, white, gray and black) were used the test dusts for carrying out dust and sensitivity testing. Also, the voltage of the photocell part of the smoke chamber was measured, and the scattering phenomenon in the chamber was observed. The result of the testing showed that all four dust types were suitable for dust and sensitivity testing under conditions of pollution A. Yet, there were occasions, at pollution B or C, where the brown, white and gray dust would cause fail alarm during operation testing. And black dust was confirmed to cause non-operation during operation testing. In the case of brown and white dust, the voltage measurement result of the photocell part of the smoke chamber confirmed that the voltage increases as the pollution level increases, and in the case of gray and black dust, the voltage decreases.

A Study on the Development of a Low-cost Device for Measuring the Optical Smoke Density (광학적 연기밀도 측정을 위한 저가형 장치의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Bong-Jun;Cho, Jae-Ho;Hwang, Cheol-Hong;Park, Seul-Hyun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.81-88
    • /
    • 2015
  • A low-cost device using the light-extinction method was developed to measure the optical smoke density in various fire experiments in the present study. The relative measurement accuracy of low-cost device was evaluated through the comparison of optical density measured by a high-cost standard device consisting of He-Ne laser, photo detector and various optical components. The low-cost device was composed of laser module, photocell and acrylic board. From the experiments using a smoke generator can be easily adjusted the smoke concentration, it was found that the low-cost device could measure the smoke density within the range of ${\pm}10%$, compared to the standard device. In addition, the reliability of low-cost device was also confirmed in the experiment using a polyethylene flame. Finally, it is expected that the low-cost device developed with real-time measurement and simple installation for measuring the smoke density will be used instead of the high-cost standard device.