• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plato

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A Study on the Ancient Greek Physical Education Spirit

  • Han, Do Ryung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2017
  • Plato and Aristotle examined what the true spirit of physical education is and what kind of relationship it is, from the perspective of dividing into two parts of the body and mind. And the relationship between human body and mind, knowledge and behavior. Plato and Aristotle examined the harmonious combination of body and mind and what is the desirable relationship setting. In Plato's soul and body in philosophical centered ideological aspect, human education center emphasizes poetry education, but physical education is recognized as essential education for human education. Plato's body contour emphasizes the harmony of soul and body, not the superiority of the body to the mind. In Plato's education room, physical education should be preceded and then mental education should be done. I thought that there could be no independent souls without bodies. It is not an independent entity but a unified entity. Because there is a body, there is a soul. There is a soul, so a body exists. Aristotle thought that the body was more important than Plato, and that the body should be preceded by the soul.

'Nocturnal Council' in Plato's Laws (플라톤의 <법률> 편에 있어서 '야간회의')

  • Kim, Yun-dong
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.131
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2014
  • is Plato's last great philosophical work. 'Nocturnal Council' is located in the end of this work. Many scholars interpret 'Nocturnal Council' into opposite directions. According to one interpretation, this Council is a kind of an addition to supplement the philosophical elements. So this is Plato's 'after-thought'. But another interpretation is that 'Nocturnal Council' is a climax in Plato's political thought. Plato didn't abandon the theory of Idea in . In this respect, we find a coherence between and . Finally, a vague position of 'Nocturnal Council' in remains an opposite interpretations each other.

Physical Training and Martial Art, the Foundations for a Flourishing State -Focusing on the Thoughts of Plato and Park Eun-sik- (체육과 무(武), 국가 번영의 기초 -플라톤과 박은식의 사상을 중심으로-)

  • Hong, Youngki;Hong, Jinkee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.560-576
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    • 2018
  • Plato's ontology is closer to Holism, which is based on IDEA, than to Dualism, which regards the matter and soul as being independently from each other. According to his metaphysics, the sensory things are the copies of IDEA. and IDEA is the original of them. Hence human body and soul are not separate from each other, but are ontologically continuous and functionally complementary. The reason why Plato's view of education, which pursues the perfection of the soul, emphasizes the physical training and makes it the premise of study is this ontology. It seems that Park Eun-sik, an independent activist in the late period of Joseon Dynasty, has a view of education similar to Plato's. He emphasized the importance of education on martial art in order to restore the our people's inner quality, 'Mind(心)'. Both Plato and Park Eun-sik thoughts that the education of physical training and martial art was the premise of study to make the humanity they pursued. And they expected that the talented people raised through the curriculum proposed by them would lead the prosperity of the nation by fulfilling their respective roles in society. In conclusion, from the view of Plato and Park Eun-sik's thoughts, it can be said that, the education of physical training and martial art for students is the premise of the study for personal perfection of human beings, and essential curriculum for making the ideal state that they dreamed.

The Concept of Mental Disease in Plato (정신 질병의 탄생: 고대 그리스 의학적 시선의 철학적 기원 플라톤의 정신 질병 개념을 중심으로)

  • Jang, Misung
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • no.121
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this paper is to expound upon the concept of mental health and disease in Plato. In ancient Greece, philosophy was to care for the health of the soul and to pursue the happiness of the life, while medicine was to care for the health of the body. It is the role of philosophy that defines what the mental disease is, rather than the realm of medicine, and the practical function of philosophy is the life of caring for our souls. In order to take care of the soul, it is important to diagnose what the mental disease is and where it comes from. In ancient Greek, medicine disease was initially regarded as a divine punishment and healing as, quite literally, a gift from the gods. Plato, however, insists that mental illness is not just brain problem but a human whole problem, (2) it is caused by imbalance and discord, and (3) ignorance is also a mental disease, (4) and furthermore, injustice and vice are mental diseases as well. Therefore Plato argues that the aim of philosophy is to practice a virtue as the mental health and further to achieve political justice to maintain the health of the soul.

Plato's rule of philosopher-king (플라톤의 철인왕 통치)

  • Kim, Youn-dong
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.117
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    • pp.1-33
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    • 2011
  • Plato's political thought is developed in , and . He hopes 'justifiable state' that all citizens can get happiness. He suggests the plan of the ideal state. And the most important element in this ideal state is philosopher-king. His metaphysics, psychology and education theory are melted in philosopher-king. But in actual, the appearance of chis ideal ruler is impossible. Therefore he finds the second best state in . Then does Plato gives up his dream of the ideal state or approaches to that closely? And ruler stands against laws or relates with partnership? This article deals with these problems. As last, we will compare Plato's ideal state and philosopher-king to God's kingdom and Jesus in the Bible.

A Comparison of Visual Occlusion Methods: Touch Screen Device vs. PLATO Goggles

  • Park, Jung-Chul
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.589-595
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    • 2011
  • Objective: This study compares two visual occlusion methods for the evaluation of in-vehicle interfaces. Background: Visual occlusion is a visual demand measuring technique which uses periodic vision/occlusion cycle to simulate a driving(or mobile) environment. It has been widely used for the evaluation of in-vehicle interfaces. There are two major implementation methods for this technique: (1) occlusion using PLATO(portable liquid crystal apparatus for tachistoscopic occlusion) goggles; (2) occlusion using a software application on a touchscreen device. Method: An experiment was conducted to examine the visual demand of an in-vehicle interface prototype using the goggle-based and the touchscreen-based occlusion methods. Address input and radio tuning tasks were evaluated in the experiment. Results: The results showed that, for the radio tuning task, there were no significant differences in total shutter open time and resumability ratio between the two occlusionconditions. However, it took longer for the participants to input addresses with the touchscreen-based occlusion. Conclusion & Application: The results suggest that touchscreen-based method could be used as an alternative to traditional, gogglebased visual occlusion especially in less demanding visual tasks such as radio tuning.

The Problem of Plato's Space (플라톤의 공간 문제)

  • Kim, Yoon-dong
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.145
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    • pp.195-215
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    • 2018
  • Plato said that our cosmos was created from the union of nous and $anank{\bar{e}}$ in Timaeus. In addition to this, 'the third kind', namely $ch{\bar{o}}ra$, exists already with genesis before the birth of the cosmos. Plato explains this $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ with several metaphors. That is, 'receptacle', 'mother', 'gold', 'space', 'place' etc. From Aristotle to contemporary scholars, generally three types of interpretations are presented. First, $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ is a kind of a 'void.' Secondly, $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ is Aristotle's $prot{\bar{e}}$ $hyl{\bar{e}}$. Thirdly, $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ has two aspects of space and matter. I will accept the third opinion. Plato's $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ has both a spatial aspect and material aspect. $Ch{\bar{o}}ra$ is a place that accommodates all sensible things in itself. On the other hand, $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ seems to be a mother who nourishes sensible things like a child. In this, Plato lacks a logical consistency. The research of $ch{\bar{o}}ra$ can not deviate from the limits of $eik{\bar{o}}s$ logos.

A Study on the Types of Love in and : Focusing on Plato's Theory of Eros (<센과 치히로의 행방불명>과 <하울의 움직이는 성>에 나타난 사랑의 유형에 대한 연구: 플라톤의 에로스론을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Min-Kyu
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2016
  • So far, the Studio Ghibli's major masterpieces, and have been studied extensively from mythical and psychological perspectives due to the films' intrinsic symbolism within their characters and events. However, there have been insufficient in-depth research on the types of love the two works have. Therefore, this study will focus on how the types of love in the two animations mirror the concept of love in Plato's theory of Eros through the analysis of two films' characters. The desire for memory and recovery can be seen in , and glimpses of each phase of aim towards changes in physical appearance can be shown in . These describe the function and the purpose of Eros that Plato states in Socrates' terms in Phaedrus and Symposium. Plato ultimately defined Eros as a spirit that leads to the world of Ideas and suggested the five stages of love that are divided in accordance with the ultimate purpose and attitude of mankind towards Eros. The cognition area, changes in appearance of the characters and spatial ranks in and critically reveal such core concepts of the theory of Eros. It is noteworthy that the two works show the origin of the most universal ideology of the West. These two animation films are particularly significant in terms of that they reflect the western epistemology while covering exclusive and covert ethnic emotions.