• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pilot-based coding

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Pilot-Based Coding Scheme for Parametric Stereo in Enhanced aacPlus

  • Pang, Hee-Suk
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.613-615
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    • 2009
  • We propose a pilot-based coding (PBC) scheme for lossless bit rate reduction of parametric stereo (PS) in enhanced aacPlus. It uses PBC in addition to the existing frequency and time differential coding to encode and decode PS parameter indexes. We also design optimal Huffman codebooks (HCBs) for PBC in the proposed scheme. Experiments show that the proposed scheme is superior to the original coding scheme, where both the new coding structure and the optimal HCBs contribute to the bit rate reduction.

Extended Pilot-Based Coding for Lossless Bit Rate Reduction of MPEG Surround

  • Pang, Hee-Suk;Lim, Jae-Hyun;Oh, Hyen-O
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2007
  • Pilot-based coding (PBC), which is used for lossless bit rate reduction of audio coding, has been recently proposed for MPEG Surround. We propose extended PBC for further lossless bit rate reduction of MPEG Surround. Extended PBC selects the number of pilots depending on the parameter band number and the type of spatial parameter. It then encodes the pilots and the relevant difference data. Experiments show that extended PBC is more effective than the original PBC, especially for high bit rate modes, with a negligible complexity increase on the decoder side.

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On the Effect of a Pilot Coding Education Support System for Complex Problem Solving Tasks

  • Jeon, Inseong;Song, Ki-Sang
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2018
  • In the programming education, there is a great need of a teaching support system that can support the learner in the programming process regardless of the computer language due to instructor's difficulty of checking the progress of learners in real-time. Its importance is especially important in lower grade coding classes such as in K-12 education because they are not used to coding and so simple problems can be regarded as complex problems. For this, a pilot coding education support system based on Levenshtein distance algorithm which shows learners' progress to given solution in real-time was developed in order to help learners to solve complex problems easily, and the learners' motivation and self-efficacy was measured for estimating the usefulness of developed system targeting elementary school students. When the learners use the developed system, it was found that a statistically significant difference appears in the sub-factors of learning motivation compared with traditional class teaching environments. Among the sub-factors of self-efficacy, the efficacy dimension showed statistically significant difference too.

Sliding Window and Successive Cancellation Channel Estimation Schemes based on Pilot Spread Code in DS-UWB System

  • Wang, Yupeng;Kim, Jung-Ju;Chang, Kyung-Hi
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.10A
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    • pp.949-957
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, the performances of a single-user DS-UWB system applying two simple proposed channel estimation schemes are introduced, according to the newly updated DS-UWB PHY Layer standard from IEEE P802.15.3a. The performances of error control coding, different combining schemes in selective Rake receiver for DS-UWB system are analyzed. Both of the two channel estimation schemes using data-independent structure work well in DS-UWB system with few pilot bits. For the purpose of channel estimation and reduces the number of pilot bits, we apply a pilot symbol spreaded with $2{^8}-1\;or\;2{^9}-1$ periods of m-sequence for different channel estimation schemes.

A Study on the Development of Coding Education Program based on Arduino (아두이노 기반 코딩 교육 프로그램 개발 연구)

  • Cha, Jae Gwan
    • Smart Media Journal
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to enhance the creative activity of youth through coding programs on the subject of Arduino. In order to achieve the purpose of the research, it studies the development of coding education based on Arduino, which is cheaper and generally available for universal use. In addition, in order to verify the program, it applies to the 12 schools in Gwangju Jeonnam and produces the improvements. The results of the study are as follows : first, the coding education program centered on Arduino was developed from a fusion perspective through a procedural model(plan - design - action - evaluation - improvement) and applied to a pilot class. Second, the effectiveness of the student satisfaction survey and the interviews of teachers were analyzed. Third, the improvement of the coding education program is accepted and applied to the next program.

Performance Analysis of SFBC-OFDM Systems with a Antenna Selection using Pilot Symbols (파일럿 심볼을 이용한 안테나 선택방법을 적용한 SFBC-OFDM 시스템의 성능분석)

  • Kang, Heehoon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.7
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    • pp.165-168
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we analyze a SFBC-OFDM(Space Frequency Block Code-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) system with antenna selection method using pilot symbols. An antenna selection criterion is based on channel coefficients estimated from pilot symbols. At each frequency, the channel coefficients is arranged and the best is selected, and then data is sent to those antenna with the best coefficients. Also, The coding and diversity gain of the proposed system are analyzed.

Study on Design Education Plan Using Microcontroller Board Prototyping Tool

  • Nam, Wonsuk
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2018
  • Unlike in the past, where the expression of the form was given a priority, with the widening of the scopes of the designs, the proportion of design education institution curricula targeting user experience and the application of technology is continually and gradually increasing. Open source microcontroller boards such as Arduino have initiated attracting attention as a countermeasure against these changes. These prototyping tools have many advantages for the diversification of expression and design verification in the design field and therefore have a high likelihood of being introduced into many design education institutes; however, the tools act as high entry barriers for design students who lack engineering knowledge. Although various educational content and tools have been developed to address the issue of barrier, existing solutions remain insufficient as alternatives for the purpose of activation. In this study, we investigated the present state of related education content and conducted a pilot workshop using a prototype microcontroller board with simplified coding. We intend to use the results of this investigation to develop study material for design education. We started by conducting a survey regarding the pre-university education situation. It was observed that engineering education opportunities are insufficient and the problem of mutual application between educations due to course-based education was not realized. We also analyzed the characteristics of simplified training tools using the microcontroller to establish a direction for educational design and conducted a pilot workshop using the microcontroller toolkit with a simplified coding process based on this content. Students who lack a basic knowledge of engineering technology received instruction, and after completing minimum preliminary training, they proceeded to practical exercises that involved utilizing the toolkit. Through this process, we identified the need for a simple-type microcontroller board with low-complexity for use in educating students majoring in design. We also identified some obstacles that serve as barriers to entry of utilizing microcontroller board. Based on these results, we propose several functional requirements and teaching guidelines for prototyping toolkits for design education.

A study on the Elementary Science Curriculum and Computer Based Education (초등과학교육과정과 컴퓨터교육에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 1988
  • Computer based instruction in the elementary science curriculum will be played an important role through the fifth curriculum reform from the 1989 school year. This is essential for the science instruction because the strategies on the problem-solvings and inquiry approaches can be utilized for the science classroom. Computer education can be thought as the education about the computer and the education using the computer. Of them the education using the computer means the computer assisted instruction(CAI) what is called all the possible activities using the computer in the classroom. Student achievement as the result of CAI depends on the learning activities of students and the instructional techniques and strategies of teachers using the computer. However, computer based education to enhance the student achievement is pointed out the lacks of the standardized Korean alphabet code and the compatibility of qualified software. These problems will be relieved according to the coding for the Korean alphabet of SUPER PILOT program language.

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Experiences of Family Resources in Resilience Development Process for Low-Income Families Participating in Asset Building Program (자산형성프로그램을 이용한 저소득가정의 탄력성 형성 과정에서의 가정자원 관련 경험)

  • Kim, Mi Young
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.321-336
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the effect of family resources on low-income families by exploring their holistic experience of poverty to the formation of resilience. A grounded theory approach is utilized to structure process from their experience of poverty as well as the use of social welfare services to the formation of resilience. This study targets 17 families involved in the pilot project for the beneficiaries of an asset building program in Seoul. In accordance with open coding and a paradigm model by the result of axial coding, 86 concepts, 23 sub-category, and nine categories are produced. These categories are classified into the causal condition (a tough life due to poverty), contextual condition (being the recipient of an asset building program), intervening conditions (interpersonal resources and effects of accumulated time or experience), central phenomenon (a will to live and overcome poverty), actions/interactions (active behavior and change of attitude), and consequences (change of asset levels and increased efficacy in their lives). The integrating categories identify the core category as 'the process of making a resilient life out of the power to live' and a final process model is organized. The results suggest crucial implications to develop comprehensive policies to address poverty issues for low-income families with a strength-based approach.

Receiver Techniques for Ultra-wide-band Multiuser Systems over Fading Multipath Channels

  • Zhou, Xiaobo;Wang, Xiaodong
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2003
  • We treat the problem of channel estimation and interference cancellation in multiuser ultra-wide-band (UWB) communication systems over multipath fading channels. The UWB system under consideration employs a random time-hopping impulse radio format. We develop a channel estimation method based on linear weighted algorithm. An iterative channel estimation and interference cancellation scheme is proposed to successively improve the receiver performance. We also consider systems employing multiple transmit and/or receive antennas. For systems with multiple receive antennas, we develop a diversity receiver for the wellseparated antennas. For systems with multiple transmit antennas, we propose to make use of Alamouti’s space-time transmission scheme, and develop the corresponding channel estimation and interference cancellation receiver techniques. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the performance of various UWB receiver techniques developed in this paper.