• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pollution control

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A Study on Selection Method of Management Watershed for Total Pollution Load Control at Tributary (지류총량관리를 위한 관리유역 선정 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Ha Sun;Lee, Sung Jun;Ryu, Jichul;Park, Ji Hyung;Kim, Yong Seok;Ahn, Ki Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.528-536
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of Total Pollution Load Control at Tributary is to obtain maximum improvement effect of water quality through finding the most impaired section of water-body and establishing the proper control measure of pollutant load. This study was implemented to determine the optimal management of reach, period, condition, watershed, and pollution source and propose appropriate reduction practices using the Load duration curve (LDC) and field monitoring data. With the data of measurement, LDC analysis shows that the most impaired condition is reach V (G4~G5), E group (flow exceedance percentile 90~100%) and winter season. For this reason, winter season and low flow condition should be preferentially considered to restore water quality. The result of pollution analysis for the priority reach and period shows that agricultural nonpoint source loads from onion and garlic culture are most polluting. Therefore, it is concluded that agricultural reuse of surface effluent (storm-water runoff with non-point sources) and low impact farming that includes reducing fertilization and controlling the height of drainage outlet are efficient water quality management for this study watershed.

Urban Air Pollution Problems and Control Strategies (도시대기오염문제와 방지대책)

  • 동종인;조윤숭
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 1992
  • Air pollution in urban areas of Korea is considered in significantly serious level because of population exceeding the capacity and diversified facilities for the activities in socioeconomic field, education, politics and even cultural society in confined areas. Korea is one of the most populated countries and the largest five cities occupy 2.4% of total area but 45% of total population. Patterns of urban air pollution are also changing due to the change of emission sources and fuel usage. Essential recovery of urban environment in Korea has become extremely difficult and necessitates enormous investment. Accurate understanding of problems should be pursued for the efficient and effective improvement of the environment. In this article, air pollution phenomena in urban areas are analyzed mainly with respect to recent urban air pollution trend and pollution sources and possible control strategies are discussed : 1) source control-stationary and mobile, 2) air quality management strategies, 3) research and development.

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Pollution investigation of ventilated system in super market and hotel's air condition in Kunming city

  • Zhang, Liang;Wang, Xin;Liu, Xinhai
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.12-14
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    • 2004
  • Objective to know about pollution of ventilated system in super market and hotel's air condition in Kunming. Methods to take out 28 ventilated system from super markets and hotels in Kunming in march 2004. To check dirt amount in pipelines and microorganism in dirt. Testing result is appraised under 'Public hygiene standard of ventilated system in air condition'. Results pollution problem exist in different degree in all the super markets and hotels that have been investigated. There is 32.14% which means 8 hotels and 1 super market, pollution is serious, The others (67.86%) is medium. Conclusion pollution problems exist in air condition system in all super markets and hotels of Kunming. Discussion aim at Kunming's special weather, and present condition of public ventilated system, discussing ways of management in hygiene of air condition system.

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The Condition and Management Measure of Marine Disposal of wastes (폐기물의 해양배출 현황과 관리대책)

  • Lee, Bong-Gil;Kim, Sang-Woon;Kim, Young-Hwan;Hyun, Chung-Guk;Lee, Ho-Seong;Kim, Kwon-Jung
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2006
  • Since ocean dumping of wastes was permitted by law in 1900, the amount of wastes dumped into the sea has increased ten times for 15 years. As a result, the dumping sites has been deteriorated so much that the pollution has become a social problem. The 96 Protocol to the 72 London Convention, which requires the contracting party's stricter control on the disposal of wastes at sea, took effect on March 24, 2006. Therefore, our country has become confronted to the situation on which it cannot delay putting a restraint on ocean dumping. Hereupon, Korea Coast Guard (KCG) initiates a dumping sites recovery program. The program is intended to curb the amount of wastes dumped at sea and to recover the polluted dumping sites. In this paper, the current status of our country's management of ocean dumping of wastes is examined and the future condition is anticipated KCG's ocean dumping management measures are also presented.

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A Study on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control in the United Kingdom (영국의 통합환경관리제도에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Sang-Woon
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.1-31
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    • 2007
  • The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control(IPPC) has attracted western developed countries for their idealistic environmental prevention concept which corresponds to the principal of Industrial Ecology. Specially the United Kingdom has been interested in those topics earlier than other countries and carried out environmental prevention polices since 1970's. As a result of these efforts, United Kingdom gave effects EU on developing European IPPC directives. The United Kingdom recognized the importance of the integrated pollution control through the report of Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution(RCEP) in 1976. Further, the United Kingdom developed the report and resulted the Integrated Pollution Control Directives under Environmental Protection Law in 1990. In the process of the legislation, it established and developed the concept of Best Practicable Environmental Option(BPEO) for the regulations, administrative systems, and environmental control. These efforts of the United Kingdom has implications for South Korean policies in adopting Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control system. Thus, this study examines IPPC directives to broaden the understanding of the system and develop policies.

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Comparison of Air Pollution Management Policies between China and Korea

  • SHEN, Ping;PARK, Jae Hong;JUNG, Jong tai
    • Journal of Urban Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2020
  • With the rapid development of China's industrialization and urbanization, air pollution has become a growing concern. The emergence of air pollution not only affects people's health, but also restricts the development of China's social economy. This paper puts forward specific measures for air pollution control by examining the causes of air pollution and by comparing air pollution status and management policies between Korea and China. Methods of control involve improving the urban environmental management mechanism, spreading awareness of urban environmental management and air pollution management laws and regulations system, strengthening clean energy utilization and urban environmental greening, increasing investment and management funds and more. Through these measures, urban environmental management in China can be accelerated and level of environmental management improved.

Assessment and its control of non-point source pollution in Korea: Review (국내 비점오염 현황 및 제어방안: 총설)

  • Kang, Minwoo;Lee, Sangsoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2019
  • Because non-point source pollution is very closely related to hydrological characteristics, its importance is highly emphasized nowadays along with accelerating climate change. Especially for Korea, the non-point source pollution and its control are entirely depending on runoff, precipitation, drainage, land use or development, based on geographical and topographical reasons of Korea. Many studies reported the physical (e.g., apparatus- and natural-type facilities, etc.) and chemical methods (e.g., organic and inorganic coagulants, etc.) of controling non-point pollutant source pollution, however, those are needed to be reconsidered along with climate change causing the unexpected patterns and amounts of precipitation and strengthen complexity of social community. The objectives of this study are to assess recent situations of non-point source pollution in Korea and its control means and to introduce possible effective ways of non-point source pollution against climate change in near future.

A Study on the Administration for the Han River Water Quality Control (漢江 水質保全 行政에 관한 硏究)

  • Kim, Kwang Hyop
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.9-40
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    • 1984
  • This thesis purports to overview the diverse administrative and organizational factors and plannings developed by the government organizations, municipal or otherwise, to tackle the Han River water pollution issues in the past years. This thesis also looks into the ever-worsening Han River water pollution problems, in particular, in terms of the various government plans ostensibly designed to reduce the pollution level but with little success. Also dealt with are the efficiencies with which the laws and decrees on water pollution the administrative organizations put to use in the prosecution of the diverse antiwater pollution projects involving the Han River basin. From the early 1960's up to the 1970's the government had concentrated on the growth-oriented economic policy with the result that little attention had been paid to the water pollution and other environmental issues that are bound to arise from the massive economic growth. Belatedly, the five-year Hah River Development Project was initiated in 1982 with emphasis on reducing the water pollution level at Hah River to the minimum. The following are the gists of the thesis and recommendations for the future antiwater pollution plans by the administrative organizations: 1. Documents to date indicate that the irrigation projects along the Han River area had been the main focus of attention during the Yi Dynasty and under the Japanese rule of the country. 2. Despite that the water pollution issue became the subject of many debates among the academic and research institutions in the 1960's and in the 1970's, the administrative organizations in charge of the Han River water quality control failed to come up with a concrete plan for the river's water quality control. 3. Nevertheless, the water pollution of the Han River area in fact began in the 1950's, with the unprecedented concentration into Seoul of population and the industrial facilities on a larger scale, in particular, enforced by the government's strong growthoriented policy in its Economic Development plans in the 1960's. 4. Starting in the 1960's, the Han River water pollution level dramatically increased, but the government was reluctant to promulgate or put into effect strong measures to curb the many factors contributing to the river water pollution, thus worsening the environmental issues along the Han River basin. 5. The environmental protection law and other laws and decrees relating to the antiwater and air pollution issues that were subsequently put into effect underwent so many changes that efficient anti-water pollution policies could not be effected for the Han River basin. The frequent organizational reshuffle within the administrative units concerned with environmental problems has resulted in the undue waste in personnel management and finance. 6. The administration on the environmental protection could not be efficiently carried out due to the organizational overlapping. Under the existing law, frequent organizational frictions and inefficiency are bound to occur among the central government offices themselves, as well as between the central government and the Seoul city administration, and among the city's administrative offices over the conservation of the Han River basin and over the river's anti-water pollution issue. 7. In the planning and prosecution of the Han River project, political influences from the president down to the lower-level politicious appear to have been involved. These political influences in the past had certainly had negative influence on the project, nevertheless, it appears that in the recent years, these political influences are not all that negative in view of the fact that they serve as a positive contributing factor in developing a better water quality control project along the Han River basin. The following are a few recommendations based on the data from the thesis: First, officials in charge of the Han River water quality control should pay attention to a careful screening of the opinions and recommendations from the academic circles and from the public should be made so that the government could better grasp the core issues in the environmental problems that require preventive and other necessary measures. Second, vigorous redistribution policies of population and industrial facilities away from the Seoul area should be pursued. Third, the government should refrain from revising or revamping too frequently the laws and decrees on the anti-water pollution, which is feared to cause undue inconveniences in the environmental administration. Fourth, a large-scale streamlining should be made to the existing administrative organization in an effort to do away with the inter- and intra-organizational friction. It is recommended that a secretariat for the Hah River basis conservation be established. Fifth, High-level administrative officials, with a thorough knowledge and vision on the Han River water quality control, should be prepared to better deal with the budgeting and personnel management for the Han River water pollution control not only at the control government, but also at the Seoul city municipal government levels. Environmental issues should be kept distinct from political issues. Environmental issues should not serve as a window-dressing for sheer political purposes. Sixth, the Hah River proiect should also include, along with the main Han River basin, those areas covering North Han River, South Han River, and the tributaries to the main river basin. The 'Han River Basin Water Quality Control Board' should be established immediately as a means of strengthening the current Han River basin water quality control policy. Seventh, in drawing up the Han River proiect, the administrative officials should be aware that Han River basin is a life line for those people in the region, providing them with not only a sheer physical space, but with a psychological living space for their everyday life.

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Emission Characteristics of Mercury in Zn Smelting Process (아연제련시설에서의 수은 배출특성)

  • Park, Jung-Min;Lee, Sang-Bo;Kim, Hyung-Chun;Song, Duk-Jong;Kim, Min-Su;Kim, Min-Jung;Kim, Yong-Hee;Lee, Sang-Hak;Kim, Jong-Chun;Lee, Suk-Jo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.507-516
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    • 2010
  • Stationary combustion sources such as coal-fired power plants, waste incinerators, industrial manufacturing, etc. are recognized as major sources of mercury emissions. Due to rapid economic growth, zinc production in Korea has increased significantly during the last 30 years. Total zinc production in Korea exceeded 739,000 tons in 2008, and Korea is currently the third largest zinc producing country in the world. Previous studies have revealed that zinc smelting has become one of the largest single sectors of total mercury emissions in the World. However, studies on this sector are very limited, and a large gap in the knowledge regarding emissions from this sector needs to be bridged. In this paper, Hg emission measurements were performed to develop emission factors from zinc smelting process. Stack sampling and analysis were carried out utilizing the Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Preliminary data showed that $Hg^0$ concentrations in the flue gas ranged from 4.56 to $9.90\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $6.40\;{\mu}g/m^3$, Hg(p) concentrations ranged from 0.03 to $0.09\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $0.04\;{\mu}g/m^3$, and RGM concentrations ranged from 0.23 to $1.17\;{\mu}g/m^3$ with an average of $6.40\;{\mu}g/m^3$. To date, emission factors of 7.5~8.0 g/ton for Europe, North America and Australia, and of 20 or 25 g/ton for Africa, Asia and South America are widely accepted by researchers. In this study, Hg emission factors were estimated using the data measured at the commercial facilities as emissions per ton of zinc product. Emission factors for mercury from zinc smelting pross ranged from 4.32 to 12.96 mg/ton with an average of 8.31 mg/ton. The emission factors that we obtained in this study are relatively low, considering Hg contents in the zinc ores and control technology in use. However, as these values are estimated by limited data of single measurement of each, the emission factor and total emission amount must be updated in future.