• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical Change

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The Effects of Neuromuscular Re-education on Physical Composition, Blood Lipid Levels and Physical Motor Function in Stroke Patients (신경근 재교육이 뇌졸중 환자의 신체구성, 혈액점도 및 신체운동기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang Jeong-IL;Beak Heon-Hee;Shin Hong-Cheul
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.208-234
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    • 2003
  • This study aims to investigate the effect of Neuromuscular Re-education Program and Traditional Intervention Program and is focusing on the difference between changes of experimental before and after on 30 stroke patient's body composition, blood lipid levels, physical motor function. The obtained results are as follows; 1. Change in body composition 1) The change due to the Neuromuscular Re-education Program and Traditional Intervention Program before and after, the Fat Mass and Soft Lean Mass were changed but not significantly. 2) In the comparison of change according to duration, Significant differences were not shown in Fat Mass and Soft Lean Masss between The experimental group and control group. 2. Change in blood lipid levels 1) The change due to the Neuromuscular Re-education Program and Traditional intervention Program before and after, the Cholesterol, Glucose and TG were changed but not significantly. 2) In the comparison of change according to duration, Significant differences were not shown in the Cholesterol, Glucose and TG between the Experimental group and Control group. 3. Change in physical motor function 1) The change due to Neuromuscular Reeducation Program before and after. The physical motor function was significantly changed(p<0.01; p<0.05). but Traditional Intervention Program was changed but not significantly. 2) In the comparison of change according to duration, Signicant differences between the Experimental group and Control group was significantly changed in only the Neuromuscular Reeducation Program(p<0.05). In conclusion, The Neuromuscular Reeducation Program were not changed significantly but it can be said that the Neuromuscular Reeducation Program was more suitable for intervention to improve physical motor function of stroke patients than Traditional Intervention Program. Therefore if further studies increase the experimental duration of Reeducation Program and make the patient's reeducation continuously for improvement of physical motor function in stroke patient are needed.

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Psychological Change and Adaptation Process in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury (척수손상환자의 심리변화와 적응과정)

  • Yoon, Hong-Il
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.529-538
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    • 1997
  • Rehabilitation after spinal cord injury(SCI) is complex process involving an array of adaptation to change in both physical and psychological function. It is generally accepted that psychological disorder and change are sificant psychological problem among the patients with spinal cord injury. The psychological problems that they have are depressor, anxiety, and fear etc. This study was designed to know of psychological state of patients with SCI after injury, such as psychological change and adaptation process, and change of needs.

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An Analysis of Concepts related to Physical and Chemical Change on Middle and High School Science Textbooks (물리변화와 화학변화에 대한 중등학교 과학 교과서의 개념 분석)

  • Seoung-Hey Paik;Sun Kyoung Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2003
  • This study examined the types of explanations related to physical change and chemical change in the science textbooks of middle and high school based on the prior study of science teachers' understanding. For this research, the researchers analyzed 44 textbooks of middle school science and high school chemistry. As a result, there were no explanation or property type explanation represented in most of the textbooks related to physical and chemical change concepts. Also, there are few relationship represented between physical change and chemical change, and the examples related to physical change and chemical change were confused. These representations of textbooks can give rise to confusion of understanding of teachers and learners. So, it needs to re-design the explanation types correctly and constantly in science textbooks related to physical change and chemical change.

A Study on Thermo-Physical Properties of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry (마이크로캡슐 잠열 축열재 혼합수의 열물성에 관한 연구)

  • 임재근;최순열;김명준
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.962-971
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    • 2004
  • This paper has dealt with thermo-physical properties of microencapsulated phase change material slurry as a latent heat storage material having a low melting point. The measured results of the thermo-physical properties of the test microencapsulated phase change material slurry, those are, density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and viscosity, were discussed for the temperature region of solid and liquid phases of the dispersion material (paraffin). The measurements of these properties of microencapsulated phase change material slurry have been carried out by using a specific-gravity meter, a water calorimeter, a differential scanning calorimeter(DSC), a transient hot wire method and rotating type viscometer, respectively. It was clarified that the additional properties law could be applied to the estimation of the density and specific heat of microencapsulated phase change material slurry and also the Euckens equation could be applied to the estimation of the thermal conductivity of this slurry.

Measuring Stages of Change, Perceived Barriers and Self efficacy for Physical Activity in Saudi Arabia

  • Al-Otaibi, Hala Hazam
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1009-1016
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    • 2013
  • Background: The benefits of physical activity are well established and recognized to prevent adults from many chronic diseases and particularly some forms of cancers. Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate the present status of physical activity among Saudi adults in Al-Ahsa, and to examine the association between the stages of change for physical activity and perceived barriers, and self efficacy. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 242 subjects (118 males and 124 females) attending health centers aged between 20-56 years, were personally interviewed for demographic data, anthropometric measurement, physical activity level, stages of change for physical activity, self efficacy and perceived barriers. Results: Forty eight percent of the females were overweight and 16.9% of the males were obese with no significant difference between the genders for BMI categories. More than half of the females were inactive and 39% of the males were physically active with a significant difference (P=0.007). Twenty percent of the males were in maintenance stage, while similar percentage of the females were in contemplation stage. However the majority of the subjects were in pre-contemplation stage with a significant difference across the stages. Males had a higher mean score of self efficacy and less external barriers of physical activity. The major barrier among the females was lack of time ($7.2{\pm}1.4$) and in the males, lack of motivation ($7.7{\pm}1.4$). The females had less internal ($21.2{\pm}3.8$) barriers comparable to the males ($23.08{\pm}4.7$). Both genders had a significant relationship between stages of changes of physical activity and perceived barriers (internal and external), but in the females no significant difference across the stages was observed for self efficacy unlike the males who had a significant difference for self efficacy and self efficacy categories. Conclusion: The present study provided useful data on stages of change for physical activity and some psychosocial factors (self efficacy and perceived barriers) that can help to tailor strategies aiming at increasing physical activity level according to self efficacy and to the barriers detected, to prevent many chronic diseases including certain types of cancer in Saudi Arabia.

Simulation of Change in Physical Habitat of Fish Using the Mobile Bed Model in a Downstream River of Dam (댐 하류 하천에서 하상변동 모델을 이용한 어류 물리서식처 변화 모의)

  • Kim, Seung Ki;Choi, Sung-Uk
    • Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the impact of the morphological change on a physical fish habitat in the downstream reach of a dam using long-term mobile bed simulation. The quasi-steady model was used for hydraulic simulation and the habitat suitability index model was applied for physical habitat simulation. For simulating long-term morphological change of the stream bed, The Exner equation was used. Sorting of bed material was also considered. The results of simulation showed that erosion and armoring process occurred in a reach downstream of the dam and change of physical habitat for Zacco platypus followed. These results indicate that channel morphology and substrate conditions effected the physical habitat for considering long-term investigation.

Effect of High heel on Lumbar and sacral curve (하이힐이 요부 및 천골경사각에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Tae-Sik;Song, Min-Young;Kim, Mi-So
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : This study is to know how position change in high-heels affects sacral tilt angle. 15 healthy women aged 21.87(standard deviation=3.54) were tested. Method : Lumbar and sacral tilt angle was measured by radiography barefooted, and after 15 mins of application time, they were measured in the same way in high-heels. Result : There was not notable difference in lumbar lordosis, lumbosacral angle, and sacral tilt angle. However, there was differences in change degree, which was measured by estimation data of [post-pre)/pre]${\times}$100. Conclusion : There was no notable difference in lumbar lordosis, lumbosacral angle, and sacral tilt angle, but as there were differences in change degree, research about how women's lumbar change when heel height increases is needed.

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Effect of postural change on shoulder joint internal and external rotation range of motion in healthy adults in their 20s

  • Kim, Beom-Ryong;Yi, Dong-Hyun;Yim, Jong-Eun
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2019
  • Objective: We aimed to investigate differences of range of motion in measuring shoulder internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) resulting from posture change in manual scapular stabilization in prone, hook-lying, sitting, and standing positions in healthy young adults. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This study included healthy young adults who agreed to participate after a thorough explanation about the study purpose and methods. A clinometer was used to measure shoulder rotation. Measurements of shoulder rotation according to postural change were performed in prone, hook-lying, sitting, and standing positions. The repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare between-group differences in postural change. Results: The lower the posture, the greater the average value of IR angle. In contrast, the higher the posture, the greater the average value of the external rotation angle. In active and passive IR with posture change, there was difference in average value but with no statistical significance. In active and passive ER, there was a statistically significant difference between prone and sitting, prone and standing, hook-lying and sitting, hook-lying and standing, and sitting and standing position (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that postural change should be considered in order to increase the strength or range of motion of the internal and external rotation of the patient's shoulder joint.

The Effects of Physical Therapy on Body Composition in Stroke Patients (물리치료가 뇌졸중 환자의 체성분 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hong-Cheul;Kang, Jeong-Il;Kim, Woong-Gak
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2002
  • This study investigated effect to injure cerebrovascular accident patients who divided cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction of sex the distinct on as a result of body composition. cerebral infarction patients of cerebrovascular accidents were observed the higher ratio than cerebrovascular hemorrhage patients. Experimental group were sixteen subjects who had received. we used assessment instruments such as in body to assess body composition. The result were as follows; 1. Change in body composition according to the come of onset, there were not differenced significantly between two groups. 2. Change in body composition according to the sex, the soft lean mass were differenced significantly(p<.05). but the other variations were not differenced significantly between two groups. 3. Change in body composition according to the region of paralysis, the soft lean mass were differenced significantly(p<.05). but the other variations were not differenced significantly between two groups.

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The Change of Superficial and Deep Heats in Ultrasound Application by Coupling Media (초음파 적용시 전파매질에 따른 표면열과 심부열의 변화)

  • Lee, Young-Hi;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was carried out in five rabbits of 3kg to investigate the change of superficial and deep heats in ultrasound application by coupling media. Temperature measured with thermistor needle at skin. subcutaneous, muscle in before coupling media application, after coupling media application. 2minutes. 5minutes, 7minutes, 10minutes. Coupling media was used gel, glycerin, distilled water. The data was analyzed using spss/pc+and t-test The results were as fallow : 1. With skin. gel was significant temperature change in 2minutes(p<.05). glycerin was significant temperature change in 2minutes(p<.05), 5minutes(p<.05), 7minutes(p<.01), 10minutes(p<.01). distilled water was significant temperature change in post coupling media(p<.05), 2minutes(p<.01). 5minutes(p<.05). 7minutes(p<.01). 10minutes(p<.01). With subcutaneous. gel was no temperature change. glycerin was significant temperature change in 2minutes(p<.05), 5minutes(p<.05), 10minutes(p<.01). distilled water was no temperature change. With muscle. gel was no temperature change. glycerin was significant temperature change in 2minutes(p<.05). 5minutes(p<.05). 7minutes(p<.05). 10minutes( p<.05). distilled water was significant temperature change in 10minutes(p<.05). 2. Superficial heats of skin and subcutaneous was higher temperature change than Deep heats of muscle. 3. Gel. glycerin. distilled Water required minimum treatment 10minutes fur thermal effect. 4. Gel was low temperature change superficial and deep heats. and glycerin was high temperature change superficial and deep heats. This results show that gel is high transmissiveness in the coupling media and glycerin is low transmissiveness in the coupling media.

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