• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pipeline

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Supplementation of Regulation on the Offshore Oil Pipeline for Maintenance (해저 송유배관 유지관리를 위한 기준 보완 제시)

  • Kang, Chan-Seong;Moon, Seung-Jae
    • Plant Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.70-81
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    • 2012
  • The study aims to supplement facility management plan and safety regulations & standard of oil pipeline by searching and reviewing related regulation & standard inside and outside of the country. Korean regulation & standard is reviewed based on harbor and fishery design standard of the ministry of maritime affairs and fisheries, general technology standard of oil pipeline safety regulation, gas excavation construction and safety maintenance indicator of Korea gas corporation. Global regulation & standard is reviewed based on U.S standard inspection for offshore pipeline and Europe/Mexico standard inspection for offshore pipeline. The contents of offshore pipeline installation is inserted into pipeline sector for objected facilities of safety inspection regulation & standard and, the standard of safety inspection for offshore pipeline is newly presented into pipeline maintenance part of the planning facilities management with its inspection period and method.

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Parametric Study of Offshore Pipeline Wall Thickness by DNV-OS-F101, 2010

  • Choi, Han-Suk;Yu, Su-Young;Kang, Dae-Hoon;Kang, Hyo-Dong
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2012
  • DNV-OS-F101 includes the concept development, design, construction, operation,and abandonment of offshore pipeline systems. The main objective of this offshore standard (OS) is to ensure that pipeline systems are safe during the installation and operational period. The pipeline design philosophy also includes public safety and environmental protection. The mechanical wall thickness design of a pipeline shall follow the design objectives and safety philosophy. This new design code includes a very sophisticated design procedure to ensure a safe pipeline, public safety, and environmental protection. This paper presents the results of a parametric study for the wall thickness design of offshore pipelines. A design matrix was developed to cover the many design factors of pipeline integrity, public safety, and environmental protection. Sensitivity analyses of the various parameters were carried out to identify the impacts on offshore pipeline design.

Diagnosing Plant Pipeline System Performance Using Radiotracer Techniques

  • Kasban, H.;Ali, Elsayed H.;Arafa, H.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.196-208
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    • 2017
  • This study presents an experimental work in a petrochemical company for scanning a buried pipeline using $Tc^{99m}$ radiotracer based on the measured velocity changes, in order to determine the flow reduction along a pipeline. In this work, $Tc^{99m}$ radiotracer was injected into the pipeline and monitored by sodium iodide scintillation detectors located at several positions along the pipeline. The flow velocity has been calculated between every two consecutive detectors along the pipeline. Practically, six experiments have been carried out using two different data acquisition systems, each of them being connected to four detectors. During the fifth experiment, a bypass was discovered between the scanned pipeline and another buried parallel pipeline connected after the injection point. The results indicate that the bypass had a bad effect on the volumetric flow rate in the scanned pipeline.

Unsteady Flow Rate Measurement by Using Hydraulic Pipeline Dynamics (유압관로의 동특성을 이용한 비정상 유량계측)

  • 김도태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 1999
  • The measurement of unsteady flow rate is of vital importance to clarify and improve the dynamic characteristics in pipeline, hydraulic components and system. There is also demand for a real time flow sensor of ability to measure unsteady flow rate with high accuracy and fast response to realize feedback control of flow rate in fluid power systems. In this paper, we propose an approach for estimating unsteady flow rate through a pipeline and components under high pressure condition. In the method, unsteady flow rate is estimated by using hydraulic pipeline dynamics and the measured pressure values at two distant points along the pipeline. The distributed parameter model of hydraulic pipeline is applied with consideration of frequency dependent viscosity friction and unsteady velocity distribution at a cross section of a pipeline. By using the self-checking functions of the method, the validity is investigated by comparison with the measured and estimated pressure waveforms at the halfway section on the pipeline. The results show good agreement between the estimated flow rate waveforms and theroetical those under unsteady laminar flow conditions. the method proposed here is useful in estimating unsteady flow rate through an arbitray cross section in hydraulic pipeline and components without installing an instantaneous flowmeter.

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Seismic Influence on Subsea Pipeline Stresses

  • Choi, Byoung-Yeol;Lee, Sang-Gil;Kim, Jin-Kwang;Oh, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2017
  • The safety analysis of an earthquake is carried out during the operation of a subsea pipeline and an onshore pipeline. Several cases are proposed for consideration. In the case of a buried pipeline, permanent ground deformation by the earthquake and an increase of internal pressure by the acceleration of the earthquake should be considered. In the case of a subsea pipeline, a bending moment is caused by liquefaction of the backfill material on a trenched seabed, etc., which results in a high bending moment of the buried pipeline. The bending moment causes the collapse of the subsea pipeline or a leak of crude oil or gas, which results in economic loss due to enormous environmental contamination and social economic loss owing to operation functional failure. Thus, in order to prevent economic loss and operation loss, structurally sensitive design with regard to seismic characteristics must be performed in the buried pipeline in advance, and the negative impact on the buried pipeline must be minimized by conducting a thorough analysis on the seabed and backfilling material selection. Moreover, it is proposed to consider the selection of material properties for the buried pipeline. A more economical review is also required for detailed study.

MODELING AND SIMULATION FOR GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS

  • Yoshida, Makoto;Kawato, Takashi;Fujita, Toshinori;Kawashima, Kenji;Kagawa, Toshiharu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Simulation Conference
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2001
  • City gas is one of the most important necessities of daily city life and social infrastructures. City gas is delivered to every user through a pipeline network. The gas pressure in the pipeline is regulated by gas regulator. In the pressure control system, characteristics of gas pipeline is as important as characteristics of regulator. There are many reports about the transfer function model of the fluid pipeline. But suitable model about the gas transmission pipeline is not known. In this paper, as the transfer function model of the gas pipeline, new model considering the heat transfer between pipe wall and gas and temperature change of gas is proposed. To evaluate this model, frequency response tests are used. As the result, the proposed model shows a better agreement when compared with the experimental result than conventional models. The results show the effectiveness of the model.

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Method for Reduction of Pressure Ripples using the Parallel Pipeline in Fluid Pipeline (분지를 이용한 유압관로계의 압력맥동 저감 방안)

  • 이규원;장주섭;김경훈;윤영환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.299-302
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    • 1997
  • The pressure ripples are inevitabilitily generated by a fluctuation of flow rate caused pump mechanism, which occur noises, vibrations, and affect a control performance in tluid pipeline. The method for reduction of pressure ripples has been normally used a accumulator which is installed near the pump generating the pressure ripples. This paper introduces the parallel pipeline as a method to reduce pressure ripples in tluid pipeline, and confirms the usefulness of it in reducing the pressure ripples as compared with the fluid pipeline with a accumulator using AMESim(Advanced Modeling Environment for Simulations) Software.

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Effect of External Corrosion in Pipeline on Failure Prediction

  • Lee, Ouk-Sub;Kim, Ho-Jung
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents the effect of shape of external corrosion in pipeline on failure prediction by using a numerical simulation. The numerical study for the pipeline failure analysis is based on the FEM(Finite Element Method)with an elastic-plstic and large-deformation analysis. Corrosion pits and narrow corrosion grooves in pressurized pipeline were analysed. A failure criterion, based on the local stress state at the corrosion and a plastic collapse failure mechanism, is proposed. The predicted failure stress assessed for the simulated corrosion defects having different corroded shapes along the pipeline axis compared with those by methods specified in ANSI/ASME B31G code and a modified B31G code. It is concluded the corrosion geometry significantly affects the failure behavior of corroded pipeline and categorisation of pipeline corrosion should be considered in the development of new guidance for integrity assessment.

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Unsteady Flow Rate Measurement Based on Distributed Parameter Pipeline Model (분포정수계 관로모델을 이용한 비정상 유량계측)

  • Kim, Do-Tae;Hong, Sung-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2008
  • The paper proposes a model-based measurement of unsteady flow rate by using distributed parameter pipeline model and the measured pressure values at two distant points along the pipeline. The distributed parameter model of hydraulic pipeline is applied with consideration of frequency dependent viscosity friction and unsteady velocity distribution at a cross section of a pipeline. By using the self-diagnostics functions of the measurement method, the validity is investigated by comparison with the measured and estimated pressure and flow rate wave forms at the halfway section on the pipeline. The results show good agreement between the estimated flow rate wave forms and theoretical those under unsteady laminar flow conditions. The method proposed here is useful in estimating unsteady flow rate through an arbitrary cross section in hydraulic pipeline and components without installing an instantaneous flowmeter.

Stress Monitoring System for Buried Gas Pipeline in Poor Ground (연약지반 배관응력 모니터링 시스템 개발 및 적용)

  • Hong, Seong-Kyeong;Kim, Joon-Ho;Jeong, Sek-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2006
  • This paper introduces stress monitoring system for buried gas pipeline in poor ground. During the six months of improvement construction of poor ground, maximum settlement of gas pipeline is about 40 cm. This value represents relative small compared to the initial settlement estimation of ground improvement construction plan, 90 cm. Also, this paper includes the result of finite element analysis of gas pipeline to confirm safety of pipelines in poor ground. The stress monitoring system for gas pipeline was developed to guarantee the safety of buried gas pipeline in poor ground. Eventually, the ground improvement workings are ended safely and it is proved that the pipeline has no safety problem.