• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical fitness

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The Study of Correlation between Physical Fitness and Stress of Female

  • Lee Han-Yong;Yang Yoon-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical fitness, and physical and psychological stress of females. The subjects of this study were 139 adult women, without a specific medical illness. The stress level was evaluated by Derogetis's checklist-90-Revision symptom of physical and psychological stress (Cronbach's a=0.88, 0.87). The physical fitness factors in this study were cardiopulmonary endurance, muscle endurance, muscle strength, power, agility, and flexibility. To analyze the data to examine the relationship between the physical and psychological stress, and physical fitness, correlation analysis was applied. The findings of this study were as follows. First, among the physical fitness factors, cardiopulmonary endurance, along with muscle strength and power had significant relations with physical stress (p<.01). Second, among the physical fitness factors, cardiopulmonary endurance showed a significant relation with psychological stress (p<.05).

Relations among Health Behaviors, Health Symptoms and Physical Fitness of People in the Same Community (일지역주민의 체력에 영향을 미치는 요인 - 신체증상과 건강행위를 중심으로 -)

  • Bae, Sun-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.211-222
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify relations among health behaviors, health symptoms and physical fitness of people in the same community. Method: The study was designed as a descriptive survey and the participants were 1,621 healthy people. Data were collected from March to December, 2003 using a structured questionnaire on health behaviors, health symptoms and physical fitness. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, $\chi^2$-test, t-test, two-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression using SPSS/PC. Results: The result of multiple regression showed that sex, age, and BMI were related to physical fitness. In health-related physical fitness, regular exercise was related to cardiorespiratory endurance and flexibility, and daily caffeine intake was related to muscular endurance. In performance-related physical fitness, having breakfast regularly was related to power, daily caffeine intake was related to agility, and regular lifestyle and health symptoms were related to balance. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study suggests that for better physical fitness, nursing strategies and intervention programs should include physical fitness-related factors, and education programs should be developed based on the above parameters to promote positive perception of physical fitness.

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The Effects of the Combined Exercise Program on PhysicalFitness and Related Hormone in Elderly Women (복합운동프로그램이 여성노인의 체력과 항노화 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Chang-Hun;Ko, Yu-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of the combined exercise program on physical fitness and related hormone in elderly women. METHODS: The subjects included 40 elderly women who reside at B city. Upon thire agreements, the subjects were divided into either an experimental group and the control group. there 20 subjects in each. The combined exercise program was conducted during the 8 weeks, and the experimental group was underwent its associated program 5 times a week. there wear 2 subjects from each group that were excluded. The physical fitness wear measured and the related hormone(growth hormone, DHEA) were taken with blood serum density. RESULTS: After 8 weeks for intervention, there were statistically significant differences between in physical fitness and growth hormone, DHEA in experimental group(p<.05). however, this difference was not significantly different in the control group. Futher, there wear statistically significant difference between two group of all item(p<.05). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that combined exercise program helps the physical fitness and increase of growth hormone, DHEA in elderly women. In conclusion, the regular combined exercise program for 8 weeks is effective for increase physical fitness and related hormone in elderly women, and positive influence upon, thereby being thought to be able to lower risk in aging and weakness.

Effects of Physical Activity on the Heart Rate Variability and Fitness in Older Female Adults (고령 여성의 신체활동량과 심박동수 변시성(HRV) 및 체력의 관계)

  • OK, Hyun-Tae;Joo, Kee-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of an active lifestyle on the HRV and fitness of the older female adults. METHODS: Eighty female older adults (72.68±3.78 years) were sampled from a senior wellness institute. Accelerometers were distributed to each participant to have the device attached to them for one week, and the physical activity data (Energy expenditure in Kcal) of each participant were analyzed. Participants were divided into 3 groups (<1,000 Kcal vs 1,000 to 1,500 Kcal vs ≥1,500 Kcal) based on the amount of weekly physical activity. Before and after data analysis, the HRV was measured at resting state and the Senior Fitness Test was performed. RESULTS: One way ANOVA showed a significant difference in the HRV between the three groups. Group A (≥ 1,500 Kcal) was superior in HF and HF/HF + LF whereas Group C (<1,000 Kcal) showed high level of LF, LF/HF, and LF/HF+LF. The same statistics revealed significant differences in fitness. Most of the fitness variables were superior in Group A and B compared to Group C. Significant correlations were observed between physical activity and both HRV and in fitness. CONCLUSION: Theses results suggest that an active lifestyle may be an effective intervention for the prevention of both cardiometabolic disorder and improvement of the fitness level in older female adults.

Research on the Influence Middle-Aged woman's Body Composition Affects Physical Fitness (중년여성의 체성분이 체력에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Un;Kim, Yong-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.140-148
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    • 2003
  • This study examined the relationship between body fitness and body composition as well as the body fluid and intracellular fluid (ICF) of extremities to determine body composition's quantitative criteria for body fitness. Multiple-frequency segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis and the physical fitness test provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology were used to measure body composition and physical fitness, respectively. The test results showed that in women in their fifties, the correlation between the amount of body fluid in the upper limbs and grip strength was r=.654 (p<0.01) for the right arm and r=.445 for the left while that between the amount of ICF in the upper limbs and grip strength was r=.708 (p<0.01) for the right and r=.323 for the left. Also, in women in their fifties, the correlation between the amount of body fluid in the lower limbs and the result of a repetitive side jump test was r=.730 for the right leg and r=.753 for the left (p<0.01 for both), and that between the amount of ICF and the counts for the right and left legs was even higher with r=.742 and r=.763, respectively (p<0.01 for both). The body fluid and ICF volumes in the right extremities exceeded those in the left, and physical fitness was correlated with both body fluid and ICF. These findings indicate a connection between physical fitness and body fluid and ICF, suggesting that body composition may help predict physical fitness.

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Comparison of Aerobic Exercise and Combination Exercise Program on Overall Physical Fitness and Mental Health in 20 Aged Subjects with Obesity

  • Lee, Eun-Sang;Kim, Gyeong-Tae;Lee, Seung-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of aerobic exercise and combination exercise on physical fitness, body composition, and depression and to observe the relationship between obesity and depression. METHODS: A total of 40 obese people were divided into an aerobic exercise group ($n_1$=20) and a combination exercise group ($n_2$=20) that was performed swiss ball exercise and aerobic exercise. Each group exercised three times per week for eight weeks. Outcome measures were basic physical fitness, body composition, and depression. RESULTS: After completion of the exercise, there was a significant difference in overall physical fitness factors of percentage body fat (%body fat), strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance in the combination exercise group (p<.05). Strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular endurance were more improved in the combination exercise group than aerobic exercise group (p<.05). However, changes of %body fat and psychological factor between the two groups were not significant. CONCLUSION: Combination exercise program has an effect on the solution of obesity in physical development and strength. Therefore, it seems to that use with better perform both aerobic exercise and Swiss ball exercise. In addition, the Swiss ball exercise, which is an easy, convenient and economical self-exercise that can be done at home, is recommended due to its positive effects on physical establishment and fitness.

Problems and Development of Police Officials' Physical Fitness Tests (경찰공무원 체력검정의 문제점 및 발전방안)

  • Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.609-619
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    • 2019
  • The study aims to present a solution to the problem of police physical fitness tests as police officers, who tried to subdue the drunk in a video clip titled "Darim-dong female police officer Assault" in May in Seoul, showed a rather lethargic figure, such as being pushed out of a physical fight with the suspect. The police physical fitness test is subject to criticism as it consists of items that are difficult to apply in real life despite having to be linked to job performance. The problem is that the physical fitness test events are not realistic, the physical fitness test standards are set too low, and their credibility is not reliable due to the imbalance of standards between men and women and the vision culture of physical fitness testing methods. First of all, we hope that the Republic of Korea will become a world-class security powerhouse by upgrading its physical fitness standards and establishing a scientific fitness test system for preventing injuries and effectively measuring physical strength.

The Factors Affecting Physical Fitness Level of Female Flight Attendants (일개 항공사 객실 여승무원의 기초 체력에 관련된 요인)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ju;Park, Chung-Yill;Kim, Yong-Kyu;Yi, Yun-Joeng
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study is aimed at obtaining the information on the physical fitness level of female flight attendants at a local airline. Methods: The subjects are 2,409 female flight attendants who have had medical examination and physical fitness tests at an airline medical center from January 2 to December 30, 2008. The independent variables include socio-demographic & behavioral characteristics, and medical examination results, whereas the dependent variable is their physical strength score representing their fitness level. Results: Factors that affect the fitness strength score are age, flight hours per year, and fasting blood sugar level. It is found that physical fitness level is higher when the subjects are over 35, on board for over 850 hours per year and their fasting blood sugar level is over 100 mg/dL. Conclusion: It is concluded that for the improvement of flight attendants' health, more exercise to develop cardio-respiratory endurance and muscular strength is needed, and further study needs to be done to develop fitness enhancement programs considering flight attendants' job characteristics, working years, and flight hours per year, and programs for those returning to their workplace after a long-term leave, and new employees.

Development and Evaluation of Physical Fitness Program for Special Security Guards in Nuclear Power Plant (원자력발전소 특수경비원을 위한 체력훈련 프로그램의 개발 및 효과검증)

  • Jeong, Ho-won;Lee, Suk-ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.62
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    • pp.87-111
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    • 2020
  • Special security guards working at nuclear power plants, one of the country's major facilities, serve as human protection to safeguard from threats to nuclear facilities and nuclear materials. The purpose of this study was to develop a physical fitness program for fitness management that is essential for the completion of missions of special guards. This program was designed to prepare the physical fitness test proposed by Jeong et al. (2019). Researchers conducted literature analysis, research meetings, expert meetings and pretests, and developed a 90-minute physical fitness program for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. In order to verify the effectiveness of the developed physical fitness program, the experiment was conducted on 29 subjects(control group: 15, exercise group:14). Specifically, a six-week physical fitness program was conducted for exercise groups, and the fitness test for a special security guard was conducted for all subjects before and after the experiment. As a result, it was found that the physical fitness program was effective in improving the performance of 20m shuttle run, leg tuck, 20m sprint & carry, and medicine ball back throw. Until recently, problems of neglecting fitness management of security guards have been pointed out. It is expected that the physical fitness program proposed by this study will be a practical alternative for security guards' fitness management.

The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Physical Fitness and Depression of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Lee, Juhwan;Park, Sieun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.275-280
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cigarette smoking on physical fitness (dominant hand grip power, dominant isokinetic leg muscle strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiopulmonary endurance) and depression in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study and subjects consisted of 60 young males with chronic low back pain. The subjects were allocated to two groups following a self-report survey: cigarette smoking group (n=25) or non-smoking group (n=35). Physical fitness (dominant hand grip power, dominant isokinetic leg muscle strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiopulmonary endurance) were measured using objective methods and depression in patients with chronic low back pain was measured using the Korean version of center for epidemiologic studies depression (CES-D) scale. Results: The results of this study were as follows: In physical fitness, the cigarette smoking group showed a significant decrease in abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance compared with the non-smoking group. Depression index (CES-D scale score) was significantly higher in the cigarette smoking group than in the non-smoking group. Conclusion: These results suggest that cigarette smoking had a negative effect on abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance in patients with chronic low back pain. In addition, depression of patients with chronic low back pain was affected by cigarette smoking. Thus, we suggested that cigarette smoking may play a significant role in the deterioration of physical fitness and depression of chronic low back pain patients.