• Title, Summary, Keyword: Police Drones

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A Study on Utilization of Drone for Public Sector by Analysis of Drone Industry (국내외 드론산업 동향 분석을 통한 공공분야에서의 드론 활용방안에 대한 연구)

  • Sim, Seungbae;Kwon, Hunyeong;Jung, Hosang
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2016
  • The drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle which has no human pilot. Drones can be classified into military drones, commercial drones, and personal drones by usage. Also, drones can be classified from large-sized to nano-sized drone by size and autonomous, remote controlled drone by control type. Especially, military drones can be classified into low-altitude drones, medium-altitude, and high-altitude drones by altitude. Recently, the drone industry is one of the fast growing industries in the world. As drone technologies have become more advanced and cost-effective, Korean government has set its goal to become a top-level country in drone business. However, the government's strict regulation for drone operations is one of the biggest hurdles for the development of the related technologies in Korea and other countries. For example, critical problems for drone delivery can be classified into technical issues and institutional issues. Technical issues include durability, conditional awareness, grasp and release mechanisms, collision avoidance systems, drone operating system. Institutional issues include pilot and operator licensing, privacy rules, noise guidelines, security rules, education for drone police. This study analyzes the trends of the drone industry from the viewpoint of technology and regulation. Also, we define the business areas of drone utilization. Especially, the drone business types or models for public sector are proposed. Drone services or functions promoting public interests need to be aligned with the business reference model of Korean government. To define ten types of drone uses for public sector, we combine the business types of government with the future uses of drones that are proposed by futurists and business analysts. Future uses of drones can be divided into three sectors or services. First, drone services for public or military sectors include early warning systems, emergency services, news reporting, police drones, library drones, healthcare drones, travel drones. Second, drone services for commercial or industrial services include parcel delivery drones, gaming drones, sporting drones, farming and agriculture drones, ranching drones, robotic arm drones. Third, drone services for household sector include smart home drones.

Discussions on Regulation and Use of Police Drones (경찰활동상 드론규제와 활용을 위한 논의)

  • Park, Han-Ho;Kim, Sung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.408-415
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to discuss some of the prominent ideas which use drone for police works. Focusing on the extent of the utility and practicability of using drone in policing, this paper attempts to address both positive and negative aspects in conjunction with related statutes and regulations. This study uses a qualitative case study approach and offers three practical implications including: (1) enacting a law that covers using drones in policing, (2) hiring technical professionals or training police officers to prevent illegal drones and to implement a variety of policing strategies, and (3) collecting data and information on crime and criminals and then developing the best way to respond to these problems.

A Study on the Effective Utilization of Public Service Drones - Focused on Search and Rescue Drones - (공공임무용 드론의 효과적 활용방안에 관한 연구 - 실종자 수색용 드론을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Wook
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.62
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    • pp.65-86
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    • 2020
  • Drones, which were originally developed for military purpose, have expanded rapidly not only in hobbies, leisure, but also in broadcasting, filming, and public sectors, and search and rescue drones have been used to find four Korean teachers who went to Nepal for volunteer work but went missing in the avalanche. The government is encouraging the use of drones in the public sector as a policy to foster the drone industry, and the market is expected to expand in the future. This study presents improvement measures and specific directions for use of drones by public agencies at a time when the use of drones is expanding in the public sector. To that end, this research reviewed the interviews of relevant experts, analysis of drone operation regulations by public agencies, and the cases of operation of drones for searching missing persons by police. First of all, it will have to secure skilled personnel before the introduction of the drones and then determine the specifications of the drones through sufficient review, and then be put into the mission after careful examination of the drones. Next, it is necessary to draw up a base rule for drone operation and draw up a manual accordingly. Finally, drone flight has the risk of a crash, and it is essential to secure dedicated personnel for drone operation, especially since drones in the public sector are specialized in large scale compared to hobby drones to achieve their purpose. This research only conducted a detailed analysis of the National Police Agency's drones for searching for missing persons, and there are limitations to the number of people interviewed. Subsequent studies will require analysis of various public institutions, and in addition to interviews, surveys will require analysis of various data and statistics.

Prevention of Women's Crime Using Autonomous car & Drones of Smart Police Efficient Multicasting Environment (스마트치안에서의 자율주행차 및 드론을 활용한 여성 범죄 예방 연구)

  • Kim, Seung-woo;Jung, Yu-jin
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1294-1299
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    • 2018
  • 'SMART Police' means collecting, analyzing and utilizing the police database such as crime statistics, reflecting 'strategic management', 'analysis and research', 'science technology' do. In recent years, the number of sex offenses has more than doubled based on the 'crime analysis' of the Supreme Prosecutors' In this trend, we started to build a sex crime prevention program for women 's relief special 3.0 which is suitable for regional characteristics. However, it was not enough for the women to have low publicity and utilization results, and to show the practical effect. In the future, we propose a crime prevention system which can safely take home safeguarding with autonomous driving car or drone by applying ICT to the future police system. Although it is difficult to operate autonomous vehicles and drones in the surrounding environment such as narrow alleys and power lines for application to this system, it is thought that the artificial intelligence technology can be sufficiently overcome to operate.

Performance Comparison among MANET Routing Protocols of Drone Patrol Network for Traffic Violation Enforcement on a Highway (고속도로 상의 교통위반 단속을 위한 드론 패트롤 네트워크의 MANET 라우팅 프로토콜 성능비교)

  • Jo, Jun-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2018
  • Recently, there are many real life applications that uses drones. There are various applications such as the aerial shot with the drones for the broadcasting service or drone racing competition and so on. Specifically, they patrol for the traffic enforcement on a highway. The police department use the 'Spot Mobility' method which float the drones for 30 minute period. However, this method is inefficient for the wide area with small numbers of enforcement. Therefore, a wireless network system consists of drones to patrol on the highway systematically is required. In this paper, the most efficient routing protocol will be selected for the MANET drone network by applying various routing protocols. To accomplish this, the drone patrol network system with routing protocols are designed and simulated in OPNET simulator.

Highway Drone Patrol Network Topology and Performance Analysis for Traffic Violation Enforcement (교통위반 단속을 위한 고속도로 드론 패트롤 네트워크의 토폴로지 및 성능분석)

  • Jo, Jun-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1043-1048
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    • 2017
  • Since year 2016, in Korea, the police department started to use drones to patrol violated vehicles on the highway area. They monitor vehicle drivers who use side ways on the highway during traffic congested hours of the season, drunken drivers, or violent drivers. They use the 'Spot Mobility' method which floats the drones for 30 minute period. However, this method is inefficient since it requires manually charging batteries, gathering data, and operate drones with many numbers of policeman. Therefore, in this paper, for the efficient patrol in this purpose, I have suggested an effectively manageable network system consists of many drones as the wireless network nodes and with small numbers of policeman in a wide highway area. To accomplish this, the two topologies of effective drone patrol network systems are designed and simulated in OPNET simulator for performance evaluation.

Application of Police Video Equipment for Fighting Crime and Legal Trends (범죄 대응을 위한 경찰 영상장비의 활용과 법 동향)

  • Lee, Hoon;Lee, Won-Sang
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 2018
  • With the introduction of video cameras into law enforcement, a great deal of police organizations have adopted the technology in their routine crime prevention activities. The up-to-date systems of ambient surveillance energized by CCTV, police wearable cameras, drones, and thermal imaging devices enable the police to thoroughly monitor public spaces as well as to rigorously arrest on-scene criminals. These efforts to improve the level of surveillance are often met with public resistance raising concerns over citizens' rights to privacy. Recent studies on the use of police video equipment have constantly raised the issues related to the lack of applicable legal provisions, risk of personal information and privacy infringement as well as security vulnerabilities. In this regard, the present study attempted to review the public surveillance methods currently used by law enforcement agencies worldwide within the context of public safety and individual rights to privacy. Furthermore, the present study also discussed the legal boundaries of police use of video equipment to address public concerns over privacy issues.

A Study on the countermeasures and drones's threats in Military security (군보안상 드론위협과 대응방안)

  • Kim, Doo-hwan;Lee, Youn-hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.223-233
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    • 2018
  • The forces to protect people's life and property against the enemy attack is an organization which is regulated by the constitutional law. In terms of nature, its security is a significant factor to determine success or failure for the war. However, recently the 4th industrial revolution represents the rapid change in the advancement of civilization and technology. It can influence on the environment of military security which can make various changes. Unless taking proper action againsty these changes, it can inflict a vital harm for the organization of forces and its internal security. In this aspect, this study discuss new threats of the military security, above all, the most technical improvements and harms for the drones in terms of security. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of drones which can influence on the ragions of military command and control, information operations, maneuvers, firepower, operation sustainment supports are analyzed. Moreover, this study set the purpose of developmental security measure for security threats in the aspects of military security.

A Study on the Development of a Remote Control Drone for Disaster Response (재난대응용 원격조종 드론 개발을 위한 연구)

  • Park, Namhee;Ahn, Yongcheol;Hwang, Yeonjung
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.578-589
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    • 2019
  • The drones, developed for military use, have recently expanded a wide range of areas of use, including agriculture, industry, broadcasting utility, police, fire fighting and leisure. Drone, combined with IT technology, is further expanding its utilization and emerging as a key part of the fourth industry. Purpose: This study designs and implements drones that can be utilized in disaster prevention areas such as disaster prevention, preparedness and response. Method: This study was conducted by examining hardware drone specifications and developing a program suitable for the purpose of research based on the literature review. Result: In this study, we developed a drone that can be controlled remotely, investigated program plans for drone remote control, and developed a program that enables remote control broadcasting from drones. Conclusion: The drone could be used in the disaster area based on functions such as remote control and remote broadcasting.

Improving the Protection and Security System Outside the National Assembly Building (국회 외곽 경호·경비시스템 발전방향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, O-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.60
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    • pp.113-135
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    • 2019
  • Despite being one of the most important national facilities, the National Assembly building of the Republic of Korea has become increasingly vulnerable to potential terrorist attacks, and the instances of demonstrations occurring around and banned items taken into the building are continuing to rise. In addition, promoting the idea of "open assembly" has led to increased visitors and weakened access control. Furthermore, while there is a significant symbolic value attached to attacking the National Assembly building, the level of security management is relatively very low, making it a suitable target for terrorism. In order to address such vulnerability, an appropriate access control system should be in place from the areas surrounding the building. However, the National Assembly Security Service which oversees security around the building is scheduled to disband in June 2020 following the abolition of the conscripted police force in 2023. Therefore, there needs to be an alternative option to bolster the security system outside the facility. In this research, the perceptions of 114 government officials in charge of security at the National Assembly Secretariat toward the protection and security system of the areas surrounding the National Assembly building were examined. Results showed that the respondents believed it was highly likely that risky situations could occur outside the building, and the use of advanced technologies such as intelligent video surveillance, intrusion detection system, and drones was viewed favorably. Moreover, a mid- to long-term plan of establishing a unified three-layer protection system and designating a department in charge of the security outside the building were perceived positively. Lastly, the participants supported the idea of employing private police to replace the National Assembly Security Service for the short term and introducing parliamentary police for the mid- to long-term.

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