• Title, Summary, Keyword: Port labor

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A Study on the Education System of Port Labor in Pusan Port (항만기술인력의 교육제도 개선방안)

  • 박남규;남율수
    • Journal of Korean Port Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 1998
  • The productivity of port labor in Pusan port is very low and the ratio of port accident is high in comparision with other advanced foreign ports. The aim of this paper is to find why the productivity in Pusan port is much lower than that of other countries in terms of port labor education systems. To obtain the objective of this study, the writers used 163 questionnaire for port labor in BCTOC, PECT and UTC for the survey of training method of cargo equipment handling. The result of this study shows as follows; (1) From the fact that ratio of labor who were trained by KPTI was 2.5%, we could say the public training system of port labor is not operated properly (2) As most of laborers are trained by the experienced associate, they do not recognize how the level of cargo handling equipment is set to increase the productivity. (3) In order that the port public training system plays a good role in port industry, a new license system should be introduced and an expert education system should be developed.

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OPTIMUM ALLOCATION OF PORT LABOR GANGS IN CASE OF MULTIPLE SHIPS (항만하역노동력의 최적배분에 관한 연구 (II) 선박군의 경우)

  • 이철영;우병구
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 1989
  • Recently recognize the labor productivity of port physical distribution system in the port and shipping areas, Much Efforts for evaluating this productivity has been made continuously. BUt still there is little study, so far, on a systematic research for the management of port labor gangs, and even those were mainly depended on a rule of thumb. Especially the object of this study is to introduce the method of optimal allocation and assignment for the labor gangs per pier unit in the multiple ships berthed at an arbitary pier or port. In case the multiple ships have a homogeneous cargoes or do not have sufficient labor gangs to be assigned. The problem of optimal allocation and assignment of the labor gangs to be i) formalized with multi-state decision process in form of difference equation as the pattern which converted the independent multiple ships into a single ship with the intra-multiple ships, and ii) the optimal size of labor gangs could be obtained through the simple mathematical method instead of complicated dynamic programming, and iii) In case of shortage of labor gangs available the evaluation function considering the labor gangs available and total shift times was introduced, and iv) the optimal allocation and assignment of labor gangs was dealt at the point of minimizing the summation of the total shift times and at the point of minimizing the total cost charged for the extra waiting time except PHI time during port times for the multiple ships combinations.

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A Study on Effects of the Decasualization of Port Labor in Incheon Port (인천항 항만노동자 상용화 이후의 변화(효과)에 대한 연구 -인천항운노조 소속 조합원을 대상으로-)

  • Nam, Young-Woo;Jho, Yong-Chul;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2010
  • As basic study on effects of the decasualization of port labor, this paper watched labor supply framework reorganization, focused on port worker in Incheon port at before decasualization(2005~2007.9) and after decasualization(2007.10~2010.5) and analyzed disposal quantity, workers, workdays, productivity, accident and disaster data that was apt to influence by the decasualization of port labor. Though commercial traffic of Incheon port was decreased in global economic depression, individual workday per month after decasualization compared with before decasualization is decreased by 3.3days from 22.7day to 19.4days, on the other hand, indivisual annual loading and unloading throughput is increased averagely 71.6%, and labour productivity, when 2005 labour productivity are 100, are increased by 67%. After decasualization, overall loading and unloading productivity is improved. But, according to loading and unloading, the number of accident and disaster are increase by 11.7% after decasualization for loading and unloading operation.

Optimum Allocation of Port Labor Gangs (I) In the case of single ship (항만하역노동력의 최적배분에 관한 연구 (I) 단일선박의 경우)

  • 이철영;우병구
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1989
  • Nowadays much efforts for evaluating the productivity of port physical distribution system to meet the rapid change of the port and shipping circumstances has been made continuously all over the world. The major part of these efforts is the improvement of the productivity of cargo handling system. The cargo equipment system as infrastructure in the cargo handling system is organized well in some degrees, but the management system of manpower as upper structure is still remained in an insufficient degree. There is little study, so far, on a systematic research for the management of port labor gang, and even those were mainly depended on rule of thumb. The object of this study is to introduce the method of optimal allocation and assignment for the labor gang in single ship, which was suggested as a first stage in dealing with them generally. The problem of optimal allocation and assignment of the labor gang can be (I) formalized with multi-stage allocation and assignment of the labor gang can be. (II) dealt with two stages in form of hierarchic structure and moreover, (III) The optimal size of labor gang was obtained through dynamic programming from the point of minimizing the summation of labor gang in every stage, (IV) For the problem of optimal assignment, the optimal policy was determined at the point of minimizing the summation of movement between hatches.

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An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Port Labor Using DEA/Super Efficiency (DEA/초효율법을 이용한 항만노무 효율성 분석)

  • Jang, Woon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2017
  • This paper measured and evaluated the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of port labor via three inputs and three outputs using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). First, the average overall technical efficiency measured about 94.18 %, with 100 % pure technical efficiency being larger than 94.18% scale efficiency. As a result, 7 ports were identified as efficient, and 4 ports were identified as inefficient. Among the 4 ineffiecient ports, Donghae had the highest Increasing Return to Scale (IRS). However, the inefficient ports were all found to be less efficient in terms of resource operation than production scale. On the other hand, the efficient ports established priorities using the super efficiency method. As a result, port efficiency was highest for Incheon, Mokpo, Pyeongtaek-Dangjin, Masan, Yeosu Gwangyang, Jeju, and Gunsan-Daesan Ports, in order. In particular, Busan Port, found to be inefficient, would benefit from using Mokpo Port and Incheon Port as benchmarks to increase trade volume and modernize equipment for full-scale commercialization to improve labor efficiency.

A Study on Human Resource Management Strategy of Foreign Shipping and Port Logistics Companies under the China's New Labor Contract Law - Focus on Contents and Countermeasures - (중국 신노동계약법 시행에 따른 외자 항만물류기업의 인적자원 관리전략에 관한 고찰: 주요 내용과 대응방안을 중심으로)

  • Han, Byoung-Sop;Kim, Byoung-Goo
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.43-69
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    • 2008
  • The labor contract Law has been prepared as an important solution for social stability. After long disputes around the orientations of the law, On June 29, 2007, the new Chinese labor contract law is passed. This law reflects the changing labor relations because of economic reforms like restructuring of the state-owned enterprises and so on. This law contains more market-oriented clauses that are supplemented by corporatist scheme supported by trade unions than the first draft. This law emphasize labor's rights and interests to remove prior labor contract problem. So Chines government see this law as standard law to restructure social relationship and also require firms to corporate social responsibility. Therefore, implementation of the new Chinese labor contract law bring about increasing labor cost, infringement of autonomy for human resource management, rigidity of industrial relations. Under these situation, Korean shipping and port logistics companies need to introduce management system of minimized employment, prepare human resource management in response to long-term employment, maintain favor relationship with trade union, and set up counteiplan about risk of a labor dispute.

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A Study on the Perception of the Subjects about Automated Container Terminal (컨테이너터미널 자동화에 대한 관련 주체별 인식연구)

  • You, Ji-Won;Kim, Yul-Seong
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2020
  • The production of larger of ships is a survival strategy for global shipping companies to pursue the economics of scale. According to this strategy, to respond to this situation, many containers are loading/unloading simultaneously in the hub port. Additionally, the container terminals are promoting the introduction of automation to expand the terminal facilities and increase efficiency/productivity of the container yards. European ports have introduced automation to address rising labor costs and shortages of labor. Recently, the construction of fully automated container terminals is increasing in the United States and China to resolve problems such as the slow growth of the global economy, the emergence of large ships, air pollution, and safety accidents. Domestic ports are at an early stage compared to the world's advanced container terminals, and countermeasures are being prepared to respond to the changing ports. However, research on the recognition difference analysis that examines the opinions of stakeholders is insufficient. As a result of analyzing the recognition among the groups, it was found that container terminal operators reduced labor costs, improved shipping services for shipping companies, prevented safety accidents for port union labor, and increased service for port authority and government agencies. Thus, to closely examine the perception among the groups, one-way ANOVA was performed, and then the implications were deduced as the basic data for the smooth introduction of automation.

A Correlation Analysis between Minimum Wage and Labor Productivity and Employment Effects in Port-Related Industry (항만연관산업의 최저임금과 노동생산성·고용효과간의 상관관계 분석)

  • Sim, Ki-Sup;Lee, Ki-Youl;Kim, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.37-60
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    • 2019
  • An analysis of the correlation in port-related industries between minimum wage and employment effects, showed that it was very insignificant. However, there are some differences between commercial and temporary workers, those that are self-employed, and other workers in the private sector. Thus, while commercial workers are somewhat stable, they have a somewhat negative effect on temporary workers and self-employed people. At the Minimum Wage Council, the minimum wage hike is seen as stable because of the interaction between income and substitution effects in the labor market. According to the analysis, the port-related industries were affected more by the global economic recession and domestic economic volatility than the variables related to the minimum wage hike.

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A Study on the Selection of Inducement Industry in Hinterland of Busan New Port - According to Analysis on the Structure in International Division of Labor among Korea, China and Japan and the Export-Import Structure of Busan Port against China and Japan - (부산 신항 배후단지 유치산업의 선정에 관한 연구 -한.중.일 국제분업구조와 부산항의 대 중.일 수출입구조 분석에 따른-)

  • Kim, Jeong-Su
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.107-130
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    • 2009
  • Future of Busan New Port may depend even on the efficient use of the port hinterland. Accordingly, selection of which industry according to which standard in the port hinterland is another task. In order to solve this problem, it analyzed the structure in international division of labor with China and Japan, which are possessing considerable portion in the trading volume with our country, and the export-import structure of Busan Port against China and Japan, by using RCA index and GL index as well as export-import results. In addition to this, the proper industry was selected on the basis of 10 strategic industries for development in Busan. According to the analytical results, the industries, which will be induced in the hinterland of Busan New Port, include textile clothing, pulp printing matter, jewelry, basic metal nonmetallic product, machine lectric product, automobile, shipbuilding, optics accurate machinery medical treatment musical instrument, nano material, fuel battery, aerospace and intelligent robot.

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Estimation of cost value of container handling according to vessel's size - Focus on time value cost - (선박규모별 컨테이너 하역 비용가치 평가 - 시간가치비용을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo Ju-Young;Son Yong-Seok;Nam Ki-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2005
  • Nowadays, the vessel size is tending to be bigger and bigger, so port facilities are following this trend, which has been shown inthe competition of Hub-Port among the main ports such as Port of Busan and Port of Shanghai. But there are limited numbers of large container vessels and $70\%$ of the call ships at Busan port are middle and small sized ships which are less than 20,000ton. So we need to consider the handling facilities for these sized ships, but it has disregarded. In this paper, we estimate the optimum level of crane and labor according to vessel's size by container handling cost value reflecting size of vessel; size and number of crane and labor structure.

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