• Title, Summary, Keyword: PoC

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Media Expression and Structure Generation under RTSP for Effective Transmission on Mobile Environment with PoC Box system (PoC BoX시스템이 적용된 모바일 환경에서 단말로의 효율적인 전송을 위한 RTSP 기반 미디어 표현 및 구조 생성 방법)

  • Lee, Sung-Jun;Kim, Dae-Won
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.1142-1154
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    • 2009
  • The brand new type of mobile terminal services are kept being introduced in accordance with the development of mobile communication technology. Among many kinds of mobile application services, the PoC application standard which is using instant messaging service and group calls method with the existing walkie-talkie technology has been finished as the version 1.0 after tremendously active discussion and is being continued to be confirmed as 2.0 and 2.1. The PoC Box, which is discussed for replacing the PoC client and intermediate object as a voice messaging box, is currently being introduced and the biggest issues for PoC Box technology topics include the part of saved informations' processing and effective multimedia contents' transmission in the PoC Box system. In this research, we propose that the PaC client could effectively transmit the media to the end-user by specifying the playback location or range, focusing on the contents and the methods of dynamic controlling for saved media in PoC Box. This paper deals with the way of dynamic controlling method using the RTSP which is appropriate for PoC Box and the effective method for generation, expression, processing of various multimedia contents including audio and video objects.

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Electrochemical Characteristics of Lithium-ion Battery with Doped Graphite Nanofiber (카본 나노파이버가 도핑된 리튬이온전지의 전기화학적 특성)

  • Wang, Wan Lin;Jin, En Mei;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.137.1-137.1
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    • 2011
  • 올리빈 구조의 $LiFePO_4$ 정극 활물질은 $650^{\circ}C$에서 고상법으로 제조되었다. $LiFePO_4$의 전자전도도를 향상시키기 위하여 graphite nanofiber(GNF)를 각각 3wt%, 5wt%, 7wt%, 9wt% 첨가하여 $LiFePO_4$-C를 제조하였다. 제조된 분말의 입자 형태를 확인하기 위하여 X-ray diffraction(XRD)과 File Electronic Scaning Electromicroscopy(FE-SEM)를 측정하였다. XRD결과로부터 제조된 분말은 모두 순수한 결정 구조를 나타내었고 입자의 크기는 약 200nm였다. 5wt% GNF를 첨가한 $LiFePO_4$-C는 기타 첨가량에 비해 방전용량이 가장 높았다. 첫 사이클의 용량은 151.73mAh/g 나타났고 50 사이클 뒤에도 92% 이상을 유지하고 있었다. 첨가하지 않은 것에 비해 43% 증가하였다. $LiFePO_4$-C(3wt%), $LiFePO_4$-C(7wt%), $LiFePO_4$-C(9wt%)의 첫 사이클 방전용량은 각각 147.94mAh/g, 136.64mAh/g, 121.07mAh/g 나타났다. $LiFePO_4$-C(5wt%)에 비해 용량은 떨어쪘지만 순수한 $LiFePO_4$보다 많이 높았다. 임피던스 결과를 보면 기타 첨가량에 비해 $LiFePO_4$-C(5wt%)의 저항 제일 낮았다. 이는 충방전 결과와 일치하였다. graphite nanofiber의 첨가로 인하여 $LiFePO_4$ 정극 활물질의 전자전도도가 높아지고, 따라서 전기화학적 특성도 크게 향상되었다.

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Charge/Discharge Properties of Camon Added $LiFeO_4$

  • Jin, En-Mei;Li, Hu;Jeon, Yeon-Su;Park, Kyung-Hee;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.361-362
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    • 2007
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FE-SEM. $LiFePO_4/SPE/Li$ and $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by charge/discharge experiments. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell was 103 mAh/g at the first cycle. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cells, 126 mAh/g at the first cycle and 123 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/SPE/Li cell.

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Enhancing Performance of Multicast over Push-to-Talk over Cellular (PoC 멀티캐스트 성능향상 방안)

  • Kim, Ki-Il
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.1602-1608
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    • 2013
  • PoC (Push-to-Talk over Cellular) provides one-to-one as well as one-to-many communications with VoIP technology based on SIP over cellular networks. According to above property, PoC is considered as perscrptive technology for public protection for disaster relief networks. For this networks, group communication is the essential function. However, since current standardization process takes into general scenarios account without any consideration for mentioned networks, it have some problems in the point of adaptability. To solve above problem, in this paper, we propose how to reduce the overhead on the PoC server to reduce the transmission delay. Simulation results are shown to evaluate the improved performance.

The Root Cause of the Rate Performance Improvement After Metal Doping: A Case Study of LiFePO4

  • Park, Chang-Kyoo;Park, Sung-Bin;Park, Ji-Hun;Shin, Ho-Chul;Cho, Won-Il;Jang, Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.921-926
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    • 2011
  • This study investigates a root cause of the improved rate performance of $LiFePO_4$ after metal doping to Fesites. This is because the metal doped $LiFePO_4$/C maintains its initial capacity at higher C-rates than undoped one. Using $LiFePO_4$/C and doped $LiFe_{0.97}M_{0.03}PO_4$/C (M=$Al^{3+}$, $Cr^{3+}$, $Zr^{4+}$), which are synthesized by a mechanochemical process followed by one-step heat treatment, the Li content before and after chemical delithiation in the $LiFePO_4$/C and the binding energy are compared using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results from AAS and XPS indicate that the low Li content of the metal doped $LiFePO_4$/C after chemical delithiation is attributed to the low binding energy induced by weak Li-O interactions. The improved capacity retention of the doped $LiFePO_4$/C at high discharge rates is, therefore, achieved by relatively low binding energy between Li and O ions, which leads to fast Li diffusivity.

Synthesis of Hydroxycalciumphosphate (수산화 인산칼슘의 합성)

  • Hwang, Young-Gil;Kim, Youn-Soo;Kim, Jae-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 1996
  • The synthesis of Ca,,(PO,),(OH), by adding (NFIa)J),HPO, to lhe solution of Ca(NO,), dlssolvad CaO in HNO, and contmlled pH with NH,OH was carried out for certain time at room temperahire and atmosphere. Ca,,(PO,),(OH), was rorrned at the range from pN 10 to pH 13. The particle s~zeof Ca,,(PO,),(OH)i was 0.1-0.5 &In. Thc optimum reaction lime was 30 min, and the temperature was 40-70$^{\circ}$C. the shape also was not changed in spite of heating to iDVC hr 1 hour the c~ystalliratian temperature was 90$^{\circ}$C Ca,,(PO,),(OH), was calcinatcd and the shape also was not changzd, in spile of hcaling to 500$^{\circ}$C for 1 hour. But Ca,,(PO,),(OH), calcinated for lhour al 800$^{\circ}$C was changed to the spheric particle of Ca,,,(PO,),(OH),, CaO and Ca,(PO,),.

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A Study of Performance Analysis on Effective Multiple Buffering and Packetizing Method of Multimedia Data for User-Demand Oriented RTSP Based Transmissions Between the PoC Box and a Terminal (PoC Box 단말의 RTSP 운용을 위한 사용자 요구 중심의 효율적인 다중 수신 버퍼링 기법 및 패킷화 방법에 대한 성능 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Bang, Ji-Woong;Kim, Dae-Won
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.54-75
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    • 2011
  • PoC(Push-to-talk Over Cellular) is an integrated technology of group voice calls, video calls and internet based multimedia services. If a PoC user can not participate in the PoC session for various reasons such as an emergency situation, lack of battery capacity, then the user can use the PoC Box which has a similar functionality to the MM Box in the MMS(Multimedia Messaging Service). The RTSP(Real-Time Streaming Protocol) method is recommended to be used when there is a transmission session between the PoC box and a terminal. Since the existing VOD service uses a wired network, the packet size of RTSP-based VOD service is huge, however, the PoC service has wireless communication environments which have general characteristics to be used in RTSP method. Packet loss in a wired communication environments is relatively less than that in wireless communication environment, therefore, a buffering latency occurs in PoC service due to a play-out delay which means an asynchronous play of audio & video contents. Those problems make a user to be difficult to find the information they want when the media contents are played-out. In this paper, the following techniques and methods were proposed and their performance and superiority were verified through testing: cross-over dual reception buffering technique, advance partition multi-reception buffering technique, and on-demand multi-reception buffering technique, which are designed for effective picking up of information in media content being transmitted in short amount of time using RTSP when a user searches for media, as well as for reduction in playback delay; and same-priority packetization transmission method and priority-based packetization transmission method, which are media data packetization methods for transmission. From the simulation of functional evaluation, we could find that the proposed multiple receiving buffering and packetizing methods are superior, with respect to the media retrieval inclination, to the existing single receiving buffering method by 6-9 points from the viewpoint of effectiveness and excellence. Among them, especially, on-demand multiple receiving buffering technology with same-priority packetization transmission method is able to manage the media search inclination promptly to the requests of users by showing superiority of 3-24 points above compared to other combination methods. In addition, users could find the information they want much quickly since large amount of informations are received in a focused media retrieval period within a short time.

Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of $LiFePO_4$ Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

  • Jeon, Yeon-Su;Jin, En-Mei;Jin, Bo;Jun, Dae-Kyoo;Han, Zhen Ji;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2006
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity' of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). $LiFePO_4$/Li and $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by cyclic voltammogram (CV), charge/discharge experiments and ac impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell was 147 mAh/g at the first cycle and 118 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cell with 5wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cells, 133 mAh/g at the first cycle and 128 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cell with 5wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell.

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Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of LiFePO4 Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

  • Jeon, Yeon-Su;Jin, En-Mei;Jin, Bo;Jun, Dae-Kyoo;Han, Zhen-Ji;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 2007
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). $LiFePO_4$/Li and $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by cyclic voltammogram (CV), charge/discharge experiments and ac impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell was 147 mAh/g at the first cycle and 118 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cells, 133 mAh/g at the first cycle and 128 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell.

Defect Structure and Electrical Conduction Mechanism of Yttrium Sesquioxide (산화이트륨의 결함구조 및 전기전도 메카니즘)

  • Kim, Keu-Hong;Park, Sung-Ho;Choi, Jae-Shi
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 1984
  • The electrical conductivity of p-type yttrium sesquioxide has been measured as a function of temperature and of oxygen partial pressure at temperatures from 650 to 1050$^{\circ}C$C and oxygen partial pressures from $1 {\times}10^{-5}\;to\;2{\times}10^{-1}$atm. Plots of log conductivity vs. 1/T at constant oxygen partial pressures are found to be linear with low-and high-temperature dependences of conductivity. The high-temperature dependence of conductivity shows two different defect structures. The plots of log conductivity vs. log $Po_2$ are found to be linear at $Po_2$'s of $10^{-5}\;to\;10^{-1}$ atm. The electrical conductivity dependences on $Po_2$ are found to be ${{\sigma}{\propto}Po_2}^{1/6}$at $850{\sim}950^{\circ}C,\;{{\sigma}{\propto}Po_2}^{3/16}$ at $950{\sim}1050^{\circ}C\;and\;{{\sigma}{\propto}Po_2}^{1/7.5}{\sim}{{\sigma}{\propto}Po_2}^{1/8.3}\;at\;650{\sim}800^{\circ}C$, respectively. The defect structures are$O_i{''}$ at $850{\sim}950^{\circ}C$ and $V_M{'''}$ at $950{\sim}1050^{\circ}C$. The electron hole is main carrier type, however, ionic contribution is found at lower temperature portion.

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