• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Photochemiluminescence

검색결과 7건 처리시간 0.029초

Free Radical Scavenging and Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition Potential of Hygrophila auriculata

  • Vijayakumar, Madhavan;Govindarajan, Raghavan;Shirwaikar, Arun;Kumar, Vivek;Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh;Mehrotra, Shanta;Pushpangadan, Palpu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2005
  • Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum.) Heine is a wild herb commonly found in moist places on the banks of tanks, ditches and paddy fields throughout India and is one of the main sources of Ayurvedic 'Rasayana' drug. The free radical scavenging potential of 50% aqueous alcoholic extract of H. auriculata (HAEt) was studied for DPPH scavenging activity, nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical and ferryl bipyridyl complex scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity inhibition using Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in rat liver homogenate. Integral antioxidative capacity was determined by photochemiluminescence assay. HAEt showed good radical scavenging activity at various concentrations $(200-1000\;{\mu}g/ml)$ against 1,1 diphenyl, 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (32.32-77.02%) with moderate scavenging activity against Nitric oxide (12.46-52.84%), hydroxyl radical (11.69-55.26%), ferryl bipyridyl complex (17.66-58.67%) and lipid peroxidation (0.829-0.416nmoles/mg protein). The above results indicate HAEt to be very effective antioxidant. It was suggested that the varied therapeutic activities claimed for the plant in the Indian indigenous systems of medicine may be in the part due to the free radical scavenging and/ or potent antioxidant activity.

Activity Guided Isolation of Antioxidant Tannoid Principles from Anogeissus latifolia

  • Govindarajan, Raghavan;Vijayakumar, Madhavan;Shirwaikar, Annie;Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh;Mehrotra, Shanta;Pushpangadan, Palpu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 2005
  • Oxidative stress is an important causative factor in several human chronic diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disorders, mutagenesis, cancer, several neurodegenerative disorders, and the aging process. Phenolics and tannins are reported to be good antioxidants. Anogeissus latifolia (Combretaceae) bark has been used in the Indian traditional systems of medicine for curing a variety of ailments, but scientific validation is not available till date. Hence the present study was undertaken to isolate antioxidant compounds by activity-guided isolation. Inhibtion of diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and Xanthine oxidase along with photochemiluminescence assay were used as bioassay for antioxidant activity. Activity guided isolation was carried out using silica column and the compounds were quantified using HPLC. Ethyl acetate and butanol fraction exhibited potent antioxidant activity. Bioassay-guided isolation led to isolation of ellagic acid (1) and dimethyl ellagic acid (2) as the main active compounds, which along with gallic acid were quantified by HPLC. Thus we conclude that these three major tannoid principles present in A. latifolia, are responsible for the antioxidant potential and possibly their therapeutic potential.

Hepatoprotective Effect of Stamen Extracts of Mesua ferrea L. against Oxidative Stress induced by $CCl_4$ in Liver Slice Culture Model

  • Rajopadhye, Anagha A.;Upadhye, Anuradha S.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.76-82
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    • 2012
  • Stamens of Mesua ferrea L. are a well-known herbal drug used in Indian System of Traditional Medicine to treat various diseases. The claimed activity of this plant part is necessitated to investigate antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity. Authenticated plant sample was extracted with hexane, ethanol (EtOH) and water (aq.) using ASE 100 accelerated solvent extractor. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by means of different in vitro assays. Hepatoprotective effect was investigated on carbon tetrachloride induced oxidative stress in liver slice culture model. Cytotoxic marker lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) released in culture medium and the activity of lipid peroxidation along with antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) namely superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) were estimated. Hexane and EtOH extracts were significantly inhibited DPPH, NO, SOD and $ABTS^+$ radical in dose dependent manner. The trade of phenol content was: aq. extract < hexane extract < EtOH extract. A significant correlation was shown by total phenol content and free radical scavenging activity of extracts. The culture system treated with hexane extract, EtOH extract or ascorbic acid exhibited significant depletion in LDH, lipid peroxidation, antioxidative enzymes SOD, CAT and GR. Hexane extract and EtOH extracts of stamen of M. ferrea protected liver slice culture cells by alleviating oxidative stress induced damage to liver cells.

In vitro Antioxidant Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Chlorophytum borivilianum

  • Govindarajan, R.;Sreevidya, N.;Vijayakumar, M.;Thakur, M.;Dixit, V.K.;Mehrotra, S.;Pushpangadan, P.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2005
  • Chlorophytum borivilianum Baker (Antharicaceae) commonly referred as 'Safed Musli' has been widely used in the Indian traditional systems of medicine to treat various diseases like rheumatism apart from having immunomodulating property and is used as general tonic. It is also known as 'Ayurvedic viagra' for its aphordisiac properties. C. borivilianum was screened for the first time to determine its antioxidant activity, isolation of the sapogenins and standardization of the isolated sapogenin fraction using HPTLC. Potent antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract was found by their ability to scavenge DPPH (84.51%), hydroxyl radical (48.95 %), ferryl bi-pyridyl complex (84.53%) along with the inhibition of lipid peroxidation (67.17%) at $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ concentration. The ethanolic extract also exhibited significant inhibition of superoxide anion radical generated by photochemiluminescence. Thus, the potent antioxidant activity validates the innumerable therapeutic claims of the plant in the traditional system especially its use as a Rasayana drug.

자생 엉겅퀴의 부위별 기능성 성분 및 항산화 효과 (Functional Composition and Antioxidative Activity from Different Organs of Native Cirsium and Carduus Genera)

  • 김은미;원선임
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.406-414
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the functional composition and antioxidant activity of Cirsium and Carduus genera based on different parts. Leaves of Cirsium setidens Nakai contained 23.66% protein and seeds of Carduus crispus L contained 25.30% lipid. Extraction yields of Cirsium and Carduus genera were higher in leaves than in any other parts of the plants. Total phenolics and total flavonoid content were abundant in extracts of leaves, steam and root of C. japonicum var. ussuriense, and the flower extract of C. setidens Nakai. Silymarin was not found in extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera. Acacetin was identified in leaf or flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai, or in leaf and steam extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC. Apigenin was identified in the flower extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera and constituted 7.16 mg/g in C. japonicum var. ussuriense. Cynarin was present at 5.55 mg/g in the seed extract of C. setidens Nakai, and narirutin represented 19.56 mg/g and, 4.18 mg/g of the seed extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC and, Carduus crispus L, respectively. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenger activity was higher in flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai than in the other genera. Photochemiluminescence activity was 2.3 nmol in leaves and flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai and flower extract of Carduus crispus L. Flowers and seeds of C. setidens Nakai shoe potential as new functional materials.

창이자의 항산화 활성 및 항균효과 (Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Xanthium sibiricum)

  • 신선우;이정호;방극수
    • 한국자원식물학회지
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.372-378
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    • 2012
  • 창이자 추출물을 이용하여 항산화활성 및 항균활성을 측정한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. DPPH를 이용한 항산화 활성 실험결과 VLC column로 분획한 XS-5에서 처리 농도 500 ${\mu}g/ml$에서의 87.53%로 가장 우수한 항산화 활성이 나타났으며, VLC로 분획한 XS-3-2의 처리농도 500 ${\mu}g/ml$에서 78.72%의 항산화 활성이 나타났다. PCL법으로 측정한 항산화 활성은 XS-1에서 13.32 nmol과 open column XS-3-2에서 14.34 nmol으로 항산화력을 나타났다. Candida albicans에 대한 항균활성은 XS-2의 처리농도가 500 ${\mu}g$/disc에서는 1 mm의 clean zone이 형성되었다. XS-3에서 DPPH와 PCL를 이용한 항산화 활성은 높았지만 항균활성은 낮게 나타났다. 창이자 추출물은 항산화 활성과 항균 활성은 상호 상관관계가 없는 것으로 판단된다.

천연 암반 심해수의 항산화 활성 및 면역반응에 대한 연구 (Study of Deep Ground Sea-Like Water on Antioxidant Activity and the Immune Response in RAW264.7 Macrophages.)

  • 김유정;정일선;송효주;최은영;최인순;최영주
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.329-335
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    • 2008
  • 해양성 심층수(KDSW)는 해양심층수(DSW)와 유사한 mineral 조성을 가지고 있어 식품 및 의약분야에서 그 유용성에 대한 관심이 증대되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 KDSW 및 탈염한 Danasoo의 항산화력, 면역활성, 함암 및 당뇨에 대한 효과를 연구하였다. KDSW와 Danasoo의 항산화 활성은 DPPH radical scavenging 활성, SOD-like 활성 및 PCL 법에 의하여 항산화 활성을 조사하였다. KDSW와 Danasoo의 항산화 활성은 첨가된 농도에 의존적으로 증가하였으며, 특히 PCL법에 의한 KDSW와 Danasoo의 항산화능은 85.32과 14.02(nmol of ascorbic acid equivalent/ml)로 높은 항산화 활성을 나타내었다. Macrophage RAW 264.7 cell에서 LPS에 의하여 유도된 NO 활성은 Danasoo (20%)를 첨가에 의하여 약 30%정도의 NO 합성이 저해되었으며, 이 농도에서 세포 독성이 없는 것으로 MTT assay에 의하여 확인하였다. NO는 nitric oxide synthase에 의하여 합성되며, tumor성장 및 angiogenesis에서 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 밝혀져 있으며, Danasoon (20%)는 위암세포와 폐암세포의 iNOS 발현을 현저히 감소시켰다. STZ에 의하여 유도된 당뇨 쥐의 혈당량은 Danasoo (20%) 식이에 의하여 대조구와 유사한 당뇨효과를 나타내었다. 이러한 결과들은 KDSW가 우수한 biological 활성을 가지고 있으며, 또한 천연 기능성 제품생산을 위한 소재로 사용될 수 있는 높은 가능성올 시사하고 있다.