• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical Self-concept

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A Study on the Relationship between Self-concept and Mental Health of Physical Therapy Students (물리치료과 학생의 자아개념과 정신건강에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Gi-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To investigate the relationship between self-concept and mental health of physical therapy students. Methods: We recruited 179 currently enrolled college freshman, sophomores, and juniors studying physical therapy. The instruments used for this study were Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale, Choi Chung Hoon's Perceeptual Orientation Scale, and the Mental Health Test modified by Lee. Results: The mean self-concept score was 3.97, a positive self concept, and the mean mental health score was 1.04. The mean dimension score for mental health ranged from: r=0.79$\sim$r=1.29. The relationship between self-concept and the mental health showed a negative correlation (r=-0.693, p<0.01). Conclusion: Modifications to the current program may improve self-concept and the mental health of physical therapy students.

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A Study on Physical Self Concept Between Boys' and Girls' High School Students (남녀 고등학생의 신체적 자아개념에 관한 연구)

  • Choi Sun Ha
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate physical self concept between high school boys and girls and to find various factors affecting them. For the Survey, 331 respondents for boys and 347 for girls were randomly selected from one coeducational high school in Seoul, from May 16 to May 19, 1990. The instrument used in this questionaire survey method was a part of Won Shik Jung's Physical Self Concept Scale for measuring Self Concept, it's reliability was' Cronbach a = 0.718. For the analysis. descriptive statistics were used by calculating frequencies, percentages and mean scores. $X^2-test$, t-test, and analysis of variance were employed to test the differences and statistical significance. The relationship between physical self concept and area variables was analysed by use of Pearson's correlation coiefficients. For the examine of various factors affecting physical self concept, multiple stepwise regression method was employed. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in physical self concept between male and female students. 2. The scores of physical self concept among the students were negatively correlated with their academic year, even though statistical signification was not found. 3. Physical self concept was classified into two areas; health area and appearance area. There was no significant difference in health area between boys and girls. But, the difference of health area was significant in accordance with the academic years. That, the scores of the health area are dropped as academic year going up. 4. Significant relationship was revealed among health area, appearance area, and physical self concept. The correlation between health area and physical self concept was the highest relationship (r = 0.71) The main factors affecting the physical self concept were (1) father's educational background (2) year (3) number of brother (4) religion (5) father's age. 5. As academic year going up, the rate of counseling with parents are dropped. In conclusion, the result of the study indicate that, a person managed the school health and parents can help students to promote their physical, mental, and emotional health by means of health education and counseling.

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A Study on the Relationship between Professional Self-concept and Job Satisfaction of Physical Therapists (물리치료사의 전문직 자아개념과 직무만족과의 관계 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hee;Jung, Byeong-Ok
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: We investigated the relationship between professional self-concept and the job satisfaction of physical therapists. Methods: The subjects of the study were 221 physical therapists who worked in medical institutions in Seoul city and Kyounggi do. A questionnaire developed by Arthur and adapted by Sohng and Noh was used for measuring the professional self-concept. A questionnaire developed by Kim and Son and adapted by Kim and Jeon was used for measuring the job satisfaction. Results: The levels of the professional self-concept of physical therapists was a mean of 3.51 points and the level of job satisfaction was a mean of 3.32. There was a statistically significant difference for the professional self-concept of physical therapists according to such general characteristics as age (F=6.38, p<0.05), career (F=4.56, p<0.05) and pay (F=15.94, p<0.05), and there was a significant difference of job satisfaction according to such general characteristics as age (F=15.94, p<0.05), career (F=13.65, p<0.05) and pay (F=12.96, p<0.05). (ED note: this sentence made no sense. What I wrote is guesswork. You have to work on it.) The relationship between professional self-concept and job satisfaction showed a positive correlation (r=0.65, p<0.05). Conclusion: These findings show that modifications to the current program may improve the professional self-concept and job satisfaction of physical therapists.

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High School Girls' Attitudes toward Apparel Advertisement in Magazines according to Their Physical Self-Concept

  • Hwang Choon Sup;Choi Mihyun
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2005
  • The present study attempted to analyze the behavioral patterns and attitudes of high school girls toward apparel ads in magazines in relation to their physical self-concept. The study used a self-administered questionnaire. The sample consisted of 419 students at 3 girl's high schools located in Seoul. Likert scales were used for most measures with 1=never or very unimportant and 5=always or very important. Physical self-concept was measured on the basis of W S. Jung's Standardized Self-concept Test and Tennessee Self-concept Scale. Percentage, t-test, and Chi-square were used for the analysis of the data. Results are as follows: (1) Those with a high sense of physical self-concept read more magazines. (2) Those with higher sense of physical self-concept showed greater interest in magazine ads, consulted magazines for fashion trends, found ads more useful, and more often expressed satisfaction with the ads, than the lower self-concept group. (3) Advertisers should attempt to gain a deeper understanding of the socio-psychological characteristics of their readership as self-concept appeared to be related to several magazine readership attitudes and behaviors. Apparel ads targeting high school girls should consider the importance of company ads.

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Korean and U.S. Female College Students Attitudes toward Apparel Advertisement in Magazines According to Physical Self-concept (한.미 여대생의 신체적 자아개념에 따른 의류잡지 광고태도)

  • ;Nancy J Rabolt
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.51 no.8
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    • pp.93-110
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    • 2001
  • The present study attempted to compare the behavioral patterns and attitudes of American and Korean female students toward apparel ads in magazines in relation to their physical self-concept. The study used a self-administered questionnaire. The sample consisted of 730 female students majoring in the fields related to clothing and textiles : 310 American students at six colleges and universities located in the west, northeast and southwest parts of the U.S., and 412 Korean students at four Seoul-based universities. Likert scales were used for most measures with 1=never or very unimportant and 5 =always or very important. Physical self-concept was measured on the basis of W. S. Jung's Standardized Self-concept Test and Tennessee Self-concept Scale. Surreys were back translated for validity. Percentage, t-test, Contingency Tables and Chi-square were used for the analysis of the data. Results are as follows : (1) Korean students read more magazines than U.S. students, however, Vogue was the most popular for both groups. (2) Those with a high sense of Physical self-concept read more magazines. for both countries. (3) American students'attitudes toward apparel ads in magazines were similar, regardless of whether their sense of physical self-concept was high or low. For Koreans, those with higher sense of physical self-concept showed greater interest in magazine ads, consulted magazines for fashion trends, found ads more useful, and more often expressed satisfaction with the ads, than the lower self-concept group. (4) Korean students cited a lack of information in ads while American students felt body types of models were unrealistic. Both Koreans and Americans in the higher self-concept group expressed a greater level of dissatisfaction with apparel ads in magazines. (5) Advertisers should attempt to again a deeper understanding of the socio-psychological characteristics of their readership as self-concept appears to be related to several magazine readership attitudes and behaviors. Magazines targeting Americans might consider the importance of coordination and merchandising. Apparel ads targeting Korean should consider the importance of company ads.

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A Longitudinal Study of Self-Concept and Functional Independence in Adolescents with Progressive Muscular Dystrophy (진행성 근이영양증 청소년이 자아개념과 기능적 독립성에 대한 종단적 연구)

  • Kang, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.633-643
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    • 1995
  • A longitudinal study of self-concept and functional independence in 22 adolescents with progressive muscular dystrophy is reported. 30 adolescents with progressive muscular dystrophy completed Korean Self-Concept Scale, Modified Barthel Index, and a questionnaire examining demographic and medical factors. Functional independence was measured by Modified Barthel Index. Two years later, 22 of the 30 adolescents with progressive muscular dystrophy completed same Korean Self-Concept Scale and Modified Barthel Index. Adolescents with progressive muscular dystrophy were not changed on self -concept scores between test and retest. At retest adolescents with progressive muscular dystrophy scored significantly lower than at test on Modified Barthel Index. Compared to scale norms, subjects had significantly lower Total Self, Physical Self, Social Self, Self Satisfaction, Self Behavior scores. Age, years of education, and functional independence were significantly related self-concept. Functional independence was significantly related years of education.

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The Self-concept of Korean-American University Student Victims of Childhood Physical Abuse

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Shin, Kui-Soon
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.131-144
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the impact of childhood physical abuse on the self-concept of older adolescents and assessed perceptions of parental relationships as a mediator for consequences of abuse. Sixty-college undergraduates (aged 18-23 yrs.) completed this study. (1) The Self-Description Questionnaires, a multidimensional measure of self-concept, (2) the parent scales of the inventory parent and Peer Attachment, a measure of perceived parental support, and (3) the Assessing Environments, a retrospective report of family environment and parenting practices. Analyses, controlling for SES and education, showed that a history of physical abuse was a strong predictive of adolescence current self-concept. Further analyses would lend support to a mediation model, suggesting that physical abuse had a negative impact on self-concept through its negative effect on parent-child relationships.

A Comparative Study on Physical Self-concept, Academic Self-concept and Depression of Obese and Over-weight and Normal Weight Children in Elementary Schools (비만, 과체중 아동과 정상체중 아동의 신체자아개념, 학업자아개념 및 우울 정도 비교 연구)

  • Sung, Kyung Mi;Ham, Ok Kyung;Lee, Hanju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.192-203
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare physical self-concept, academic self-concept and depression among obese and over-weight and normal weight children. Methods: The 6th grade children in two elementary schools (n=287) completed self-report questionnaires measuring self-concept and depression. Results: The mean score of depression and self-concept in normal weight children were 9.76 and 92.59. In obese and over-weight children, depression and self-concept were 12.31 and 86.69 respectively. Subjects who were obese and over-weight showed significantly lower scores of physical self-concept (t=-4.621, p<.001) but not significantly low in academic self-concept (t=-1.065, p=.288) than normal weight children. Meanwhile, this study shows that subjects who were obese and over-weight were significantly higher level of depression than subjects in normal weight (t=2.480, p=.014). Conclusion: In conclusion, obese and over-weight children showed negative aspects in the developmental course. This study demonstrates that obese and over-weight children should be treated as a risk group who needs any professional help such as a school mental health program for normal development.

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Relationships Among Self-Concept, Perception of Aging, and Physical Aging (노인의 자아개념, 노화에 대한 지각 및 신체노화와의 관계 연구)

  • 이영희;김문실;최영희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.269-280
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    • 1988
  • Although everyone grows old, perception about the aging process and aging as measured physiologically vary widely. Perecptions of aging have psychologically influence on physical aging. This study was to examine the relationships between, self-concept, perception of aging, and physical aging in the elderly and to contribute to the theory development which may direct nursing intervention to promote well-being of the aged. Subjects were 70 women residents of a nursing home for the elderly in Seoul. Data collection was done from May 15 to June 15, 1988 using interview schedules and mechanical instruments. The instruments were selected items from the Health Self Concept Scale developed by Jacox and Stewart for self concept, and Secord and Jourad's Body Cathexis Scale and Osgood's Semantic Differential Scale for perception of aging. Physical aging was measured by mechanical instruments, inspection, questions, and palpation. The data were analysed for mean, 1-test, ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation Coefficient using an S.P.S.S computerized program. The results of the analysis were as follows. 1. The mean level of self concept for the subject group was 16.97(SD=$\pm$6.17)in a range from 6-30. The mean level of perception of aging was 39.6. (SD=$\pm$6.51) in a range from 13-65. The mean level of physical aging was 14.09(SD=$\pm$2.05)in a range from 8-40. 2. Relationships among self - concept, perception of aging, and physical aging. 1) There was a positive relationship between self-concept and perception of aging(r=0.4461, p=0.000). 2) There was a negative relationship between physical aging and perception of aging(r=-0.2975, p=0.006). 3) There was a tendancy toward a negative relationship between physical aging and self -concept, but not a significant relationship (r=-0.1033, p=0.197). 3. 1) No general charcteristic variables were related to self concept. 2) The general characteristic variable related to the level of perception of aging was religion (t=4. 17, p=0.001). 3) The general characteristic variable related to the level of physical aging was age (F=12.008, p=0.000). There was a significant relationship between self - cencept and perception of aging, and between physical aging and perception of aging. Therefore nursing intervention should focus on promoting a positive perception of aging and strengthening self- concept during the physical aging process.

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The Influence of Women's Self-Concept on Cosmetic Benefits Sought (여성의 자아개념이 화장품 추구혜택에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • 이명희
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.614-627
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    • 2004
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationships between self-concept and cosmetic benefits sought, to disclose the differences in the benefits according to demographic variables and cosmetic purchase behavior, and to examine how cosmetic benefits were influenced by self-concept and demographic variables of women. Subjects were 453 women in age from 18 to 55 years in Seoul. Four dimensions of cosmetic benefits of women were derived by factor analysis :'brand orientation', 'fashion', 'economies', and 'functional efficiency', Cosmetic benefit was influenced most by family self-concept, and self-concept was influenced most by benefit of economics, next by functional efficiency, and fashion. Brand orientation, fashion, and economics showed significant differences according to marital status. The higher the income, the higher the score on brand orientation, fashion, and functional efficiency. There were significant differences in brand orientation, fashion, and economics according to cosmetic purchase expense, the number of purchase times, and stores, while functional efficiency showed no significant difference depending upon the number of cosmetic purchase times. Brand orientation was influenced by marital status, income, and physical self, fashion influenced by age(-), physical self, income, and family self(-). Economics was influenced by family self(-) and marital status(-). The present findings provided that self-concept such as physical self and family self is significant variables to understand the cosmetic benefits sought.

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