• Title, Summary, Keyword: Political Knowledge

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Concept Development of Political Competence for Nurses (간호사의 정치적 역량 개념 개발)

  • Han, Nam Kyung;Kim, Gwang Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.81-100
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of political competence for nurses. Methods: A hybrid model method was used to investigate the dimensions, attributes, and definitions of the concept. In the theoretical stage of the study, literature on nursing, politics, and other discipline were reviewed. In the fieldwork stage, individual in-depth interviews and focus groups interviews were conducted with politically seasoned experts or activists who had an understanding of the concept of political competence for extensive descriptions in nursing and field of health care. Results: The concept of political competence was represented in four dimensions as political knowledge, political efficacy, political interaction, and political activity. In the political knowledge dimension, there were three attributes, namely, political knowledge, political information and systematic analysis ability. The political efficacy dimension had three attributes of internal political efficacy, external political efficacy, and self-pride of nursing profession. The political interaction dimension had three attributes of organizations and community service, networking, and persuasive power. The political activity dimension had six attributes of political leadership, political expression, assertive behavior, political advocacy, political participation, and policy intervention. Conclusion: This concept development might provide a basic understanding of developing a measurement tool and for constructing a theory promoting nurses' political competence.

The Mediating Role of Traditional News Media and the News Web in the Political Socialization of Korean Immigrants to the Host Society: Predicting Political Knowledge, Interest, and Participation (전통 뉴스 매체와 뉴스 웹 이용이 이민자들의 주류 정치사회화에 미치는 매개적 역할)

  • Lee, Hyo-Seong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.22
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    • pp.211-247
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    • 2003
  • This study explored how Korean immigrants education, length of stay and English fluency affect their political socialization, mediated through traditional news media and the news Web use. Political socialization included political knowledge, interest, and participation. The media usage patterns included U.S. news media, U.S. news Web, Korean news Web, and Korean news Media use by Korean immigrants in the United State. This study found as follows. First, education, length of stay, and English fluency indirectly increased political socialization(political knowledge, interest, and participation) through their relationship with U.S. news media use. Second, U.S. news Web played a potentially important role in Korean immigrants' political socialization by increasing their political interest. Third, Korean news media partly contributed to Korean immigrants' political socialization by increasing their political interest. Fourth, Korean news Web use did not contribute to Korean immigrants' political socialization in terms of political knowledge, interest, and participation at all. In conclusion, this study found that traditional news media's role was more important than news Web's one in the process of immigrants' political socialization to the host society.

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Social Learning Effect of Leader's OCB on Follower's OCB (리더 조직시민행동의 사회적 학습 효과)

  • Kim, Boyoung;Min, Eunhong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.159-176
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    • 2020
  • According to the social learning theory, leader' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is a predisposing factor for follower' OCB, because they acknowledge and imitate leader as a desirable example of behaviors for organizational and individual success. We investigate social learning effect of leader OCB on follower OCB and examine the moderating role of political skill in the mediated relationship between leaders OCB and follower OCB (with followers' affective organizational commitment as the mediator). We find that follower's affective organizational commitment may mediate the relationship between leader OCB and follower OCB. Furthermore, we find that follower with high political skill may focus on the instrumental value of OCB. Political skill moderates the relationship between follower' affective organizational commitment and follower OCB. Data from 325 leader-follower dyads support the hypothesis. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.

The Research and Development for the Desirable Political Contents Model in the Korean Web-Site (정치사이트의 비교분석을 통한 바람직한 정치콘텐츠 모형개발에 관한 연구)

  • 심연수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.485-496
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    • 2004
  • Various contents in Korean political web have three aspects: knowledge, intellectual skill, affective contents. For the advanced democracy and information technology in Korean political life, it further needs to develope the desirable web contents in political area.

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Persuasion Effects of Political Ad Message Types: The Moderating Role of Persuasion Knowledge (정치광고의 메시지 유형이 설득효과에 미치는 영향 - 설득지식의 조절효과 -)

  • Moon, Jae-Hak
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.380-389
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine sidedness effects of political Ad message and moderating roles of consumers' persuasion knowledge. To test these research hypotheses, this study conducted experimental designs. 125 undergraduate students were assigned to one of the two experimental groups. The data demonstrate that message types have a significant effect on both reliability toward Ad message and acceptance intention. In addition, consumers' persuasion knowledge plays a significant moderating role between the message types and the dependent variables. The results of this study suggest various implications by indicating political Ad message as an important factor which can enhance customers' positive responses but has been passed over by the previous research. We also indicated the limitations of this study, and suggested the future research directions.

An Exploratory Study on the Information Recipients' Acceptance(Comprehension) and Diffusion: According to the Authenticity of the News(Real News vs. Fake News) and Need for Cognition (뉴스진위 및 인지욕구에 따른 정보수용자의 수용(이해)과 확산영향에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Cho, Ara;Kwon, Soonjae
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the factors influencing acceptance (e.g., comprehension,) and diffusion of information recipients' by depending on the authenticity of news. Specifically, this study has examined the effects of the news contents(political vs. general), need for cognition(high vs. low) and authenticity of the News(real news vs. fake news) on both acceptance and diffusion of news. Based on previous work, this study has developed a conceptual model to present each research hypothesis and tested it by conducting experiments as the follows. As a result, according to the authenticity of the news and the contents of the news (political and general), the acceptance of political contents was high regardless of the authenticity of the news, and the acceptance of real news was higher than that of fake news. However, in the proliferation (comment), both the political contents and the general contents showed the characteristic of spreading (commenting) fake news rather than real news. contrary to this, the cognitive level did not show any significant difference in acceptance (understanding) and proliferation (comment, sharing, recommendation). This study provides academic implications in that it examines the influences of accepting (comprehension) and diffusion (comment, sharing, recommendation) of real news and fake news. It also provides practical implications for responding to fake news and new marketing strategies in an environment where contents are delivered through diverse social media.

Effect of Organizational Politics and Social Network on Knowledge Transfer (지식이전에 영향을 미치는 조직의 정치성향과 사회네트워크)

  • Lee, Jong-Won;Moon, Yun-Ji;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Kang, So-Ra
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.407-419
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    • 2011
  • This study explains the knowledge transfer process by exploring the significant factors affecting knowledge transfer within an organization from a socio-political perspective. Knowledge transfer occurs in various social contexts, within individuals and groups, and, thus, is closely linked to inter-organizational politics and social network in an organization. By conceptualizing knowledge as a socio-political process, this paper applies organizational politic theory and social network theory to knowledge management area. Here the paper shows that both organizational politics and social network such as in-group and out-group's tie strength have a significant effect on knowledge transfer. In addition, the study empirically verifies that knowledge management system has a moderating effect on the in-group's tie strength and knowledge transfer.

The Study on the Political Participation of the Youth through the Internet: Focusing on the Political Efficacy and Political Trust (대학생의 인터넷 정치참여에 관한 연구: 정치효능감과 정치신뢰감을 중심으로)

  • Ha, Jong-Won
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.32
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    • pp.369-405
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the usefulness of the concept of political efficacy and political trust as a way of explaining the development of political participation in the young people under the new age of the Internet. From the survey in which 221 university students participated, there were several findings: first, overall political efficacy has a predominant effect on political participation in both offline and online; second, political trust has little impact on the political participation of the youth; third, there showed up two interaction effects between political efficacy and political trust for the online conventional and unconventional participation in politics. It is found that in high efficacy group people with low trust are most likely to participate, while in medium efficacy group people with high trust are most likely to participate. In low efficacy group, however, political trust didn't make any difference in political participation. There are more factors that may predict political participation, such as political interest, political knowledge, political ideology, and demographic variables. For future studies, it is necessary to examine the effect of political efficacy and political trust in combination with these other variables to explain political participation by offline and online.

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The Influences of Political Participation Awareness upon Citizens' Political Participation Action (정치참여의식이 시민의 정치참여행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung Choon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.395-405
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    • 2017
  • In this research, we analyzed the structural (influence) of citizens' political awareness and political participation on the settlement of political culture. The results are as follows. Firstly, the analysis of the relationship between the citizens' political awareness and political reliability in Hypothesis 1 showed that the higher their election sense and self-efficacy, the higher their satisfaction with and evaluation of politics. Secondly, the analysis of the relationship between the citizens' political awareness and social sense of belonging in Hypothesis 2 showed that the higher the election sense and recognition in society, the higher the social sense of belonging. Thirdly, the analysis of the influence of political reliability on political participation in Hypothesis (3) showed that the higher the political satisfaction and political assessment, the higher the positive participation in politics and negative participation in politics. Fourth, in the analysis of the influence of social sense of belonging on political participation in Hypothesis 4, it was found that the higher the citizens' social belonging awareness, the higher the positive political participation and negative political participation. Therefore, it was found that the higher the political awareness of the citizens, such as their election sense and knowledge about their politicians, the more positive were their political reliability and political participation.

History of nursing and medicine as phenomena of knowledge/power (지식/권력의 현상으로 본 간호와 의학사)

  • Kim, Nam-Sun;Hong, Yoon-Mi;Lee, Kyu-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to analyze the history of nursing and medicine as phenomena of knowledge/power from the viewpoint of Foucault. Method : The present study adopts the genealogical method by Foucault, which tries to unite languages and knowledge. Foucault who attempted to show that the basic ideas which people normally take to be permanent truths about human nature and society change in the course of history. Results : It has been emphasized that the development of modern health care has been due to the progressive efforts of medicine and to medical discoveries. Foucault examines the institutionalization of knowledge and the power exerted thereby, with special reference to the devices of social regulation and their function over the madness, the disease, the crime, and the sexuality. The concept of power is that it is exerted spontaneously in verbal behaviors of individuals through knowledge of everyday life such as definition of body or mind. Therefore as to the problem of knowledge/power, this study tries to understand the meaning of history of nursing and medicine through an analysis of the formation of text of history. In order to have authority in a power relation, the medical professional asserts that medical discourse is the most scientific knowledge. Conclusion : According to the above findings, it can be concluded that the body is also directly invested in a political field: power relations have an immediate hold upon it; they invest it, mark it, train it, torture it, force it to carry out tasks, to perform ceremonies, to emit signs. Therefore the devaluation of nursing care is reinforced by the medicine which has the legitimate authority through use of the political skills about the body.

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