• Title, Summary, Keyword: Photochemiluminescence

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Free Radical Scavenging and Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition Potential of Hygrophila auriculata

  • Vijayakumar, Madhavan;Govindarajan, Raghavan;Shirwaikar, Arun;Kumar, Vivek;Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh;Mehrotra, Shanta;Pushpangadan, Palpu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2005
  • Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum.) Heine is a wild herb commonly found in moist places on the banks of tanks, ditches and paddy fields throughout India and is one of the main sources of Ayurvedic 'Rasayana' drug. The free radical scavenging potential of 50% aqueous alcoholic extract of H. auriculata (HAEt) was studied for DPPH scavenging activity, nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical and ferryl bipyridyl complex scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity inhibition using Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in rat liver homogenate. Integral antioxidative capacity was determined by photochemiluminescence assay. HAEt showed good radical scavenging activity at various concentrations $(200-1000\;{\mu}g/ml)$ against 1,1 diphenyl, 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (32.32-77.02%) with moderate scavenging activity against Nitric oxide (12.46-52.84%), hydroxyl radical (11.69-55.26%), ferryl bipyridyl complex (17.66-58.67%) and lipid peroxidation (0.829-0.416nmoles/mg protein). The above results indicate HAEt to be very effective antioxidant. It was suggested that the varied therapeutic activities claimed for the plant in the Indian indigenous systems of medicine may be in the part due to the free radical scavenging and/ or potent antioxidant activity.

Activity Guided Isolation of Antioxidant Tannoid Principles from Anogeissus latifolia

  • Govindarajan, Raghavan;Vijayakumar, Madhavan;Shirwaikar, Annie;Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh;Mehrotra, Shanta;Pushpangadan, Palpu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 2005
  • Oxidative stress is an important causative factor in several human chronic diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disorders, mutagenesis, cancer, several neurodegenerative disorders, and the aging process. Phenolics and tannins are reported to be good antioxidants. Anogeissus latifolia (Combretaceae) bark has been used in the Indian traditional systems of medicine for curing a variety of ailments, but scientific validation is not available till date. Hence the present study was undertaken to isolate antioxidant compounds by activity-guided isolation. Inhibtion of diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and Xanthine oxidase along with photochemiluminescence assay were used as bioassay for antioxidant activity. Activity guided isolation was carried out using silica column and the compounds were quantified using HPLC. Ethyl acetate and butanol fraction exhibited potent antioxidant activity. Bioassay-guided isolation led to isolation of ellagic acid (1) and dimethyl ellagic acid (2) as the main active compounds, which along with gallic acid were quantified by HPLC. Thus we conclude that these three major tannoid principles present in A. latifolia, are responsible for the antioxidant potential and possibly their therapeutic potential.

Hepatoprotective Effect of Stamen Extracts of Mesua ferrea L. against Oxidative Stress induced by $CCl_4$ in Liver Slice Culture Model

  • Rajopadhye, Anagha A.;Upadhye, Anuradha S.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.76-82
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    • 2012
  • Stamens of Mesua ferrea L. are a well-known herbal drug used in Indian System of Traditional Medicine to treat various diseases. The claimed activity of this plant part is necessitated to investigate antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity. Authenticated plant sample was extracted with hexane, ethanol (EtOH) and water (aq.) using ASE 100 accelerated solvent extractor. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by means of different in vitro assays. Hepatoprotective effect was investigated on carbon tetrachloride induced oxidative stress in liver slice culture model. Cytotoxic marker lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) released in culture medium and the activity of lipid peroxidation along with antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) namely superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) were estimated. Hexane and EtOH extracts were significantly inhibited DPPH, NO, SOD and $ABTS^+$ radical in dose dependent manner. The trade of phenol content was: aq. extract < hexane extract < EtOH extract. A significant correlation was shown by total phenol content and free radical scavenging activity of extracts. The culture system treated with hexane extract, EtOH extract or ascorbic acid exhibited significant depletion in LDH, lipid peroxidation, antioxidative enzymes SOD, CAT and GR. Hexane extract and EtOH extracts of stamen of M. ferrea protected liver slice culture cells by alleviating oxidative stress induced damage to liver cells.

In vitro Antioxidant Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Chlorophytum borivilianum

  • Govindarajan, R.;Sreevidya, N.;Vijayakumar, M.;Thakur, M.;Dixit, V.K.;Mehrotra, S.;Pushpangadan, P.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2005
  • Chlorophytum borivilianum Baker (Antharicaceae) commonly referred as 'Safed Musli' has been widely used in the Indian traditional systems of medicine to treat various diseases like rheumatism apart from having immunomodulating property and is used as general tonic. It is also known as 'Ayurvedic viagra' for its aphordisiac properties. C. borivilianum was screened for the first time to determine its antioxidant activity, isolation of the sapogenins and standardization of the isolated sapogenin fraction using HPTLC. Potent antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract was found by their ability to scavenge DPPH (84.51%), hydroxyl radical (48.95 %), ferryl bi-pyridyl complex (84.53%) along with the inhibition of lipid peroxidation (67.17%) at $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ concentration. The ethanolic extract also exhibited significant inhibition of superoxide anion radical generated by photochemiluminescence. Thus, the potent antioxidant activity validates the innumerable therapeutic claims of the plant in the traditional system especially its use as a Rasayana drug.

Functional Composition and Antioxidative Activity from Different Organs of Native Cirsium and Carduus Genera (자생 엉겅퀴의 부위별 기능성 성분 및 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Won, Sun-Im
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.406-414
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the functional composition and antioxidant activity of Cirsium and Carduus genera based on different parts. Leaves of Cirsium setidens Nakai contained 23.66% protein and seeds of Carduus crispus L contained 25.30% lipid. Extraction yields of Cirsium and Carduus genera were higher in leaves than in any other parts of the plants. Total phenolics and total flavonoid content were abundant in extracts of leaves, steam and root of C. japonicum var. ussuriense, and the flower extract of C. setidens Nakai. Silymarin was not found in extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera. Acacetin was identified in leaf or flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai, or in leaf and steam extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC. Apigenin was identified in the flower extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera and constituted 7.16 mg/g in C. japonicum var. ussuriense. Cynarin was present at 5.55 mg/g in the seed extract of C. setidens Nakai, and narirutin represented 19.56 mg/g and, 4.18 mg/g of the seed extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC and, Carduus crispus L, respectively. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenger activity was higher in flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai than in the other genera. Photochemiluminescence activity was 2.3 nmol in leaves and flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai and flower extract of Carduus crispus L. Flowers and seeds of C. setidens Nakai shoe potential as new functional materials.

Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Xanthium sibiricum (창이자의 항산화 활성 및 항균효과)

  • Shin, Sun-Woo;Lee, Jeong-Ho;Soo, Bang-Keuk
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.372-378
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    • 2012
  • Xanthium sibiricum using extracts antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity were analyzed and the following results were obtained. Antioxidant activity using DPPH as a VLC column fractionation experiments XS-5 (water fraction of Xanthium sibiricum) concentration in the 500 ${\mu}g/ml$ to 87.53 percent in the highest antioxidant activity was found, VLC fractionation in XS-3-2 (eluted with chloroform/methanol 7~10%) concentration of 500 ${\mu}g/ml$, showed the antioxidant activity of 78.72%. The antioxidant activity measured by PCL XS-1 (n-hexane fraction of Xanthium sibiricum) XS-5 (water fraction of Xanthium sibiricum) and 13.32 nmol open column XS-3-2 (eluted with chloroform/methanol 7~10%) showed antioxidant activity with 14.34 nmol. The antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans XS-2 (methlene chloride fraction fo Xanthium sibiricum) is the concentration of 500 ${\mu}g$/disc 1 mm of the clean zone was formed. XS-3 (ethanol fraction fo Xanthium sibiricum) in the antioxidant activity using DPPH and PCL had higher antibacterial activity was low.

Study of Deep Ground Sea-Like Water on Antioxidant Activity and the Immune Response in RAW264.7 Macrophages. (천연 암반 심해수의 항산화 활성 및 면역반응에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Jung;Jung, Il-Sun;Song, Hyo-Ju;Choi, Eun-Young;Choi, In-Soon;Choi, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.329-335
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    • 2008
  • Korean Deep ground sea-like water (KDSW) has a similar mineral composition with deep sea water. KDSW has demonstrated its usefulness and attracted in the medical fields. KDSW and Danasoo (desalted deep ground sea-like water) intake improve antioxidant, antidiabetic activity and immunity. Antioxidant activities of KDSW and Dnansoo were measured by using 2,2-diphenyl-l-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical, superoxide dismutase-like activity (SODA) and photochemiluminescence (PCL). DPPH radical scavenging and SOD-like activities of KDSW and Danasoo were remarkably increased in a dose-dependent manner. Antioxidant activities of KDSW and Danasoo 85.32 and 14.02 nmol of ascorbic acid equivalent/ml KDSW and Danasoo, respectively, using the PCL method. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in macrophages RAW264.7 cells was inhibited up to 30% by treatment with Danasoo (20%). NO is synthesized by the enzyme of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and plays an important role tumor growth and angiogenesis. The anticancer effects of Danasoo on human gastric and lung cancer cells was performed by levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Danasoo significantly reduced iNOS expression of human gastric cancer (SNU-l) and lung carcinoma (A549). The serum glucose level was significantly reduced by Danasoo (20%) diet in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. These result suggest that KDSW has excellent biological activities and thus it has great potential as a source for natural health products.