• Title, Summary, Keyword: Policy

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The Concepts and Issues of Societal Innovation Policy

  • Song, Wichin
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2011
  • Innovation Policy has evolved to solve social problems through technological innovation. Industrial innovation policy promotes technological innovation so that it consolidates industrial competitiveness and aims at economic growth; however, societal innovation policy promotes technological innovation in the social service domain to improve the quality of life and strengthen sustainability. A different policy regime is required because the objectives and directions of societal innovation policy are different from those of industrial innovation policy. This report consolidates the concepts and characteristics of societal innovation policy that suggest policy options.

The Role of Academic Journal in Health Policy (보건정책에 있어 학술지의 역할)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-2
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    • 2017
  • Health policy is the governmental decision contained with the objectives to achieve the desirable health and the tools to achieve them. The academic journal in health policy could be involved in all stages of the health policy process-agenda setting, policy making, policy implementing, and policy evaluating. 'Health Policy and Management' has been undertaking the role of an academic society in health policy. 'Health Policy and Management' will strengthen its role in health policy.

An Analysis on the Nurse Expansion Policies through Policy Network (정책네트워크 이론을 이용한 간호사 확보를 위한 정책과정 분석)

  • Ko, Yu-Kyung;Park, Bo-hyun
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2015
  • Background: Policy network theory was proved to be an appropriate analytic tool for the current social welfare policy making process. This study aimed to analyze policy making process related to the nurse expansion and policy output while focusing on the interactions and activities among various policy actors. Methods: In this study, we used reports related to the need for expansion of nursing personnel journals, dissertations, newspaper articles, for hearings and debate policies for securing nurse data, and interviews. We examined three components of policy network, that is, policy actors, interactions, linkage of interest. Results: For that to expand the nurse before the 2000s in expanding the supply of medical supplies have been conducted without much disagreement among policy actors under the government's initiative. However, there was lacked a close relationship between the expanding supply of nurses and inaccurate analysis of supply and demand. As the policy is applied between the various policy actors' needs and claims, conflict was intensified and many policy options had been developed. Government only took a role as a coordinator among policy actors in the 2000's. Also, it was difficult to find sufficient and clear evidence that policy-making process based on fair judgment. Conclusion: Therefore, it is urgently required to determine the policy through a social consensus to address the appropriate policy means and the process by correct analysis of the policy issues.

The Rise of Korean Innovation Policy for Social Problem-Solving: A Policy Niche for Transition?

  • Seong, Jieun;Song, Wichin;Lim, Hongtak
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2016
  • Technology supply has been the main thrust of the Korean government's science & technology policy, focusing on the development and acquisition of new technology in line with the catching-up strategy of economic growth and industrial development. However, new social or societal problems have become major government policy issues, heralding new innovation policy aimed to address them. Such new policy initiatives for social problem-solving present a niche where the existing system of government innovation policy process is challenged, including such processes as goal-setting, planning, implementation, project management, and evaluation. The rigidity of the existing institution of government innovation policy, however, still shapes the content and progression of innovation policy for social problem-solving. This study reviews Korean innovation policy for social problem-solving as a policy niche, and aims to clarify its challenges and opportunities. It uses a system transition framework to explain the emergence and evolution of the innovation policy niche in Korea. The main research question is to what extent and in what aspect the existing innovation policy regime shaped innovation policy for social problem-solving. The study examines the inertia of the current paradigm of innovation policies and R&D programs, and sheds light on the search for a distinctive identity for innovation policies that tackles social problems.

Innovation Policy Studies Between Theory and Practice: A Literature Review Based Analysis

  • Radosevic, Slavo
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-45
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    • 2012
  • This paper reviews the emerging literature on innovation policy from a practitioner's perspective, reviews the policy implications of an evolutionary perspective in economics, and identifies newly emerging areas of innovation policy analysis. We show that an innovation system is a dominant policy discourse, that there are limits of policy implications from an evolutionary perspective, and that there is a need for explicitly policy motivated analysis grounded in a broad evolutionary perspective. Innovation policy studies are an area in pre-paradigmatic stages whose dynamism originates from the interaction of theory, policy, and policy learning. The limited usefulness of policy implications derived directly from either conceptual or empirical analysis requires more explicitly policy focused research.

S&T Policy for SMEs: Lessons Learned and Implications from Korea

  • Park, Young Il
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.417-427
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    • 2019
  • This article puts forward the opinion of a policy expert, who had been involved in Korea's science and technology policy for 30 years, about technology policy for SMEs. This article first explains why technology policies for SMEs are needed, and from what point of view. The next section looks at the current problems facing Korean SMEs, followed by the introduction of past and current polices to support SMEs. The comparison between current issues facing SMEs and past and current policies leads to lessons that can be learned. There are four lessons for the policy itself and three for the implementation of these policies. As for policy, the first four are about stages of development, concentration, R&D and diffusion, and policy mix. The latter three are policymakers, institutional building, and cooperation between ministries. This article makesfour suggestions for future policy: the importance of startups' culture, cooperation with others, infrastructure to reduce uncertainty, and policy monitoring and evaluation.

The Green Growth Policy of the Lee Myung-bak Government: Policy Integration Perspectives for System Transition

  • Seong, Jieun
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 2011
  • S&T policy has been traditionally regarded as a sector policy; however, it is now evolving into an infrastructure innovation policy that forms the foundation of diverse types of policies. Simultaneously, environmental and energy policies formerly considered as sector policies are now being expanded and integrated into a higher level policy for sustainable development. With these changes underway, the importance of policy integration has increased. Efforts are being made to minimize contradictions between environmental, social, and innovation policies that emphasize proactive linkage among policies or place the highest priority on environmental policy following the theory of Environmental Policy Integration (EPI). Confronted with these policy changes, the Lee Myung-bak government announced "Low-Carbon Green Growth" in 2008 as national agenda for development that focus attention on environmental and energy issues. Economic policy and environmental policy have been traditionally seen in a conflicting relationship with different paths of policy development. However, the administration of President Lee is now emphasizing the synergy effects between the environment and economic growth with the concept of green growth. The green growth policy of the Korean government has great significance as it has built a momentum for incorporating social goals such as environmental values or sustainable development into economic growth-oriented policies; however, there remain many challenges due to the legacy of the development period that has dominated Korean society. The Korean government says it reflects "EPI" or "environmentalism" in policy goals; however, in reality it prioritizes development over the environment.

New Interpretation of Innovation Policy with Lenses of Societal Innovation Policy ('사회문제 해결형 혁신정책'과 혁신정책의 재해석)

  • Song, Wichin
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.135-162
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this article is to reinterpret the existing innovation policy with 'the societal innovation policy' framework. It is looking into characteristics of societal innovation policy and the prospects for socio-technical systems transition and citizen participation are discussed. After the discussion, new interpretation of innovation policy elements will be dealt with lenses of societal innovation policy. It sheds new light on the key elements of innovation policy, such as Innovation policy governance, industrial innovation policy, regional innovation policy, and infrastructure policy and suggests direction of policy improvements from societal innovation policy perspectives. This will be an opportunity to reinterpret the existing innovation policy measures and to approach to science technology innovation policy for system transition with participatory perspective.

On the study of block replacement policy using LFR (LFR기법을 이용한 블럭교체 기법에 관한 연구)

  • 오재환;김상수김미선
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.499-502
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    • 1998
  • Most popular disk block replacement polices are LRU(Least Recently Used)policy and LFU(Least Frequently Used)policy. The LRU policy replaces blocks according to the most recent reference without considering the frequency of reference. The LFU policy replaces blocks according to the frequency of reference without considering the recently of the reference. In this thesis, a policy called LFR(least Frequently Use & Not Used Recently) disk block replacement policy is presented. The LFR policy subsumes the LFU policy and the NUR policy. The spectrum of the LFR policy exists between the LFU policy and the NUR policy because we co give different weight to each reference of a block. The implementation shows LFR policy outperforms the previously implemente LRU policy.

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Policy Definition Language for Service Management in Mobile Environment (모바일 서비스관리를 위한 정책정의언어)

  • Ahn, Sung-Wook;Rhew, Yul-Sung
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.16D no.4
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    • pp.561-570
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    • 2009
  • In order to manage repair and maintenance efficiently in the mobile environment, the system structure to manage service as a policy and the policy description language are needed. This research defined the structure of PEP, which is the executioner of policy in the IETF policy framework, and proposed the policy description language which can be carried out under the PEP structure. The proposed policy description language derived demand matters based on documentary data and the characteristics of mobile and the policy information model was designed with the three stage approaches and was defined as policy description language. The three stage approaches are made up of the policy domain that decides the scope to which the policy applies, the policy rules which distinguish the kinds of policy application and control, and policy grammar which contextualizes the policy structure. In order to verify the efficiency of the policy description language, scenarios are defined with the policy description language and verified it by using policy tool and proved the expansive nature by comparing and analyzing other policy description language.