• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plasma Concentration

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Dietary Sesame Meal Increases Plasma HDL-cholesterol Concentration in Goats

  • Hirano, Y.;Kashima, T.;Inagaki, N.;Uesaka, K.;Yokota, H.;Kita, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.1564-1567
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    • 2002
  • Influence of dietary sesame meal on plasma glucose, non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and urea concentrations in goats was examined. Goats were fed a control diet (50% timothy hay and 50% concentrates) (CD) or a sesame meal diet (50% timothy hay, 25% concentrates and 25% sesame meal) (SMD) during 12 days. Blood samples were taken after overnight fasting and afternoon every day. Body weight was not changed by feeding either CD or SMD. The concentrations of plasma triglyceride and urea were higher (p<0.05) in goats fed SMD than those fed CD. Plasma NEFA concentration was higher in plasma samples after overnight fasting. Plasma glucose concentration in plasma samples collected afternoon was higher than those after overnight fasting. Plasma total cholesterol concentration was significantly increased by feeding SMD but not by feeding CD, which was due to the remarkable increase of plasma HDL-cholesterol concentration. In conclusion, dietary sesame meal brought about an increase in plasma total cholesterol concentration accompanied with an increment in plasma HDL-cholesterol consentration in goats.

Changes in Plasma Protein Concentration and Alveolar -Arterial Oxygen Tension Differnce Associated with CPB- (체외순환에 따른 혈장 단백 함량과 폐포모세혈관 산소 분압차의 변화)

  • 전태국
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1084-1089
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    • 1990
  • Plasma protein concentration, plasma albumin concentration, hematocrit, and arterial blood gas tension were measured in 15 mongrel dogs undergoing heart transplantation with cardiopulmonary bypass. The hemodilution due to priming solution resulted in a 49% decrease in plasma protein concentration, a 57% decrease in plasma albumin concentration, a 46%a decrease in hematocrit. The measurements had returned to preperfusion values 1 hour after the end of cardiopulmonary bypass. The intraoperative changes in plasma protein and albumin concentration did not correlate with changes in alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradients[D[A\ulcorner PO2]]. It is concluded that, in the absence of an increase in left atrial pressure, marked decrease in plasma protein concentration can be tolerated without the occurrence of pulmonary edema. And further study should be done to determine how to prepare an ideal priming solution.

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The Study on Possibility of Use of Lead in Plasma as a Chronic Toxicity Biomarker (혈장 중 납의 만성독성 지표로의 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Bae;Lim, Cheol-Hong;Kim, Nam Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.195-207
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was performed to confirm whether plasma lead can be used as a chronic biomarker for the biological monitoring of exposure to lead. Methods: Lead concentrations in 66 plasma samples from retired lead workers (G.M. 60.25 years, Median 61.00 years) and 42 plasma samples from the general population (G.M. 53.76 years, Median 56.50 years) were measured using ICP/Mass. Tibia, whole blood, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood zinc protophorphyrin (ZPP) concentrations and urinary ${\delta}$-aminolevulinic acid (${\delta}-ALA$) were measured for correlation analysis with plasma lead. Results: The geometric mean concentration of lead in plasma was $0.23{\mu}g/L$ for the retired lead workers and $0.10{\mu}g/L$ for the general population sample. A simple correlation analysis of biomarkers showed that plasma lead concentration among the retired lead workers was highly correlated with lead concentration in the tibia and with blood lead concentration, and the plasma lead concentration among the general population correlated with ZPP concentration in the blood. The lead concentration in the tibia and the lead concentration in the whole blood increased with length of working period. As the period in the lead workplace increased, the ratio of lead in plasma to lead concentration in whole blood decreased. Conclusion: This study confirmed the possibility of a chronic biomarker of lead concentration in blood plasma as a biomarker. In the future, comparative studies with specific indicators will lead to more fruitful results.

Effects of Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang Water Extract on the Plasma Cortisol Concentration and in the Rabbit and on the Analgesic Effect in the Mouse (黃芩芍藥湯 煎湯液이 血漿Cortisol 및 鎭痛에 미치는 影響)

  • Oh, Chun-Keun;Hwang, Choong-Yeon;Lee, Ki-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.41-57
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    • 1990
  • In order to investigate the effects of Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang (HJT) water extract on the plasma cortisol concentration in the rabbit and on the analgesic effect in the mouse were administered. The results were summarized as follow: 1. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg remarkably increased plasma cortisol concentration after two hour. 2. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.4ml/kg significantly increased plasma cortisol concentration after one hour. 3. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg, all the experimental period, significantly increased plasma sodium concentration. 4. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.4m1/kg significantly decreased plasma potassium concentration. 5. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg and 0.4ml/kg, all the experimental period, significantly decreased plasma calcium concentration. 6. The analgesic effect of HJT water extract showed inhibitory effect more than at 0.1ml/20g. According to the results, Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang water extract remarkably increased plasma cortisol concentration and showed analgesic effect.

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Damage-Free Treatment of ITO Films using Nitrogen-Oxygen (N2-O2) Molecular DC Plasma

  • Kim, Hong Tak;Nguyen, Thao Phoung Ngoc;Park, Chinho
    • Current Photovoltaic Research
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.112-115
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the surface of ITO films was modified using $N_2-O_2$ molecular plasma, and the effects of oxygen concentration in the plasma on the ITO surface properties were investigated. Upon plasma treatment of ITO films, the surface roughness of ITO films seldom changed up to the oxygen concentration in the range of 0% to 40%, while the roughness of the films slightly changed at or above the oxygen concentration of 60%. The contact angle of water droplet on ITO films dramatically changed with varying oxygen concentration in the plasma, and the minimum value was found to be at the oxygen concentration of 20%. The plasma resistance at this condition exhibited a maximum value, and the change of resistance showed an inverse relationship compared to that of contact angle. From these results, it was conjectured that the chemical reactions in the sheath of the molecular plasma dominated more than the physical actions due to energetic ion bombardment, and also the plasma resistance could be used as an indirect indicator to qualitatively diagnosis the state of plasma during the plasma treatment.

Effect of Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH Ext. on Lowering Lipid, Anti-oxidation and Concentration of Plasma Inflammatory Mediators Using Rats Fed on High-oxidized Fat (인진호(茵蔯蒿) 추출물이 과산화지질 투여한 쥐의 지질강하, 항산화효과 및 염증매개물질의 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Kong, In-Pyo;Lee, Eun;Cha, Yun-Yeop
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The present study investigated effects of Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg ethanol extract(EtOH ext). on lowering lipid, anti-oxidation and concentration of plasma inflammatory mediators using rat fed on high oxidized fat. Methods : We divided fat sprague-dawley rats fed on high oxidized into 4 groups. They were normal group, feed with 100 mg/kg Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg group, feed with 200 mg/kg Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg group and feed with 300 mg/kg Artemisia capilaris Thunberg group. They were administered for 4 weeks. We measured concentration of plasma free fatty acid(FFA), plasma triglyceride, plasma total cholesterol, and plasma low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-cholesterol), plasma high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-cholesterol), concentration of liver total cholesterol and liver triglyceride (TG), concentration of plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(TBARS) and liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(TBARS), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity and catalase(CAT) activity, plasma nitric oxide(NO), ceruloplasmin and ${\alpha}-glycoprotein$. Results : 1. The Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups showed low concentration of plasma FFA, plasma triglyceride, plasma total cholesterol and plasma LDL-cholesterol compared to control group. However, concentration of plasma HDL-cholesterol was increased in the Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups. 2. Concentration of liver total cholesterol and liver TG showed a significantly decrement in all Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups than that of control group. 3. The Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups showed lower values in concentration of plasma TBARS and liver TBARS than that of control group. The values of GSH-Px activity, SOD activity and CAT activity were increased in the Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups. 4. The values of plasma NO, ceruloplasmin and ${\alpha}-glycoprotein$ were decreased in Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. groups. Conclusions : Based on the results in this study, the Artemisia Capillaris Thunberg EtOH ext. showed a positive effect in lowering lipid, anti-oxidation and decrement of plasma inflammatory mediators.

Correlation between the Plasma Insulin and Glucose Concentration in Normal Korean Adults (한국인 혈장 Insulin과 혈당량의 상호관계에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Jang-Kyu;Sung, Ho-Kyung;Kim, Jin-Eui
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1971
  • The correlation between the plasma insulin, and glucose concentration was studied in healthy Korean adults consisting of 20 males and 22 females of 16 to 38 years of age. The blood samples of above subjects were obtained through cubital vein at arbitrary times, during their usual working hours. Plasma insulin was assayed by means of double antibody system of radioimnmunoassy technics, and blood glucose was determined by means of Van Slyke-Folch method. Results were as follows: 1. There were no differences in the blood sugar levels in relation to the plasma insulin concentration either by sex or age. 2. In the case, when the plasma insulin concentration was within $200m{\mu}D/ml$, the correlation between the insulin, and glucose concentration existed, the ratio of which was expressed as; Plasma glucose concentration(mg/dI)=$91.9+0.08{\times}Insulin$ concentration r=0.62 3. Insulinogenic index was 12.4%, which was somewhat higher than other reports. 4. It is suggested that the correlation between plasma insulin and glucose concentration could be determined at arbitrary times instead of fasting times.

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Development of Target-Controlled Infusion system in Plasma Concentration. PART2: Design and Evaluation (혈중 목표 농도 자동 조절기(TCI) 개발 PART2: 시스템 구현 및 평가)

  • 안재목
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2003
  • Based on the 4-compartmental pharmacokinetic model developed in PART1, target-controlled infusion(TCI) pump system was designed and evaluated. The TCI system consists of digital board including microcontroller and digital signal process(DSP), analog board, motor-driven actuator, user friendly interface, power management and controller. It provides two modes according to the drugs: plasma target concentration and effect target concentration. Anaesthetist controls the depth of anaesthesia for patients by adjusting the required concentration to maintain both plasma and effect site in drug concentration. The data estimated in DSP include infusion rate, initial load dose, and rotation number of motor encoder. During TCI operation, plasma concentration. effect site concentration, awaken concentration, context-sensitive decrement time and system error information are displayed in real time. Li-ion battery guarantees above 2 hours without power line failure. For high reliability of the system, two microprocessors were used to perform independent functions for both pharmacokinetic algorithm and motor control strategy.

Plasma Choline Concentration of Some Korean Young Adults and Correlation with Dietary Choline Intake (젊은 성인의 혈장 콜린 농도와 콜린 섭취량과의 상관성)

  • Na Jin-Seok;Cho Hyo-Jung;Lim Jong-Hwan;Yun Hyo-In;Sok Dai-Eun;Lee Ju-Woon;Byun Myung-Woo;Chung Young-Jin
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the concentration of plasma choline of Korean and to clarify the relationship between plasma choline concentration and choline intake. Plasma choline concentration of 30 young adults (15 males, 15 females) aged 20-30 years living in Deajeon metropolitan city are analyzed and their dietary choline intake. Choline content of one day meal was directly analyzed with the use of enzymatic method. Plasma choline concentration from more than 12 hr fasting blood was analyzed by using HPLC-MS. Choline intakes of male subjects were in the range of 253.51-1724.14 mg and those of female subjects were in the range of 240.85-938.06 mg. Mean intakes of choline were $634.53{\pm}353.68mg$ in male subjects and $473.99{\pm}183.76mg$ in female subjects. Plasma choline concentration of total subjects was in the range of 5.08-14.01 ${\mu}mol/L$. Mean plasma choline concentration was $9.19{\pm}2.05{\mu}mol/L$ in male subjects and $8.11{\pm}1.70{\mu}mol/L$ in female subjects. Plasma choline concentration did not show significant correlation with choline intake in male and total subjects, but showed positive correlation with choline intake in female subjects (p<0.05). This result shows that more studies on large scaled samples are needed.

A Study on the Characteristics of Lithium Concentration Gradient between Maternal and Fetal Plasma in Rabbits (모체혈장 및 태자혈장간의 $Li^+$농도 경사의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Jae-Sik;Sung, Ho-Kyung
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 1987
  • This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of lithium concentration difference between maternal and fetal plasma and the effect of previous lithium loading on rapid transplacental transport of large amounts of lithium. Pregnant rabbits at $20{\sim}22\;days$ of gestation were divided into two groups: chronic $Li^+$ injection group and chronic plus acute $Li^+$ injection group. Small amounts of LiCl (1 mmol/kg per day) were given intraperitoneally to all rabbits of both group, for 5 days before sacrifice. The rabbits of chronic plus acute injection group, received additional intravenous injections of large amounts of LiCl (2 mmol/kg) one hour before sacrifice. Maternal arterial blood, placental sinus blood, fetal blood and amniotic fluid were drawn and analyzed for the plasma concentrations of $Li^+$, $Na^+$ and $K^+$ and for osmolartiy. Followings are the results obtained. 1) There was no difference in the $Li^+$ concentration between maternal plasma and placental sinus plasma in chronic lithium group, although the $Li^+$ concentration of placental sinus plasma was slightly lower than that of maternal arterial plasma in the chronic plus acute lithium group. 2) The $Li^+$ concentration of fetal plasma was much lower than that of placental sinus plasma in both groups, the ratio being $0.76{\pm}0.250$ ($mean{\pm}95%$ confidence interval) for the chronic $Li^+$ group and $0.78{\pm}0.366$ for the chronic plus acute $Li^+$ group. 3) The ratio of $Li^+$ concentration of fetal plasma to maternal arterial plasma was $0.71{\pm}0.196$ in the chronic group and $0.59{\pm}0.261$ in the chronic plus acute group. 4) $Li^+$ concentration of amniotic fluid was much higher than that of fetal plasma in the chronic $Li^+$ group but not significantly different in the chronic plus acute $Li^+$ group. 5) An acute loading of $Li^+$ did not produce any detectable changes in $Na^+$ and $K^+$ concentrations and osmolarity of the maternal plasma. The above results may suggest that: (a) The placental barrier maintains steady state lithium concentration gradient between placental sinus plasma and fetal plasma. (b) In rabbits chronically treated with $Li^+$ the steady state $Li^+$ gradient is established within one hour after an acute $Li^+$ loading, provided that the $Li^+$ concentration in the maternal plasma is less than 4 mmole/l.

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